Royal Engineers A.F.C.
The Royal Engineers Association Football Club is an association football team representing the Corps of Royal Engineers, the Sappers, of the British Army. The Engineers were pioneers of the game, where team-mates passed the ball to each other rather than kicking ahead. The club was founded in 1863, under the leadership of Major Francis Marindin. Sir Frederick Wall, who was the secretary of The Football Association 1895–1934, Wall states that the Sappers moved in unison and showed the advantages of combination over the old style of individualism. Contemporary match reports confirm that passing was a feature of the Engineers style. An 1869 report says they worked together and had learned the secret of football success – backing up. In February 1871 against Crystal Palace it is noted that Lieut, mitchell made a fine run down the left, passing the ball to Lieut. Rich, who had run up the centre, and who pinched another By early 1868, there is evidence that opponents sometimes adjusted their playing style to counteract the organisation and passing of the Engineers. This said that, very little dribbling was displayed The Engineers played in the first-ever FA Cup Final, losing 1–0 at Kennington Oval on 16 March 1872 and they also lost the 1874 Final, to Oxford University A. F. C. The Royal Engineers were the first football team to go on a tour, to Nottingham, Derby, walls memoirs state that this tour introduced the combination game to Sheffield and Nottingham. In 1875 the Engineers won the FA Cup, considered their greatest triumph, in the final against Old Etonians, they drew 1–1 with a goal from Renny-Tailyour and went on to win the replay 2–0 with a goal each from Renny-Tailyour and Stafford. The winning side was, Capt. W. Merriman, Lt. G. H, ruck, Lt. P. G. von Donop, Lt. C. K. Stafford, Lt. H. W. Renny-Tailyour, Lt. A. Mein and their last FA Cup Final appearance came in 1878, again losing to the Wanderers. They last participated in 1882–83 FA Cup, losing 6–2 in the round to Old Carthusians F. C. The evidence above contains detailed descriptions of passing that are lacking in reports of the 1872 Glasgow international, the Scotsman concludes that the difference in styles in the first half is the advantage the Queens Park players had through knowing each others play as all came from the same club. Unlike the 1872 Glasgow international, the evidence above shows that the Engineers team playing style benefited their team play by winning games. Similarly, the 5 March 1872 match between Wanderers and Queens park contains no evidence of ball passing, the early accounts all confirm that the Engineers were the first club to play a passing game of cooperation and organisation with both their forwards and their defence. Although they could also play rough – as would be expected for an army team – The Engineers are the first side to be considered to play the football beautifully, all of these developments occurred before and independent of the 1872 match between England and Scotland
Old Etonians F.C.
The Old Etonian Association Football Club is an English football club whose players are alumni of Eton College, in Eton, Berkshire. Founded by Lord Kinnaird, they were the last amateur or true blue club to win the FA Cup on 25 March 1882 when they beat Blackburn Rovers 1–0 at The Oval and they lost 2–1 after extra time to another Blackburn club, Blackburn Olympic, the following year. In all, they reached the six times in nine years between 1875 and 1883, winning twice. They also supplied a number of players for the England team, in modern times, Old Etonians are members of the Amateur Football Alliance and field three teams in the Arthurian League. The 1st XI have won the leagues Premier Division title on two occasions, whitfeld scored in a 2–1 victory. Official website Old Etonians at the Football Club History Database
The Oval, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London. The Oval has been the ground of Surrey County Cricket Club since it was opened in 1845. It was the first ground in England to host international Test cricket in September 1880, the final Test match of the English season is traditionally played there. In addition to cricket, The Oval has hosted a number of historically significant sporting events. In 1870, it staged Englands first international match, versus Scotland. It hosted the first FA Cup final in 1872, as well as those between 1874 and 1892, in 1876, it held both the England v Wales and England v Scotland rugby international matches, and in 1877, rugbys first Varsity match. The Oval is built on part of the former Kennington Common, Cricket matches were played on the common throughout the early 18th century. The earliest recorded match was the London v Dartford match on 18 June 1724. However, as the common was used regularly for public executions of those convicted at the Surrey Assizes. Kennington Common was eventually enclosed in the mid 19th century under a scheme sponsored by the Royal Family, in 1844, the site of the Kennington Oval was a market garden owned by the Duchy of Cornwall. Hence, Surrey County Cricket Club was established in 1845, the popularity of the ground was immediate and the strength of the SCCC grew. On 3 May 1875 the club acquired the remainder of the leasehold for a term of 31 years from the Otter Trustees for the sum of £2,800. In 1868,20,000 spectators gathered at The Oval for the first game of the 1868 Aboriginal cricket tour of England, the first tour of England by any foreign side. Thanks to C. W. Alcock, the Secretary of Surrey from 1872 to 1907, the Oval, thereby, became the second ground to stage a Test, after Melbourne Cricket Ground. In 1882, Australia won the Test by seven runs within two days, the Sporting Times printed a mocking obituary notice for English cricket, which led to the creation of the Ashes trophy, which is still contested whenever England plays Australia. The first Test double century was scored at The Oval in 1884 by Australias Billy Murdoch, surreys ground is noted as having the first artificial lighting at a sports arena, in the form of gas-lamps, dating to 1889. The current pavilion was completed in time for the 1898 season, in 1907, South Africa became the 2nd visiting Test team to play a Test match at the ground. In 1928, the West Indies played its first Test match at The Oval, in 1936, India became the fifth foreign visiting Test side to play at The Oval, followed by Pakistan in 1954 and Sri Lanka in 1998
London /ˈlʌndən/ is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain and it was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. Londons ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1. 12-square-mile medieval boundaries. London is a global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism. It is crowned as the worlds largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world, London is a world cultural capital. It is the worlds most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the worlds largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic, London is the worlds leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. Londons universities form the largest concentration of education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted the modern Summer Olympic Games three times, London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region. Its estimated mid-2015 municipal population was 8,673,713, the largest of any city in the European Union, Londons urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The citys metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 13,879,757 inhabitants, the city-region therefore has a similar land area and population to that of the New York metropolitan area. London was the worlds most populous city from around 1831 to 1925, Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Pauls Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world, the etymology of London is uncertain. It is an ancient name, found in sources from the 2nd century and it is recorded c.121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin, and hand-written Roman tablets recovered in the city originating from AD 65/70-80 include the word Londinio. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae and this had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud. From 1898, it was accepted that the name was of Celtic origin and meant place belonging to a man called *Londinos. The ultimate difficulty lies in reconciling the Latin form Londinium with the modern Welsh Llundain, which should demand a form *lōndinion, from earlier *loundiniom. The possibility cannot be ruled out that the Welsh name was borrowed back in from English at a later date, and thus cannot be used as a basis from which to reconstruct the original name. Until 1889, the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area
Referee (association football)
In association football, the referee is the person responsible for enforcing the Laws of the Game during the course of a match. At higher levels of play the referee may also be assisted by an official who supervises the teams technical areas. Referees remuneration for their services varies between leagues, Referees are licensed and trained by the same national organisations that are members of FIFA. Each national organisation recommends its top officials to FIFA to have the honour of being included on the FIFA International Referees List. International games between national teams require FIFA officials, otherwise, the local national organisation determines the manner of training, ranking and advancement of officials from the youngest youth games through professional matches. The referees powers and duties are described by Law 5 of the Laws of the Game, as per Law 9 of the game, if during the game the ball hits the referee there is no stoppage in play. However the officials would be expected to position themselves such that this would be unlikely to occur. Modern day referees and their assistants wear a uniform consisting of a jersey, badge, shorts and socks, since then, most referees have worn either yellow or black, but the colours and styles adopted by individual associations vary greatly. For international contests under the supervision of FIFA, Adidas uniforms are worn because Adidas is the current sponsor, FIFA allows referees to wear five colours, black, red, yellow, green and blue. Along with the jersey, referees are required to wear shorts, black socks. The badge, which displays the referees license level and year of validity, is affixed to the left chest pocket. All referees carry a whistle, a watch, penalty cards, a wallet with pen and paper. Most are encouraged to have more than one of each on them in case they drop a whistle or a pen runs out, often, referees utilize two watches so that they can use one to calculate time lost for stoppages for the purposes of added time. In matches with goal-line technology, the referee will have on their person a device to receive the systems alerts, Referees use a whistle to help in match control. The whistle is sometimes needed to stop, start or restart play but should not be used for all stoppages, fIFAs Laws of the Game document gives guidance as to when the whistle should and should not be used. Overuse of the whistle is discouraged since, as stated in the Laws, the whistle is an important tool for the referee along with verbal, body and eye communication. Before the introduction of the whistle, referees indicated their decisions by waving a white handkerchief, the whistles that were first adopted by referees were made by Joseph Hudson at Mills Munitions in Birmingham, England. The Acme Whistle Company first began to mass-produce pea whistles in the 1870s for the Metropolitan Police Force, Referees in football are first described by Richard Mulcaster in 1581
Charles W. Alcock
Charles William ″C. W. ″ Alcock was an influential English sportsman and administrator. He was an instigator in the development of both international football and cricket, as well as being the creator of the FA Cup. Alcock was born in Sunderland, and his moved to Chingford, then part of Essex. According to JB Smart, he was born as simply Charles, educated at Harrow School, Alcock was a keen schoolboy footballer, and formed the Forest club with his elder brother, John, in Chingford in 1859. He was then a prime mover in the 1863 foundation of Forests more famous successor, for their influence on the game of football the Wanderers were considered as early as 1870 to be the MCC of football. As a player, Alcock was renowned as a hard-working centre-forward with an accurate shot, on 6 March 1875, he captained England against Scotland, scoring a goal in a 2–2 draw. See also England v Scotland Alcock was one of those responsible for the first ever soccer match with Scotland. The first two of these took place in 1870, with matches in 1871 and 1872. After the 1870 games there was resentment in Scotland that their team did not contain more home grown players, the fault lies on the heads of the players of the north, not on the management who sought the services of all alike impartially. To call the team London Scotchmen contributes nothing, the match was, as announced, to all intents and purposes between England and Scotland. Alcock then proceeded to offer further challenges with a Scottish team drawn from Scotland, although not currently recognised by FIFA as official, the Scotsman newspaper described the 1870 and 1871 games as international and in italics. One reason for the absence of a response to Alcocks early challenges may have been different football codes being followed in Scotland at the time. A written reply to Alcocks letter above states, Mr Alcocks challenge to meet a Scotch eleven on the borders sounds very well and is doubtless well meant. But it may not be well known that Mr Alcock is a very leading supporter of what is called the association game. Devotees of the rules will find no foemen worthy of their steel in Scotland. Charles W Alcock, Hon Sec of Football Association and Captain of English Eleven, instead he represented his country as umpire, with the England captaincy awarded to Cuthbert Ottaway. Thus, the FA Cup – the worlds first national football tournament, fifteen teams took part in the first competition in 1872, with Alcock captaining the winning Wanderers side. It was only fitting that the final should be played at The Oval, after joining the FA committee in 1866, Alcock served as FA Secretary from 1870 to 1895, before serving as Vice-President
1874 FA Cup Final
The 1874 FA Cup final was a football match between Oxford University and Royal Engineers on 14 March 1874 at Kennington Oval in London. It was the final of the worlds oldest football competition. Both teams had reached the final but been defeated by Wanderers. The Engineers had reached the final with ease, scoring sixteen goals. Oxfords opponents in the rounds had included two-time former winners Wanderers. The final was decided by two goals from Oxford in the first twenty minutes and their opponents had spent two weeks training for the match, an innovative concept at the time, but were repeatedly thwarted by Charles Nepean, the Oxford goalkeeper. The Engineers were said to have missed their best back, Lieut, Alfred Goodwyn, who had been posted overseas. Oxford University and the Chatham-based Royal Engineers were among 28 entrants to the competition in the 1873–74 season, both teams progressed through the first round of the competition with little difficulty, Oxford defeating Upton Park 4–0 and the Engineers winning 5–0 against Brondesbury. In the second round, the University beat Barnes 2–0 and the Sappers, as the Engineers were nicknamed, the Engineers comprehensively defeated their quarter-final opponents, Maidenhead, winning 7–0, the first time a team had ever scored as many as seven goals in an FA Cup match. Oxford, on the hand, were paired with Wanderers. They had defeated the Engineers in the 1872 final and Oxford in the 1873 final, the first match finished in a 1–1 draw, necessitating a replay which Oxford won 1–0 to end Wanderers grip on the competition. Both semi-final matches were played at Kennington Oval, the home of Surrey County Cricket Club, Royal Engineers defeated Swifts in the first match to be played, and Oxford booked their place in the final a month later with a 1–0 win over Clapham Rovers. Oxford were able to call on their first-choice goalkeeper, Charles Nepean, who had been unable to play in the years final. They also selected William Rawson, whose brother Herbert was in the Engineers team, oxfords players were not all students, as the team included Arthur H. Johnson, an ordained clergyman and Fellow of All Souls College. Around 2,000 spectators were in attendance, a smaller crowd than had attended the previous final, Oxford won the coin toss and elected to begin the game defending the Harleyford Road end of the stadium. Charles Mackarness gave Oxford the lead after just ten minutes, following an Oxford corner kick, a melee developed in front of the Engineers goal, and the ball fell to Mackarness, who shot it over the crowd of players and past goalkeeper William Merriman. Oxford could have had a goal when they managed to get the ball through the Engineers goalposts. At the time, as in cricket, the officials were not permitted to award a goal unless the players appealed for it and it is not recorded why the Oxford players never appealed
1876 FA Cup Final
The 1876 FA Cup Final was a football match between Wanderers and Old Etonians on 11 March 1876 at Kennington Oval in London. It was the final of the worlds oldest football competition. Wanderers had won the Cup on two previous occasions, the Etonians were playing in their second consecutive final, having lost in the 1875 final. Both teams had conceded only one goal in the four prior to the final. In the semi-finals Wanderers defeated Swifts and the Etonians beat the 1874 FA Cup winners Oxford University, the match finished in a 1–1 draw, the second time an FA Cup Final had finished all-square. A week later, the took place at the same venue. The Etonians were forced to make a number of changes due to players being unavailable, and the team was no match for the Wanderers. Charles Wollaston and Thomas Hughes scored a goal apiece in a spell before half-time. Old Etonians, the team for former pupils of Eton College, had reached the 1875 final, Wanderers had won the competition in both 1872 and 1873 but had not progressed beyond the quarter-finals in the subsequent two seasons. Both teams entered the 1875–76 competition at the first round stage and were allocated matches at home, Wanderers defeated a team from the 1st Surrey Rifles regiment 5–0, and the Etonians overcame Pilgrims 4–1. In the second round Wanderers defeated Crystal Palace 3–0 and the Etonians had a win over Maidenhead. At the quarter-final stage, Wanderers took on the worlds oldest football club, Sheffield and won 2–0, both semi-final matches took place at Kennington Oval in London, as stipulated in the original rules of the competition. The Etonians beat the 1874 FA Cup winners Oxford University 1–0 in the first semi-final, three sets of brothers played in the match. Francis and Hubert Heron lined up for the Wanderers, while the Etonians team included Hon. Edward Lyttelton and his brother Hon. Alfred Lyttelton and Albert Meysey-Thompson and his brother Charles. The latter pairs surname had been simply Thompson until it was changed in 1874 and this is the only occasion that two or more pairs of brothers have played in the same FA Cup Final. Later that year, Francis Birley married Margaret, sister of his teammate Jarvis Kenrick, Wanderers began the match with two full-backs, two half-backs and six forwards, while the Etonians opted for one full-back, two half-backs and seven forwards. Wanderers won the toss and chose to start the game defending the Harleyford Road end of The Oval. The crowd was estimated at 3,500, the largest for an FA Cup Final up to that point
