1861 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
  • 1858
  • 1859
  • 1860
  • 1861
  • 1862
  • 1863
  • 1864
  • In science
    1858
    1859
    1860
    1861
    1862
    1863
    1864

    Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science, this article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1861.

    Dinosaurs[edit]

    Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

    Archaeopteryx

    Valid

    von Meyer

    Early bird, the Missing link between Reptiles and Birds.

    Echinodon

    Valid

    Sir Richard Owen

    Griphosaurus

    Nomen rejectum

    Wagner

    Rejected in favor of Archaeopteryx.

    "Sauraechinodon"

    Nomen nudum

    Sir Richard Owen

    Lapsus calami of "Sauraechmodon"

    "Sauraechmodon"

    Nomen nudum

    Falconer

    Later named Echinodon.

    Teratosaurus

    Misidentification.

    von Meyer

    Misidentified teratosaurid archosaur.

    Pterosaurs[edit]

    New taxa[edit]

    Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

    Scaphognathus

    Valid

    Wagner

    An Corvid-like Pterosaur.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.