1854 in Scotland
List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1854 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Events from the year 1854 in Scotland.
- Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General – Lord Colonsay
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Glencorse
- 1 January – Victoria Bridge, Glasgow, opened over the River Clyde at Stockwell Street, replacing the Bishop's Bridge.
- July – first voyage by a seagoing steamship fitted with a compound steam engine, the screw steamer Brandon, built on the River Clyde by John Elder.
- 10 August – Merchant Shipping Act 1854 vests management of Scottish lighthouses in the Northern Lighthouse Board (among other provisions).
- 20 September – Aberdeen Kittybrewster railway station opened to serve the Great North of Scotland Railway main line to Keith.
- 11 October – temporary North Unst Lighthouse on Muckle Flugga (Shetland), designed by brothers Thomas and David Stevenson, first illuminated.
- 24 October – The Thin Red Line: a military action by the Sutherland Highlanders red-coated 93rd (Highland) Regiment at the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War. Pipe Major John MacLeod has during this campaign transcribed the tune "The Green Hills of Tyrol" for the bagpipes.
- November – The Orcadian newspaper begins publication in Kirkwall.
- Brown and Polson's patent corn flour first produced, in Paisley.
- 27 January – George Alexander Gibson, physician and geologist (died 1913)
- 31 March – Dugald Clerk, mechanical engineer, inventor of the two-stroke engine (died 1932 in England)
- 17 May – Donald MacAlister, physician and academic (died 1934 in England)
- 8 June – Eustace Balfour, architect (died 1911)
- 21 July – David Alan Stevenson, lighthouse designer (died 1938)
- 21 August – James Paterson, painter (died 1932)
- 17 September – David Dunbar Buick, automobile engineer (died 1929 in the United States)
- 2 October – Patrick Geddes, town planner (died 1932 in France)
- 22 October – Robert Urie, steam locomotive engineer (died 1937)
- 27 October – William Alexander Smith, businessman and founder of the Boys' Brigade (died 1914 in England)
- William Lithgow, shipbuilder (died 1908)
- Neil Kennedy, Lord Kennedy, Chairman of the Scottish Land Court 1912-18 (died 1918)
- 17 February – William Mitchell, coalowner (born 1781)
- 3 April – John Wilson, writer (born 1785)
- 19 September – Peter Buchan, printer and collector of folk literature (born 1790)
- 6 October – Archibald Bell, lawyer and writer (born 1776)
- 25 November – John Gibson Lockhart, writer and editor (born 1794)
- "Glasgow, Stockwell Street, Victoria Bridge". Canmore. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. 2007. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
- "John Elder, 1824-1869". Memoirs and portraits of one hundred Glasgow men. Glasgow: James MacLehose & Sons. 1886. p. 118. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Overview, "The Thin Red Line" Balaklava, 1854 www.argylls.co.uk, accessed 29 June 2013. Archived 2013-07-02.
- "The Green Hills of Tyrol". Tunes of Glory. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
- Baren, Maurice (1997). How Household Names Began. London: Michael O'Mara Books. pp. 26–8. ISBN 1-85479-257-1.