Near Northwest is a 16 square miles district located in Harris County, Texas within the city limits of Houston and in an unincorporated area. It is governed by the Near Northwest Management District, with its headquarters at the White Oak Conference Center, 7603 Antoine Dr, Texas; the State of Texas established the management district in 2001. As of the 1990 Census, 55,908 lived in; as of the 2000 Census 67,034 lived in. A 2008 estimate stated. A 2013 projection stated that the number would increase to 75,485; the district has over 2,500,000 square feet of industrial and retail space. Luby's has its headquarters in Houston. A portion of the district's territory is in the Aldine Independent School District. All AISD residents of Near Northwest are zoned to Vines EC/PK School, located outside the district. AISD elementary schools serving sections of the district include Ermel Academy, Smith Academy, Harris Academy. All residents of the AISD portion are zoned to Caraway Intermediate School, Hoffman Middle School, Eisenhower 9th Grade School, Eisenhower High School.
A portion of the district's territory is in the Klein Independent School District. Elementary schools within Near Northwest serving sections of the district include Epps Island and Nitsch, while McDougle, outside of the district serves a portion of the district. Middle school residents of that section are zoned to Klein Intermediate School, high school residents are zoned to Klein Forest High School. A portion of the district's territory is in the Houston Independent School District. Residents of that section are zoned to Kate Smith Elementary School, Clifton Middle School, Scarborough High School, all in Houston. A portion of the district's territory is in the Cypress Fairbanks Independent School District. CFISD elementary schools serving sections of the district include Holbrook and Frazier; some CFISD portions are zoned to Cook Middle School, some portions are zoned to Dean Middle School. Jersey Village High School serves all CFISD portions of Near Northwest; some apartment complexes in Near Northwest are zoned to both Houston ISD and Aldine ISD.
Specific units within the complexes are earmarked for HISD and for AISD. Near Northwest Management District
Max Hoelz was a German Communist, most known for his role as a'Communist Bandit' in the Vogtland region. Hoelz emigrated to Britain in 1905 to become a mechanic. Hoelz was wounded and worked on the railways. Towards the end of the war he was working in a reinforced concrete construction company near Mulhouse in Alsace where he received news his wife in Vogtland was ill, leading him to travel back to Falkenstein with soldiers returning from the front, amongst whom he helped form the Falkenstein Workers' and Soldiers' Council on 9 November 1918. However, he was shortly forced out of the council by his co-chair Sturl, a USPD member, but despite this he joined the USPD and got a job selling subscription to their new journal for the Vogtland, Vogtlandische Volkszeitung. Hoelz went on to found the local branch of the Communist Party of Germany in Falkenstein in Spring 1919 and became a leader of the unemployed in the town. During the Kapp Putsch Hoelz helped form a Red Army in Vogtland; however the activities of his mobile detachment consisting of sometimes as many as 200 armed men caused dismay to the KPD leaders, soon Heinrich Brandler of the Chemnitz KPD ensure he was expelled from the party.
As the Communist Workers Party of Germany was at that time bringing together former KPD activists who were disillusioned with the moderate politics of the KPD leadership, he soon joined them, finding himself more at home amongst their ranks. In the aftermath of the crushing of the Ruhr Red Army, the Vogtland was surrounded by 50,000 government troops and Hoelz led his army to the border with Czechoslovakia where they were surrounded by the Reichswehr; the Red Army split up into detachments to avoid the Reichswehr and Hoelz was arrested in Czechoslovakia and deported to Austria. After returning to Vogtland in late 1920, Hoelz organised a band of around 50 men equipped with arms and bicycles to try and free those detained after the Kapp Putsch; the first bombing he organised was of the Falkenstein Rathaus on 6 March 1921 and others targeted courthouses throughout Germany. In his 1929 autobiography'From the "White Cross" to the Red Flag' he regretted taking part in this these attacks, "It was a serious political error to approve, sometimes take part, in raids on bank buildings, post offices, etc. by expropriation squads.
These funds flowed into the hands of the leaders of the KAPD, thus fulfilling a political purpose by financing the printing of newspapers and leaflets. Only a small part was used over the years to help comrades who were living illegally in various parts of Germany; the proletarian relief organization Rote Hilfe Deutschland did not exist at that time."< Hoelz was one of the leaders of armed groups during the March Action in the Mansfelder district and ended up on trial in Berlin in May 1921 where he was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was released by an amnesty in 1928 and moved to the Soviet Union where he remained critical of Communist Parties of Germany and the Soviet Union as well as of the Comintern as a whole, his request to return to Germany was turned down. He drowned in the Oka River near Nizhny Novgorod on 15 September, 1933. Hoelz M. From the "White Cross" to the Red Flag in Kuhn, G. "All Power to the Councils! A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919", Oakland: PM Press Walker E.
The German Robin Hood. Soldier and political prisoner: The extraordinary life of Max Hoelz 2019 ISBN 9781797714189 Short biography on Libcom.org Newspaper clippings about Max Hoelz in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW