John M. Clayton
John Middleton Clayton was an American lawyer and politician from Delaware. He was a member of the Whig Party who served in the Delaware General Assembly, as U. S. Senator from Delaware and U. S. Secretary of State. Born in Dagsboro, son of Sarah and James Clayton, his uncle, Dr. Joshua Clayton, was a former Governor of Delaware and his cousin, Thomas Clayton, was a prominent lawyer, U. S. Senator, jurist. John M. Clayton studied at Berlin and Milford, Delaware when his parents moved there, his boyhood home, known as the Parson Thorne Mansion, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. He graduated from Yale University in 1815, studied law at the Litchfield Law School, in 1819 began the practice of law in Dover, Delaware. About this time his father died and Clayton became the sole supporter of his immediate family, weekly walking the distance from Dover to Milford to see to their needs, he married to Sally Ann Fisher in 1822. She was the granddaughter of former Governor George Truitt.
They had two sons and Charles, but she died two weeks after the birth of Charles. Clayton never raised the two boys himself. In 1844, Clayton cultivated a tract of land near Delaware which he called Buena Vista, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Here he made one of the most fruitful estates in that region. Both of his sons died while shortly before the death of their father. Clayton was elected to the Delaware House of Representatives for the 1824 session and was appointed the Delaware Secretary of State from December 1826 to October 1828. Conservative in background and outlook, Clayton became a leader of the Adams faction which developed into the Delaware Whig Party. During this time he was the driving force in the convention that produced the Delaware Constitution of 1831. In 1829 Clayton was elected to the United States Senate as its youngest member. Six years he declined re-election, but the General Assembly elected him anyway, only to have him resign, he served from March 4, 1829 until December 29, 1836.
He distinguished himself in the Senate by a speech during the debate on the Foote resolution, though relating to the survey of the public lands, introduced into the discussion the whole question of nullification. Clayton favored the extension of the charter for the Second Bank of the United States and his investigation of the Post Office Department led to its reorganization. At various times he served on the Military Affairs, District of Columbia and Post Office Committees, but his most important position was the Chairmanship of the Judiciary Committee in the 23rd and 24th Congress. After returning to Delaware from his first term in the United States Senate, Clayton was appointed Chief Justice of the Delaware Superior Court, replacing his cousin Thomas Clayton, elected to the vacant U. S. Senate seat, he served in this position from January 16, 1837 until September 19, 1839, when he resigned to support the presidential candidacy of William Henry Harrison. Clayton was once again elected to the United States Senate in 1845, where he opposed the annexation of Texas and the Mexican–American War but advocated the active prosecution of the latter once it was begun.
His tenure was only from March 4, 1845 until February 23, 1849, as he resigned to become U. S. Secretary of State. On March 8, 1849 Clayton became U. S. Secretary of State in the Whig administration of Zachary Taylor, his most notable accomplishment was the negotiation of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850 with the British minister, Sir Henry Bulwer-Lytton. This treaty guaranteed the neutrality and encouragement of lines of travel across the isthmus at Panama, laid the groundwork for America's eventual building of the Panama Canal, his tenure was brief, ending on July 22, 1850, soon after President Taylor's death. As secretary of state, Clayton was intensely nationalistic and an ardent advocate of commercial expansion but his strict interpretation of international law created crises with Spain and France. Clayton was again elected to the United States Senate one last time in 1853 and served from March 4, 1853 until his death on November 9, 1856, he proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. One of his most noted speeches delivered in the Senate was that made June 15, 1854 against the message of U.
S. President Franklin Pierce, vetoing the Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane, which would have ceded public lands for an insane asylum. After the death of his second son, Clayton moved his residence back to Dover, he died there and is buried in the Old Presbyterian Cemetery, at Dover, on the grounds of the Delaware State Museum. His contemporaries considered Clayton one of the most skilled orators in the Senate, he was always accessible, was noted for his genial disposition and brilliant conversational powers. Clayton Hall at the University of Delaware is named in his honor, as are towns in Delaware, New York, North Carolina and a county in Iowa. In 1934, the state of Delaware donated a statue of Clayton to the National Statuary Hall Collection. Elections were held the first Tuesday of October. Members of the General Assembly took office on the first Tuesday of January. State Representatives had a one-year term; the Secretary of State was appointed by the Governor and took office on the third Tuesday of January for a five-year term.
