1836 Komarov

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1836 Komarov
Discovery [1]
Discovered by N. Chernykh
Discovery site Crimean Astrophysical Obs.
Discovery date 26 July 1971
Designations
MPC designation (1836) Komarov
Named after
Vladimir Komarov (Soviet cosmonaut)[2]
1971 OT · 1952 KA1
1952 MT · 1961 JG
1962 SG
main-belt · (middle)
Dora [3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 63.89 yr (23,334 days)
Aphelion 3.3187 AU
Perihelion 2.2523 AU
2.7855 AU
Eccentricity 0.1914
4.65 yr (1,698 days)
308.73°
0° 12m 43.2s / day
Inclination 7.0195°
272.76°
12.344°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 21.16 km (calculated)[4]
21.55±6.10 km[5]
21.84±6.55 km[6]
22.240±0.304 km[7][8]
22.86±0.73 km[9]
25.40±9.32 km[10]
8.8015±0.0004 h[11]
9.695±0.005 h[a]
0.042±0.005[7][8]
0.043±0.019[10]
0.05±0.05[5]
0.057 (assumed)[4]
0.06±0.06[6]
0.103±0.007[9]
SMASS = Ch [1] · C[4][12]
11.30[9] · 11.9[7] · 11.98±0.37[12] · 12.00[6][10] · 12.1[1][4] · 12.15[5]

1836 Komarov, provisional designation 1971 OT, is a carbonaceous Dorian asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 22 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 26 July 1971, by Russian astronomer Nikolai Chernykh at Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij on the Crimean peninsula.[13] The asteroid was named after Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov.[2]

Classification and orbit[edit]

Komarov is a member of the Dora family (FIN: 512), a well-established central asteroid family of more than 1,200 carbonaceous asteroids. The family's namesake is 668 Dora. It is alternatively known as the "Zhongolovich family", named after its presumably largest member 1734 Zhongolovich. The Dora family may also contain a subfamily.[3][14]:13,23

It orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.3–3.3 AU once every 4 years and 8 months (1,697 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.19 and an inclination of 7° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Komarov is characterized as a dark C-type asteroid by Pan-STARRS photometric survey.[12] It is also classified as a hydrated Ch-subtype in the SMASS classification scheme.[1]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Komarov measures between 21.55 and 25.40 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.042 and 0.103.[5][6][7][8][9][10] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057 and calculates a diameter of 21.16 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 12.1.[4]

Lightcurves[edit]

In July 2008, two rotational lightcurve of Komarov were independently obtained from photometric observations by astronomers Julian Oey and Peter Caspari. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 8.8015 and 9.695 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.39 and 0.56 magnitude, respectively (U=3/2+).[11][a]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named in honor of Vladimir Komarov (1927–1967), Soviet cosmonaut who headed the manned flight on the Voskhod spacecraft. He was killed when the Soyuz 1 space capsule crashed after re-entry on 24 April 1967, due to a parachute failure,[2][15] the approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 3825).[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Caspari (2008): rotation period 9.695±0.005 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.56 mag. and a quality code of 2+. Observation date:2008-07-05. Summary figures for (1836) Komarov at Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link (CALL)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1836 Komarov (1971 OT)" (2016-05-17 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1836) Komarov. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 147. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Broz, M.; Morbidelli, A.; Bottke, W. F.; Rozehnal, J.; Vokrouhlický, D.; Nesvorný, D. (March 2013). "Constraining the cometary flux through the asteroid belt during the late heavy bombardment" (PDF). Astronomy and Astrophysics. 551: 16. arXiv:1301.6221Freely accessible. Bibcode:2013A&A...551A.117B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219296. Retrieved 7 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "LCDB Data for (1836) Komarov". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Kramer, E. A.; Grav, T.; et al. (September 2016). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Two: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 152 (3): 12. arXiv:1606.08923Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016AJ....152...63N. doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/3/63. Retrieved 7 July 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 7 July 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  11. ^ a b Oey, Julian (October 2009). "Lightcurve Analysis of Asteroids from Leura and Kingsgrove Observatory in the Second Half of 2008". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 36 (4): 162–164. Bibcode:2009MPBu...36..162O. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "1836 Komarov (1971 OT)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  14. ^ Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). "Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids IV: 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. Retrieved 7 July 2017. 
  15. ^ Lawrence W. Baker, ed. (2005). "Almanac". Space Exploration Reference Library. 1. 
  16. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 

External links[edit]