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Mercato (Naples)

Mercato is a neighbourhood or quartiere of Naples, southern Italy. It is in the south-eastern part of the city, bounded by the industrial port of Naples on the south. At the center of the area is "Market square," the medieval market place of the city. At the apex of the half-moon of the piazza, is the church of Santa Croce e Purgatorio al Mercato. To the east and west on can see the belltowers and parts of the facade of Sant'Eligio Maggiore and the church of Santa Maria del Carmine; the square was the site of the execution of Conradin. It was where Masaniello's revolt broke out and the site of the executions after the royalist retaking of the kingdom after the fall of the Neapolitan Republic of 1799; the area was somewhat cut off from the rest of the city, inland, by the urban renewal of the early 1900s. It was damaged by bombings in World War II, it is in the midst of ambitious development

Tropical Storm Lidia (1981)

Tropical Storm Lidia was a deadly, destructive tropical cyclone that occurred during the 1981 Pacific hurricane season. It resulted in more casualties and caused greater damage than Hurricane Norma, which took place that season. On October 6, a tropical depression strengthened into a tropical storm six hours later. Lidia brushed the Gulf of California coast of Baja California Sur and made landfall just south of Los Mochis in Sinaloa on October 8. Tropical Storm Lidia weakened and dissipated the same day. Lidia killed at least 73 people and caused at least $80 million, equivalent to $193 million in damage, it inflicted heavy rain and flooding throughout parts of northwestern Mexico Sinaloa. A tropical depression formed on October 6. Ahead of a southwesterly flow over Mexico and a front, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Lidia at 0000 UTC October 7. Lidia moved north, reached its maximum windspeed of 50 mph. Despite encountering warm sea surface temperatures, which are favorable for intensification, Lidia weakened as it moved towards southern Baja California.

The tropical cyclone passed over the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula on 1700 UTC October 7. Two hours Lidia entered the Gulf of California, turned to the northeast. Lidia made landfall on the shores of Sinaloa about 23 mi south of Los Mochis on October 8, with winds of 45 mph. At 0600 UTC, the Eastern Pacific Hurricane Center ended advisories as the tropical cyclone dissipated inland about 17 mi northeast of that same place; the remnants of Lidia continued their northeast track, moving over Mexico, emerging into the Southern United States, spurring a new frontal wave. Tropical Storm Lidia caused flash flooding, with highest point point maxima was 20.59 inches at El Varejona and Badiraguato in Sinaloa. Heavy rainfall sent water down a dry river bed in Pericos, killing 40 people children. In the village Bachiulato, six soldiers died. In the northern part of Sinaloa, 42 were confirmed killed and 76 were missing. Around Los Mochis, four people were killed. About 800 houses were destroyed in that town.

In Culiacán, eleven people were killed. Losses to cattle and fishing vessels were more than $80 million, equivalent to $193 million. Electricity was cut off to Guamúchil and Guasave. Telephone service was cut off to Culiacán. Heavy rain caused flooding, it contaminated the water supply in Culiacán, leaving many without clean drinking water. A hundred villages were flooded, as were two dams; the Rio Fuerte flooded sixty settlements. It forced evacuations, which were enforced by the Mexican Army. Mexican Federal Highway 15 was closed due to the storm; the highway was reopened shortly after the storm passed. The total death toll from Tropical Storm Lidia was determined to exceed 73; this was enough to make it the deadliest tropical cyclone of its season, which occurred in rural areas. A few days Hurricane Norma struck similar areas as Lidia causing devastation; the remnants of Lidia brought moisture to extreme southeastern Arizona. During the aftermath of the storm and clothing was brought to towns isolated by the storm.

In Culiacán, schools, a baseball stadium served as temporary shelters for displaced persons. Rescue workers searched for bodies of victims of both Lidia and the subsequent Hurricane Norma, which hit the same area a few days later. Due to the damage wrought by both Lidia and Norma, the Governor of Sinaloa, Antonio Toledo Corro, declared his state a disaster area, he asked the Mexican Federal Government for aid. List of costliest Pacific hurricanes Other storms with the same name

Ruth Kerr

Ruth Kerr known by her married name Ruth Todd, was a Canadian freestyle and backstroke swimmer who competed at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Kerr's parents started the Border Cities Swimming Club in 1930. At the time it was the largest swimming club in Canada, she trained at the club's quarters at Kennedy Collegiate in Windsor. As a 16-year-old in 1932, she was a member of the Canadian team which finished fourth in the 4x100-metre freestyle relay, swimming the third leg of four in the relay; the other relay swimmers were Irene Pirie, Betty Edwards, Betty Mullen. She participated in the qualifying heats of the 400-metre freestyle and 100-metre backstroke, but in both she was eliminated in the first round. Kerr was the first Windsor-born athlete to participate in an Olympic Games, she was the youngest member of the 1932 Canadian Olympic Team. There is a section about Kerr and the Kerr family in Tony Techo's book, The Olympians Among Us. Kerr was inducted into the Essex Sports Hall of Fame in September 1987.

