1865 in New Zealand
Regal and viceregal
Government and law
The 3rd Parliament continues.
- Speaker of the House — David Monro
- Premier — Edward Stafford becomes Premier on 16 October when Frederick Weld retires due to ill-health and stress.
- Minister of Finance — Edward Stafford takes up the post on 31 October after William Fitzherbert loses the post when the Weld government ends on 16 October.
- Chief Justice — Hon Sir George Arney
Main centre leaders
- The New Zealand Exhibition runs from 12 January until 6 May 1865.
- The Capital of New Zealand is moved from Auckland to Wellington.
- The Marlborough Times ceases publication. It was founded in 1864.
- February — The start of the West Coast Gold Rush with rumours of gold being found.
- 18 February: The Press in Christchurch starts publishing a magazine, The Weekly Press. The magazine ran until 1928.
- May — The West Coast Times is founded. It began as a weekly newspaper and became a daily in January 1866. It ceased publishing in 1917.
- 4 June: The Evening Herald is founded in Wanganui. Around the turn of the 20th century, it changed its name to The Wanganui Herald, and continued to publish until 1986.
- 26 July: Parliament officially sits in Wellington for the first time, in the former Provincial Council chambers. (see also 1862)
- 30 August: The New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian publishes its last issue. It began in 1844.
- November: The Grey River Argus begins publication in Greymouth. It published three times a week until becoming daily in 1871. The paper folded in 1966.
Major race winners
- New Zealand Cup: Rob Roy
- New Zealand Derby: Egremont
Ballinger Belt: No competition
- 10 July: James Randall Corrigan, member of NZ Parliament
- 28 January: John Perry Robinson, Superintendent of Nelson Province
- 25 February: Hoani Wiremu Hipango, tribal leader, teacher and assessor
- 12 April: Thomas Halbert, whaler, trader and founding father
- 30 April (at Upper Norwood, England): Robert FitzRoy, second Governor of New Zealand (born 1805)
- 5 May (at sea off Blackwall, London): Samuel Brees, artist, surveyor and engineer
- 11 May: Thomas Antill, Australian cricketer and New Zealand bank manager (born 1830)
- 8 June: John Morgan, missionary (born 1806)
- 14 July: Nathaniel Burslem, recipient of the Victoria Cross (born 1837)
- 21 July: Frederick Merriman, politician (born 1818)
- 22 July: James Francis Fulloon, interpreter and public servant (born 1840)
- 9 November: George Kissling, Archdeacon of Waitemata (born 1805)
- List of years in New Zealand
- Timeline of New Zealand history
- History of New Zealand
- Military history of New Zealand
- Timeline of the New Zealand environment
- Timeline of New Zealand's links with Antarctica
- Romanos, J. (2001) New Zealand Sporting Records and Lists. Auckland: Hodder Moa Beckett. ISBN 1-86958-879-7
- "Attendance at major New Zealand exhibitions, 1865–1940 – Exhibitions and world's fairs – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Retrieved 30 August 2017.
- New Zealand Parliament - Parliament timeline
- "Marlborough Express". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 17 June 2008.
- "Historical outline of the main Christchurch newspapers". Christchurch City Libraries. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2008.
- "West Coast Times". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- "Wanganui Herald". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- "About Us". The Greymouth Star. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
- Todd, S. (1976) Sporting Records of New Zealand. Auckland: Moa Publications
- Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966
Media related to 1865 in New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons