The 1869 New Jersey vs. Rutgers football game occurred between the College of New Jersey and Rutgers College played on November 6, 1869; the rules governing play were based on the London Football Association's 1863 rules that disallowed carrying or throwing the ball. For spectators, the game more resembled soccer than gridiron football. Moreover, the match was played with a soccer ball; because gridiron football developed from the rules of association football and rugby football, many consider the game played on November 6 to be the first gridiron game and the first collegiate football game. Rutgers won the game 6–4. Part of the first season of college football, the game took place on November 6, 1869 at a field on College Avenue in New Brunswick, New Jersey; because the game was played at Rutgers, it was played under Rutgers' rules. They were based on the Football Association's rules of the time, in which two teams of 25 players attempted to score by kicking the ball into the opposing team's goal.
The teams played 10 "games" against each other. When a team scored a goal, it counted as the end of that game, the team with the most goals after 10 games was the winner, it is clear. The first such game in the United States in which the ball is advanced by physically picking it up and running, where play is stopped by knocking down the ball carrier, each team fields eleven members was played on June 4, 1875 between Tufts and Harvard colleges. William J. Leggett a distinguished clergyman of the Dutch Reformed Church, was the Rutgers captain; the game was played in front of 100 spectators. The players from Rutgers wore scarlet-colored turbans and handkerchiefs to distinguish themselves from the New Jersey players; the scarlet of the Rutgers Scarlet Knights came from this episode. As the first of the 10 games began, two players from each of the teams positioned themselves near the opponent's goal; this was because the participants were hoping to score when the ball reached their territory on the field of play.
On each team, there were eleven so-called "fielders" who were assigned to defend their own territorial area. There were 12 participants on each team that they named "bulldogs" who were the ones playing in the other team's territory. Rutgers was the first to score a goal, as S. G. Gano and G. R. Dixon kicked the ball across the New Jersey goal. At some point early in the contest, the "flying wedge" play was first used as the team with the ball formed a wall-like formation of players, allowing them to charge at the defenders; this flying wedge tactic was successful early on for Rutgers because of their size disadvantage over New Jersey. However, New Jersey countered the tactic when J. E. Michael, better known as "Big Mike", broke up the Rutgers' flying wedge during the fourth game. New Jersey took advantage and tied the score at 2–2. A Rutgers player named Madison M. Ball, a wounded veteran of the American Civil War, used his quickness and kicking the ball with the heel of his foot to again take the lead in the contest.
Whenever the ball entered Rutgers territory, Ball would get in front of it and use a heel-kick to prevent New Jersey from scoring. Ball was able to use that technique to set up Dixon to score another goal which gave Rutgers a 4–2 lead. Rutgers allowed New Jersey to score a goal as one of their players, whose identity is not known, had kicked a ball towards their own goal, it was blocked by a Rutgers player, but New Jersey soon was able to take advantage to cut the lead down to 4–3. The Tigers scored on their next possession when they used a flying wedge play of their own led by Big Mike to march down the field to score to tie the game again at 4. Rutgers captain John W. Leggett had a strategy for his team at this point, he suggested that the Rutgers team keep the ball low on the ground to counter the much taller players on New Jersey team. This strategy appeared to work as Rutgers scored the final two goals of the contest to win the first intercollegiate football game played 6 games to 4. New Jersey had more size, which would be an advantage on a field with 50 total players, but the Tigers had trouble kicking the ball as a team, something Rutgers did well.
In a 1933 account, a Rutgers player from the game named John W. Herbert said that he thought Rutgers was the smaller team, but that they had more speed than New Jersey. In what might be considered a beginning to college football rivalries after Rutgers won this game, New Jersey's players were run out of town by the winning Rutgers students; the New Jersey students jumped in their carriages and made the 20-mile trip back to their campus. In 1968, Arnold Friberg was commissioned by Chevrolet to create a painting commemorating the game, his work The First Game was one of four works that he created to celebrate 100 years of college football. 1869 college football season List of significant college football games List of the first college football game in each US state The First Game
James R. Novak was a comic book creator working as a letterer for Marvel Comics, where he worked on every one of their ongoing series, contributed to the development of the iconic Star Wars logo, he did occasional work as a writer and colorist, worked at publishers including Dark Horse, Boom! Studios, Dynamite, IDW. Jim Novak was born in Chicago, on September 14, he broke into the comics industry in 1975 with Marvel Spotlight #25, as a member of the "third wave" of creators at the company, which included artists John Byrne and Frank Miller, writers Roger Stern, Jo Duffy, Mark Gruenwald, Ralph Macchio. He became a staff letterer at Marvel. During this time, in advance of the film's release, he redesigned the logo for the company's Star Wars comic, making changes that were incorporated into the version used in the film's marketing. In the 1980s Novak was the regular letterer for such titles as Avengers Doctor Strange, Fantastic Four, The Incredible Hulk, Marvel Fanfare, when he lettered as many as five or six books per month.