The FA Cup, known officially as The Football Association Challenge Cup, is an annual knockout association football competition in mens domestic English football. First played during the 1871–72 season, it is the oldest association football competition in the world and it is organised by and named after The Football Association. For sponsorship reasons, from 2015 through to 2018 it is known as The Emirates FA Cup. A concurrent womens tournament is held, the FA Womens Cup. A record 763 clubs competed in 2011–12, the tournament consists of 12 randomly drawn rounds followed by the semi-finals and the final. The last entrants are the Premier League and Championship clubs, into the draw for the Third Round Proper, in the modern era, only one non-league team has ever reached the quarter finals, and teams below Level 2 have never reached the final. As a result, as well as who wins, significant focus is given to those minnows who progress furthest, especially if they achieve an unlikely giant-killing victory. Winners receive the FA Cup trophy, of which there have two designs and five actual cups, the latest is a 2014 replica of the second design. Winners also qualify for European football and a place in the FA Community Shield match, in 1863, the newly founded Football Association published the Laws of the Game of Association Football, unifying the various different rules in use before then. On 20 July 1871, in the offices of The Sportsman newspaper, the inaugural FA Cup tournament kicked off in November 1871. After thirteen games in all, Wanderers were crowned the winners in the final, Wanderers retained the trophy the following year. The modern cup was beginning to be established by the 1888–89 season, following the 1914–15 edition, the competition was suspended due to the First World War, and did not resume until 1919–20. The 1922–23 competition saw the first final to be played in the newly opened Wembley Stadium, due to the outbreak of World War II, the competition was not played between the 1938–39 and 1945–46 editions. Having previously featured replays, the modern day practice of ensuring the semi-final and final matches finish on the day, was introduced from 2000 onwards. Redevelopment of Wembley saw the final played outside of England for the first time, the final returned to Wembley in 2007, followed by the semi-finals from 2008. The competition is open to any club down to Level 10 of the English football league system which meets the eligibility criteria, all clubs in the top four levels are automatically eligible. Clubs in the six levels are also eligible provided they have played in either the FA Cup. Newly formed clubs, such as F. C. United of Manchester in 2005–06 and also 2006–07, all clubs entering the competition must also have a suitable stadium
Marlow Football Club is an English football club based in Marlow, Buckinghamshire. The club are members of the Southern Football League and play at the Alfred Davis Memorial Ground. They are the football club in England to have applied for entry into the FA Cup every season since its inception in 1871. Their current manager is former Reading Town boss Mark Bartley who took over following the relegation from the Southern Football League in 2012. He was assisted by Marcus Richardson and is now assisted by Neville Roach, the club was formed at a meeting at the Compleat Angler Hotel on 22 November 1870. Cuthbert Ottaway, the first captain of England, played for The Blues at the beginning of its history, in 1871–72 the club competed in the first-ever FA Cup, losing 2–0 to Maidenhead. In 1881–82 they reached the semi-finals, losing 5–0 to Old Etonians, instead, they joined the Spartan League in 1908, but resigned midway through their third season in the league. In 1919 the club left its Crown Meadow ground to move to Star Meadow, resulting in them leaving the Great Western Suburban League, in 1928 they moved to a new ground, which was named after their long-serving secretary, Alfred Davis. They rejoined the Spartan League in 1928, winning Division Two West in 1929–30, in 1965 they joined Division Two of the Athenian League, and were promoted to Division One after finishing third in 1970–71. When the league disbanded in 1984 they joined Division Two North of the Isthmian League and they were transferred to Division Two South the following season, and in 1986–87 they finished second and were promoted to Division One. The following season they won Division One and were promoted to the Premier Division, in 1991–92 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time since 1892, but lost 6–0 to West Bromwich Albion. The following season Marlow reached the round of the FA Cup. They were drawn at home to Tottenham, but the match was switched to White Hart Lane, Two seasons later they reached the third round again, defeating Oxford United in the first round, before losing 2–0 at Swindon Town in the third. They remained in the Premier Division until being relegated at the end of the 1994–95 season, Two seasons later they were relegated again. In 2004 they were transferred to Division One West of the Southern League, the 2011–12 season saw the club finish bottom of Division One Central of the Southern League and the club was relegated to the Premier Division of the Hellenic Football League. The club managed to promotion a season later back to the Southern League, under manager Mark Bartley. After two seasons in the Southern League Division One Central, Marlow were shuffled over to the Southern League Division One South & West ahead of the 2015–16 season. Marlow play their games at the Alfred Davis Memorial Ground, Oak Tree Road, Marlow, Buckinghamshire
Clapham Rovers F.C.
