SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Aspelta

Aspelta was a ruler of the kingdom of Kush. Aspelta used titles based on those of the Egyptian Pharaohs. Horus name: Neferkha Nebty Name: Neferkha Golden Horus Name: Userib Prenomen: Merykare Nomen: Aspelta More is known about him and his reign than most of the rulers of Kush, he left several stelae carved with accounts of his reign. Aspelta was the son of Queen Nasalsa. Aspelta was the successor of Anlamani; the King is thought to have had several wives, including Henuttakhebit, Asata, Artaha. He may have been married to his sister Madiqen. According to relevant inscriptions, Aspelta was selected as ruler by a committee of twenty-four religious and military leaders, he set out north to Napata to be selected as king by the gods and crowned. Another stele that might date from Aspelta's reign recounts how a group of priests were put to death as punishment for conspiring against the king. In 592 BCE, Kush was invaded by an Egyptian military expedition initiated by Pharaoh Psamtik II because Aspelta posed a threat to this pharaoh's authority over Upper Egypt, to the south and close to Kush.

The invaders sacked Napata, some historians believe that because of this attack, Aspelta decided to move the Nubian capital to the more secure city of Meroe. Aspelta's tomb is the second largest burial structure here, his tomb was excavated by George A. Reisner in 1916 and many items were discovered within it, most of which are now in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston; the palace built by him and his brother was excavated by Reisner in 1920. Aspelta is well attested. A list of items mentioning the King: Two cartouche-plaques of Aspelta from the West side room Temple A at Kawa. Fragments of granite stela of Aspelta found in south-east corner of the Court in Temple T at Kawa. Wall depicting Aspelta. One scene shows the King offering image of Maat to the ram-headed god Amun-Re and Anukis-Nethy, another shows King before Amun-Re and Mut. Granite stela; the scene depicts Nastasen and the Queen-Mother Pelkha and Nastasen with Queen Sakhmakh. The text is dated to year 8, mentions King Aspelta, Harsiotef and Kambasuden.

The stela comes from Gebel Barkal. A shrine dedicated to Aspelta was found at the temple in Sanam. Stela of Aspelta Possibly from Sanam. A diorite stela of Khaliut, the Mayor of Kanad, son of Pi'ankhy, was erected by Aspelta; the text mention's the Queen-Mother Nasalsa. Enthronement-stela, year I of Aspelta with scene at top showing the Queen-Mother Nasalsa, was found at Gebel Barkal. Adoption-stela from year 3 of Aspelta from Sanam; the text records the appointment of Henuttakhebit as priestess of Napata. The King is shown with his mother Queen Queen Madiqen. Statue of Aspelta A fragment of one of the canopic jars of Aspelta was found in Room A of the tomb of Anlamani. Tomb Nuri 8 belonged to Aspelta. Excavated by Reisner in 1917. Four foundation deposits which include tablets and cups are now spread over several museums. A stela from the chapel was reused in Tomb Nuri 100; the tomb included the sarcophagus of the King. Finds include: Gold and silver vases, inscribed gold vase, Silver-spouted beaker, Gold cylinders, Inscribed alabaster jars, Two canopic jars, Porphyry offering-table.

Two alabaster jars with the name of Aspelta, found in tomb S.44 in the South Cemetery of Meroe Alabaster vase with name of Aspelta, a faience fragment with cartouche of Aspelta and faience fragment with cartouches of Aspelta

Robert Markham (game designer)

Robert Markham is a prolific American wargame designer. His game Raid on St. Nazaire won the 1987 Charles S. Roberts awards for Best World War II Board Game and Best Wargame Graphics. Markham is credited as the designer of at least 60 board games or game items, he has run his own game publishing company with Markham Designs. His co-designer for a few of his early games was Mark Seaman, Markham's college roommate and the best man at his wedding. Games that Robert Markham has designed or co-designed include the following: 1987 Raid on St. Nazaire with Mark Seaman, 1988 Pegasus Bridge: The Beginning of D-Day – June 6, 1944 with Mark Seaman, 1988 Lee Invades the North with Mark Seaman, 1991 Royalists & Roundheads, four of the most important English Civil War battles 1993 The Campaigns of Frederick the Great, a 1-4 player game featuring the Seven Years' War 2002 Soldier Kings, a 2-8 player game featuring the Seven Years' War 2003 Napoleon at the Berezina, 2003 Granada: The Fall of Moslem Spain, a game featuring Ferdinand and Isabella against the Moors 2003 Soldier Emperor, a 2-7 player game featuring the Napoleonic Wars 2007 The Campaigns of King David, a 2-5 player game featuring the struggle for the Holy LandMarkham is now a retired history and English teacher who taught middle school and high school in Danbury, for 37 years.

He served as associate editor of North & South magazine for seven years and was an editor of Volunteers magazine, another American Civil War magazine, for five years. Robert Markham: boardgamegeek.com designer entry