1864 English cricket season

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1864 English cricket season
1863
1865

1864 was the 78th season of cricket in England since the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). It was a significant year in cricket history, as it saw the legalisation of overarm bowling and the first edition of John Wisden’s Cricketers’ Almanac.

Inter-county cricket[edit]

The first-class county teams in 1864 were Cambridgeshire, Hampshire, Kent, Middlesex, Notts, Surrey, Sussex and Yorkshire, the unofficial concept of a "champion county" took a new turn when periodicals began publishing tables of inter-county results, although there was still no formal or agreed method of deciding positions in the table. Haygarth usually refers to 'generally agreed' when announcing the Champion County.[1]

Table[2]
Team P W L D Pts[3]
1 Surrey 8 6 0 2 6
2 Cambridgeshire 3 3 0 0 3
Sussex 8 5 2 1 3
4 Middlesex 4 3 1 0 2
5 Nottinghamshire 7 3 4 0 -1
6 Yorkshire 7 2 4 1 -2
7 Hampshire 4 0 4 0 -4
8 Kent 7 0 7 0 -7

Events[edit]

  • Law 10 was rewritten by the MCC to allow a bowler to bring his arm through at any height providing he kept it straight and did not throw the ball. The issue of overarm bowling had crystallised in the Willsher-Lillywhite incident of August 1862.
  • 12 January – formation of Lancashire CCC at a meeting in Manchester.
  • 27–29 January – Otago v. Canterbury at Dunedin was the start of first-class cricket in New Zealand.
  • Madras v. Calcutta was the start of first-class cricket in India.
  • First issue of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. It was titled John Wisden’s Cricketers’ Almanac until the 1937 edition.
  • 6–7 June – Middlesex CCC played its initial first-class match v. Sussex at Islington
  • 9 June – Playing for MCC against Oxford University, H.E. Bull becomes only the second player,[4] and the first since 1827,[5] to be dismissed hit the ball twice in a first-class game.[6]
  • 7–8 July – Hampshire CCC played its initial first-class match v. Sussex at the Antelope Ground, Southampton
  • 11–12 July – First appearance of WG Grace in a "big" match, though his first-class debut would not occur till the following season.[7]
  • MCC finally purchased the freehold of Lord's Cricket Ground for £18,333 6s 8d with money advanced by William Nicholson.

Leading batsmen (qualification 10 innings)[edit]

1864 English season leading batsmen[8]
Name Team Matches Inns Not outs Runs Hig score 100s Av
George Anderson Yorkshire 6 11 5 255 99* 0 42.50
Heathfield Stephenson Surrey & All England Eleven 15 25 4 824 119 2 39.23
Will Mortlock Surrey County Cricket Club 18 25 0 855 105 1 34.20
Tom Hayward Sr. Cambridgeshire 8 12 0 355 66 0 29.58
Bob Carpenter Cambridgeshire 8 11 1 270 52 0 27.00

Leading bowlers (qualification 800 balls)[edit]

1864 English season leading bowlers[9]
Name Team Balls Runs Wickets Best 5w inns 10w match Av
George Tarrant Cambridgeshire 1610 590 67 7/30 8 4 8.80
James Grundy MCC & Nottinghamshire 3466 1109 99 9/19 10 2 11.31
William Maitland Oxford University 1117 521 48 8/48 4 2 11.84
Edward Walker Middlesex & Southgate 1054 519 42 9/63 4 2 12.35
Edgar Willsher Kent & All England Eleven 3486 1065 79 7/47 6 0 13.48

References[edit]

  1. ^ First Class Cricket Matches 1864 - ACS - Nottingham
  2. ^ Table of inter-county results according to Rowland Bowen: see CricInfo
  3. ^ "wins minus losses", as used during the first few official County Championship seasons
  4. ^ Wynne-Thomas, Peter; The Rigby A-Z of Cricket Records; p. 93 ISBN 072701868X
  5. ^ Nottingham v Sheffield in 1827
  6. ^ Marylebone Cricket Club v Oxford University in 1864
  7. ^ Scorecard of Surrey Club and Ground v South Wales Cricket Club.
  8. ^ First Class Batting in England in 1864
  9. ^ First Class Bowling in England in 1864

Annual reviews[edit]

  • Fred Lillywhite, The Guide to Cricketers, Lillywhite, 1865
  • John Lillywhite's Cricketer's Companion (Green Lilly), Lillywhite, 1865
  • Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 8 (1863-1864), Lillywhite, 1865