Old Etonians F.C.
The Old Etonian Association Football Club is an English football club whose players are alumni of Eton College, in Eton, Berkshire. Founded by Lord Kinnaird, they were the last amateur or true blue club to win the FA Cup on 25 March 1882 when they beat Blackburn Rovers 1–0 at The Oval and they lost 2–1 after extra time to another Blackburn club, Blackburn Olympic, the following year. In all, they reached the six times in nine years between 1875 and 1883, winning twice. They also supplied a number of players for the England team, in modern times, Old Etonians are members of the Amateur Football Alliance and field three teams in the Arthurian League. The 1st XI have won the leagues Premier Division title on two occasions, whitfeld scored in a 2–1 victory. Official website Old Etonians at the Football Club History Database
Clapham Rovers F.C.
Clapham Rovers was from its foundation in 1869 a leading English sports organisation in the two dominant codes of football, association football and rugby union. It was a prominent club in the late 19th century but is now defunct, the club played variously on Clapham Common, Tooting Bec Common and Wandsworth Common and wore a cerise and French-grey kit. The club was formed on 10 August 1869 by a meeting arranged by W. E. Rawlinson, at this very first meeting it was agreed to play under both codes, with Association rules to be played one week, and Rugby the other. This peculiar feature in the constitution of the club obtained for the club the sobriquet of the Hybrid Club, the first match was played on 25 September 1869, against the Wanderers, at that time arguably the strongest Association club. Despite the prowess of their opponents The Rovers won by one goal to nil, at the close of the 1870 season only two matches had been lost, one under each rules, and in both instances the return match was won. Clapham Rovers were one of the fifteen teams to play in the very first edition of the FA Cup, the first ever FA Cup goal was scored by Clapham Rovers Jarvis Kenrick, in a 3–0 victory over Upton Park on 11 November 1871. Rovers greatest achievement was winning the FA Cup in 1879–80 with a 1–0 win over Oxford University at The Kennington Oval, the previous year, Clapham Rovers had also reached the final, but lost 1–0 to Old Etonians. Clapham Rovers were also one of ten members of the Surrey County Football Association. The clubs strength in rugby was borne out by their record, from 1870 to 1881 the club played 151 Rugby games, winning 80, losing 30, and drawing 41. During the 1870s they fielded a team that had four internationals, R. H. Birkett was captain, his brother, L. Birkett, and the Bryden brothers. Additionally Crampton, and Walker were well regarded forwards and Clapham was known to have the strongest combination of the time behind the scrummage. On 26 January 1871,32 members representing twenty-one London and suburban football clubs that followed Rugby School rules assembled at the Pall Mall Restaurant in Regent Street, E. C. Holmes, captain of the Richmond Club assumed the presidency. It was resolved unanimously that the formation of a Rugby Football Society was desirable and thus the Rugby Football Union was formed. A president, a secretary and treasurer, and a committee of thirteen were elected, R. H. Birkett represented The Rovers and was one of the thirteen original committee members. The first international match was played between Scotland and England in 1871 and The Rovers provided R. H. Birkett. In this match he scored Englands first ever try, when the club played one of the strongest and most well established clubs, Richmond, for the first time on 21 October 1871, they won the match by 1 goal and 2 tries. The date of the dissolution is unclear, although the last time they competed in the FA Cup was in the 1885–86 season. Their most successful player, Norman Bailey, was described as a Clapham Rovers player when he made the last of his 19 England appearances on 19 March 1887
