1870 in the United Kingdom
|1870 in the United Kingdom|
|1868 | 1869 | 1870 | 1871 | 1872|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
- 28 January – General Post Office takes over business of private telegraph companies.
- 5 March – first ever (unofficial) international football match, England v Scotland, takes place under the approval of the Football Association at The Oval, London.
- 10 May – Jem Mace wins the boxing championship of the world, defeating fellow Englishman Tom Allen at Kenner, near New Orleans.
- 19 May – the Home Government Association is established in Ireland by Isaac Butt to argue for devolution for Ireland and repeal of the Act of Union 1800.
- late Spring – Army Enlistment (Short Service) Act allows reduction in length of enlistment to the British Army as part of the Cardwell Reforms.
- 2 June – competitive examination for entry to the British civil service introduced.
- 23 June – Keble College, Oxford, opens, the first new college of the University of Oxford in more than a century.
- 2 August – official opening of the Tower Subway beneath the River Thames in London, the world's first underground passenger "tube" railway. Although this lasts as a railway operation only until November, it demonstrates the technologically successful first use of the cylindrical wrought iron tunnelling shield devised by Peter W. Barlow and James Henry Greathead.
- 4 August – British Red Cross established as the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War by Lord Wantage.
- 9 August
- Elementary Education Act 1870 drafted by William Edward Forster MP encourages elementary education by creating a system of School boards in England and Wales. Women are eligible to stand and vote for local school boards where created.
- Married Women's Property Act confirms that wives may own property of their own.
- 1 October – postcards and halfpenny postage stamps introduced by the Post Office.
- Undated – the David Greig grocery chain begins with a store in London.
- 1 January – The Northern Echo newspaper launched in Darlington.
- April–September – serialisation of Charles Dickens' novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood, only half complete due to his death on 9 June.
- Edward Jenkins' satire Ginx's Baby: his birth and other misfortunes.
- William Robinson's gardening book The Wild Garden.
- Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Poems, exhumed from Elizabeth Siddal's grave.
- 12 February – Marie Lloyd, music-hall singer (died 1922)
- 4 March – Thomas Sturge Moore, poet, author and artist (died 1944)
- 17 March – Horace Donisthorpe, entomologist (died 1951)
- 9 May – Harry Vardon, golfer (died 1937)
- 11 August – Tom Richardson, cricketer (died 1912)
- 18 December – Saki, writer (died 1916)
- Doncaster, racehorse (died 1892)
- 6 May – James Young Simpson, physician and researcher (born 1811)
- 9 June – Charles Dickens, novelist (born 1812)
- 9 December – Patrick MacDowell, sculptor (born 1799)
- Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635–1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 15.
- Mace, Ralph. "Jem Mace, Champion of the World". Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 422–423. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Ensor, R.C.K. (1936). 14, "England 1870–1914". The Oxford History of England. Oxford University Press. p. 16.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 291–292. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Smith, Denis (2001). Civil Engineering Heritage: London and the Thames Valley. Thomas Telford. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-7277-2876-8.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.