1833 Kunming earthquake

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1833 Kunming earthquake
Local date September 6, 1833 (1833-09-06)
Magnitude 8.0 Mw
Epicenter 25°24′N 103°00′E / 25.400°N 103.000°E / 25.400; 103.000Coordinates: 25°24′N 103°00′E / 25.400°N 103.000°E / 25.400; 103.000
Fault Xiaojiang Fault
Areas affected Kunming, Yunnan, China
Casualties 6,000

The 1833 Kunming earthquake was an 8.0 Mw earthquake that struck the provincial capital Kunming in Yunnan, China on September 6, 1833.[1] The earthquake had its epicenter along the Xiaojiang Fault near the town of Songming, approximately 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Kunming's city centre.[2] The earthquake destroyed many buildings, homes, and temples in Kunming and the nearby countryside. More than 6,000 people died as a result of the earthquake and another 80,000 were displaced,[3] the Qing government at the time provided relief to the region and used the event to strengthen its administration in the province.[4] The 1833 Kunming earthquake was the largest magnitude earthquake in Yunnan's recorded history.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Physical Atlas of China. Beijing, China: China Cartographic Publishing House. 1999. ISBN 7503120401. 
  2. ^ Knez, Martin; Liu, Hong; Slabe, Tadej (2011). South China Karst II. Lujubljana, Slovenia: Postojna. p. 204. ISBN 9789612542412. 
  3. ^ Atwill, David (2005). The Chinese Sultanate: Islam, Ethnicity, and the Panthay Rebellion in Southwest China, 1856–1873. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780804751599. 
  4. ^ "Crisis and Response: A Research on the Earthquake in Yunnan in 1833". CNKI. Kunming University. 
  5. ^ Liu, Ben-yu; Miao, Sheng; Ye, Liao-yuan; Xiao, Mei-ling (2006). "Damage of Village Buildings in Recent Yunnan Earthquakes". Taipei, Taiwan: 4th International Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Retrieved 29 April 2017.