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1838 in archaeology
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: extra parameters: science
August 31 -
-born scene painter
sets sail for
(with the encouragement of
J. M. W. Turner
) to produce a series of drawings of the region for use as the basis for paintings and
The 5th century BC bronze
in 1836) is acquired by the
6th Duke of Devonshire
H. P. Borrell
statuettes found in
Lake of the Idols
Winter 1837/38 - The
) is discovered.
The History of Ancient Egyptians
Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes
publishes the first part of
De La Création, Essai sur L'Origine et la Progression des Êtres
publishes the first detailed account of the
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March 12 -
May 19 -
Sir Richard Colt Hoare
Wace, A. J. B. (1938). "The Chatsworth Head".
The Journal of Hellenic Studies
"Sir Richard Colt Hoare 1758–1838"
Retrieved from "
Years in archaeology
1830s in science
1838 in science
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The 1800s decade lasted from January 1, 1800, to December 31, 1809. — Politics and wars — Napoleonic Wars — The
This decade saw the rise of
, who led the French army to conquer a substantial portion of Europe during this time.
A voltaic pile on display in the
London Steam Carriage
Ludwig van Beethoven in 1804
The 1810s decade ran from January 1, 1810, to December 31, 1819. — Politics and wars — Napoleonic Wars — In
The victory of General
José de San Martín
over Spanish forces at the
Battle of Chacabuco
, 12 February 1817
"Enterprise on her fast trip to Louisville, 1815"
Karl Drais' laufmaschine
The 1820s decade ran from January 1, 1820, to December 31, 1829. — Politics and wars — Global — 1820: Anchor
: Naval Battle of Navarino by
Ambroise Louis Garneray
Anthony Finley's 1827 map of Africa
map of the United States circa 1822
The 1830s decade ran from January 1, 1830, to December 31, 1839. — Politics — Pacific — July 30, 1836 – The first
supervising the destruction of opium in 1839
, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837–1901).
French Revolution of 1830
The 1840s was an active and turbulent decade that ran from January 1, 1840, to December 31, 1849. Throughout the
Map of India in 1848
A memorial of
, which began in
: "Monster Rally" of
s held on
in London; the first photograph of a crowd depicts it.
reconstitutes itself as a
The 19th century (1 January 1801 – 31 December 1900) was the century marked by the collapse of the Spanish, Napoleonic,
, Surrender of Madrid, 1808. Napoleon enters Spain's capital during the
Arab slave trade
rs and their captives along the Ruvuma river (in today's Tanzania and Mozambique), 19th century
Map of the world from 1897. The
(marked in pink) was the superpower of the 19th century.
's retreat from Russia in 1812. The war swings decisively against the French Empire
The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000. It was the tenth and final
in December 1972. The second half of the 20th century saw humankind's first
Map of the
(as of 1910). At its height, it was the
is often regarded as the father of
is a major technological advancement in this century.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The
An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July 1877
Artifacts discovered at the 1808
excavation by Sir
Richard Colt Hoare
in the early 20th century. Pictured, are his excavations at
Maiden Castle, Dorset
, in October 1937.
Cast of the skull of the
, uncovered in
. The Child was an infant of the
species, an early form of
Scotland (Scots: [ˈskɔt.lənd]; Scottish Gaelic: Alba [ˈal̪ˠapə] (listen)) is a country that is part of the United
settlement, located on the west coast of
The class I
known as Aberlemno 1 or the Serpent Stone
, the 13th-century Scottish hero.
succeeded to the English and Irish thrones in 1603.
David Roberts (painter)
David Roberts RA (24 October 1796 – 25 November 1864) was a Scottish painter. He is especially known for a prolific
David Roberts in 1844 by
Hill & Adamson
Duncan's Land, Stockbridge, Edinburgh
The Great Sphinx (and) Pyramids of Girzeh (Giza) 17 July 1839, by David Roberts.
A portrait of David Roberts
Egypt ((listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Khēmi), officially the Arab
Temple of Derr
ruins in 1960
is the oldest of the
and the only one still in existence.
The Ptolemaic Queen
and her son by Julius Caesar,
, at the
Temple of Dendera.
in Cairo, of
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
, the sixth caliph, as renovated by
J. M. W. Turner
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as
Image: Joseph Mallord William Turner Self Portrait 1799
Fishermen at Sea
, exhibited in 1796 was the first oil painting exhibited by Turner at the Royal Academy.
