1863 in Wales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg

See also:
1863 in
The United Kingdom

This article is about the particular significance of the year 1863 to Wales and its people.



  • 10 March — Marriage of Edward Albert, Prince of Wales, to Alexandra of Denmark. Alexandra becomes the first Princess of Wales since 1820.
  • 28 July — The Anglesey Central Railway Act 1863 (26 & 27 Vict. c.cxxviii) brings about the foundation of the Anglesey Central Railway.[1]
  • 23 OctoberFestiniog Railway introduces steam locomotives into general service, the first time this has been done anywhere in the world on a public railway of such a narrow gauge (2 ft (60 cm)).[2]
  • English church services are introduced for English-speaking minorities in Welsh-speaking areas.
  • Sir Hugh Owen becomes an honorary secretary of the London committee formed to set up the University of Wales.
  • Mesac Thomas becomes the first Bishop of Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Publication of The Bards of Wales, first written in 1857 by Hungarian poet János Arany, using the story of Edward I's conquest of Wales to disguise criticism of the Austro-Hungarian empire.
  • Machynlleth born John Evans arrives in British Columbia, Canada, with a group of other Welsh miners. He subsequently becomes a major political figure in the province.
  • Spa pump room built at Trefriw.
  • Guest Memorial Library at Dowlais opened.

Arts and literature[edit]


New books[edit]



  • Cricket
    • 23 July — South Wales Cricket Club defeat MCC at Lord's.
    • 27 July — South Wales Cricket Club defeat Gentlemen of Kent at Cranbrook.




  1. ^ "Local Acts - 1863". Office of Public Sector Information. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  2. ^ Ransom, P. J. G. (1996). Narrow Gauge Steam: its origins and world-wide development. Sparkford: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 0-86093-533-7. 
  3. ^ E. Wyn James. "'Watching the white wheat' and 'That hole below the nose': English ballads of a late-nineteenth-century Welsh jobbing-printer (2000). First published in Sigrid Rieuwerts & Helga Stein (eds), Bridging the Cultural Divide: Our Common Ballad Heritage (Hildersheim, Germany: Georg Olms Verlag, 2000), pp. 178-94. ISBN 3-487-11016-4". Cardiff University. Retrieved 13 March 2018.