1871 New Zealand census

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Sixth census of the Colony of
New Zealand
General information
Country Colony of New Zealand
Date taken 27 February 1871
Total population 256,393
Percent change Increase 17.25%
Most populous district Auckland (62,335)
Least populous district Taranaki (4,480)

The 1871 New Zealand census was New Zealand's sixth national census.[1] The day used for the census was Monday, 27 February 1871. It was the first census held in New Zealand for which separate reports were produced.[2]

The total population of the Colony of New Zealand was counted as 256,393 of whom 150,356 were Males and 106,037 Females - an increase of 37,725 people, 17.25% since the previous 1867 census. Only the European population was counted; no Māori census was held.[1]

Population and dwellings[edit]

The distribution of this population through the principal divisions of the Colony was as follows:

Provincial district Males Females Total population Population increase or decrease
Auckland 35,502 26,833 62,335 +29.00%
Taranaki 2,572 1,908 4,480 +2.77%
Hawke's Bay 3,596 2,463 6,059 +14.68%
Wellington 13,180 10,821 24,001 +9.34%
Nelson 14,257 8,244 22,501 -5.51%
Marlborough 3,235 2,000 5,235 +19.76%
Canterbury 25,781 21,020 46,801 +22.09%
Westland 10,453 4,904 15,357 -1.13%
Otago 36,771 23,951 60,722 +25.00%
Southland 4,920 3,849 8,769 +10.39%
Flag of New Zealand Government Ships 1867.svg Colony of New Zealand 150,356 106,037 256,393 Increase 17.25%
Source: Statistics New Zealand[3] Includes Stewart Island and (Chatham Islands Males 89, Females 44, Total 133)

Birthplace[edit]

The figures show that of the total population of specified birthplace had New Zealand-born were 36.46% and a majority of 63.54% were born-overseas of the total resident population.[3]

Places of birth Population
Percentage Population increase or decrease
New Zealand 93,474 36.46% +45.93%
Totals, overseas-born 162,912 63.54% -
England England 67,044 26.15% +2.17%
Scotland Scotland 36,871 14.38% +5.86%
Republic of Ireland Ireland 29,733 11.60% +6.36%
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Australian Colonies 12,426 4.85% -
Other British Dominions 4,062 1.58% -
German Empire Germany 2,416 0.94% -14.86%
Wales Wales 1,345 0.52% +1.97%
United States United States 1,249 0.49% +2.96%
France France 551 0.22% -0.36%
Other Foreign Countries
(Incl:China)
5,859 2.28% -
At sea 823 0.32% -
Not specified 540 0.21% -
Colony of New Zealand 256,393 100.00% -

Religious denominations[edit]

Members of Christian denominations formed 94.51 per cent. of those who made answer to the inquiry at the last census; non-Christian sects were 5.49 per cent.; and those who described themselves as of Otherwise described 2.38 per cent.; whilst “Objecting to state” religions constituted 3.36 per cent.

Denomination 1871 census
Population Percentage
Christian 239,542 94.51%
    Church of England 102,389 39.93%
    Presbyterians 63,624 24.82%
    Roman; Catholics and Catholics undefined 35,608 13.89%
    Wesleyan Methodist Church 19,971 7.79%
    Baptists 4,732 1.84%
    Congregational Independents 3,941 1.54%
    Lutheran Church 2,341 0.91%
    Primitive Methodists 1,883 1.73%
    Society of Friends 201 0.08%
    Protestants (No Particular Denomination Specified) 4,852 1.98%
Hebrews 1,262 0.50%
Otherwise described 6,097 2.38%
Not described 862 0.33%
Objecting to state 8,630 3.36%
Colony of New Zealand 256,393 100.00%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dates of New Zealand censuses since 1851". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "A history of census-taking in New Zealand". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Results of A Census of New Zealand, Taken for the Night of the 27TH February, 1871.
  4. ^ Results of A Census of New Zealand, Religious Denominations: Taken for the Night of the 27th February, 1871.