The Oval, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London. The Oval has been the ground of Surrey County Cricket Club since it was opened in 1845. It was the first ground in England to host international Test cricket in September 1880, the final Test match of the English season is traditionally played there. In addition to cricket, The Oval has hosted a number of historically significant sporting events. In 1870, it staged Englands first international match, versus Scotland. It hosted the first FA Cup final in 1872, as well as those between 1874 and 1892, in 1876, it held both the England v Wales and England v Scotland rugby international matches, and in 1877, rugbys first Varsity match. The Oval is built on part of the former Kennington Common, Cricket matches were played on the common throughout the early 18th century. The earliest recorded match was the London v Dartford match on 18 June 1724. However, as the common was used regularly for public executions of those convicted at the Surrey Assizes. Kennington Common was eventually enclosed in the mid 19th century under a scheme sponsored by the Royal Family, in 1844, the site of the Kennington Oval was a market garden owned by the Duchy of Cornwall. Hence, Surrey County Cricket Club was established in 1845, the popularity of the ground was immediate and the strength of the SCCC grew. On 3 May 1875 the club acquired the remainder of the leasehold for a term of 31 years from the Otter Trustees for the sum of £2,800. In 1868,20,000 spectators gathered at The Oval for the first game of the 1868 Aboriginal cricket tour of England, the first tour of England by any foreign side. Thanks to C. W. Alcock, the Secretary of Surrey from 1872 to 1907, the Oval, thereby, became the second ground to stage a Test, after Melbourne Cricket Ground. In 1882, Australia won the Test by seven runs within two days, the Sporting Times printed a mocking obituary notice for English cricket, which led to the creation of the Ashes trophy, which is still contested whenever England plays Australia. The first Test double century was scored at The Oval in 1884 by Australias Billy Murdoch, surreys ground is noted as having the first artificial lighting at a sports arena, in the form of gas-lamps, dating to 1889. The current pavilion was completed in time for the 1898 season, in 1907, South Africa became the 2nd visiting Test team to play a Test match at the ground. In 1928, the West Indies played its first Test match at The Oval, in 1936, India became the fifth foreign visiting Test side to play at The Oval, followed by Pakistan in 1954 and Sri Lanka in 1998
1878 FA Cup Final
The 1878 FA Cup Final was a football match between Wanderers and Royal Engineers on 23 March 1878 at Kennington Oval in London. It was the final of the worlds oldest football competition. Wanderers had won the Cup in the two seasons and on four previous occasions in total, including the first FA Cup Final, in 1872. The Engineers had also won the Cup, having defeated Old Etonians in the 1875 final, Wanderers, who were considered firm favourites to win the Cup for the third consecutive season, took the lead after only five minutes through Jarvis Kenrick, but the Engineers quickly equalised. The cup-holders regained their lead before half-time and added a goal after the interval to secure a 3–1 victory. Wanderers were the cup holders and had also won the tournament in 1872,1873 and 1876. In the first of these victories they had defeated the Royal Engineers, the Engineers had won the competition in 1875. Both teams entered the competition at the first round stage and their opponents in the third round, Barnes, proved stronger opposition, particularly as key players such as Hon. Arthur Kinnaird were unavailable for the cup-holders. The match ended in a 1–1 draw necessitating a replay, which Wanderers won 4–1, in the quarter-finals Wanderers defeated Sheffield 3–0 and then, with an uneven number of teams remaining in the competition, the team received a bye into the final. The Engineers scheduled first round opponents were Highbury Union, but they withdrew from the competition, the Sappers, as the Royal Engineers regiment is traditionally nicknamed, went on to defeat Pilgrims 6–0 and Druids 8–0, with hat-tricks in both matches from Lieut. Robert Hedley, to reach the quarter-finals where their opponents were 1874 cup-winners Oxford University, the initial match finished in a 3–3 draw, and the replay also finished without a victor, ending 2–2. Finally, the Engineers emerged victorious in a replay, winning 4–2. This set up a match against Old Harrovians, the team for former pupils of Harrow School. The match was played at Kennington Oval and the Engineers reached the final by defeating the Harrovians 2–1, Wanderers, who were considered the firm favourites by the book-makers, won the coin toss and chose to defend the Harleyford Road end of The Oval. The match drew an estimated at 4,500 spectators. Both teams played with two full-backs, two half-backs and six forwards, the captains were the Hon. Arthur Kinnaird and Lieut. The cup-holders immediately dominated the game and Kinnaird quickly had a shot on goal. After only five minutes Henry Wace crossed the ball from a wide position, lovick Friend to give the Wanderers the lead
1880 FA Cup Final