The General Assembly chose the U. S. Senators, who took office March 4, for a six-year term. List of United States Congress members who died in office Comegys, Joseph P.. Memoirs of John M. Clayton. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware. Conrad, Henry C.. History of the State of Delawar
Thomas Metcalfe (Kentucky politician)
Thomas Metcalfe known as Thomas Metcalf or as "Stonehammer", was a U. S. Representative and the tenth Governor of Kentucky, he was the first gubernatorial candidate in the state's history to be chosen by a nominating convention rather than a caucus. He was the first governor of Kentucky, not a member of the Democratic-Republican Party. At age 16, Metcalfe became a stonemason, he helped construct the Green County courthouse, known as the oldest courthouse in Kentucky. Political opponents would mock his trade, giving him the nickname "Old Stone Hammer." His political career began with four terms in the Kentucky House of Representatives. His service was interrupted by the War of 1812, in which he commanded a company in the defense of Fort Meigs. At the age of thirty-eight, he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, he held his seat in the House for five terms resigned to run for governor. In an election decided by 709 votes, Metcalfe defeated William T. Barry in the gubernatorial election of 1828.
Metcalfe's predecessor, Joseph Desha was so stunned by his party's loss that he threatened not to vacate the governor's mansion. However, he respected the will of the people, allowed an orderly transition. Metcalfe's primary concern as governor was the issue of internal improvements. Among his proposed projects were a road connecting Shelbyville to Louisville and a canal on the Falls of the Ohio; when President Andrew Jackson vetoed funds to construct a turnpike connecting Maysville and Lexington, Metcalfe built it anyway, paying for it with state funds. Following his term as governor, he served in the state senate, completed the unfinished term of John J. Crittenden in the U. S. Senate in 1848. After this, he retired to "Forest Retreat", his estate in Nicholas County, where he died of cholera in 1855. Metcalfe County, Kentucky was named in his honor. Thomas Metcalfe was born on March 20, 1780 to John Metcalfe and his third wife, Sarah "Sally" Dent Metcalfe in Fauquier County, Virginia, his father served as a captain in the Revolutionary War.
In 1784, the Metcalfe family settled near Russell's Cave in Virginia. Some years they would move to a farm in Nicholas County. Metcalfe received only a rudimentary education, at age sixteen, he was apprenticed to his brother and learned the craft of stonemasonry. Three years their father died, leaving the brothers to provide for their mother and younger siblings. Metcalfe became one of the most prominent stonemasons and building contractors during the settlement period of Kentucky. A number of his stone houses survive and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including his first home in Robertson County. Other structures built by the Metcalfe brothers are the state's first governor's mansion and the Green County courthouse, known as the oldest courthouse in Kentucky, the Presbyterian church at West Union in far southern Ohio. On October 2, 1801, Metcalfe enlisted as a lieutenant in the 29th Regiment of the Kentucky Militia, he was promoted to captain on October 12, 1802. About 1806, Metcalfe married Nancy Mason of Virginia.
The couple had four children. Between 1817 and 1820, Metcalfe built a house for his family in Nicholas County; the estate was dubbed "Forest Retreat" by statesman Henry Clay who, on his first visit to the newly constructed house, told Metcalfe, "Tom, you have here a veritable Forest Retreat." Metcalfe's political career began in 1812 when he was elected to represent Nicholas County in the Kentucky House of Representatives. His service was interrupted by the War of 1812. In 1813, he commanded them at the Battle of Fort Meigs. While he was away at war, the voters of his district re-elected him to the Kentucky House, he continued to serve in the Kentucky House until 1816. At the age of thirty-eight, Metcalfe was elected to the Sixteenth Congress. During his tenure in the House, which lasted five terms, he was the chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs and the Committee on Militia, he opposed the Second Bank of the United States, but favored extension of credit to purchasers of public land. In 1821, he proposed granting preemption rights to squatters.
