1847 in Scotland
List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1847 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Events from the year 1847 in Scotland.
- Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General – Lord Boyle
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Hope
- 25 April – the brig Exmouth carrying emigrants from Derry bound for Quebec is wrecked off Islay with only three survivors from more than 250 on board.
- 4 May – Glenalmond College opens its doors.
- 17 May – Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway extends through Scotland Street Tunnel to a new southern terminus in Princes Street, Edinburgh.
- 18 September – Educational Institute of Scotland formally constituted as a teachers' union "for the purpose of promoting sound learning and of advancing the interests of education in Scotland".
- 4–8 November – James Young Simpson discovers the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and first uses it, successfully, on a patient, in an obstetric case in Edinburgh.
- 23 November – the Otago Association ship Philip Laing sets sail from Greenock carrying settlers, mostly from the Free Church of Scotland, bound for Port Chalmers in New Zealand.
- The congregations of the United Secession Church unite with most of those of the Relief Church to form the United Presbyterian Church.
- The Ordnance Survey confirms Ben Nevis as the highest mountain in the British Isles, ahead of Ben Macdui.
- Michael Nairn begins manufacture of floorcloth at Kirkcaldy.
- 29 January – John Ramsay, 13th Earl of Dalhousie, KT, Liberal politician, former Secretary for Scotland (died 1887)
- 8 February – Lord Francis Douglas, mountaineer (killed 1865 on the Matterhorn)
- 13 February – Sir Robert McAlpine, 1st Baronet, "Concrete Bob", founder of construction firm Sir Robert McAlpine (died 1934)
- 3 March – Alexander Graham Bell, scientist and inventor (died 1922 in Nova Scotia)
- 28 March – Robert Alan Mowbray Stevenson, art critic (died 1900)
- 27 April – Archibald Orr-Ewing, MP (died 1893)
- 2 July – Andrew Gray, physicist and mathematician (died 1925)
- 28 July – James Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford, politician, astronomer and bibliophile (died 1913)
- 3 August – John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, KT, GCMG, GCVO, PC, former Governor General of Canada (died 1934)
- 22 August – Alexander Mackenzie, composer (died 1935)
- 12 September – John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute, KT, landowner and Rector of the University of St Andrews (died 1900)
- 23 March – Archibald Simpson, architect (born 1790)
- 31 May – Thomas Chalmers, mathematician and a leader of the Free Church of Scotland (born 1780)
- 7 June – David Mushet, metallurgist (born 1772; died in Monmouth)
- 9 August – Andrew Combe, physician and phrenologist (born 1797)
- 29 August – William Simson, painter best known as a landscapist (born 1798 or 1799; died in London)
- 20 November – Henry Francis Lyte, Anglican divine and hymn-writer (born 1793; died in Nice)
- 7 December – Robert Liston, pioneering surgeon (born 1794; died in London)
- R. M. Ballantyne returns to Edinburgh from Canada.
- Charles Lees paints The Golfers.
- The Sobieski Stuarts' fictional Tales of the Century: or Sketches of the romance of history between the years 1746 and 1846 is published.
- "The Exmouth – a terrible tragedy on Islay". Isle of Islay. 2011.
- "The Exmouth shipwreck off the Antrim Coast, Northern Ireland". My Secret Northern Ireland.
- "Our history". Educational Institute of Scotland. 2007-03-21. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- First communicated to the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh, 10 November, and published in a pamphlet, Notice of a New Anæsthetic Agent, in Edinburgh, 12 November.
- Gordon, H. Laing (2002). Sir James Young Simpson and Chloroform (1811–1870). Minerva Group, Inc. ISBN 978-1-4102-0291-8. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- Cates, William L. R. (1863). The Pocket Date Book. Chapman and Hall.