click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Gladys Goodall

Gladys Mary Goodall was a New Zealand photographer whose work was used for scenic postcards of the country. Her photographs are held in the collection of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the National Library of New Zealand. Goodall was born on 2 June 1908, the daughter of Florence May Bishop, she was the second eldest of their eight children and grew up on a remote 450-acre hill country farm at Puketi in south Otago. Her parents gave Goodall a Box Brownie camera to experiment with as a child. Goodall began working in nursing. In 1931 she began training as a nurse, first in Waimate and in Timaru; as a nurse she specialised in maternity and infant nursing, working at Lewisham Hospital in Christchurch and training as a Plunket Society nurse. She returned to photography in the 1940s while exploring the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand, using a Rolleiflex camera to capture the scenery, joining the Canterbury Photography Society in order to learn basic techniques. A freelance black and white photographer, she ran her own photography business in Christchurch from 1952 to 1960.

From 1960 to 1980 she had an exclusive contract with Whitcombe & Tombs publishers to provide colour photographs for their calendars and postcards. Her images for Whitcombe & Tombs, which numbered more than 2,000, included cities, notable buildings and aircraft, Māori in traditional garb and seasonal panoramic shots of every part of New Zealand. Goodall retired from photography in 1980, aged 72. Goodall's photography is considered an important visual record of New Zealand's landscape as her work covered the length and breadth of the country over a period of more than 30 years. Just under 11,000 colour transparencies and 950 postcards by Goodall are held in the photographic archive of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington. In the 1992 Queen's Birthday Honours, Goodall was awarded the Queen’s Service Medal for public services, she served as a justice of the peace from 1949 to 1999. Goodall died on 23 March 2015 at the age of 106. In 1938 Goodall married Stan Goodall, a farmer from the Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury.

They lived at Mt. Aitken Station but the farm was uneconomic and they moved to Christchurch, where her husband became a tour bus driver. Goodall, Gladys M.. Wonderland panorama: New Zealand. Whitcombe and Tombs, Christchurch, N. Z Goodall, Gladys M.. Bay of Plenty panorama: Whitianga, Whangamata, Mt Maunganui, Whakatane, Opotiki, New Zealand. Whitcombe and Tombs, Christchurch Goodall, Gladys M.. Christchurch panorama, New Zealand. Whitcoulls, Christchurch

Brotherhood of Blood

Brotherhood of Blood is a 2007 American horror film, starring Jason Connery, Victoria Pratt, Sid Haig and Ken Foree, directed by Peter Scheerer and Michael Roesch. The movie had its world premiere at the prestigious Sitges Film Festival in Sitges, Spain in October 2007. For the release in the US and Canada, Sam Raimi´s label Ghosthouse Underground has picked up the movie, it was released on home video in North America through Lionsgate on October 14, 2008. Claustrophobic thriller about a team of vampire hunters who infiltrate a nest of undead to rescue one of their own. Carrie Rieger tugs at her bonds; the young vampire huntress has to free herself. Guarded by vampires, chained in a dark cellar by the mighty vampire King Pashek, her time is running out, she knows an greater threat than the vampires is coming relentlessly closer. Everything will be decided tonight. Carrie has crossed a dangerous trail: Back from a faraway journey, a man transforms into a vampire, and he transforms further - into something that the vampires fear.

The vampire sovereigns killed Kossei many hundreds of years ago, but now he has returned. In his new body, he will destroy everything in his way. There is only one hunter who can stop him... Jason Connery as Keaton Victoria Pratt as Carrie Rieger Sid Haig as Pashek Ken Foree as Stanis William Snow as Thomas Wes Ramsey as Fork Jeremy Kissner as Derek Rachel Grant as Jill Marc Ian Sklar as Torreck Brotherhood of Blood on IMDb Official website Brotherhood of Blood at the website of the US distributor Ghost House Brotherhood of Blood at Rotten Tomatoes

Arlington Baths Club

Arlington Baths Club is a not-for-profit member-run swimming club in Glasgow, housed in a purpose-built Category A Listed Building opened on 1 August 1871. The Arlington Baths Club was the first swimming club in Glasgow; the building was part of the westward development of the city. Built in the traditional tenement idiom, albeit with some extraordinary flourishes such as the famous Charing Cross Mansions, this area attracted the well-off middle class residents who constituted the membership of the Arlington Baths Club; the Club was therefore created on the doorstep of its membership, the great majority of whom lived within easy walking distance. From this emerged the traditions of the Club; the membership appeared first thing in the morning before going to work and returned in the evening after work before going home in a regular twice daily ritual. A replica of Arlington Baths was built soon after in London, whither the drawings of the Arlington were spirited sometime towards the end of the 19th century, never to be seen again.