The 1880 FA Cup Final was contested by Clapham Rovers and Oxford University at the Kennington Oval. Clapham Rovers won 1–0, the goal being scored by Clopton Lloyd-Jones. The ball hit the Oxford crossbar with a shot from Edward Ram, in the second half, six minutes before the close of time, the deadlock was broken when Francis Sparks conducted the ball to within about six yards of the University goal. Although Oxfords Charles King attempted to stop the ball with a weak mis-kick, Lloyd-Jones and this feat quite brought down the house. According to The Field magazines report, there was vociferous cheering, throwing up of hats, at the games end, Lloyd-Jones, and his team captain Robert Ogilvie, were specially cheered by the crowd. At 21 years and 150 days Lloyd-Jones was the baby of his team, at the start of the match, a strong and cold north-easterly wind blew into the faces of the Oxford team and the wind neutralised many of their kicks but it eased considerably after half-time. The anecdotes are purely comedy fiction, wilde was known for a disdain of manly sports
London Borough of Lambeth
Lambeth is a London borough in south London, England, which forms part of Inner London. Its name was recorded in 1062 as Lambehitha and in 1255 as Lambeth, Lambeth was part of the large, ancient parish of Lambeth St Mary, the site of the archepiscopal Lambeth Palace, in the hundred of Brixton in the county of Surrey. It was an elongated north-south parish with 2 miles of River Thames frontage opposite the cities of London, Lambeth became part of the Metropolitan Police District in 1829. It remained a parish for Poor Law purposes after the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, until 1889, Surrey included the present-day London borough of Lambeth. Young was commissioned to make recommendations to the government on the shape of the future London boroughs. However, Wandsworths suggestion to merge Lambeth with the Metropolitan Borough of Battersea was rejected by both councils involved, in 1979, the administration of Edward Knight organised the boroughs first public demonstration against the Thatcher government. In 1985 Knights Labour administration was subjected to rate-capping, with its budget restricted by the government, Knight and most of the Labour councillors protested by refusing to propose budgets. As a result of the protest,32 councillors were ordered to repay interest lost by the due to budgeting delays and were disqualified from office. In 1991, Joan Twelves administration failed to collect the poll tax, the following year, Twelves and 12 other councillors were suspended from the local Labour Party by regional officials for advocating non-payment of the poll tax and other radical ideas. Twelves equally-militant deputy leader at this time was John Harrison, from 1978 to 2002 the council comprised 64 members, elected from 20 three-member and two two-member wards. Before this, the council had 60 members elected from 20 three-member wards, just before the 2010 election, its political balance was 37 Labour members,18 Liberal Democrats, seven Conservatives and one Green, giving Labour an eleven-member majority. In the 2010 Lambeth Council election, Labour gained seats and the Liberal Democrats, Conservatives, in 2014 the Liberal Democrats lost their seats, Conservatives were reduced to three and the Greens to one. Labour, gaining seats from the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, had 59 seats, in the 2016 European Union referendum, Lambeth at 78. 62% had the highest share of Remain vote in the United Kingdom, second to Gibraltars 95. 9%. Lambeth is a long, thin borough, about 3 miles wide and 7 miles long, Brixton is its civic centre, and there are other town centres. The largest shopping areas are Streatham, Brixton, Vauxhall, Clapham, in the northern part of the borough are the central London districts of the South Bank, Vauxhall and Lambeth, in the south are the suburbs of Gipsy Hill, Streatham, West Dulwich and West Norwood. Vauxhall and South Lambeth are central districts in the process of redevelopment with high-density business, Streatham is between suburban London and inner-city Brixton, with the suburban and developed areas of Streatham, Streatham Hill and Streatham Vale. Despite the boroughs population density, Lambeth has open spaces, along and around the South Bank, a tourist area has developed around the former Greater London Council headquarters of County Hall and the Southbank Centre and National Theatre. Also on the river is the London Eye and Shell Centre, nearby is St Thomas Hospital, Lambeth Palace and the Florence Nightingale Museum
