1868 in Japan

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See also: Other events of 1868
List of years in Japan

Events from the year 1868 in Japan. It corresponds to Keiō 4 and Meiji 1 in the Japanese calendar. In the history of Japan, it marks the beginning of the Meiji period on October 23 under the reign of Emperor Meiji.



  • January 6 (Keiō 3, 10th day of the 12th month)[2] – The restoration of the Imperial government was announced to the kuge. The year 1868 began as Keio 3, and did not become Meiji 1 until the 8th day of the 9th month of Keio 4, i.e., October 23; although retrospectively, it was quoted as the first year of the new era from 25 January onwards.
  • January 27–31 – Battle of Toba–Fushimi
  • January 28 – Battle of Awa
  • February 2 – Fall of Osaka castle
  • March 29 – Battle of Kōshū-Katsunuma and Battle of Hokuetsu
  • May 10–14 – Battle of Utsunomiya Castle
  • July 4 – Battle of Ueno
  • September 3 (Keiō 4, 17th day of the 7th month) – Emperor Meiji announces that the name of the city of Edo was being changed to Tokyo, or "eastern capital".
  • October 6 – Battle of Bonari Pass
  • October–November – Battle of Aizu
  • October 23 (Keiō 4/Meiji 1, 8th day of the 9th month)
    • The Japanese era name (nengō) is formally changed from Keiō to Meiji; and a general amnesty is granted. The adoption of the Meiji nengō was done retroactively to January 25, 1868 (Keiō 4/Meiji 1, 1st day of the 1st month).
    • Emperor Meiji travels to Tokyo and Edo castle became an imperial palace.
  • November 7 – Battle of Noheji




  1. ^ "Meiji - emperor of Japan". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane's published nengō would have this be 4 January rather than 6 January.
  3. ^ "Ozaki, Koyo". www.ndl.go.jp. Retrieved 28 May 2018.