185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore"

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185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore"
CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 185.png
Coat of arms of the 185th Regiment
Active 21 June 2013 - Present
Country Italy
Branch Army
Type Airborne artillery
Size 1 Artillery Group, 1 Command and Services Battery
Part of Folgore Parachute Brigade
Garrison/HQ Bracciano (RM)
Nickname(s) Diavoli Gialli
Motto(s) "Come Folgore sempre e dovunque"
Anniversaries June 15th (artillery); October 23rd (paratroopers)
Decorations Gold Medal of Military Valour; Silver Medal of Army Valour
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Cristiano De Chigi

The 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore" is a regiment of the Italian Army under Folgore Parachute Brigade. Previously, the Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore" was a Special Operations Forces with the role of target acquisition. Since July 1, 2013, the Regiment has assumed the role of an airborne artillery unit at the headquarters of Bracciano, Italy, near Rome.

The 185th Artillery Paratroopers Regiment keeps the War Flag previously kept by the 185th Reconnaissance and Target Acquisition Regiment, which in turn received the War Flag of the 185th Paratrooper Infantry Regiment "Nembo",[1] disbanded in 1940s.

Structure[edit]

The Regiment currently consists of five batteries:

  • Regimental Command
    • Command and Logistical Support Battery "Leoni"
    • 1st Paratroopers Artillery Group
      • 1st Battery "Draghi"
      • 2nd Battery "Aquile"
      • 3rd Battery "Diavoli"
      • Support Battery "Levrieri".[2]

History[edit]

The Regiment traces its origins back to the 185th Artillery Regiment "Folgore", framed within the "Folgore" Division established in 1941. The artillery regiment fought at the Second Battle of El Alamein and dissolved on December 8, 1942 because of the losses suffered.[3]

On October 1, 1975, the regiment was raised again as the 185th Paratroopers Field Artillery Group "Viterbo". On September 8, 1992, the group was renamed 1st Paratroopers Artillery Group, within the re-established 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore".

In winter 1999-2000, the unit was transformed into a special operations reconnaissance unit, and in 2004 it changed its name to 185th Reconnaissance Target Acquisition Regiment "Folgore" (185th RAO "Folgore"), while maintaining traditions and War Flag of the old 185th Artillery Regiment. In 2013, the 185th regiment was "doubled": the 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore" was reconstituted with men and materiel of the 33rd Field Artillery Regiment "Acqui" in Bracciano (RM) and entered the Folgore Parachute Brigade, while the 185th RAO "Folgore" entered the Italian special operations command COMFOSE.

Deployments[edit]

During World War II, the Regiment was deployed in El Alamein, where it fought valiantly alongside its parent formation and the "Pavia" and "Trento" Divisions.

The activity abroad of 185th Regiment, after the World War II, began with the first overseas mission of the Italian Army in 1982: a battery participated in the mission in Lebanon.

In 1991, as part of the Italfor Airone Mission, the Group contributes to the establishment of the Paratroopers Tactical Group sending its personnel to Iraq. The 185th Regiment was the first unit involved in the national operation "Vespri Siciliani", and immediately afterwards was sent into the operational cycles of Somalia, maintaining a mortar battery there. Then it was the turn of former Yugoslavia: the 185th Regiment was present in all the missions that involve the Parachute Brigade in Bosnia and Kosovo.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "RINASCE IL 185MO REGGIMENTO ART PAR E RICEVE LA BANDIERA DAL 185mo RRAO". home.maistrac.it (in Italian). Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Poggiali, Luca. "185° ARTIGLIERIA PARACADUTISTI "FOLGORE" RITORNANO I DIAVOLI GIALLI"" (Pdf) (in Italian). p. 4. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "185º Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia". esercito.difesa.it (in Italian). Retrieved 28 July 2014.