South London is the southern part of London, England. The River Thames divides Greater London into two parts, the southern part includes the historic central areas of Southwark, Lambeth and Bankside and also maritime Greenwich. The area has only a section of the London Underground network. This area is made up of the London boroughs of Bexley, Bromley, Croydon, Greenwich, Kingston, Lambeth, Lewisham, Merton, Richmond, Southwark, Sutton and this definition is used by the Boundary Commission for England. For the purposes of the London Plan, there was a South London sub-region in operation from 2004 to 2008 consisting of Bromley, Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Richmond, in 2001 this area had a population of 1,329,000. This definition is used by such as Connexions. In 2011 a new South London region was created consisting of Bromley, Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Sutton, Richmond now lies within the West London region, and Lambeth and Southwark are part of the Central London region. Three Met Office weather stations collect climate data south of the river, Kew, Hampton and Kenley Airfield. Long term climate observations dating back to 1763 are available for Greenwich, often snow can be seen to lie on the North Downs near Croydon when central London is snow free. The record high temperature at Greenwich is 37.5 °C recorded during August 2003, the highest temperature recorded across South London was 38.1 °C on the same occasion at Kew Gardens. Although the Met Office accepts a higher reading from Brogdale in Kent, many have questioned the accuracy of this, North London v South London - The debate. North London v South London - The debate
Arthur Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird
Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird KT was a principal of The Football Association and a leading footballer. Kinnairds father, Arthur Kinnaird, 10th Lord Kinnaird, was a banker, Kinnaird born in London and was educated at Cheam School, Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1869. He worked in the bank, becoming a director of Ransom. This bank later merged with others in 1896 to become Barclays Bank of which he was a board director until his death. As a player, Kinnaird had a remarkable record, having played in the second FA Cup final in 1873, he took part in a further eight – an unmatched total of nine finals in all. He was on the side three times with Wanderers and twice with the Old Etonians and celebrated his fifth Cup Final victory by standing on his head in front of the pavilion. In the course of his career as a Cup Final player, Kinnaird played in every position, in fact the confusion appears to have been caused by the haphazard match reporting typical of the earliest days of the Association game. He first played football while at Cheam School and was captain of the team in 1859, aged 12. He continued to play football at Eton College, winning the House Cup in 1861 with Joyness House and he first played association football early in 1866. He was renowned as perhaps the toughest tackler of his day, a friend is said to have responded, You must not worry, madam. If he does, it not be his own. Posterity has awarded Arthur Kinnaird the reputation of being fond of hacking, i. e. deliberately kicking his opponents. This at length caused a protest from the captain of the Harrovians, alcock and Morton Peto Betts were sufficiently disabled to be unable to play for England in the first official international, two weeks later. Sportswriters and fellow internationals queued to pay tribute to Kinnairds skill as a footballer both during and after his career, of course, he had the voice and manner of an educated man of distinction. He was a leader, and above all things, a type of Christian. As a player, in any position, was an examplar of manly robust football and he popularised the game by his activity as a footballer among every class. He was at much at home with the boys of the Polytechnic, London, nevertheless, he was fair, above board, and was prepared to receive all the knocks that came his way without a trace of resentment. As an administrator, Kinnaird was an FA committeeman at the age of 21 and he became treasurer 9 years later and president 13 years after that, replacing Major Francis Marindin in 1890