Clapham Rovers was from its foundation in 1869 a leading English sports organisation in the two dominant codes of football, association football and rugby union. It was a prominent club in the late 19th century but is now defunct, the club played variously on Clapham Common, Tooting Bec Common and Wandsworth Common and wore a cerise and French-grey kit. The club was formed on 10 August 1869 by a meeting arranged by W. E. Rawlinson, at this very first meeting it was agreed to play under both codes, with Association rules to be played one week, and Rugby the other. This peculiar feature in the constitution of the club obtained for the club the sobriquet of the Hybrid Club, the first match was played on 25 September 1869, against the Wanderers, at that time arguably the strongest Association club. Despite the prowess of their opponents The Rovers won by one goal to nil, at the close of the 1870 season only two matches had been lost, one under each rules, and in both instances the return match was won. Clapham Rovers were one of the fifteen teams to play in the very first edition of the FA Cup, the first ever FA Cup goal was scored by Clapham Rovers Jarvis Kenrick, in a 3–0 victory over Upton Park on 11 November 1871. Rovers greatest achievement was winning the FA Cup in 1879–80 with a 1–0 win over Oxford University at The Kennington Oval, the previous year, Clapham Rovers had also reached the final, but lost 1–0 to Old Etonians. Clapham Rovers were also one of ten members of the Surrey County Football Association. The clubs strength in rugby was borne out by their record, from 1870 to 1881 the club played 151 Rugby games, winning 80, losing 30, and drawing 41. During the 1870s they fielded a team that had four internationals, R. H. Birkett was captain, his brother, L. Birkett, and the Bryden brothers. Additionally Crampton, and Walker were well regarded forwards and Clapham was known to have the strongest combination of the time behind the scrummage. On 26 January 1871,32 members representing twenty-one London and suburban football clubs that followed Rugby School rules assembled at the Pall Mall Restaurant in Regent Street, E. C. Holmes, captain of the Richmond Club assumed the presidency. It was resolved unanimously that the formation of a Rugby Football Society was desirable and thus the Rugby Football Union was formed. A president, a secretary and treasurer, and a committee of thirteen were elected, R. H. Birkett represented The Rovers and was one of the thirteen original committee members. The first international match was played between Scotland and England in 1871 and The Rovers provided R. H. Birkett. In this match he scored Englands first ever try, when the club played one of the strongest and most well established clubs, Richmond, for the first time on 21 October 1871, they won the match by 1 goal and 2 tries. The date of the dissolution is unclear, although the last time they competed in the FA Cup was in the 1885–86 season. Their most successful player, Norman Bailey, was described as a Clapham Rovers player when he made the last of his 19 England appearances on 19 March 1887
Maidenhead United F.C.
