|Discovery site||La Sagra Obs.|
|Discovery date||1 March 2008|
|MPC designation||(185638) Erwinschwab|
Erwin Schwab |
(discoverer of minor planets)
2008 EU7 · 1995 UZ53|
1999 XL246 · 2006 SR87
main-belt · (inner)|
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||20.65 yr (7,543 days)|
|3.67 yr (1,342 days)|
|0° 16m 5.52s / day|
0.95 km (estimate at 0.20)|
1.8 km (estimate at 0.057)
|17.5 · 17.6|
185638 Erwinschwab, provisional designation 2008 EU7, is a potentially sub-kilometer Nysian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt. It was discovered on 1 March 2008, by OAM-astronomers at the La Sagra Observatory in southern Spain. The asteroid is estimated to measure between 950 meters and 1.8 kilometers in diameter and was named after German astronomer Erwin Schwab in 2009.
Orbit and classification
Erwinschwab is a member of the Nysa family (405), the main belt's largest asteroid family with nearly 20 thousand members. The family also known as the Nysa-Polana complex, consisting of several distinct subfamilies.:23
The asteroid orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.8 AU once every 3 years and 8 months (1,342 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic.
The body's observation arc begins with its first identification as 1995 UZ53 by Spacewatch at Kitt Peak Observatory in October 1995, more than 12 years prior to its official discovery observation at La Sagra in 2008.
Diameter and albedo
Erwinschwab has not been observed by any space-based telescope such as the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite or the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer. Based on an assumed albedo of 0.20, which is typical for silicaceous asteroid, the asteroid measures 0.95 kilometers in diameter for an absolute magnitude of 17.5. Since members of the Nysa family complex also include carbonaceous asteroid, Erwinschwab's albedo may also be estimated at 0.057, which translates into a larger diameter of 1.8 kilometers.
This minor planet was named after German amateur astronomer Erwin Schwab (born 1964), a prolific discoverer of minor planets at the Starkenburg Observatory, Tzec Maun and Taunus observatories since the early 1980s. During his astrometric observation at Taunus, Schwab has collaborated with astronomer Rainer Kling. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 7 June 2009 (M.P.C. 66244).
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- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
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- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (185001)-(190000) – Minor Planet Center
- 185638 Erwinschwab at the JPL Small-Body Database