This building was never rebuilt. The building of the Arlington Baths coincided with the implementation of the first of the Public Health acts in 1870 and was considered by some to be the precursor to the growth of public bathing in the UK; the idea however, was anything but new, goes back to the Roman Baths – on a more modest scale naturally. The bather graduates unhurriedly through a series of rooms offering a choice of experiences from the tepid to the hot emerging into the swimming pool; the experience is both physical and social, as the user moves leisurely from one temperature to the next, so they move from one conversation to the next. The idea of a relaxed combination of physical exercise and sociability lies at the heart of what the founders of the Club set out to achieve, it remains the dominant idea behind the Club to this day; the building was designed by John Burnet, the father of the better known Sir John James Burnet, for this reason known as Burnet Senior. Burnet seems to have been a reticent man, although a fine architect, something of that combination of reticence and delicacy can be seen in his original design.

This was for the part of the building containing the swimming pool, the Senior and Junior baths and the Senior changing room and smoking room which now forms the northern part of the building. As designed by Burnet, the building was single storey and conceived as a kind of theme and variation on the idea of subdivision by twos and threes, thus the main facade onto Arlington Street was modulated by means of two pavilions, located at either end of the building with the centre marked by arched windows arranged in groups of threes. The effect is that of a restrained and modest Classicism, more rural than urban in its nature, well proportioned and pleasing in an unpretentious way. To describe the design as Palladian would be to stretch a point too far – although Palladio did draw his influence from Roman Farm buildings. Nonetheless, Italianate influence is obvious not only in the balance of the elements but in the use of a "piano nobile" by which the main spaces are built on top of a semi basement level containing smaller spaces servicing the larger accommodation above.

One entered the building at the higher level through the arched entrance in the middle of the facade, coming straight out onto the transverse axis of the pool. From this point the emphasis of the building swung through ninety degrees onto the main axis of the pool hall along which the other accommodation was laid out; the hall itself reinforces the symmetry of the building by its imposing rhythm of exposed wooden roof trusses supporting a simple pitched roof lit by strips of glazing. Burnet's intention was therefore to create a composition organised symmetrically, by halves, but relieved by a sub-division by threes; the counterpoint between the rhythm of twos played off against the rhythm of threes gives the building its richness. Well worth mentioning was the plenum system used to heat the building. Whether by accident or design, this system, in which heated air is passed through the building by convection via ducts built into the fabric, owes its origins to the Roman hypocaust, it was a system ideal for use in the saturated atmospheres of swimming pools because it encouraged ventilation.

It featured in contemporary textbooks. The original building is now protected as a category A listed building. Not long after the building was opened, in fact before Burnet had time to vacate the site, a Turkish Suite plus ancillary accommodation was added in 1875 by Charles Drake, utilising his pioneering poured concrete construction technique, allowing the membership to increase to six hundred; the Turkish Suite – which lies at the back of the plan and to the south west of the original building, is justly well known. A Glaswegian homage to the Alhambra, consisting of a large square room, heated to high temperatures by plenum with tiled walls and floor and an dome-shaped ceiling studded with small star-shaped windows glazed with coloured glass, sufficient only to light the space dimly. There is a fountain in the centre, no longer functioning. In an atmosphere of sepulchral calm the bathers recline on benches along the walls sweltering in superheated seclusion. No talking is allowed within the space.

The remainder of the Turkish Suite consists of a hot room, cool room, shampooing room and washing room. The washing room connected to the pool via a swim through. In front of the Turkish Suite, a reading room, shoe hall and entrance hall were added using more traditional building methods; the architect did a workmanlike, and

Family worship

Family worship, sometimes family prayer, is prayer, bible reading, singing of psalms and hymns conducted in private homes by Reformed Christians. During the Protestant Reformation, daily mass services were simplified in order to allow wider participation by laypeople. In the seventeenth century, it became more common in England and Scotland to emphasize daily morning and evening services in the home led by fathers to replace the morning and evening prayer services. Puritan minister Richard Baxter gave lengthy instructions in his Christian Directory for family worship; the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland added a chapter to the 1647 Westminster Directory for Worship on family prayer shortly after adoption. Matthew Henry wrote on family worship in his A Method for Prayer, as well as a collection of psalms and canticles for family use called Family Hymns. James W. Alexander, son of Princeton theologian Archibald Alexander wrote Thoughts on Family Worship in the nineteenth century; the rise of pietism saw a decline in the importance placed on the unity of the family, family devotions were by and large replaced with private devotions, which were shorter than traditional family worship.

