1825 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
List of years in paleontology
In science
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1825.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[2]

Name Novelty Status Author(s) Age Unit Location Notes Images
Iguanodon[3] Gen. nov. Valid Gideon Algernon Mantell Barremian, 126–125 mya Wessex Formation, Bernissart, Calizas de La Huergina Formation, Arcillas de Morella Formation  England,  Belgium,  Norway,  Spain,  Germany,  France, In a presentation to the Royal Society of London, Mantell reports his conclusion that the newly named Iguanodon is a new giant herbivorous reptile.[4] Iguanodon NT.jpg

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Larus toliapicus[5] Sp. nov Valid Koenig Early Eocene (Ypresian) London Clay Formation  England Described as a genus of Laridae, but transferred to a new genus Halcyornis Owen, 1846, and placed in the new family Halcyornithidae Harrison et Walker, 1972, This family was placed in synonymy with the family Pseudasturidae Mayr, 1998, by Mayr, 2009, stem Psittaciformes. This is the type species of the genus Halcyornis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ Mantell, G.A. (1825). "Notice on the Iguanodon, a newly discovered fossil reptile, from the sandstone of Tilgate Forest, in Sussex". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 115: 179–186. doi:10.1098/rstl.1825.0010. ISSN 0261-0523. JSTOR 107739. 
  4. ^ Farlow, J.O.; Brett-Surmann, M.K. (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Indiana University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-253-21313-4. 
  5. ^ Koenig, E. (1825). Icones fossilium sectilis: 1–44.