Modern Rome – Campo Vaccino
Image: Joseph Mallord William Turner Dutch Boats in a Gale WGA23163
Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and
A copper mine in Cyprus. In antiquity, Cyprus was a major source of copper.
Early Greek colonization of Cyprus
Archeologic site of Choirokoitia with early remains of human habitation during Aceramic Neolithic period (reconstruction)
Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates,
Smyrna (Ancient Greek: Σμύρνη, Smýrni or Σμύρνα, Smýrna) was a Greek city dating back to antiquity located at a central
The Agora of Smyrna (columns of the western stoa)
Smyrna among the cities of Ionia and Lydia (ca. 50 AD)
In the year 1403,
had decisively defeated the
at Smyrna, and therefore referred to himself as a
Great Fire of Smyrna
as seen from an Italian ship, 14 September 1922
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the
, 700–650 BC.
Etruscan riders, Silver panel 540-520BC, from Castel San Marino, near
Sarcophagus of Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa
, about 150-130 BCE
Mars of Todi
, an Etruscan
, c. 400 BC
The Neolithic ((listen)) was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Neolithic stone artifacts are by definition polished and, except for specialty items, not chipped.
'Ain Ghazal Statues
, are considered to be one of the earliest large-scale representations of the human form dating back to around 7250 BC.
Algerian cave paintings depicting hunting scenes
Female figure from
Republic of Macedonia
Orkney (Scottish Gaelic: Arcaibh), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of
1654 map of Orkney and Shetland. Map makers at this time continued to use the original Latin name "Orcades" .
Ring of Brodgar
, on the island of
on the west coast of
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic
Detail of Lintel 26 from
was one of the most important Classic period cities.
was the most important city in the northern Maya region.
Uxmal (Yucatec Maya: Óoxmáal [óˑʃmáˑl]) is an ancient Maya city of the classical period in present-day Mexico. It is
Pyramid of the Magician
Map of a central portion of Uxmal
Detail of the "House of the Turtles"
Lights and Sound nightly show on Nunnery Quadrangle.
The Cornish people or Cornish (Cornish: Kernowyon) are an ethnic group associated with Cornwall and a recognised
A poster in
telling people how to describe their ethnicity and national identity as Cornish in the
Mineral del Monte
, a remnant of the Cornish migration to
during the early-19th century.
St. Piran's Day
is an annual patronal
celebrating Cornish culture and history every 5 March.
, in the English and
An antiquarian or antiquary (from the Latin: antiquarius, meaning pertaining to ancient times) is an aficionado or
cabinet of curiosities
, from Museum Wormianum, 1655.
(1551–1623), author of the Britannia, wearing the
chain of office
Clarenceux King of Arms
. Originally published in the 1695 edition of Britannia.
The Puzzle (1756): etching by John Bowles. In one variation on a recurrent joke, four antiquaries struggle to decipher what seems to be an ancient inscription, but which is in fact a crude memorial to Claud Coster,
-seller, and his wife. The print is ironically dedicated to "the Penetrating Genius's of
, and the
Learned Society of Antiquarians
's caricature, Death and the Antiquaries, 1816. A group of antiquaries cluster eagerly around the exhumed corpse of a king, oblivious to the jealous figure of Death aiming his dart at one of them. The image was inspired by the opening of the tomb of
Society of Antiquaries
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to
led an uprising against the
Replica of the 7th-century ceremonial
Sutton Hoo helmet
Kingdom of East Anglia
King Henry VIII
Supreme Head of the Church of England
The 18th century lasted from January 1, 1701 to December 31, 1800 in the Gregorian calendar. During the 18th century,
Political boundaries at the beginning of year 1700
Storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789, an iconic event of the
Development of the
Watt steam engine
in the late 18th century was an important element in the
in Great Britain.
American Revolutionary War
took place in the late 18th century.
Rifa'a al-Tahtawi (also spelt Tahtawy; Arabic: رفاعة رافع الطهطاوي / ALA-LC: Rifā‘ah Rāf‘i al-Ṭahṭāwī; 1801–1873) was
Rifa'a al-Tahtawy, 1801-1873.
