1844 Salta earthquake

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1844 Salta earthquake
1844 Salta earthquake is located in Argentina
1844 Salta earthquake
Local date 18 October 1844 (1844-10-18)
Local time 23:00 UTC
Magnitude 6.5 M
Epicenter 24°48′S 64°42′W / 24.80°S 64.7°W / -24.80; -64.7Coordinates: 24°48′S 64°42′W / 24.80°S 64.7°W / -24.80; -64.7
Areas affected Salta, Argentina
Casualties unknown

The 1844 Salta earthquake took place in the Province of Salta, in the Republic of Argentina, on 18 October at 23:00 UTC. It registered a magnitude of 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale. The earthquake was located at a depth of 30 km.[1][2]

Damage and casualties[edit]

The Province of Salta is an area of high seismic probability. The last major earthquake to have affected the area prior to the October 1844 event was in 1692.[2] The destructive force of the 1844 Salta earthquake was measured at VII on the Mercalli intensity scale. It impacted several villages in the Province of Salta as well as the capital city. It caused damage and several families were affected but there was no reported loss of life.[1][2][3] The earthquake caused damage not only in Salta, but also in Jujuy, Tucumán and Santiago del Estero.[4] Several aftershocks were felt after the initial tremor. Cracks opened in the ground creating new channels through which water flowed even up to 26 October. The final aftershock was felt on the 27th.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

On feeling the tremors the villagers rushed to the main square and then towards the Cathedral where they removed the statues of Christ and the Virgen del Milagro to the plaza. There they prostrated before the images and prayed.[5][6]

Although the Fiesta del Milagro has its origins in the 1692 Salta earthquake, in which the images of Christ and the Virgen del Milagro were said to have saved the city from the earthquakes, it was not until 1845, a year the following the 1844 earthquake, that ecclesiastical authorities along with the Government of the Province, signed the so-called Pact of Allegiance (Pacta de Fidelidad). In this pact the village agreed to officiate the acts of the Fiesta de Milagro (Feast of the Miracle), with novena and processions every September 15. The primitive "Fiestas del Milagro" in Salta were filled with celebration and excess. But it is from 1935, after the severe restrictions imposed by the Archbishop Tavella, that these "excesses" were banned and the feast took on the character of penance and atonement.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lista de Terremotos Historicos". Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "8 de octubre de 1844: Un violento terremoto sacude a Salta". El Intransigente. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Los Terremotos de 1844". Catedral Basilica de Salta. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Sagárnaga, Daniel. "Los salteños y el miedo místico a la destrucción total". Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Borelli (18 December 1844). "Una noche de luna y de terremoto". El Tribuno. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Mendieta, Andrés. "El 18 octubre de 1844 Salta fue sacudida por un sismo". Retrieved 3 January 2014.