1856 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1856 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Archaeology[edit]

Astronomy[edit]

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Exploration[edit]

Meteorology[edit]

  • American meteorologist William Ferrel demonstrates the tendency of rising and rotating warm air to pull in air from more southerly, warmer regions and transport it poleward.[8]

Paleontology[edit]

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Explorations and Adventures in Equatorial Africa, with Accounts of the Manners and Customs of the People, and of the Chace of the Gorilla, Crocodile, and other Animals (1861).
  2. ^ Petrunkevitch, Alexander (1920). "Russia's Contribution to Science". Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Sciences. 23: 233. 
  3. ^ Garfield, Simon (2000). Mauve: How One Man Invented a Colour that Changed the World. London: Faber. ISBN 0-571-20197-0. 
  4. ^ UK Patent office (1857). Patents for inventions. UK Patent office. p. 255. 
  5. ^ Pasteur (1856). "Note sur le sucre de lait" (Note on milk sugar), Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, 42:347-351.
  6. ^ "Central Africa, explored". Unimaps.com. 2005. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  7. ^ Curran, Jim (1995). K2: the Story of the Savage Mountain. London: Hodder & Stoughton. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-340-66007-2. 
  8. ^ Ferrel, W. (1856). "An essay on the winds and the currents of the Oceans". Nashville Journal of Medicine and Surgery. 11: 287–301. 
  9. ^ Holtz, Thomas R. (2004). "Tyrannosauroidea". In Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; Osmólska, Halszka. The Dinosauria (2nd ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 114. ISBN 0-520-24209-2. 
  10. ^ Darcy, H. (1856). Les Fontaines Publiques de la Ville de Dijon. Paris: Dalmont. 
  11. ^ van Dulken, Stephen (2001). Inventing the 19th Century: the great age of Victorian inventions. London: British Library. p. 30. ISBN 0-7123-0881-4. 
  12. ^ Bonnett, Harold (1972). Saga of the Steam Plough. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0715357425. 
  13. ^ "Safety Valve, Ramsbottom Valves". Henley's Encyclopedia of Practical Engineering. New York: The N. W. Henley Publishing Co. 1908. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  14. ^ U.S. Patent 16,267.