Rifa'a al-Tahtawy Memorial in front of
Tahtawi agreement with his wife not to marry another woman اتفاق بين رفاعة الطهطاوى وزوجته التزم كاتب الأحرف رفاعة بدوي رافع لبنت خاله المصونة الحاجة كريمة بنت العلامة الشيخ محمد الفرغلي الأنصاري انه يبقى معها وحدها على الزوجية دون غيرها من زوجة أخرى أو جارية أياً ماكانت ، و علقت عصمتها على أخذ غيرها من نسا أو تمتع بجارية أخرى ، فإذا تزوج بزوجة أيا ما كانت ، كانت بنت خاله بمجرد العقد عليها خالصة بالثلاثة ، كذلك إذا تمتع بجارية ملك يمين ، و لكن وعدها وعدا صحيحاً لا ينتقض و لا ينحل انها ما دامت معه على المحبة المعهودة مقيمة على الأمانة و الحفظ لبيتها و لأولادها و لخدمها و جواريها ، ساكنة معه في محل سكناه ، لا يتزوج بغيرها أصلاً و لا يتمتع بجوار أصلاً ، و لا يخرجها من عصمته حتى يقضي الله لأحدهما بقضاء ، هذا ما انجعلت عليه العهود و شهد الله يبحانه و تعالى بذلك و ملايكته و رسله ، و إن فعل المذكور خلافه ، كان الله تعالى هو الوكيل العادل للزوجة المذكور يقتص لها منه في الدنيا و الآخرة ، هذا ما انجعل عليه الاتفاق ،و كذلك إن تعبته فهي الجانية على نفسهال
William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire
William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire (21 May 1790 – 18 January 1858), styled Marquess of
The Duke of Devonshire by
Sir Thomas Lawrence
St Peter's Churchyard, Edensor
- grave of William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire KG, PC (1790–1858)
The duke carrying the
Rousay (Old Norse: Hrólfsey meaning Rolf's Island) is a small, hilly island about 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Mainland, the
Trumland House on Rousay, designed by David Bryce who also designed
Cliffs in Saviskaill Bay, looking northward to
The Chatsworth Head is a slightly over-life-size bronze head dating to around 460 BCE which is now in the British
Image: Chatsworth Head BM GR1958.4 18.1
A bronze leg, probably from the same statue (Louvre)
Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes
Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes (10 September 1788 – 5 August 1868), sometimes referred to as Boucher de
Image: Boucher de Perthes
of Menchecourt-les-Abbeville, exhibited at the Universal Exhibition of 1867.
Sir Richard Hoare, 2nd Baronet
Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 2nd Baronet FRS (9 December 1758 – 19 May 1838) was an English antiquarian, archaeologist,
Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 2nd Baronet
Monument to Sir Richard Colt Hoare in
, Wiltshire, England.
1832 in archaeology
Explorations — May: Jean-Frédéric Waldeck begins a year's stay at the Maya ruins of Palenque — Excavations — Publications...
1837 in archaeology
1837 in archaeology. See also: other events of 1837. — Events — Antikensammlung Berlin acquires the 5th century BC
John Gardner Wilkinson, Egyptologist.
1839 in archaeology
1839 in archaeology — Explorations — John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood explore the Maya ruins of Copan.
Stela at Copan as drawn by Catherwood
1844 in archaeology
1844 in archaeology — Explorations — Karl Richard Lepsius examines, describes, and maps Meroë — Excavations — Finds...
Lithograph of ruins at
, by Frederick Catherwood
The 1850s was a decade that ran from January 1, 1850, to December 31, 1859. The 1850s was a very turbulent decade, as
1838 in architecture
The year 1838 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings. — Buildings opened
1838 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1838. — Events — January 28 – The second
Lake of the Idols
Lake of the Idols (Italian: Lago degli Idoli) is a lake located in Arezzo Province, Tuscany, Italy. It is located 1,380
Lake of the Idols following restoration
Jean-Frédéric Maximilien de Waldeck (March 16, 1766? – April 30, 1875) was a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist
The 1860s were an extremely different decade with numerous cultural, social, and political upheavals in Europe and
Shown in the presidential booth of Ford's Theatre, from left to right, are assassin
John Wilkes Booth
, Abraham Lincoln,
Mary Todd Lincoln
Image: Battle of Antietam
JSTOR (JAY-stor; short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995. Originally containing digitized back
Image: Screenshot of JSTOR
Image: JSTOR vector logo
Digital object identifier
In computing, a Digital Object Identifier or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify
Image: DOI logo