Maidenhead United Football Club is a semi-professional English football club in Maidenhead, Berkshire. They currently play in the National League South, the tier of English football. The club was founded in 1870 and moved to their current ground at York Road the following year, the Football Association have acknowledged that it is the oldest senior football ground continuously used by the same club. On 16 February 1871 the club played their first game on the York Road site against Marlow, the club were one of the original 15 entrants for the first-ever FA Cup competition in 1871–72. The following season reached the last four before losing to Oxford University. Maidenhead reached the quarter-finals in the two seasons, but in 1876 withdrew, returning the following season. They also entered the first-ever Berks & Bucks Cup competition in 1878, in 1904 Maidenhead joined the Great Western Suburban League. Maidenhead Norfolkians, meanwhile, were founded in 1884 and were members of the South Bucks & East Berks League before also joining the West Berks League. In 1904 they joined Maidenhead FC in the Great Western Suburban League, Norfolkians played at Kidwells Park which can still be seen to this day, but as a public park – it once staged a Berks & Bucks Cup Final. After the Great War the two clubs amalgamated as Maidenhead Town and adopted the black and white stripes. They had immediate success winning the Great Western League, in 1920 the name United was adopted and two years later they entered the Spartan League. They won the three times in their nineteen-year stay. In 1936 Maidenhead reached the semi-final of the FA Amateur Cup losing 4–1 to Ilford at West Ham in front of 18,000 spectators and it was that season that the ground record attendance of 7,989 was set when Southall came to York Road in the quarter-final. In the 1929–30 season the club’s goal-scoring record for a season was set when Jack Palethorpe scored 65 goals in 39 games and he went on to play for Sheffield Wednesday and scored in the Owls FA Cup win in 1935. Following the end of the Second World War the club entered the Corinthian League and they also made three appearances in the First Round Proper of the FA Cup. In 1963 United joined the Athenian League, but were unable to repeat their Corinthian success and they had a flirtation with promotion to the Premier Division in 1979 and 1980 under Geoff Anthony, and then again in 1985 under Brian Caterer and Colin Lippiatt. It took four seasons to get out of Division Two, which was achieved under the guidance of Martyn Spong in 1991. An Isthmian League record of 13 straight wins at the start of the season was the springboard to success, following the departure of Spong to Enfield, Gary Goodwin, John Clements and then John Watt took on the manager’s job with mediocre results, the club regularly finishing mid-table
Cuthbert John Ottaway, was an English footballer. He was the first captain of the England football team and led his side in the first official football match. Representing his university at five different sports – a record that remains unmatched – Ottaway was also a cricketer until his retirement shortly before his early death at the age of only 27. Cuthbert Ottaway was born in Dover, the child of James Ottaway. He was educated at Eton and at Brasenose College, Oxford, the best amateur racquet player of his time, a capital football player and a fair sprint runner. It has fallen to the lot of few cricketers to attain greater popularity. Ottaway read Classics at Brasenose, and, after going down, the precise cause of death remains a matter of speculation. Diabetes ran in the Ottaway family, and this may have increased his susceptibility to respiratory diseases and it is also possible that he had earlier contracted tuberculosis. Ottaway had one daughter, Lilian, who was born after his death and he is buried in Paddington Old Cemetery. Ottaways greatest successes came as a footballer, Ottaway played an important part in two of his three finals. In 1874 he captained Oxford and helped to pin the Engineers back in their own half for long periods with extended excursions into opposition territory. He also participated in a three-man dribble that took the ball almost the length of the pitch and resulted in the scoring of his teams second. In 1875, Ottaway represented Old Etonians in a match notable chiefly because it was played in a howling gale. The conditions considerably favoured the Eton team, which had the wind at its backs for all but 10 minutes of the 90, and all 30 minutes of extra time. Ottaway failed to recover in time for the replay, held three days later, and Etonians also lost the services of three other players who had prior commitments. Unable to obtain adequate replacements, the Old Boys arrived at the ground an hour late, although the precise nature of Ottaways ankle injury remains unknown, there is no evidence that he never played senior football again after the 1875 Cup Final. His biographer, Michael Southwick, suggests that the damage sustained to his ankle, signalled the end of his footballing career. As an international, Ottaway was selected to lead the England team travelling to Partick to meet Scotland on 30 November 1872 in what is now recognised as the first international match to be played, the game ended in a 0–0 draw