Fellow letterer Bill Oakley opined that Novak created the best shapes for speech balloons of any letterer he knew. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Novak was paired with writer/artist Byrne, on such titles as The Avengers, Fantastic Four, Sensational She-Hulk, Marvel: The Lost Generation. Over the years, Novak lettered a number of titles written by Stern, including Captain America, The Avengers, Doctor Strange, Marvel Universe, The Spectacular Spider-Man, Marvel: The Lost Generation. In the 1990s, Novak worked on many limited series and one-shots, as well as full-time lettering on Darkhawk, Green Goblin, Fantastic Four again, Star Trek: Star Fleet Academy. Captain America Master of Kung-Fu Doctor Strange Fantastic Four The Avengers Incredible Hulk Marvel Fanfare Sensational She-Hulk Darkhawk Green Goblin Star Trek: Star Fleet Academy
Edith Rockefeller McCormick was an American socialite and opera patron. Edith was born on August 1872 at her parents' home in Cleveland, Ohio, she was the fourth daughter of schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman and Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller. Her brother was John Davison Rockefeller Jr.. Her three elder sisters were Elizabeth and Alta. Edith and her father had an stormy relationship, where her extravagance would conflict with his frugality, she was educated at home by private tutors and, unlike other women of means at the time, did not attend finishing school. On November 26, 1895, she married Harold Fowler McCormick from Chicago, a son of Nancy Fowler and Cyrus Hall McCormick, the inventor of the mechanical reaper; the married couple spent their first two years living in Council Bluffs, where Harold managed a branch of his father's business. They moved to Chicago. In 1912, they hired prominent architect Charles A. Platt to build a mansion on their large country estate, located directly on Lake Michigan in Lake Forest, which they named Villa Turicum, which had extensive architecturally landscaped gardens.
Together and Edith were the parents of five children, three of whom survived to adulthood: John Rockefeller McCormick, who died young from Scarlet fever. Editha McCormick, who died young. Harold Fowler McCormick Jr. who married Anne Urquhart Brown "Fifi" Stillman, married to James A. Stillman, was the daughter of James Brown Potter and Mary Cora Urquhart. Muriel McCormick, who married Elisha Dyer Hubbard, a nephew of Elisha Dyer Jr. and grandson of Elisha Dyer, in 1931. Mathilde McCormick, who married Wilheim Max Oser, a Swiss riding instructor, in April 1923. A famous story about McCormick involves an evening in 1901 during a party. News arrived that Edith and Harold's elder son, John Rockefeller McCormick, had died of scarlet fever, it was rumored that when this was whispered to her at the dinner table, she proceeded to nod her head and allowed the party to continue without incident. A biographer of her father, makes it clear that this could not have been true: at the time of her son's death, Edith was with him at the family estate, Kykuit, at Pocantico Hills, New York.
A year she and her husband established the John McCormick Institution of Infectious Diseases in Chicago, a source of funding for the researchers who isolated the bacterium responsible for the disease. As wealthy socialites, with two family fortunes available, the McCormicks were prominent in Chicago social and cultural circles, donating large amounts of money and time to causes. Edith helped fund the juvenile probation program of Chicago's pioneering Juvenile Court system when it was revealed that, although legislation set up the system, there was no provision to fund the probation officers. Edith began support of the Art Institute in 1909 as a charter member and supported it with monetary contributions and loans from her extensive personal art collection, she and Harold, along with other wealthy patrons, founded the Grand Opera Company, the first in Chicago, in 1909. In 1913, she travelled to Zurich to be treated for depression by Carl Gustav Jung, contributed generously to the Zürich Psychological Society.
After extended analysis and intense study, Edith became a Jungian analyst, with a full-time practice of more than fifty patients. She would continue her practice after her return to America, attracting many socialite patients from around the United States. In order to disseminate Jung's ideas, Edith paid to have his writings translated into English. In 1919. McCormick donated land she had received from her father as a wedding gift to the Forest Preserve of Cook County, to be developed as a zoological garden to become Chicago's Brookfield Zoo, she returned to America in 1921 after an eight year stay. Edith and Harold were divorced in December 1921, he was given custody of their youngest daughter Mathilde so that she could marry Max Oser, a Swiss riding instructor. Mathilde and Max were married in London in April 1923. Meanwhile, Harold married Ganna Walska, a famous Polish opera singer in August 1922, becoming her fourth husband. Within days of Harold's remarriage, Edith announced plans to marry Edward Krenn, a 28 year old Austrian architect.
The plan fell through for undisclosed reasons in December 1922. In 1927, she was mentioned in a newspaper article about Chicago's wealthy unmarried and widowed wealthy women; the article noted that she was "glad to be rid of the gay Harold McCormick, but hasn't succeeded in convincing her friends she will never marry again." Over the next few years and Harold found themselves in court in lawsuits over the divorce agreement. In February 1923, she received some minor press for claiming to be the reincarnation of the wife of King Tutankhamen, whose tomb had just been explored and was a popular topic, she was quoted as saying, "I married King Tutankhamen. I was his first wife. Only the other day, while glancing through an illustrated paper, I saw a picture of a chair removed from the King's chamber. Like a flash I recognized that chair. I had sat in it many times." She followed up in Time magazine by stating "My interest in reincarnation is of many years' standing." She was said to be interested in astrology and to celebrate Christmas on December 15.