1833 in poetry
- June – Rev. John Henry Newman writes "The Pillar of Cloud" (Lead, Kindly Light) on a boat in the Strait of Bonifacio.
- September 15 – English poet Arthur Henry Hallam, a friend of Tennyson (and fiancé of his sister Emily), dies suddenly of a brain haemorrhage in Vienna aged 22. This year in his memory Tennyson writes "Ulysses" (completed October 20; published in Poems of 1842), Tithon (an early version of "Tithonus") and "The Two Voices" (originally entitled "Thoughts of a Suicide") and begins "Morte d'Arthur" (published 1842) and "Tiresias" (published 1885). In 1850 he will publish In Memoriam A.H.H.
- Elizabeth Barrett (later Elizabeth Barrett Browning), anonymously published translation from the Ancient Greek of Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound
- Edward Bickersteth, Christian Psalmody
- Caroline Bowles (later Caroline Anne Southey), Tales of the Factories
- Robert Browning, Pauline, a fragment of a confession, the author's first published poem, published anonymously, sells no copies (first reprinted in Poetical Works 1868 with minor revisions and an "apologetic preface")
- Agnes Bulmer's Messiah's Kingdom was published; an epic poem running to 14,000 lines and considered the longest poem ever written by a woman.
- Hartley Coleridge, Poems
- Allan Cunningham, The Maid of Elvar
- Ebenezer Elliott, The Splendid Village; Corn Law Rhymes, and Other Poems
- Felicia Dorothea Hemans, Hymns on the Works of Nature
- John Stuart Mill, Thoughts on Poetry and its Variants (criticism)
- Robert Montgomery, Woman: The Angel of Life
- Sir Walter Scott, The Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott, Bart, the final revised edition, edited by J. G. Lockhart and illustrated by J. M. W. Turner; in 12 volumes, published starting in May of this year, with Volume I, and ending in April 1834, with Volume XII
- Letitia Elizabeth Landon, writing under the pen name "L.E.L." Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1834, including The Zenana
- Maria Gowen Brooks, Zophiel, highly emotional verse, influenced by her connections with the English Lake poets; Charles Lamb asserted she could not have been the author, "as if there could have been a woman capable of anything so grand"
- Richard Henry Dana, Sr., Poems and Prose Writings, a very well received book, including many of his better-known essays and poems, including "The Buccaneer" (see also the expanded edition 1850)
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, translator, Coplas de Don Jorge Manrique
- Penina Moise, Fancy's Sketch Book, called the first poetry book published by a Jewish American in the United States; including humorous and satirical poems on love, poverty and death as well as comments on the suffering of Jews abroad, who are encouraged to immigrate to the United States
- M. J. Chapman, "Barbados" by a pro-slavery planter in Barbados
- Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, Les Fleurs, France
- Wilhelm Hey, Fünfzig Fabeln für Kinder ("Fifty Fables for Children")
- Frederik Paludan-Muller, Dandserinden ("The Danseuse" or "Dancing Girl"), inspired by Lord Byron's poetry; an ironic poem in ottava rima; Denmark
- France Prešeren, A Wreath of Sonnets (Slovene: Sonetni venec)
- Aleksandr Pushkin, "The Bronze Horseman" (Russian, Медный всадник, literally "The Copper Horseman")
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 23 – Lewis Morris (died 1907), Anglo-Welsh poet
- May 5 – Richard Watson Dixon (died 1900), English poet and clergyman
- May 29 – George Gordon McCrae (died 1927), Australian
- August 24 – Narmadashankar Dave, also known as "Narmad" (died 1886), Indian, Gujarati-language poet
- October 8 – Edmund Clarence Stedman (died 1908), American poet, critic, essayist, banker and scientist
- October 19 – Adam Lindsay Gordon, Azores-born Australian "national poet", jockey and politician
- December 27 – Larin Paraske (died 1904), Finnish Izhorian oral poet and rune-singer
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- February 4 – John O'Keefe (born 1747), Irish poet, playwright and actor
- April 14 – Joseph-Isidore Bédard (born 1806), Canadian poet, lawyer and politician
- September 7 – Hannah More (born 1745), English poet, playwright, religious writer and philanthropist
- September 15 – Arthur Hallam (born 1811), English poet in whose memory Alfred, Lord Tennyson later writes In Memoriam A.H.H.
- October 10 – Thomas Atkinson (born 1801?), Scottish poet, bookseller and politician, dies at sea
- December 30 – William Sotheby (born 1757), English poet and translator
- Date not known – Bankidas Asiya (born 1771), Rajasthani poet and scholar
- List of years in poetry
- List of years in literature
- 19th century in literature
- 19th century in poetry
- Golden Age of Russian Poetry (1800–1850)
- Young Germany (Junges Deutschland) a loose group of German writers from about 1830 to 1850
- List of poets
- List of poetry awards
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Browning, Robert (2009). Roberts, Adam; Karlin, Daniel, eds. The Major Works. Oxford World's Classics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-955469-0.
- "Agnes Bulmer". Primary Sources. 18th Century Religion, Literature, and Culture. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "Bulmer, Agnes". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Burt, Daniel S., The Chronology of American Literature: : America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7, retrieved via Google Books
- Calhoun, Charles C. Longfellow: A Rediscovered Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8070-7026-2
- "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 978-0-313-31747-7, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009
- Rees, William, The Penguin book of French poetry: 1820-1950, Penguin, 1992, ISBN 978-0-14-042385-3
- Preminger, Alex and T. V. F. Brogan, et al., The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993. New York: MJF Books/Fine Communications
- Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7, retrieved December 10, 2008