Small group activities are sometimes considered a replacement for family worship. Reformed worship

History of industrial ecology

The establishment of industrial ecology as field of scientific research is attributed to an article devoted to industrial ecosystems, written by Frosch and Gallopoulos, which appeared in a 1989 special issue of Scientific American. Industrial ecology emerged from several earlier ideas and concepts, some of which date back to the 19th century; the term "industrial ecology" has been used alongside "industrial symbiosis" at least since the 1940s. Economic geography was one of the first fields to use these terms. For example, in an article published in 1947, George T. Renner refers to "The General Principle of Industrial Location" as a "Law of Industrial Ecology". Stated this is: Any industry tends to locate at a point which provides optimum access to its ingredients or component elements. If all these component elements be juxtaposed, the location of the industry is predetermined. If, they occur separated, the industry is so located as to be most accessible to that element which would be the most expensive or difficult to transport and which, becomes the locative factor for the industry in question.

In the same article the author defines and describes industrial symbiosis: Often the location of an industry cannot be understood in terms of its locative ingredient elements. There are relationships between industries, sometimes simple, but quite complex, which enter into and complicate the analysis. Chief among these is the phenomenon of industrial symbiosis. By this is meant the consorting together of two or more of dissimilar industries. Industrial Symbiosis, when scrutinized, is seen to be of two kinds and conjunctive, it appears that the concept of Industrial Symbiosis was not new for the field of economic geography, since the same categorization is used by Walter G. Lezius in his 1937 article "Geography of Glass Manufacture at Toledo, Ohio" published in the Journal of Economic Geography. Used in a different context, the term "Industrial Ecology" is found in a 1958 paper concerned with the relationship between the ecological impact from increasing urbanization and value orientations of related peoples.

The case study is in Lebanon: The central ecological variable in the present research is ecological mobility, or the movement of men in space. It is patent that modern Industrial Ecology requires more such adaptive mobility than does traditional folk-village organization. In 1963, we find the term Industrial Ecology being used to describe the social nature and complexity of industrial systems:...industrial organisations are social rather than mechanical systems. A firm is not only a working organisation with a working purpose, it is rather a community with its own'politics', in so far as it is involved in problems concerned with the proper distribution of power between individuals and groups of individuals and with questions of individual and group prestige, influence and standing... the understanding which the student of management is expected to gain is no less than the attainment of insight into an Industrial Ecology of great complexity. In 1967, the President of the American association for the advancement of science writes in "The experimental city" that "There are examples of industrial symbiosis where one industry feeds off, or at least neutralizes, the wastes of another..."

The same author in 1970 talks about "The Next Industrial Revolution" The concept of material and energy sharing and reuse is central to his proposal for a new industrial revolution and he cites agro-industrial symbiosis as a practical way for achieving this: The object of the next industrial revolution is to ensure that there will be no such thing as waste, on the basis that waste is some substance that we do not vet have the wit to use... The next industrial revolution is this generating of a huge new... will not produce products, it will rather reprocess the things we call wastes so they may be reproduced in the factories into the things we need... Having the city near the rural area will enable waste heat to be used to speed up the biological processes of treating the organic wastes before they go back into the land; this might end in an elegant arrangement-the power plants located close enough to the center of use, to the people who need the power, but within the economics, close enough to the agriculture lands so that the waste heat may be used there.

This is an example of agro-industrial symbiosis. In these early articles, "Industrial Ecology" is used in its literal sense - as a system of interacting industrial entities; the relation to natural ecosystems is not explicit. Industrial Symbiosis on the other hand, is clearly defined as a type of industrial organization, the term symbiosis is borrowed from the ecological sciences to describe an analogous phenomenon in industrial systems. Industrial Ecology has been a research subject of the Japan Industrial Policy Research Institute since 1971, their definition of Industrial Ecology is "research for the prospect of dynamic harmonization between human activities and nature by a systems approach based upon ecology". This programme has resulted to a number of reports. One of the earliest definitions of Industrial Ecology was proposed by Harry Zvi Evan at a seminar of the Economic Commission of Europe in Warsaw in 1973. Evan defined Industrial Ecology as a systematic analysis of industrial operations including factors like: Technology, natural resources, bio-m