17th Marine Regiment (United States)

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17th Marine Regiment
Active 12 January 1943 - 30 June 1944
Country United States
Allegiance United States of America
Branch United States Marine Corps
Type Engineer Regiment
Part of 1st Marine Division
Engagements World War II
* Battle of Cape Gloucester
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Harold E. Rosecrans
Francis I. Fenton

The 17th Marine Regiment was a composite engineer regiment of the United States Marine Corps subordinate to the 1st Marine Division.[1] It was formed primarily from units of the Division, and was inactivated during war with the 1st and 2nd battalions remaining in the Division.

19th Naval Construction Battalion Plaque. The battalion was assigned first to the 1st Marine Amphibious Corps and then was redesignated 3rd Battalion 17th Marines / 1st Marine Division. . . Seabee Museum
Seabees from C. Co 19th Naval Construction Battalion build a corduroy road from yellow beaches inland with their fellow Marines of the 17th Marines at Cape Gloucester.(USMC- photo 12203)
Position of the First Marine Division

Subordinate units[edit]

The regiment a composite of three different types of battalions[2] and a headquarters and service company:

  • 1st Battalion, 17th Marines, A, B, & C Company 1st Engineer Battalion now 1st Combat Engineer Battalion
  • 2nd Battalion, 17th Marines, D, E, & F Companies 1st Pioneer Battalion
  • 3rd Battalion, 17th Marines, G, H, & I Companies 19th Naval Construction Battalion[3]

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The 17th Marine Regiment participated in the Battle of Cape Gloucester,[4] the subordinate battalions, as independent battalions in 1st Marine Division, participated in all of the Division's major operations during the war. According to the 19th CB's log it was assigned to the 1st Marine 11/05/42 prior to leaving the States, on 04/03/43 "By Division General Order No. 74 of 3 Apr'43 - First Marine Division: the 19th CBs designation will be as follow's in the future, when attached to First Marine Div., Fleet Marine Force ----Third Battalion, Seventeenth Marines (Engineers) c/o FPO San Francisco. Calif."[5] The 19th was "at Cape Gloucester from 27 Dec 43 until 4 May 44"[5] and remained with the 1st Division until "1 Jul'44 when The 19th CB was been detached from the operational control of the 1st MarDiv".[5]

note: when the 19th CB was assigned to the Marine Corps 11/05/42 it lost one company and 1/4 of Hq Co. Those men were assigned to the Fleet Marine Force replacement group (as the 19th replacement group),[5] that group would form the core of the 121st CB[6] which would become the Third Battalion, Twentieth Marines (Engineers) c/o FPO San Francisco. Calif.

Unit awards[edit]

  • Headquarters Company PUC 7Aug-9Dec42 SU 1st MarDiv[7]
  • Company D PUC 7Aug-9Dec42 SU 1st MarDiv[7]
  • Company E PUC 7Aug-9Dec42 SU 1st MarDiv[7]
  • Company F PUC 7Aug-9Dec42 SU 1st MarDiv[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle Fleet Marine Force Ground Units, Rottman p. 220 [1]
  2. ^ Battle Orders - US Marine Corps Pacific Theater of Operations 1943-44, Gordon L Rottman, Osprey Publishing, p. 13 [2]
  3. ^ U.S. Marine Corps Order of Battle, Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939-45, Gordon L. Rottman, ABC-CLIO,LLC, 130 Cremona Dr, Santa Barbara,CA 93117 [3]
  4. ^ Cape Gloucester: The Green Inferno: Clearing the Shores of Borgen Bay, Diane Publishing Co. 1996, p.13 [4]
  5. ^ a b c d 19th Naval Construction Battalion Historical Information, Seabee Museum website [5]
  6. ^ 121st Naval Construction Battalion Historical Information, Seabee Museum website [6]
  7. ^ a b c d NAVMC 2922 of 7 May 2012, DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY, HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS, 2008 ELLIOT ROAD, QUANTICO, VIRGINIA 22134-5030[7]
Bibliography
  • Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle - Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 - 1945.’’. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31906-5. 
External links