1800 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1800.
- January – Maria Edgeworth's first extended work of fiction, Castle Rackrent ("an Hibernian Tale: Taken from Facts, and from the Manners of the Irish Squires, Before the Year 1782"), is published anonymously in London, variously regarded as the first historical novel, the first regional novel in English, the first Anglo-Irish novel, the first Big House novel, the first saga novel and the first with an unreliable narrator.
- January 10 – The Serampore Mission and Press is established in Serampore (now part of West Bengal) India by Baptist missionaries Joshua Marshman and William Ward. The press will grow into the largest in Asia, printing books in nearly every Indian language.
- March – English "ploughboy poet" Robert Bloomfield's The Farmer's Boy is published with engravings by Thomas Bewick, selling over 25,000 copies in the next two years, with 15 editions by 1827 and a number of translations.
- April 24 – The United States establishes the Library of Congress.
- June 14 – Friedrich Schiller's historical drama Mary Stuart has its première in Weimar.
- October 3 – William and Dorothy Wordsworth, walking near Grasmere in the English Lake District, encounter a leech gatherer who inspires his poem "Resolution and Independence", first written 18 months later.
- William Blake begins three years' residence in a cottage at Felpham in Sussex to illustrate the works of William Hayley; here he begins work on his poem Milton.
- Helen Craik – The Hermit's Cell
- Maria Edgeworth – Castle Rackrent
- Anne Ford – The School for Fashion
- Stéphanie Félicité, Comtesse de Genlis – The Rival Mothers
- William Henry Ireland
- Gondez the Monk
- Francis Lathom – Mystery
- William Linley – Forbidden Apartments
- Mary Meeke – Anecdotes of the Altamont Family
- Eliza Parsons – The Miser and his Family
- Regina Maria Roche
- The Nocturnal Visit
- The Vicar of Lansdowne
- Catherine Selden – Serena
- Horatio Smith – A Family Story
- François Guillaume Ducray-Duminil
- Les Petits orphelins du hameau (The young orphans from the hamlet)
- Paul, ou la Ferme abandonnée (Paul or the abandoned farmstead)
- Edward Augustus Kendall
- The Swallow: a fiction interspersed with poetry
- The Stories of Senex; or little histories of little people
- Jacob Boehme – L'Aurore naissante (translated into French by Louis Claude de Saint-Martin)
- Alexander Geddes – Critical Remarks on the Hebrew Scriptures
- Elizabeth Hamilton – Memoirs of Modern Philosophers
- Arnold Hermann Ludwig Heeren – Geschichte des europäischen Staatensystems (History of the European System of States)
- Immanuel Kant – Logik
- Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling – System of Transcendental Idealism (System des transcendentalen Idealismus)
- Parson Weems – A History of the Life and Death, Virtues and Exploits of General George Washington
- January 6 – Anna Maria Hall, Irish novelist (died 1881)
- March 25 – Alexis Paulin Paris, French editor of medieval manuscripts (died 1881)
- April 17 – Catherine Sinclair, Scottish novelist and children's writer (died 1864)
- May 5 – Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (died 1864)
- October 18 – Sir Henry Taylor, English dramatist and poet (died 1886)
- October 25
- November 27 – Fanny Kemble, English actress and writer (died 1893
- Unknown dates
- January 22 – George Steevens, English Shakespearean commentator (born 1736)
- February 22 – Joseph Warton, English academic and literary critic (born 1722)
- March 14 – Daines Barrington, English lawyer, antiquary and naturalist (born c. 1727)
- March 29 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (born 1714)
- April 25 – William Cowper, English poet (born 1731)
- Kirkpatrick, Kathryn J. (1995). "Introduction to Castle Rackrent". Oxford University Press.
- Das, Sisir Kumar (2006). "A Chronology of Literary Events, 1800–1910". In A History of Indian Literature: Western Impact, Indian Response, 1800–1910. Sahitya Akademi, 2006. Retrieved via Google Books, July 16, 2009.
- Kaloustian, David (2004). "Bloomfield, Robert (1766–1823)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2012-03-04. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Sutherland, John; Fender, Stephen (2011). "3 October". Love, Sex, Death & Words: Surprising Tales from a Year in Literature. London: Icon. pp. 375–6. ISBN 978-184831-247-0.