He opposed restrictions on slavery in Missouri and the Louisiana Purchase. In James Monroe's annual address to the legislature in December 1822, he called on Congress to report on how to best deal with the Seminoles that inhabited the acquired territory of Florida; as chair of the Committee on Indian Affairs, Metcalfe delivered the report on February 21, 1823. His committee found that, under the terms of the Adams-Onis Treaty that transferred control of Florida to the United States from Spain, the Seminoles were to be accorded the same privileges as U. S. citizens. Accordingly, the committee recommended, they hoped that this would help break the tribal loyalties of the Seminoles and expedite their amalgamation into white society. The committee's report was ignored. In 1826, Metcalfe served on a House committee that investigated allegations that Vice-President John C. Calhoun had improperly benefited from a contract he awarded while serving as Secretary of War in 1822. While Calhoun was cleared of any wrongdoing, his friend, South Carolina Representative George McDuffie, began an exchange of correspondence with Metcalfe regarding the proceedings.
The correspondence became heated, McDuffie challenged Metcalfe to a duel. As the recipient of the challenge, Metcalfe had the right to choose the terms of the engagement, he chose rifles as the weapon at a distance of 90 feet. McDuffie insisted
William K. Sebastian
William King Sebastian was an American planter, U. S. senator from Arkansas. He represented Arkansas as a U. S. Senator, from 1848 to 1861. Sebastian withdrew from the Senate at the start of the Civil War and was formally expelled by the Senate, he took no active part in the Confederate government, was reinstated by a posthumous resolution in 1877. Sebastian was born in Centerville, Tennessee in 1812. In 1835 he began practice in Helena, Arkansas. From 1835 to 1837 he was a prosecuting attorney. In 1846 he became a member of the state Senate, serving as its president until 1847. In 1846 he served as a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket. In 1848, upon the death of Chester Ashley, he was appointed to the United States Senate, subsequently being elected in his own right, he was reelected in 1853 and 1859. During his time in the Senate, he served as the chair of the Committee on Manufactures, as well as on the Committee on Indian Affairs, he supported Superintendent of Indian Affairs for California and Nevada Edward Fitzgerald Beale's plans to form a series of Indian reservations in California, garrisoned by a military post, on government owned land.
The Indians were to support themselves by farming. The first of these reservations, the Sebastian Indian Reservation was named for him. In July 1861 he was expelled for his suspected support of the Confederacy. Upon his ejection from the Senate, Sebastian returned to Helena, where he lived for the duration of the Civil War and practiced law. After federal troops occupied Helena, he moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1864 and resumed the practice of law. Sebastian County, Arkansas is named for him. In 1877, the Senate revoked the resolution of expulsion which they had passed upon Sebastian, paid the compensation due to Sebastian's children. List of slave owners List of United States Senators from Arkansas List of United States Senators expelled or censured Kansas-Lecompton Constitution: Speech of Hon. W. K. Sebastian, of Arkansas, on the Admission of Kansas and Minnesota. Washington: Lemuel Towers. March 10, 1858. Retrieved March 27, 2016. United States Congress. "William K. Sebastian". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
William K. Sebastian at Find a Grave
United States Senate
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D. C; the composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The Senate is composed of senators; each state, regardless of its population size, is represented by two senators who serve staggered terms of six years. There being at present 50 states in the Union, there are presently 100 senators. From 1789 until 1913, senators were appointed by legislatures of the states; as the upper chamber of Congress, the Senate has several powers of advice and consent which are unique to it. These include the approval of treaties, the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
In addition to these, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for Vice President, the duty falls to the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office. Furthermore, the Senate has the responsibility of conducting the trials of those impeached by the House; the Senate is considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, statewide constituencies, which led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere. The presiding officer of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States, President of the Senate. In the Vice President's absence, the President Pro Tempore, customarily the senior member of the party holding a majority of seats, presides over the Senate. In the early 20th century, the practice of majority and minority parties electing their floor leaders began, although they are not constitutional officers; the drafters of the Constitution created a bicameral Congress as a compromise between those who felt that each state, since it was sovereign, should be represented, those who felt the legislature must directly represent the people, as the House of Commons did in Great Britain.
