1814 in New Zealand

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1814 in New Zealand

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With the purchase of a vessel by Samuel Marsden for use by the Church Missionary Society at the beginning of the year the establishment of a mission in New Zealand is at last possible. After a preliminary scouting trip Marsden and the missionaries arrive at the end of the year and the first mission is begun at Rangihoua Bay in the Bay of Islands.

A small number of sealing vessels are operating/visiting Campbell, Macquarie and Auckland Islands. At least one visits the Bay of Islands while other also make provisioning stops in Foveaux Strait. Whaling ships and ships collecting timber from Tahiti and other islands in the Pacific also visit the Bay of Islands.


Regal and viceregal[edit]


  • February – Samuel Marsden buys the Active, for £1400, after the Church Missionary Society refuses to provide funds for a ship.[2]
  • 14 March – Thomas Kendall and William Hall leave Sydney on the Active, captain Dillon, to explore the Bay of Islands for a suitable mission site. Also with them is Tui (Tupaea), younger brother of the Ngāpuhi chief Korokoro, who has been staying with Kendall in Sydney.[3]
  • 10 June – The Active anchors off Rangihoua Bay.[3]
  • 11 June – 3 July – Kendall and Hall meet a number of Ngāpuhi chiefs including Kawiti, Ruatara, Tara (of Kororareka), Pōmare I, Hauraki (aka Te Wera, of Kerikeri), and Hongi Hika.[3]
  • 25 July – The Active departs the Bay of Islands for Sydney. Along with Kendall and Hall are the Ngāpuhi chiefs Ruatara, Hongi Hika, Korokoro, Te Nganga, Punahou and Hongi's son Ripiro.[3][4][5]
  • 22 August – The Active arrives in Sydney.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]
  • 12 November – Kendall appointed Justice of the Peace for New Zealand by Governor Macquarie.[4]
  • 19 November – The Active attempts to leave Sydney but is forced to turn back by bad weather.[10]
  • 28 November – The Active finally departs Port Jackson on its way to establish the mission at Rangihoua.[10][11]
  • 15 December – The Active passes North Cape.[3]
  • 20 December – At Matauri Bay, Marsden persuades Ngāti Uru and Ngāpuhi to make peace.[2]
  • 22 December – The Active returns to the Bay of Islands. On board are Marsden; missionaries Thomas Kendall, William Hall and John King and their families; John Liddiard Nicholas (later author of Narrative of Voyage to New Zealand)[12] and Ruatara, Hongi Hika, Korokoro, Te Nganaga, Tui and Maui. The Active's captain is now Thomas Hansen Snr who is accompanied by his wife and son, Thomas Jnr. (see 1815, 1816 & 1817)[6][7][8][9]
  • 25 December – Marsden preaches the first sermon in New Zealand.[3]
  • Having received a hand flour mill from Marsden, Ruatara is at last able to grind the wheat that he has been growing and also that which he brought back from Sydney two years earlier.[7][9]

1813 or 1814[13][edit]

  • 6 lascars from the Matilda desert the ship at 'Port Daniel' (Otago Harbour). One later takes the moko and is still living with Māori on Stewart Island in 1844.[10]
  • Robert Brown and 7 others of the Matilda sail from Stewart Island in a ship's boat to search the east coast of the South Island as far as Moeraki and Oamaru looking for the missing lascars. They are all killed and, presumably, eaten.[10]




See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dictionary of Australian Biography: Lachlan Macquarie
  2. ^ a b Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Samuel Marsden
  3. ^ a b c d e f g NZETC: Maori Wars of the Nineteenth Century, 1814
  4. ^ a b c New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Thomas Kendall Biography
  5. ^ a b Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Thomas Kendall
  6. ^ a b Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Hongi Hika
  7. ^ a b c Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Ruatara
  8. ^ a b New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Hongi Hika Biography
  9. ^ a b c New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Ruatara Biography
  10. ^ a b c d Salmond, Anne. Between Worlds. 1997. Penguin Books (NZ) Ltd. ISBN 0-670-87787-5.
  11. ^ New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Samuel Marsden Biography
  12. ^ Early Europeans in New Zealand
  13. ^ Anne Salmond's Between Worlds describes in the narrative (p.312) the following two incidents as having taken place in 1814 (as do reports in the histories of Moeraki and Oamaru) but in the appendix (p.524) as having occurred after the Matilda left Port Jackson on 4 August 1813 and implying they happened later that year, as is the case in NZETC: The Matilda at Otago, 1813.
  14. ^ Godley bio at Chch City Libraries
  15. ^ Starke, June. (22 June 2007). "'Hadfield, Octavius 1814? – 1904'". Dictionary of New Zealand biography. 
  16. ^ Who was Who 1897–1990 London, A & C Black, 1991 ISBN 0-7136-3457-X
  17. ^ No Mean City by Stuart Perry (1969, Wellington City Council)
  18. ^ "Obituary: Death of the Hon Robert Hart", in Taranaki Herald, Volume XLIII, Issue 10110, 17 September 1894, Page 2.
  19. ^ alington, M.H. (18 September 2007). "'THATCHER, Frederick', from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966". Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.