1833 Kunming earthquake

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1833 Kunming earthquake
Local date September 6, 1833 (1833-09-06)
Magnitude8.0 Mw
Epicenter25°24′N 103°00′E / 25.400°N 103.000°E / 25.400; 103.000Coordinates: 25°24′N 103°00′E / 25.400°N 103.000°E / 25.400; 103.000
FaultXiaojiang Fault
Areas affectedKunming, Yunnan, China
Casualties6,000

The 1833 Kunming earthquake was an 8.0 Mw earthquake that struck the provincial capital Kunming in Yunnan, China on September 6, 1833.[1] The earthquake had its epicenter along the Xiaojiang Fault near the town of Songming, approximately 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Kunming's city centre.[2] The earthquake destroyed many buildings, homes, and temples in Kunming and the nearby countryside. More than 6,000 people died as a result of the earthquake and another 80,000 were displaced.[3] The Qing government at the time provided relief to the region and used the event to strengthen its administration in the province.[4] The 1833 Kunming earthquake was the largest magnitude earthquake in Yunnan's recorded history.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Physical Atlas of China. Beijing, China: China Cartographic Publishing House. 1999. ISBN 978-7503120404.
  2. ^ Knez, Martin; Liu, Hong; Slabe, Tadej (2011). South China Karst II. Lujubljana, Slovenia: Postojna. p. 204. ISBN 9789612542412.
  3. ^ Atwill, David (2005). The Chinese Sultanate: Islam, Ethnicity, and the Panthay Rebellion in Southwest China, 1856–1873. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780804751599.
  4. ^ "Crisis and Response: A Research on the Earthquake in Yunnan in 1833". CNKI. Kunming University.
  5. ^ Liu, Ben-yu; Miao, Sheng; Ye, Liao-yuan; Xiao, Mei-ling (2006). "Damage of Village Buildings in Recent Yunnan Earthquakes". Taipei, Taiwan: 4th International Conference on Earthquake Engineering. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.619.4440.