She worked as a school teacher for many years, married Robert Todd in 1948. The couple had four children. On September 21, 2013, Kerr was inducted into the Ontario Aquatic Hall of Fame as a Pioneer Swimmer, her oldest daughter, made a brief presentation and accepted the award on behalf of the family. Her second daughter, attended the induction ceremony, as did her husband and her children. Ruth's younger brother, Gordon Kerrcompeted in the 100 metre backstroke in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin Ruth Kerr's profile at Sports Reference.com http://www.windsorpubliclibrary.com/?page_id=15812

Begtse

In Tibetan Buddhism Beg-tse or Jamsaran is a dharmapala and the lord of war, in origin a pre-Buddhist war god of the Mongols. Begtse has red skin and orange-red hair, two arms, three blood-shot eyes and is wielding a sword in his right hand, he holds a human heart in his right hand. In the stock of his right arm, he holds a halberd with bannet, he wears a chainmail shirt. He wears a Mongolian helmet with four banners in the back, he is accompianed by his consort, Rikpay Lhamo, his main general, Laihansorgodog. They are surrounded by the twenty-nine butchers. Jamsaran is represented in Mongolian, to a lesser extent Tibetan, Cham dance. Epic of King Gesar Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, called an incarnation of Jamsaran by his followers Himalayan Art Resources. Https://web.archive.org/web/20131101134355/http://www.thangka.ru/gallery/ge_jamsaran.html

Twelve-string guitar

The 12-string guitar is a steel-string guitar with 12 strings in six courses, which produces a thicker, more ringing tone than a standard six-string guitar. The strings of the lower four courses are tuned in octaves, with those of the upper two courses tuned in unison; the gap between the strings within each dual-string course is narrow, the strings of each course are fretted and plucked as a single unit. The neck is wider, to accommodate the extra strings, is similar to the width of a classical guitar neck; the sound on acoustical instruments, is fuller and more harmonically resonant than six-string instruments. Structurally, 12-string guitars those built before 1970, differ from six-string guitars in these ways: The headstock is elongated to accommodate 12 tuning machines; the added tension of the six additional strings necessitates stronger reinforcement of the neck. The body is reinforced, built with a stronger structure, to withstand the higher tension; the fretting scale is shorter to reduce the overall string tension.

Twelve-string guitars are made in both electric forms. However, the acoustic type is more common; the double ranks of strings of the 12-string guitar produce a shimmering effect, because the strings tuned in unison can never vibrate with precise simultaneity—that is, they vibrate out of phase. The result to the ear is a sound that seems to "shimmer", which some describe as resembling strings that are detuned; the interference between the out-of-phase vibrations produces a phenomenon known as a beat that results in a periodic rise and fall of intensity that is, in music considered pleasing to the ear. Pete Seeger described the distinctive sound of the 12-string guitar as "the clanging of bells." The origin of the modern 12-string guitar is not certain, but the most ancestors using courses of doubled strings are some Mexican instruments such as the guitarra séptima, the guitarra quinta huapanguera, the bajo sexto. At the end of the 19th century, the archtop mandolin was one of the first instruments with courses of doubled strings designed in the United States.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, 12-strings were regarded as "novelty" instruments. The 12-string guitar did not become a major part of blues and folk music till the 1920s and the 1930s, when their "larger than life" sound made them ideal as solo accompaniment for vocalists Lead Belly and Blind Willie McTell; the 12-string guitar has since occupied roles in certain varieties of folk, rock and popular music. Lead Belly's protegé, Fred Gerlach, brought the instrument into the folk-music world, it was used for accompaniment, owing to the greater difficulty of picking or executing string "bends" on its double-strung courses. In the 20th century, however, a number of players devoted themselves to producing solo performances on the 12-string guitar. Electric 12-strings became a staple in rock music in the 1960s. Early use of the instrument was pioneered by the guitarists of The Wrecking Crew. One of the first mass-produced electric 12-strings was the Bellzouki. Introduced by Danelectro in 1961, from a design by session guitarist Vinnie Bell, it was considered a cross between an electric guitar and a bouzouki rather than an electric version on the traditional 12-string guitar.

In the UK in 1963, JMI produced the Vox Bouzouki produced in Italy as The Vox Tempest XII, used by Vic Flick on the Peter and Gordon hit single A World Without Love in 1964. In late 1963, Burns developed the Double Six, supplying a prototype to Hank Marvin of The Shadows, who used it on a number of songs for the soundtrack of the 1964 Cliff Richard movie Wonderful Life; the electric 12-string gained prominence with the introduction in 1964 of the Rickenbacker 360, made famous through George Harrison's use of it on The Beatles' album A Hard Day's Night and many subsequent recordings. In 1965, inspired by Harrison, Roger McGuinn made the Rickenbacker 12-string central to The Byrds' folk rock sound, further popularising the instrument. By the mid-Sixties, most major guitar manufacturers were producing competing instruments, including the Fender Electric XII, the Vox Phantom XII. Gretsch and Gibson produced electric 12-string models from the mid-Sixties and following decades, with Gretsch promoting theirs by supplying number of custom made 12-strings for The Monkees guitarist Michael Nesmith, for use on The Monkees' TV series.

Standard electric 12-strings became less popular with the end of the American folk rock scene in the late sixties. However, from the 1970s, some progressive rock, hard rock, jazz fusion guitarists, most notably Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin, John McLaughlin of The Mahavishnu Orchestra, Alex Lifeson of Rush, used double-necked guitars such as the Gibson EDS-1275, with six-string and 12-string necks, for live appearances, allowing easy transition between different sounds mid-song; the post punk era of the late 70s and early 80s saw a resurgence of electric 12 string guitar use among sixties-influenced alternative rock and indie guitarists. Players such as Johnny Marr of The Smiths, Dave Gregory of XTC, Susanna Hoffs of The Bangles, Marty Willson-Piper of The Church, Peter B