This idea of having one chamber represent people while the other gives equal representation to states regardless of population, was known as the Connecticut Compromise. There was a desire to have two Houses that could act as an internal check on each other. One was intended to be a "People's House" directly elected by the people, with short terms obliging the representatives to remain close to their constituents; the other was intended to represent the states to such extent as they retained their sovereignty except for the powers expressly delegated to the national government. The Senate was thus not designed to serve the people of the United States equally; the Constitution provides that the approval of both chambers is necessary for the passage of legislation. First convened in 1789, the Senate of the United States was formed on the example of the ancient Roman Senate; the name is derived from Latin for council of elders. James Madison made the following comment about the Senate: In England, at this day, if elections were open to all classes of people, the property of landed proprietors would be insecure.
An agrarian law would soon take place. If these observations be just, our government ought to secure the permanent interests of the country against innovation. Landholders ought to have a share in the government, to support these invaluable interests, to balance and check the other, they ought to be so constituted. The Senate, ought to be this body. Article Five of the Constitution stipulates that no constitutional amendment may be created to deprive a state of its equal suffrage in the Senate without that state's consent; the District of Columbia and all other territories are not entitled to representation allowed to vote in either House of the Congress. The District of Columbia elects two "shadow U. S. Senators", but they are officials of the D. C. City Government and not members of the U. S. Senate; the United States has had 50 states since 1959, thus the Senate has had 100 senators since 1959. The disparity between the most and least populous states has grown since the Connecticut Compromise, which granted each state two members of the Senate and at least one member of the House of Representatives, for a total minimum of three presidential electors, regardless of population.
In 1787, Virginia had ten times the population of Rhode Island, whereas today California has 70 times the population of Wyoming, based on the 1790 and 2000 censuses. This means some citizens are two orders of magnitude better represented in the Senate than those in other states. Seats in the House of Representatives are proportionate to the population of each state, reducing the disparity of representation. Before the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, senators were elected by the individual state legislatures. Problems with repeated vacant seats due to the inability of a legislature to elect senators, intrastate political struggles, bribery and intimidation had led to a growing movement to amend the Constitution to allow for the direct election of senators; the party composition of the Senate during the 116th Congress: Art
William R. King
William Rufus DeVane King was an American politician and diplomat. He was the 13th vice president of the United States for six weeks in 1853 before his death. Earlier he had been elected as a U. S. representative from a senator from Alabama. He served as minister to France during the reign of King Louis Philippe I. A Democrat, he was a Unionist and his contemporaries considered him to be a moderate on the issues of sectionalism and westward expansion, which contributed to the American Civil War, he helped draft the Compromise of 1850. He is the only United States executive official to take the oath of office on foreign soil. King died of tuberculosis after 45 days in office. With the exceptions of John Tyler and Andrew Johnson—both of whom succeeded to the presidency—he is the shortest-serving vice president. King was the only U. S. vice president from the state of Alabama and held the highest political office of any Alabamian in American history. He was the third vice president to die in office. King was born in North Carolina, to William King and Margaret deVane.
His family was large and well-connected. He graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1803, where he was a member of the Philanthropic Society. Admitted to the bar in 1806 after reading the law with Judge William Duffy of Fayetteville, North Carolina, he began practice in Clinton. King was an ardent Freemason, was a member of Fayetteville's Phoenix Lodge No. 8. King entered politics and was elected as a member of the North Carolina House of Commons, where he served from 1807 to 1809, he became city solicitor of Wilmington, North Carolina, in 1810, he was elected to the Twelfth and Fourteenth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1811, until November 4, 1816, when he resigned to become Secretary of the Legation for William Pinkney during Pinkney's appointment as Minister to Russia and special diplomatic mission in Naples. He was only 25 years old; when he returned to the United States in 1818, King joined the westward migration of the cotton culture to the Deep South, purchasing property at what would be known as "King's Bend" between present-day Selma and Cahaba on the Alabama River in Dallas County of the new Alabama Territory, separated from Mississippi.
He developed a large cotton plantation based on slave labor, calling the property "Chestnut Hill". King and his relatives formed one of the largest slaveholding families in the state, collectively owning as many as 500. William Rufus King was a delegate to the convention. Upon the admission of Alabama as the twenty-second state in 1819 he was elected by the State Legislature as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate. King was a follower of Andrew Jackson, was reelected to the Senate as a Jacksonian in 1822, 1828, 1834, 1841, serving from December 14, 1819, until his resignation on April 15, 1844. During this time, in March–April 1824, William R. King was honored with a single vote at the Democratic-Republican Party Caucus to be the party's candidate for the Office of U. S. Vice President for the upcoming 1824 presidential election, he served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate during the 24th through 27th Congresses. King was Chairman of the Committee on Commerce, he was appointed as Minister to France, served from 1844 to 1846.
