184th New York State Legislature

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184th New York State Legislature
183rd 185th
The facade of the New York State Capitol building in bright daylight
Overview
Jurisdiction New York, United States
Term January 1, 1981 – December 31, 1982
Senate
Members 60
President Lt. Gov. Mario Cuomo (D)
Temporary President Warren M. Anderson (R)
Party control Republican (35–25)
Assembly
Members 150
Speaker Stanley Fink (D)
Party control Democratic
1981: (86–64)
1982: (88–62)
Sessions
1st January 7 – July 10, 1981
2nd September 16, 1981 –
3rd October 26 – 30, 1981
4th December 3, 1981 –
5th January 6 – July 3, 1982
6th December 13 – 22, 1982

The 184th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 7, 1981, to December 31, 1982, during the seventh and eighth years of Hugh Carey's governorship, in Albany.

Background[edit]

Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1938 and the U.S. Supreme Court decision to follow the One man, one vote rule, re-apportioned in 1971, and amended in 1974, by the Legislature, 60 Senators and 150 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts for two-year terms. Senate and Assembly districts consisted of approximately the same number of inhabitants, the area being apportioned contiguously without restrictions regarding county boundaries.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party, the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party, the Right to Life Party, the Libertarian Party, the Communist Party, the Workers World Party and the Socialist Workers Party also nominated tickets.

Elections[edit]

The New York state election, 1980, was held on November 4, the only statewide elective office up for election was a U.S. Senator from New York. Republican Al D'Amato was elected with Conservative and Right to Life endorsement, the approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for U.S. Senator, was: Republicans 2,272,000; Democrats 2,619,000; Liberals 665,000;[1] Conservatives 275,000; Right to Life 152,000; Libertarians 21,500; Communists 4,000; Workers World 3,500; and Socialist Workers 3,000.

Twelve of the thirteen women members of the previous legislature—State Senators Carol Berman (Dem.), of Lawrence; Mary B. Goodhue (Rep.), a lawyer of Mount Kisco; Olga A. Méndez (Dem.), of East Harlem, and Linda Winikow (Dem.), of Spring Valley; and Assemblywomen Elizabeth Connelly (Dem.), of Staten Island; Pinny Cooke (Rep.), of Rochester; Joan B. Hague (Rep.), of Glens Falls; Rhoda S. Jacobs (Dem.), of Brooklyn; and Gerdi E. Lipschutz (Dem.), of Queens; May W. Newburger (Dem.), of Great Neck; Toni Rettaliata (Rep.), of Huntington; and Florence M. Sullivan (Rep.), a lawyer of Brooklyn—were re-elected. Geraldine L. Daniels (Dem.), of the Bronx; Gloria Davis (Dem.), of the Bronx; Eileen C. Dugan (Dem.), of Brooklyn; Gail S. Shaffer (Dem.), of North Blenheim; Carol A. Siwek (Rep.), of Buffalo; and Helene Weinstein (Dem.), a lawyer of Brooklyn; were also elected to the Assembly.

The New York state election, 1981, was held on November 3. No statewide elective offices were up for election. One vacancy each in the State Senate and the Assembly were filled.

On April 20, 1982, Aurelia Greene (Dem.), of the Bronx, was elected to fill a vacancy in the Assembly. Thus the 184th Legislature finished having 19 women members, surpassing the previous record of 13 in the 183rd New York State Legislature (1979–1980).

Sessions[edit]

The Legislature met for the first regular session (the 204th) at the State Capitol in Albany on January 7, 1981;[2] and recessed indefinitely on July 10.[3]

Stanley Fink (Dem.) was re-elected Speaker.

Warren M. Anderson (Rep.) was re-elected Temporary President of the State Senate.

The Legislature met again on September 16, 1981, to enact amendments to the election laws, concerning the primary elections in New York City.[4]

The Legislature met again from October 26[5] to 30, 1981, to consider welfare and tax matters.[6]

The Legislature met again on December 3, 1981, to override Governor Carey's veto of a new property tax bill.[7]

The Legislature met for the second regular session (the 205th) at the State Capitol in Albany on January 6, 1982;[8] and recessed indefinitely on July 3.[9]

On March 26, 1982, a special panel of federal judges, consisting of Lawrence W. Pierce, Robert J. Ward and Vincent L. Broderick, ordered the Legislature to re-apportion the legislative districts by April 16.[10]

On April 19, the federal judges noted that the Legislature had not agreed upon a re-apportionment, and announced that they would appoint somebody to elaborate a proposal.[11]

On May 8, Senate Republicans and Assembly Democrats announced that they had agreed upon a new apportionment, the number of seats in the State Senate was increased from 60 to 61.[12] The new district lines were gerrymandered by the Republican Senate majority to increase Republican strength, and by the Democratic Assembly majority to increase Democratic strength.[13]

On June 23, the feral judges ordered Special Master Robert P. Patterson Jr. to revise the new apportionment proposed by the Legislature.[14]

On July 3, the revised re-apportionment was approved by the U.S. Department of Justice.[15]

The Legislature met for a special session from December 13[16] to 22, 1982, to consider again measures to balance the budget and to keep the mass transit fare in New York City down.[17]

State Senate[edit]

Senators[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. L. Paul Kehoe changed from the Assembly to the Senate.

Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."

District Senator Party Notes
1st Kenneth LaValle* Republican
2nd James J. Lack* Republican
3rd Caesar Trunzo* Republican
4th Owen H. Johnson* Republican
5th Ralph J. Marino* Republican
6th John R. Dunne* Republican
7th John D. Caemmerer* Republican died on February 7, 1982
Michael J. Tully Jr. Republican on April 20, 1982, elected to fill vacancy
8th Norman J. Levy* Republican
9th Carol Berman* Democrat
10th Jeremy S. Weinstein* Democrat
11th Frank Padavan* Republican
12th Gary L. Ackerman* Democrat
13th Emanuel R. Gold* Democrat
14th Anthony V. Gazzara* Democrat
15th Martin J. Knorr* Republican
16th Howard E. Babbush* Democrat
17th Major Owens* Democrat on November 2, 1982, elected to the 98th U.S. Congress
18th Thomas J. Bartosiewicz* Democrat
19th Marty Markowitz* Democrat
20th Donald Halperin* Democrat
21st Christopher J. Mega* Republican
22nd Martin M. Solomon* Democrat
23rd Vander L. Beatty* Democrat
24th John J. Marchi* Republican Chairman of Finance
25th Martin Connor* Democrat
26th Roy M. Goodman* Republican
27th Manfred Ohrenstein* Democrat Minority Leader
28th Leon Bogues* Democrat
29th Franz S. Leichter* Democrat
30th Olga A. Méndez* Democrat
31st Israel Ruiz, Jr.* Democrat
32nd Joseph L. Galiber* Democrat
33rd Abraham Bernstein* Democrat
34th John D. Calandra* Republican
35th John E. Flynn* Republican
36th Joseph R. Pisani* Republican
37th Mary B. Goodhue* Republican
38th Linda Winikow* Democrat
39th Jay P. Rolison, Jr.* Republican
40th Richard E. Schermerhorn* Republican
41st Joseph Bruno* Republican
42nd Howard C. Nolan, Jr.* Democrat
43rd Ronald B. Stafford* Republican
44th Hugh T. Farley* Republican
45th Hugh Douglas Barclay* Republican
46th James H. Donovan* Republican Chairman of Education
47th Warren M. Anderson* Republican re-elected Temporary President
48th Charles D. Cook* Republican
49th Martin S. Auer* Republican
50th Tarky Lombardi, Jr.* Republican
51st William T. Smith* Republican
52nd L. Paul Kehoe* Republican
53rd John D. Perry* Democrat
54th Fred J. Eckert* Republican on February 11, 1982, appointed as U.S. Ambassador to Fiji
William M. Steinfeldt Republican on April 20, 1982, elected to fill vacancy
55th Anthony M. Masiello Democrat
56th Raymond F. Gallagher* Democrat resigned in July 1981, to become Chairman of the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority
William Stachowski Democrat on November 3, 1981, elected to fill vacancy
57th Jess J. Present* Republican
58th Dale M. Volker* Republican
59th Walter J. Floss Jr.* Republican
60th John B. Daly* Republican

Employees[edit]

State Assembly[edit]

Assemblymen[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."

