1818 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1818.
- January 1 – Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein; or, the Modern Prometheus is first published, anonymously, in London.
- January 8 – Lord Byron, in Venice, sends the final part of Childe Harold to his publisher.
- January 11 – Percy Bysshe Shelley's poem "Ozymandias" is published in Leigh Hunt's weekly The Examiner (London; p. 24) under the pen name 'Glirastes'; Horace Smith's contribution to the same informal sonnet-writing competition, "On a Stupendous Leg of Granite, Discovered Standing by Itself in the Deserts of Egypt, with the Inscription Inserted Below" is published on February 1 under his initials.
- January – Samuel Taylor Coleridge delivers a series of lectures on poetry, drama and philosophy, beginning with Shakespeare's Hamlet.
- March 12 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, his wife Mary and her stepsister Claire Clairmont leave England for Italy, where they intend to take Claire's illegitimate child Alba to her father, Lord Byron.
- April 11 – John Keats and Samuel Taylor Coleridge go for a walk on Hampstead Heath. In a letter to his brother George, Keats writes that they talked about "a thousand things,... nightingales, poetry, poetical sensation, metaphysics."
- May 11 – The Old Vic is founded as the Royal Coburg Theatre in South London by James King, Daniel Dunn and John T. Serres.
- June–August – Keats and his friend Charles Armitage Brown make a walking tour of Scotland (including a visit to Burns Cottage), Ireland and the English Lake District.
- July 18 – Walter Scott's historical novel The Heart of Midlothian is published (as Tales of My Landlord, 2nd series, by 'Jedediah Cleishbotham', in 4 volumes); a shipload from the Ballantyne publishing business is sent from Edinburgh to London.
- August 28 – The National Library of Iceland is established as the Íslands stiftisbókasafn at the instigation of Danish antiquarian Carl Christian Rafn and the Icelandic Literary Society.
- September 19 – Lord Byron writes to Thomas Moore, telling him he has completed the first Canto of Don Juan (which he began on July 3).
- November – Fanny Brawne meets John Keats for the first time, at the home of Charles Armitage Brown.
- Jane Austen (died 1817)
- Patrick Brontë (anonymous) – The Maid of Killarney
- Selina Davenport – An Angel's Form and a Devil's Heart
- Susan Edmonstone Ferrier – Marriage
- Franz Grillparzer – Sappho
- Ann Hatton – Secrets in Every Mansion
- Mary Meeke – The Veiled Protectress
- Sydney Owenson – Florence Macarthy: an Irish tale
- Thomas Love Peacock (anonymous) – Nightmare Abbey
- Anna Maria Porter – The Fast of St. Magdalen: a Romance
- Walter Scott (as Jedediah Cleishbotham) – The Heart of Midlothian (Tales of My Landlord, 2nd series)
- Mary Shelley (anonymously) – Frankenstein
- Louisa Stanhope
- The Bandit's Bride
- The Nun of Santa Maria di Tindaro
- Elizabeth Thomas – Woman, or Minor Maxims; a Sketch
- Maria Hack – Winter Evenings
- Mary Martha Sherwood (anonymous) – The History of the Fairchild Family; or, The Child's Manual (Part I; Part II in 1842, Part III in 1847)
- Kristijonas Donelaitis – The Seasons
- John Keats – Endymion
- Thomas Bowdler – The Family Shakspeare (2nd bowdlerized edition expanded from 1807 edition)
- Percy Bysshe Shelley
- Elizabeth Thomas (anonymous) – The Confession, or, The Novice of St Clare, and other Poems
- Elizabeth Beverley – Modern Times, "sermon" prompted by death of Princess Charlotte of Wales
- Josef Dobrovský – Geschichte der böhmischen Sprache und Literatur (Dějiny českého jazyka a literatury, History of the Czech Language)
- John Evelyn (died 1706) – Diary (selection; diary covers 1641–1697)
- Henry Hallam – The View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages
- William Hazlitt – Lectures on the English Poets
- James Mill – The History of British India
- Charles Mills – History of Mohammedanism
- Collin de Plancy – Dictionnaire Infernal
- Arthur Schopenhauer – The World as Will and Representation (Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung)
- January 14 – Zachris Topelius, Swedish-language Finnish novelist (died 1898)
- February – Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, author and orator (died 1895)
- May 5 – Karl Marx, German philosopher (died 1883)
- May 25 – Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss historian (died 1897)
- July 30 – Emily Brontë, English novelist and poet (died 1848)
- November 9 (October 28 OS) – Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist and playwright (died 1883)
- January 11 – Johann David Wyss, Swiss children's author writing in German (born 1743)
- March 6 – John Gifford, English political writer (born 1758)
- May 14 – Matthew Lewis, English novelist and dramatist (born 1775)
- June 11 – Elizabeth Bonhôte, English novelist, essayist and poet (born 1744)
- October 22 – Joachim Heinrich Campe, German linguist and publisher (born 1746)
- November 6 – Malcolm Laing, Scottish historian (born 1762)
- December 7 – Mary Brunton, Scottish novelist (born 1778)
- "Icons, a portrait of England 1800-1820". Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- Letter CCCIV.
- Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. "Hamlet". Lectures and Notes on Shakspere and Other English Poets. Shakespeare and his Critics. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- Gittings, Robert; Manton, Jo (1992). Claire Clairmont and the Shelleys. Oxford University Press. pp. 39–42. ISBN 0-19-818594-4.
- Motion, Andrew (1997). Keats. London: Faber. pp. 365–66. ISBN 057117227X.
- Sutherland, John (2014). How to be Well Read. London: Random House. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-847-94640-9.
- Letter CCCXXII.
- Walsh, John Evangelist (1999). Darkling, I Listen: The Last Days and Death of John Keats. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312222556.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 249–250. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- The Gentleman's Magazine, 88(1): p. 443.