After his return, King resumed serving in the Senate and subsequently elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Arthur P. Bagby, he held his seat from July 1, 1848, until resigning because of ill health on December 20, 1852, after having been elected vice president. During the conflicts leading up to the Compromise of 1850, King supported the Senate's gag rule against debate on antislavery petitions and opposed proposals to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, administered by Congress. King supported a conservative, pro-slavery position, arguing that the Constitution protected the institution of slavery in both the Southern states and the federal territories, he opposed both the abolitionists' efforts to abolish slavery in the territories as well as the "Fire-Eaters" calls for Southern secession. On July 11, 1850, two days after the death of President Zachary Taylor, King was appointed Senate President pro tempore; because Millard Fillmore ascended to the presidency, the vice presidency was vacant, making King first in the line of succession under the law in effect.
He served as Chairman of the Senate's Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Pensions. The argument for King's homosexuality has been put forward by biographer Jean Baker, supported by Shelley Ross, James W. Loewen, Robert P. Watson, focuses on his close and intimate relationship with President James Buchanan; the two men lived together for 13 years from 1840 until King's death in 1853. Buchanan referred to the relationship as a "communion", the two attended official functions together. Contemporaries noted and commented upon the unusual closeness. Andrew Jackson mockingly called them "Miss Nancy" and "Aunt Fancy", while Aaron V. Brown referred to King as Buchanan's "better half". However, Lewis Saum, has argued that "…Customs and expressions were different in the mid-1800s than they are today... "Miss Nancy" was "a common designation for people who wore clean clothes and had good manners". James Loewen has described Buchanan and King as "siamese twins". A biographe
Augustus C. Dodge
Augustus Caesar Dodge was one of the first set of United States Senators to represent the state of Iowa after it was admitted to the Union as a state in 1846. Dodge, a Democrat, had represented Iowa Territory in Congress as its delegate to the U. S. House of Representatives from 1840 to 1846, he was born in what is now Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. Self-educated, he moved to Illinois in 1827, settled in Galena, was employed there in various capacities in his father's lead mines, he served in other Indian wars. In 1837, he moved to what is now Burlington, where he served as register of the land office until 1840. Congress created Iowa Territory in 1838, from what was the Iowa District of Wisconsin Territory; as a result of the Act of March 3, 1839, the position of Iowa Territory's Delegate to the U. S. House would become vacant on October 27, 1840, Dodge was elected to fill it. After serving in the Twenty-sixth United States Congress, he was re-elected in 1840, 1842, 1844, he served as delegate until Iowa became a state in December 1846, his role was replaced by two voting Representatives.
For its first two years, the Iowa General Assembly failed to choose Iowa's first U. S. Senators, due to a three-way split that prevented any candidate from earning the required number of 30 legislators' votes. However, after the 1848 elections gave the Democratic Party a greater share of Iowa legislators, Dodge were elected as Iowa's first two U. S. Senators. By drawing lots, Dodge received the seat with the shorter term, but was re-elected that year to a full six-year term. While in the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses, the Committee on Pensions, the Committee on Revolutionary Claims, the Committee on Public Lands. In 1854, as Dodge's second term was near its end, the Iowa General Assembly chose Free Soil Party member James Harlan, rather than Dodge. Dodge was the preferred choice of Democratic legislators, but in a failed effort to defeat Harlan by uniting Democrats and nationalist Whigs behind a single candidate, Dodge dropped out after the fourth ballot.