Lubbock was born in London, the tenth of eleven children of Sir John Lubbock, the former head of the Lubbock & Co Bank, and Harriet Hotham. He was educated at Eton College where he became a member of the football XI between 1864 and 1866, and captain in his final year and he was also part of the mixed Wall team between 1863 and 1865. In 1868, he went up to the University of London where he studied law, graduating with a second-class honours Bachelor of Laws degree in 1874 and obtaining the Cliffords Inn prize for Law. Lubbock was a member of the Eton College cricket XI from 1864 to 1866, after leaving college, he played for teams including Marylebone Cricket Club, I Zingari. He was described as a batsman with an awkward style. In August 1871, he played one match for Kent against the Gentlemen of Marylebone Cricket Club, in this match his wicket was taken twice by W. G. Grace. In 1872, he was a member of R. A, fitzgeralds XI who visited North America playing nine matches in little over a month. Several of his brothers played cricket, including Alfred who played for Kent between 1863 and 1875 and Nevile who made six first-class appearances for Kent. Lubbock was a member of the Eton College football XI, becoming captain in 1866, whilst at college, he joined the Wanderers, making his debut on 22 December 1866 against Harrow Chequers. His appearances for Wanderers were infrequent over the few years until 1869–70 when he played more regularly, normally in a half-back role. In March 1870, Lubbock was invited by the Wanderers captain and this was the first of five pseudo-internationals which took place before the first officially recognised international in November 1872. The match report in The Sporting Gazette of Saturday 12 March 1870 said For England. Messrs E. Freeth and E. Lubbock were also effective as backs, while the Glasgow Herald said among the English, A. Baker, E. Lubbock. Lubbock was one of four players to appear in all five matches, on 16 December 1871, he played for Wanderers in their opening match in the first season of the FA Cup. The match against Clapham Rovers was played on Clapham Common with Wanderers victorious by a 3–1 margin, in which Thomas Pelham, the son of the Earl of Chichester scored the opening goal. Despite only drawing against Crystal Palace and Queens Park in the two rounds, Wanderers reached the final of the tournament, where they met a team from the Royal Engineers. The final was played at the Kennington Oval on 16 March 1872 for which Lubbock was selected as one of only two defenders, with Wanderers playing with eight forwards, despite being an all-out attacking affair the match was decided by a single goal, scored by Morton Betts. The Wanderers thereby claimed the inaugural FA Cup and went on to win it five times in the first seven years and their victory in 1872 was attributed to the superior play of their backs
Reginald Halsey Birkett was an English football player who played for Clapham Rovers, as well as the English national side. He also played rugby union for England in 1871, in the first international rugby match. In this match he scored Englands first try, Reginald Halsey Birkett was born in London on 28 March 1849. He was baptised on 31 May 1849 in St Botolph Bishopsgate in the City of London and his parents were John Birkett a surgeon, and Lucy Matilda Janson. Reginald got his name, Halsey, from his maternal grandfather Halsey Janson. He had a number of brothers and sisters including Percival, Evelyn, Arthus and he was educated at William Jacobs school in Calne and Lancing College, for whom he later played club football. His brother was another international, Louis Birkett. Birkett was an important figure in the formation of the Rugby Football Union as well, Birkett was selected for the first international rugby match for England vs Scotland in 1871. His brother Louis and his son John later also played for England, of his rugby ability a near contemporary account states that he was very useful both forward and behind the scrummage, and had plenty of pace. When Reg Birkett was playing football and rugby football the two codes had not long been separated and the term football could still apply to either. Whilst at school he played both codes and was a member of Lancings senior soccer team in 1866–67 and he then joined Lancing Old Boys, and then on to Clapham Rovers FC, a club that played both codes of football and had distinguished itself in both. In 1879 Birkett had a season in which he reached the FA Cup final and was selected to play for England. Despite conceding four goals, he was on the winning side, the following year Clapham Rovers once again made it to the FA Cup final. The opposition this time was Oxford University A. F. C, clopton Lloyd-Jones scored for Clapham and combined with Birketts clean sheet, Clapham prevailed 1–0. Clapham Rovers FA Cup winner,1880 FA Cup runner-up,1879 Reginald married Lizette Crunden in 1881 in Cuckfield and they had at least two sons, Gerald and John. A skin and fur broker by profession, he died at his Wimbledon home following an accident when ill with typhoid, Player profile at EnglandStats. com Player profile at the FA. com iffhs article