185638 Erwinschwab

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185638 Erwinschwab
Discovery [1]
Discovered by OAM
Discovery site La Sagra Obs.
Discovery date 1 March 2008
MPC designation (185638) Erwinschwab
Named after
Erwin Schwab[2]
(discoverer of minor planets)  
2008 EU7 · 1995 UZ53
1999 XL246 · 2006 SR87
2006 UP322
main-belt · (inner)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 20.65 yr (7,543 days)
Aphelion 2.7570 AU
Perihelion 2.0058 AU
2.3814 AU
Eccentricity 0.1577
3.67 yr (1,342 days)
0° 16m 5.52s / day
Inclination 2.8854°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 0.95 km (estimate at 0.20)[4]
1.8 km (estimate at 0.057)[4]
17.5[1] · 17.6[3]

185638 Erwinschwab, provisional designation 2008 EU7, is a potentially sub-kilometer Nysian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt. It was discovered on 1 March 2008, by OAM-astronomers at the La Sagra Observatory in southern Spain. The asteroid is estimated to measure between 950 meters and 1.8 kilometers in diameter and was named after German astronomer Erwin Schwab in 2009.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Erwinschwab is a member of the Nysa family (405),[3] the main belt's largest asteroid family with nearly 20 thousand members. The family also known as the Nysa-Polana complex, consisting of several distinct subfamilies.[5]:23

The asteroid orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.8 AU once every 3 years and 8 months (1,342 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

The body's observation arc begins with its first identification as 1995 UZ53 by Spacewatch at Kitt Peak Observatory in October 1995, more than 12 years prior to its official discovery observation at La Sagra in 2008.[2]

Physical characteristics[edit]

The asteroid's spectral type is unknown.[1] The Nysa family complex consist of S-, F- and C-type asteroids (SFC).[5]:23

Diameter and albedo[edit]

Erwinschwab has not been observed by any space-based telescope such as the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite or the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer. Based on an assumed albedo of 0.20, which is typical for silicaceous asteroid, the asteroid measures 0.95 kilometers in diameter for an absolute magnitude of 17.5.[4] Since members of the Nysa family complex also include carbonaceous asteroid, Erwinschwab's albedo may also be estimated at 0.057, which translates into a larger diameter of 1.8 kilometers.[4]

Rotation period[edit]

As of 2017, no rotational lightcurve of Erwinschwab has been obtained from photometric observations. The body's rotation period, pole axis and shape remain unknown.[6]


This minor planet was named after German amateur astronomer Erwin Schwab (born 1964), a prolific discoverer of minor planets at the Starkenburg Observatory, Tzec Maun and Taunus observatories since the early 1980s.[2] During his astrometric observation at Taunus, Schwab has collaborated with astronomer Rainer Kling. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 7 June 2009 (M.P.C. 66244).[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 185638 Erwinschwab (2008 EU7)" (2016-06-09 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "185638 Erwinschwab (2008 EU7)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Asteroid Size Estimator". CNEOS – NASA/JPL. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). "Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids IV: 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
  6. ^ "LCDB Data for (185638) Erwinschwab". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
  7. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 

External links[edit]