Dodge served in the Senate until February 22, 1855, when President Franklin Pierce appointed him to the post of minister to Spain. He served as the minister until 1859. Dodge unsuccessfully ran for Governor of Iowa in 1859, he served as mayor of Burlington, Iowa from 1874 to 1875. In 1868, Dodge supported the candidacy of George H. Pendleton for the Democratic presidential nomination. Looking toward the 1872 presidential election, Dodge recommended Thomas A. Hendricks as a "worthy and excellent man." He believed that there was strong support throughout the Midwest for the Indianan, although he doubted that Hendricks would run well in the East. He died in Burlington on November 20, 1883, was interred in Aspen Grove Cemetery, his father, Henry Dodge, served as a U. S. Senator from Wisconsin, they are the first, so far only father-son pair to serve concurrently in the U. S. Senate, he was the nephew of Lewis F. Linn, his brother-in-law James Clarke served as the last Governor of Iowa Territory. Dodge County and Dodge Street in Omaha, Nebraska were named after Augustus Dodge.
His home in Burlington, Iowa is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Augustus Caesar Dodge House. Digitized Augustus C. Dodge and George W. Jones letters, MSS 4046 at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University Transcription of above letters United States Congress. "Augustus C. Dodge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Augustus C. Dodge at Find a Grave
Roger Sherman Baldwin
Roger Sherman Baldwin was an American politician who served as the 32nd Governor of Connecticut from 1844 to 1846 and a United States Senator from 1847 to 1851. As a lawyer, his career was most notable for his participation in the 1841 Amistad case. Baldwin was Rebecca Sherman in New Haven, Connecticut, he was the maternal grandson of notable founding father Roger Sherman. He attended Hopkins School, entered Yale College at the age of fourteen, graduated with high honors in 1811. At Yale, Baldwin was a member of the Linonian Society. After leaving Yale he studied law in his father's office in New Haven, in the Litchfield Law School, was admitted to the bar in 1814. Although called into public office, he devoted himself through life to the profession of his choice, attaining the highest distinction in the discussion of questions of law, his defense in 1841, of the rights of the Africans of the Amistad, is celebrated, both for his ability and for the importance of the case. After having been a member of the city government in New Haven, in 1826 and 1828, Baldwin was elected in 1837 and again in 1838 as a member of the Connecticut State Senate.
In 1840 and 1841 he represented the town of New Haven in the General Assembly. He was chosen Governor of Connecticut in 1844 and was reelected in 1845. On the death of Hon. J. W. Huntington in 1847, Baldwin was appointed by Governor Clark Bissell to fill the vacancy thus occasioned in the United States Senate, in December of that year he took his seat as a member of that body, he was elected by the Legislature in the following May to the same position, which he held until 1851. After that period he held no public office, except that he was one of the presidential electors in the canvass of 1860, by appointment of Governor William Alfred Buckingham was a delegate to the Peace Convention which met in Washington, in 1861, by request of the State of Virginia, he was described as a devout Christian. Baldwin died in New Haven, February 19, 1863. A biographical discourse was pronounced at his funeral by Rev. Dr. Dutton, printed in the New Englander for April 1863, was published as a pamphlet, he was grandson of Roger Sherman, son of Simeon Baldwin, nephew of Ebenezer Baldwin, husband of Emily Pitkin Perkins, father of Connecticut Governor Simeon Eben Baldwin, grandfather of New York Supreme Court Justice Edward Baldwin Whitney, the great-grandfather of the famed Princeton University mathematics professor Hassler Whitney.
A simplified version of the events regarding the Amistad case was made into a movie called Amistad in 1997 in which Matthew McConaughey portrayed Roger Sherman Baldwin. In Greenwich, there is a town park called Roger Sherman Baldwin Park. Roger Sherman Baldwin at Find a Grave Roger Sherman Baldwin Litchfield Ledger - Student Connecticut Governor Roger Sherman Baldwin from the Connecticut State Library US Senator Roger Sherman Baldwin US Congress Baldwin Family Papers at Yale University Roger Sherman Baldwin Guide to Research Papers Sherman Genealogy Including Families of Essex and Norfolk, England By Thomas Townsend Sherman Baldwin-Greene-Gager family of Connecticut at Political Graveyard Sherman-Hoar family at Political Graveyard Roger Sherman Baldwin Papers History of the Federal Judiciary Roger Sherman Baldwin Museum of Connecticut History From Thomas Jefferson to Roger Sherman Baldwin, 9 March 1822 To Thomas Jefferson from Roger Sherman Baldwin, 24 February 1822 Roger Sherman Baldwin to Thomas Jefferson, February 24, 1822 Library of Congress