180 BC

Year 180 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Piso/Flaccus; the denomination 180 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. After three years of intriguing against his younger brother Demetrius, including accusing him of coveting the succession to the Macedonian throne and being allied to Rome, Perseus persuades his father King Philip V of Macedon to have Demetrius executed. Rome completes its subjugation of all of Italy with the defeat of the Ligurians in a battle near modern Genoa. Rome deports 40,000 Ligurians to other areas of the Republic. Lucca becomes a Roman colony. Ptolemy VI Philometor, aged 6, rules as co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra I, although a daughter of a Seleucid king, does not take King Seleucus IV's side and remains on friendly terms with Rome. Following the death of Aristophanes of Byzantium, Aristarchus of Samothrace becomes librarian at Alexandria.

Demetrius I starts his invasion of present-day Pakistan, following the earlier destruction of the Mauryan dynasty by general Pushyamitra Shunga. Apollodotus I, a general with Demetrius I of Bactria, becomes king of the western and southern parts of the Indo-Greek kingdom, from Taxila in Punjab to the areas of Sindh and Gujarat, he maintains his allegiance to Demetrius I. September 26 — Lü Clan Disturbance Emperor Wen of the Han dynasty ascends to the throne; the state of Nanyue in Vietnam and southern China submits to the Han dynasty as a vassal. Apollodorus of Athens, Greek scholar and grammarian Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus, Roman consul Viriathus, Lusitanian chieftain and general August 18 — Empress Dowager Lü, de facto ruler of the Chinese Han Dynasty and wife of Emperor Gao Aristophanes of Byzantium, Greek scholar and grammarian renowned for his work in Homeric scholarship, but for work on other classical authors such as Pindar and Hesiod. After early studies under leading scholars in Alexandria, he has been chief librarian since about 195 BC Liu Hong, fourth emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty Lucius Valerius Flaccus, Roman statesman, consul in 195 BC, censor in 183 BC and colleague of Cato the Elder

John A. Burns

John Anthony Burns was an American politician. Burns was born in Montana and became a resident of Hawaii in 1913, he served as the second governor of Hawaii from 1962 to 1974. John Burns was born in Fort Assinniboine, Montana on March 30, 1909, he was the eldest son of Harry Burns. Christened Harry John Burns, as a teenager he changed his name to John Anthony Burns. Burns' father was in the army and was ordered to Fort Shafter in Hawaii, so in 1913 he and his family moved to Hawaii, to Kalihi. Harry Burns became overwhelmed with responsibility for four children and left the family in 1919. Burns' mother became a launderer for Tripler Army Medical Center. Burns attended Saint Louis School, while his mother worked, she joined the Postal Service, with the help of her brother, became postmaster for Fort Shafter and a clerk at the Honolulu Post office. In 1925 Anne sent John to live with her brother in Kansas, where Jack Scally served as a father figure. In Kansas he attended Immaculata High School in Leavenworth transferred to St. Benedict High School in Atchison.

In 1927 Burns joined the army, but did not like taking orders. He was honorably discharged after one year. Burns returned to Hawaii, waiting a semester to attend Saint Louis School and graduate in 1930. Burns' work as a sympathetic police officer, building close ties with working class folks from numerous ethnic groups, notably Japanese and native Hawaiians. While a police officer in Honolulu, his first political efforts arose from his work with the Police Benevolent Society. From 1948 he led the Hawaii Democratic Revolution of 1954, through various leadership positions in the territorial Democratic Party, culminating in being chair of the territorial party in 1952, he is credited with building a coalition for the Democratic Party that included the Communist Party, 442nd Regimental Combat Team veterans, ILWU, other organized labor groups, Japanese Americans to strengthen the party. In 1956, he was elected a party delegate from Hawaii; as a delegate, Burns played a key role in lobbying for Hawaii statehood, a goal, achieved on March 12, 1959, when the statehood bill was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

He sought to become the first governor of the newly formed state, but lost the election to Territorial Governor William F. Quinn. Three years in 1962, Burns won the election to become governor. Governor Burns played a leading role in stimulating the state economy and attracting foreign tourism and investment, his many achievements include the promotion of Hawaii as a center for oceanography, construction of the new State Capitol building, expansion of the University of Hawaii, helping to transform it into a first-class university, attracting students and faculty from around the world and early planning for the construction of the Aloha Stadium to host university football and bowl games. Burns supported the construction of an expanded Honolulu International Airport with a new reef-runway and the construction of Interstate H-3. Additionally, he supported planning for the future by establishing the Hawaii Commission on the Year 2000, which led to the development of the Quality Growth Policy for the State of Hawaii.