District Assemblymen Party Notes
1st John L. Behan* Republican
2nd George J. Hochbrueckner* Democrat
3rd Icilio W. Bianchi, Jr.* Democrat
4th Robert C. Wertz* Republican
5th Paul E. Harenberg* Democrat
6th John C. Cochrane* Republican
7th John J. Flanagan* Republican
8th Toni Rettaliata* Republican
9th Louis T. Howard* Republican on November 3, 1981, elected to the Suffolk County Legislature
Patrick G. Halpin Democrat on April 20, 1982, elected to fill vacancy
10th Lewis J. Yevoli* Democrat
11th Philip B. Healey* Republican
12th Frederick E. Parola* Republican
13th Thomas S. Gulotta* Republican on January 9, 1981, appointed as Presiding Supervisor of the Town of Hempstead[18]
Guy Mazza Republican on April 7, 1981, elected to fill vacancy[19]
14th Joseph M. Reilly* Republican
15th Angelo F. Orazio* Democrat
16th May W. Newburger* Democrat
17th Kemp Hannon* Republican
18th Armand P. D'Amato* Republican
19th Dean Skelos Republican
20th Arthur J. Kremer* Democrat Chairman of Ways and Means
21st George H. Madison* Republican
22nd Gerdi E. Lipschutz* Democrat
23rd John A. Esposito* Republican
24th Saul Weprin* Democrat
25th Douglas Prescott Republican
26th Leonard P. Stavisky* Democrat
27th David L. Cohen* Democrat
28th Alan G. Hevesi* Democrat
29th Andrew Jenkins* Democrat
30th Ralph Goldstein* Democrat
31st Anthony S. Seminerio* Democrat
32nd Edward Abramson* Democrat
33rd John T. Flack* Republican
34th Ivan C. Lafayette* Democrat
35th John G. Lopresto* Republican
36th Denis J. Butler* Democrat
37th Clifford E. Wilson* Democrat
38th Frederick D. Schmidt* Democrat
39th Stanley Fink* Democrat re-elected Speaker
40th Edward Griffith* Democrat
41st Helene Weinstein Democrat
42nd Harry Smoler* Democrat
43rd Rhoda S. Jacobs* Democrat
44th Mel Miller* Democrat
45th Daniel L. Feldman Democrat
46th Howard L. Lasher* Democrat
47th Frank J. Barbaro* Democrat
48th Samuel Hirsch* Democrat
49th Dominick L. DiCarlo* Republican in July 1981 nominated as an Assistant U.S. Secretary of State
Louis Freda Democrat on November 3, 1981, elected to fill vacancy
50th Florence M. Sullivan* Republican
51st Joseph Ferris* Democrat
52nd Eileen C. Dugan Democrat
53rd Woodrow Lewis* Democrat
54th Thomas S. Boyland* Democrat died on February 7, 1982
William F. Boyland Democrat on April 20, 1982, elected to fill vacancy
55th Thomas R. Fortune* Democrat
56th Albert Vann* Democrat
57th Roger L. Green Democrat
58th Joseph R. Lentol* Democrat
59th Victor L. Robles* Democrat
60th Robert A. Straniere Republican
61st Elizabeth Connelly* Democrat
62nd Paul M. Viggiano* Democrat
63rd Sheldon Silver* Democrat
64th William F. Passannante* Democrat Speaker pro tempore
65th Steven Sanders* Democrat
66th Mark Alan Siegel* Democrat
67th Richard N. Gottfried* Democrat
68th Alexander B. Grannis* Democrat
69th Jerrold Nadler* Democrat
70th Edward C. Sullivan* Democrat
71st Geraldine L. Daniels Democrat
72nd Angelo Del Toro* Democrat
73rd John Brian Murtaugh Democrat
74th Herman D. Farrell, Jr.* Democrat
75th José E. Serrano* Democrat
76th Charles R. Johnson* Democrat resigned on December 16, 1981
Aurelia Greene Democrat on April 20, 1982, elected to fill vacancy
77th Armando Montano* Democrat
78th Gloria Davis Democrat
79th Louis Niñé* Democrat
80th Guy J. Velella* Republican
81st Eliot Engel* Democrat
82nd Sean P. Walsh* Democrat
83rd George Friedman* Democrat
84th G. Oliver Koppell* Democrat
85th John C. Dearie* Democrat
86th Vincent A. Marchiselli* Democrat
87th Nicholas A. Spano* Republican
88th John R. Branca Democrat
89th William B. Finneran* Democrat
90th Gordon W. Burrows* Republican
91st John M. Perone* Republican
92nd Peter M. Sullivan* Republican
93rd Jon S. Fossel* Republican
94th Willis H. Stephens* Republican
95th Eugene Levy* Republican
96th Thomas P. Morahan Republican
97th William J. Larkin, Jr.* Republican
98th Raymond M. Kisor* Republican
99th Stephen M. Saland* Republican
100th Glenn E. Warren* Republican
101st Maurice D. Hinchey* Democrat
102nd Clarence D. Lane* Republican
103rd Michael J. Hoblock, Jr.* Republican
104th Richard J. Conners* Democrat
105th Gail S. Shaffer Democrat
106th Neil W. Kelleher* Republican
107th Clark C. Wemple* Republican
108th Robert A. D'Andrea* Republican
109th Glenn H. Harris* Republican
110th Joan B. Hague* Republican
111th Andrew W. Ryan, Jr.* Republican
112th John G. A. O'Neil Republican
113th Anthony J. Casale* Republican
114th H. Robert Nortz* Republican
115th William R. Sears* Republican
116th Richard S. Ruggiero Democrat
117th Ray T. Chesbro Republican
118th Michael J. Bragman Democrat
119th Hyman M. Miller* Republican
120th Melvin N. Zimmer* Democrat
121st William E. Bush* Republican
122nd Clarence D. Rappleyea, Jr.* Republican
123rd James W. McCabe* Democrat
124th James R. Tallon, Jr.* Democrat
125th Lloyd Stephen Riford, Jr.* Republican
126th George H. Winner, Jr. Republican
127th Randy Kuhl Republican
128th Hugh S. MacNeil* Republican
129th Frank G. Talomie Sr. Republican
130th Thomas A. Hanna* Republican
131st Gary Proud* Democrat
132nd Pinny Cooke* Republican
133rd Dale Rath Republican
134th Roger J. Robach* Democrat
135th James F. Nagle* Republican
136th James L. Emery* Republican Minority Leader
137th R. Stephen Hawley* Republican
138th Joseph T. Pillittere* Democrat
139th Matthew J. Murphy, Jr.* Democrat
140th Robin L. Schimminger* Democrat
141st John B. Sheffer II* Republican
142nd Carol A. Siwek Republican
143rd Arthur O. Eve* Democrat
144th William B. Hoyt* Democrat
145th Richard J. Keane* Democrat
146th Dennis T. Gorski* Democrat
147th Richard L. Kennedy* Republican
148th Vincent J. Graber, Sr.* Democrat
149th Daniel B. Walsh* Democrat Majority Leader
150th Rolland E. Kidder* Democrat

