1823 in archaeology
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The year 1823 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- January - In a cave on the Gower Peninsula of south Wales, Rev. William Buckland discovers the "Red Lady of Paviland", the first identification of a prehistoric (male) human burial. The bones are discovered with those of the woolly mammoth, proving that the two had coexisted.
- Summer - Smythe's Megalith, a Neolithic tomb, is discovered in Kent, England, and excavated by local antiquarian Clement Smythe.
- Borough Hill Roman villa in the midlands of England is discovered by archaeologist, George Baker.
- The Caergwrle Bowl, a decorated Middle Bronze Age artefact, is discovered in north east Wales.
- The Ormside bowl, a gilded silver Anglo-Saxon double-bowl, dating from the mid-8th century, is found in Great Ormside, Cumbria.