1812 in Scotland
List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1812 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Events from the year 1812 in Scotland.
- Lord President of the Court of Session – Lord Granton
- Lord Justice General – The Duke of Montrose
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Boyle
- 1 January – Tron riot in Edinburgh concludes.
- March – meeting in Edinburgh to discuss formation of the Scottish Widows Fund and Life Assurance Society.
- 6 July – the Kilmarnock and Troon Railway becomes the first public railway line to open in Scotland. It begins life as a 9.5-mile (16-kilometre), horse-drawn waggonway to carry coal from Kilmarnock to Troon harbour. On 27 June the horse-drawn passenger coach Caledonia began running over the line between Troon and Gargieston, near Kilmarnock.
- 12 July (The Twelfth) – first Protestant Orange march in Scotland held in Glasgow, attracting hostile Catholic crowds.
- August – Henry Bell's PS Comet begins a passenger service on the River Clyde between Glasgow and Greenock, the first commercially successful steamboat service in Europe.
- November – first bridge at Bonar Bridge completed in cast iron to the design of Thomas Telford.
- Ongoing – Highland Clearances.
- Brackla distillery built by Captain William Fraser of Brackla House on the estate of Cawdor Castle.
- Glasgow Bible Society established.
- 3 February – William Fraser Tolmie, scientist and politician in Canada (died 1886 in Canada)
- 26 March (probable date) – Charles Mackay, writer (died 1889)
- 4 April – George Grub, church historian (died 1892)
- 27 May – Robert Stirling Newall, engineer and astronomer (died 1889)
- 3 June – Norman Macleod, Church of Scotland minister (died 1872)
- 2 September – Kirkpatrick Macmillan, inventor of the bicycle (died 1878)
- 23 December – Samuel Smiles, author and reformer (died 1904)
- 23 January – Robert Craufurd, general (mortally wounded during Peninsular War) (born 1764)
- 14 May – Duncan Ban MacIntyre, Gaelic poet (born 1724)
- William Tennant's ottava rima mock-heroic poem Anster Fair is published, the first use of this Italian style in Britain.
- Robertson, C. J. A. (1983). The Origins of the Scottish Railway System 1722–1844. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers. ISBN 0-85976-088-X.
- Air Advertiser [sic.] advertisement dated 25 June 1812.
- Booker, Ronnie Michael (2010). Orange Alba: The Civil Religion of Loyalism in the Southwestern Lowlands of Scotland since 1798. Knoxville: University of Tennessee. pp. 45–6. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
- McCrorie, Ian (1986). Clyde Pleasure Steamers. Greenock: Orr, Pollock & Co. Ltd. ISBN 1-869850-00-9.
- The Harmsworth Encyclopedia. 1905.