He also played first class cricket for Kent and was an accomplished athlete. Renny-Tailyour was born at Mussoorie, North-Western Provinces, India, while his Scottish father was serving in the army there. He grew up on the estate at Newmanswalls, Montrose, Angus. A lieutenant at the time of his achievements in the 1870s and 1880s. After retiring from service, he became managing director of the Guinness company. A forward, he played in the first FA Cup Final in 1872, the Royal Engineers lost 1-0 that day to the Wanderers, but returned in 1874 to face Oxford University, a match which they lost 2-0. The Engineers finally won the cup in 1875 - 2-0, after a 1-1 draw and this was his last cup final appearance. Renny-Tailyour was selected to represent Scotland on two occasions, first he appeared against England at The Oval in London on 17 November 1871. This match, however, is not regarded as an official international, Renny-Tailyour was selected again in 1873, when England hosted an official international between the two countries for the first time. His residence again proved to be a factor, as the fledgling Scottish Football Association was only able to fund eight players to travel to London and it was therefore necessary to supplement the team with three others based in the south. Renny-Tailyours goal in Scotlands 4-2 defeat at The Oval gave him the honour of scoring Scotlands first international goal and his family connections with Montrose led to him being appointed as the local football clubs Honorary President, 1887-88. FA Cup 1875 A middle order batsman and occasional bowler, Renny-Tailyours cricketing career was restricted by his army service. He played mostly minor cricket, for the Royal Engineers, I Zingari, Strathmore and Aberdeenshire, Renny-Tailyour also played for the Royal Engineers on the rugby field, and represented Scotland in one of that sports earliest internationals, against England at The Oval in 1872. List of Scottish cricket and rugby union players Brief profile from CricketArchive Versatile internationals, drop goal specialists and FA Cup Final connections
Colonel William Merriman CIE was a British officer in the Royal Engineers who played as a goalkeeper in three FA Cup Finals, winning the cup in 1875. His father, grandfather John and uncle James Nathaniel were all physicians to HM Queen Victoria, Merriman was educated at Kensington School, before attending Addiscombe Military Seminary in 1856. He served as an adjutant at Poona in India from 1858 to 1866, Merriman was promoted to Captain on 31 December 1868 and to Major on 13 March 1874. Between 1875 and 1881, he was District Officer at Colchester, on 1 July 1885, he was promoted to Colonel, becoming chief engineer on the staff of Sir George Greaves, the Commander in Chief at Bombay, in 1892, before retiring the following year. On 1 January 1890, Merriman was created a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in the New Year Honours list, for services involving the coast defences in India and Aden. Merriman was a keen sportsman and participated in athletics, rowing, golf, hunting and shooting as well as cricket. He represented the Royal Engineers at cricket, playing regularly between 1869 and 1879, in India, Merriman was vice-commodore of the Royal Bombay Yacht Club and a steward at the Bombay Turf Club. Merriman represented the Addiscombe Military Seminary at football in 1856, before his service in India, during his period of service in England between 1867 and 1881, he was a regular member of the Royal Engineers football team, generally playing in goal. The Royal Engineers Journal described Merriman as an uncommonly good goal-keeper, in November 1871, the Royal Engineers were among fifteen teams who entered the inaugural FA Cup competition, and were allocated a home match in the first round against Reigate Priory. Reigate Priory, however, withdrew from the competition, sending the Engineers through to the round on a walkover. In the second round, the Engineers beat Hitchin 5–0 on 10 January 1872, at the quarter-final stage, the Engineers beat Hampstead Heathens 3–0, setting up a semi-final against Crystal Palace which was won 3–0 after a replay. The first FA Cup Final was played at Kennington Oval on 16 March 1872 between the Royal Engineers and Wanderers, the top club of the day. Wanderers took the fifteen minutes into the game when Morton Betts opened the scoring from an acute angle after Robert Vidals long dribble. After twenty minutes Alcock put the ball past Merriman in the Engineers goal, Wanderers continued to exert further pressure on the Engineers goal and only Merrimans skill was able to prevent them from increasing their lead. Despite a late rally from the Engineers, Wanderers were able to hold on to their lead, Merrimans performance in goal was described by The Field as perfect. The Sportsman reported that more than one would doubtless have been successful, in the final, played at Kennington Oval on 14 March 1874, the Engineers faced Oxford University. The university won the match 2–0 with early goals from Charles Mackarness, for the first goal, Merriman was unsighted when the ball was put past him from a melee after a corner. In the final, played on 13 March 1875 at The Oval, the match was played in a strong gale and the Engineers spent most of the match against the gale, with the rules requiring ends to be changed after each goal
Lubbock was born in London, the tenth of eleven children of Sir John Lubbock, the former head of the Lubbock & Co Bank, and Harriet Hotham. He was educated at Eton College where he became a member of the football XI between 1864 and 1866, and captain in his final year and he was also part of the mixed Wall team between 1863 and 1865. In 1868, he went up to the University of London where he studied law, graduating with a second-class honours Bachelor of Laws degree in 1874 and obtaining the Cliffords Inn prize for Law. Lubbock was a member of the Eton College cricket XI from 1864 to 1866, after leaving college, he played for teams including Marylebone Cricket Club, I Zingari. He was described as a batsman with an awkward style. In August 1871, he played one match for Kent against the Gentlemen of Marylebone Cricket Club, in this match his wicket was taken twice by W. G. Grace. In 1872, he was a member of R. A, fitzgeralds XI who visited North America playing nine matches in little over a month. Several of his brothers played cricket, including Alfred who played for Kent between 1863 and 1875 and Nevile who made six first-class appearances for Kent. Lubbock was a member of the Eton College football XI, becoming captain in 1866, whilst at college, he joined the Wanderers, making his debut on 22 December 1866 against Harrow Chequers. His appearances for Wanderers were infrequent over the few years until 1869–70 when he played more regularly, normally in a half-back role. In March 1870, Lubbock was invited by the Wanderers captain and this was the first of five pseudo-internationals which took place before the first officially recognised international in November 1872. The match report in The Sporting Gazette of Saturday 12 March 1870 said For England. Messrs E. Freeth