Both the Commission on the Year 2000 and Hawaii's Quality Growth Policy were intended to supplement Hawaii's State Land-Use Plan. Governor Burns made Hawaii a leader in environmental management, establishing the Office of Environmental Quality Control, within the Governor's Office, to coordinate state environmental policy and to review environmental impact statements on all major state actions. Burns was re-elected in 1966 and 1970, each time with a different lieutenant governor as his running mate. In 1966, he was elected governor with Lieutenant Governor Thomas Gill. During his term as lieutenant governor, considered outspoken and acerbic, developed differences with Burns, was never shy about criticizing the incumbent, despite being part of his administration. In 1970, Gill challenged Burns in the Democratic primary. Gill ran as a reformer, campaigning against what he described as an entrenched, corrupt political machine, he narrowly lost though Burns outspent him in a savvy campaign that included sophisticated use of expensive image-building television spots.

Most in the state's large Japanese population remained loyal to Burns, who had spearheaded their rise to political power during the 1950s. Before Neil Abercrombie lost in 2014 this race stood as the closest anyone came to a primary defeat of an incumbent governor of Hawaii. Burns' running-mate in 1970, George Ariyoshi, ran to succeed Burns as governor in 1974, defeating Gill in the Democratic primary. Burns became ill from cancer to the point of incapacity in October 1973. Burns' third elected lieutenant governor, George Ariyoshi, became acting governor through the end of Burns' third term. Ariyoshi was elected in his own right as governor for the term beginning in 1974. Burns died on April 1975 in Honolulu; the John A. Burns School of Medicine, at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, is named for him. In 1997, Governor Ben Cayetano named the newly completed Interstate H-3 in his honor, the road to the summit of Mauna Kea is named after him. A Hawaii golf tournament, comprising the state's best amateurs and PGA professionals, was created in his honor.

The Governor's Cup is a team event, is played between the amateurs against the professionals. A special qualifier for the amateur team after the tournament will provide the medalist a chance to play in the Sony Open in Hawaii, a PGA Tour Event; the 2013 qualifier was Jared Sawada. United States Congress. "John A. Burns". Biographical Director

Sacramento Metropolitan Cable Television Commission

The Sacramento Metropolitan Cable Television Commission is the joint powers agency responsible for regulating the cable television franchises and licenses in Sacramento County, California. The Commission's Board of Directors is composed of members of the constituent jurisdictions: Sacramento County, Citrus Heights, Elk Grove, Rancho Cordova and Galt; the Commission is responsible for: Administering the cable television franchises and licenses in Sacramento County Assisting consumers in resolving their cable and non-cable video concerns Monitoring community programming and grantee funding Operating the local Government-access television cable TV channel, Metro Cable The Commission licenses four cable television providers: Comcast throughout Sacramento County Frontier Communications in Elk Grove Strategic Technologies in Natomas SureWest in Natomas, Carmichael, Fair Oaks, Citrus Heights, Oak Park, Elk Grove, LandPark. On March 23, 1993, Sacramento Cable instituted a $5 late fee on cable bills.

These fees soon became the most common subject of complaint received by the Commission. On July 25, 1994 a major class action suit was initiated over the legality of these late fees, which it was contended violated California law; this suit grew out of the Commission's investigation into the issue. The case was settled, new legislation on late fees was drafted. Official website Metro Cable Access Sacramento audio Sacramento Educational Consortium About Sacramento Educational Cable Consortium KVIE Cable 7 Capital Public Radio CA State Senate floor report on late fees legislation this Multichannel news story that discusses action by the commission on possible content restriction. Of cable programming