1845 in archaeology
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The year 1845 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- February 7: In the British Museum, a drunken visitor smashes the Portland Vase which takes months to repair.
- E. G. Squier and E. H. Davis begin one of the first American scientific archaeological studies, exploring the remains of the prehistoric mound builders of Ohio, leading to the publication of the landmark Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley three years later.
- Austen Henry Layard begins excavating the Assyrian sites of Nimrud and Nineveh, lasting until 1851.
- Early excavation work at Ephesus
- Austen Henry Layard finds first group of Nimrud ivories.
- The existence of the Lycurgus cup, a piece of glassware demonstrating 4th century AD Roman technology, is reported.
- Approximate date: When the Rhine is blasted near Bingen am Rhein to deepen and remove rocks, Roman-era iron weapons are dredged from the river bed.
- Jean-François Champollion's Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie is published posthumously.
- March 20: Lucy Wright Mitchell, American archaeologist (d. 1888)
- June 16: Heinrich Dressel, German archaeologist (d. 1920)
- August 25: Ernest Volk, German archaeologist (d. 1919)
- Chambers, Robert. "February 7th". The Book of Days. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
- Gibbon, Guy E.; Ames, Kenneth M. (1998). Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia. 804: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780815307259.
- "Sir Austen Henry Layard - British archaeologist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
- Giroire, Cécile; Roger, Daniel (2007). Roman Art from the Louvre. Hudson Hills. p. 54. ISBN 9781555952839.
- Herrmann, Georgina; Laidlaw, Stuart (24 October 2013). "Assyrian Nimrud and the Phoenicians". Archaeology International. doi:10.5334/ai.1611. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Rossettie, Joseph Thomas (2000). The Lycurgus Cup. iUniverse. p. 13. ISBN 9780595140923.
- Lyell, Charles (1863). Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man.
- "Lucy Myers Wright Mitchell - American archaeologist and missionary". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 May 2017.