and E. Lubbock were also effective as backs, while the Glasgow Herald said among the English, A. Baker, E. Lubbock. Lubbock was one of four players to appear in all five matches, on 16 December 1871, he played for Wanderers in their opening match in the first season of the FA Cup. The match against Clapham Rovers was played on Clapham Common with Wanderers victorious by a 3–1 margin, in which Thomas Pelham, the son of the Earl of Chichester scored the opening goal. Despite only drawing against Crystal Palace and Queens Park in the two rounds, Wanderers reached the final of the tournament, where they met a team from the Royal Engineers. The final was played at the Kennington Oval on 16 March 1872 for which Lubbock was selected as one of only two defenders, with Wanderers playing with eight forwards, despite being an all-out attacking affair the match was decided by a single goal, scored by Morton Betts. The Wanderers thereby claimed the inaugural FA Cup and went on to win it five times in the first seven years and their victory in 1872 was attributed to the superior play of their backs
William Slaney Kenyon-Slaney PC, was an India-born English sportsman, soldier and politician. Kenyon-Slaney was born in Rajkot in Gujarat in British India, the son of Captain William Kenyon of the 2nd Bombay Cavalry and Frances Catherine Slaney, daughter of Robert A. Slaney of Shropshire. Upon the death of Robert Slaney in 1862 the Kenyon family inherited the Slaney family estate of Hatton Grange near Shifnal in Shropshire, Kenyon-Slaney was educated at Eton and briefly at Christ Church, Oxford. In November 1867, he left Oxford and received a commission into the 3rd battalion of the Grenadier Guards, Kenyon-Slaney was a noted sportsman and played first-class cricket for the MCC. Kenyon-Slaney became the first player to score in a football match as the first international between the two nations in November the previous year had been a goalless draw. In 1882 under the command of Sir Garnet Wolseley he took part in the Battle of Tel el-Kebir during the Urabi Revolt and was decorated for his efforts, in 1887 he was promoted to Colonel and placed on half pay. He fully retired from the military in 1892, in 1886 Kenyon-Slaney was elected to Parliament to represent the Newport division of Shropshire for the Conservative Party which he represented until his death in 1908. He was buried at St Andrews Parish Churchyard, Ryton, Shropshire. cricinfo. com England Match No.2 - Scotland -8 March 1873 - Match Summary and Report at www. englandfootballonline. com Colonel the Rt. Hon. William Stanley Kenyon-Slaney - Profile at englandstats. com England 4 -2 Scotland, Match No.2 - Saturday, 8th March 1873,3, 00pm at englandstats. com
Arthur Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird
Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird KT was a principal of The Football Association and a leading footballer. Kinnairds father, Arthur Kinnaird, 10th Lord Kinnaird, was a banker, Kinnaird born in London and was educated at Cheam School, Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1869. He worked in the bank, becoming a director of Ransom. This bank later merged with others in 1896 to become Barclays Bank of which he was a board director until his death. As a player, Kinnaird had a remarkable record, having played in the second FA Cup final in 1873, he took part in a further eight – an unmatched total of nine finals in all. He was on the side three times with Wanderers and twice with the Old Etonians and celebrated his fifth Cup Final victory by standing on his head in front of the pavilion. In the course of his career as a Cup Final player, Kinnaird played in every position, in fact the confusion appears to have been caused by the haphazard match reporting typical of the earliest days of the Association game. He first played football while at Cheam School and was captain of the team in 1859, aged 12. He continued to play football at Eton College, winning the House Cup in 1861 with Joyness House and he first played association football early in 1866. He was renowned as perhaps the toughest tackler of his day, a friend is said to have responded, You must not worry, madam. If he does, it not be his own. Posterity has awarded Arthur Kinnaird the reputation of being fond of hacking, i. e. deliberately kicking his opponents. This at length caused a protest from the captain of the Harrovians, alcock and Morton Peto Betts were sufficiently disabled to be unable to play for England in the first official international, two weeks later. Sportswriters and fellow internationals queued to pay tribute to Kinnairds skill as a footballer both during and after his career, of course, he had the voice and manner of an educated man of distinction. He was a leader, and above all things, a type of Christian. As a player, in any position, was an examplar of manly robust football and he popularised the game by his activity as a footballer among every class. He was at much at home with the boys of the Polytechnic, London, nevertheless, he was fair, above board, and was prepared to receive all the knocks that came his way without a trace of resentment. As an administrator, Kinnaird was an FA committeeman at the age of 21 and he became treasurer 9 years later and president 13 years after that, replacing Major Francis Marindin in 1890
Sir James Stronge, 5th Baronet
Sir James Henry Stronge, 5th Baronet was an Irish barrister, footballer and politician. Stronge was educated at Eton College and Brasenose College, Oxford and he was pursuing a legal career when he inherited Tynan Abbey and succeeded his father, Sir John Stronge, 4th Baronet. He graduated from Lincolns Inn in 1874, Stronge was appointed High Sheriff of Tyrone in 1880 and High Sheriff of Armagh in 1885. He played for Old Etonians in the 1875 and 1876 FA Cup Finals and he also held the position of Imperial Grand Master of the Orange Institution and was a Major in the 4th Battalion of Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Zoe Edith Stronge, she died unmarried and became a Dame, daphne Helen Stronge, artist, married General Sir Walter William Pitt-Taylor Rose Ethel Stronge Jessy Stronge MBE Joy Winifred Stronge Burkes Peerage and Baronetage