Employees[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This large number of votes was polled by the incumbent Republican/Liberal Jacob K. Javits who lost the Republican primary to D'Amato, and ran on the Liberal ticket for re-election.
  2. ^ A FORMAL TOUCH MARKS CONVENING OF LEGISLATURE by Robin Herman, in the New York Times on January 8, 1981
  3. ^ STATE LEGISLATURE RECESSES IN RUSH OF COMPROMISES by Richard J. Meislin, in the New York Times on July 11, 1981
  4. ^ LEGISLATURE, SPLITTING RACIALLY, VOTES BILLS FOR CITY PRIMARIES in the New York Times on September 17, 1981
  5. ^ LEGISLATORS WEIGH WELFARE CUTS' IMPACT by E. J. Dionne Jr, in the New York Times on October 27, 1981
  6. ^ ASSEMBLY APPROVES BILL THAT CUTS SOME GROUPS FROM WELFARE ROLLS by E. J. Dionne Jr, in the New York Times on October 31, 1981
  7. ^ LEGISLATURE OVERRIDES CAREY; PROPERTY TAX BILL IS NOW LAW by E. J. Dionne Jr, in the New York Times on December 4, 1981
  8. ^ CAREY OFFERS PLAN ON MEDICAID COSTS AND EDUCATION AID by E. J. Dionne Jr, in the New York Times on January 7, 1982
  9. ^ TAX ABATEMENT PLAN FAILS AS LEGISLATURE ENDS SESSION by E. J. Dionne Jr, in the New York Times on July 4, 1982
  10. ^ NEW YORK TOLD TO REAPPORTION BEFORE APRIL 16 by Arnold H. Lubasch, in the New York Times on March 27, 1982
  11. ^ U.S. COURT TO PICK A MASTER TO REDISTRICT NEW YORK STATE by Arnold H. Lubasch, in the New York Times on April 20, 1982
  12. ^ DISTRICTING PLAN DRAWN IN ALBANY; SOME INCUMBENTS MAY LOSE SEATS by E. J. Dionne Jr, in the New York Times on May 9, 1982
  13. ^ HOW NEW LINES WILL AFFECT POLITICAL RACES by James Feron, in the New York Times on May 16, 1982
  14. ^ COURT APPOINTEES TO MODIFY REDISTRICTING PLAN FOR STATE by Arnold H. Lubasch, in the New York Times on June 24, 1982
  15. ^ NEW REDISTRICTING BY NEW YORK STATE IS APPROVED BY U.S. by Jane Perlez, in the New York Times on July 4, 1982
  16. ^ CAREY ORDERS SPECIAL LEGISLATIVE SESSION by Josh Barbanel, in the New York Times on December 8, 1982
  17. ^ REPORTER'S NOTEBOOK: TRANSITION AND TRANSIT by Michael Oreskes, in the New York Times on December 23, 1982
  18. ^ Gulotta Wins Approval Of Hempstead's Board in the New York Times on January 11, 1981
  19. ^ DELAY IN THE MAIL IN NASSAU LEADS TO VOTE RECOUNT by James Barron, in the New York Times on April 10, 1981

Sources[edit]