1870 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
List of years in paleontology
In science
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1870.

Turtles[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Pneumatoarthrus

Misidentification.

Edward Drinker Cope

Misidentified dubious marine turtle remains.

Archosauroomorphs[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes

Laornis

Misidentification.

Othniel Charles Marsh

Misidentified bird.

Newly named non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Antrodemus

Nomen dubium

Joseph Leidy

Possible subjective synonym of Allosaurus.

Ornithopsis

Nomen dubium

Harry Govier Seeley

Earlier it was believed that his bones were those of a pterosaur. But now it is known that they were the bones of a Sauropod.

Struthiosaurus

Valid

Bunzel

A dwarf ankylosaur.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes

Taphrosaurus

Valid

Cope

Uronautes

Valid

Cope

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Amblydectes

Jr. synonym.

Seeley

Junior synonym of Coloborhynchus.

Cycnorhamphus

Valid

Seeley

 Germany

Rhabdopelix

Misidentification

Cope

At first it was thought to be a Triassic pterosaur, but is now known to be (at least in part) a kuehneosaurid

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Lystrosaurus

Valid

Cope

252 Millions years ago. It was a ProtoMammal that had fangs very similar to those of a walrus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.