187th Armed Police Mobile Division (People's Republic of China)

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187th Division (1949–53)
187th Infantry Division (1953–60)
187th Army Division (1960–85)
187th Infantry Division (1985-96)
187th Armed Police Mobile Division (1996-)
Active 1949.1 -
Country People's Republic of China
Branch People's Liberation Army, People's Volunteer Army, People's Armed Police
Type Division
Role Armed Police
Garrison/HQ Yuci, Shanxi
Engagements Chinese Civil War, Korean War, Vietnam War

The 187th Division (Chinese: 第187师) was created in January 1949 under the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on November 1, 1948,[1] basing on the 7th Brigade, 3rd Column of the Jinchaji Military Region. Its history can be traced to 2nd Detachment of Jizhong Column, formed in September 1945.

The division was part of 63rd Corps. Under the flag of 188th division it took part in several major battles in the Chinese Civil War.

In February 1951 the division entered Korea with the Corps HQ as a part of People's Volunteer Army. During its deployment in Korea it took part in the Fifth Phase Offensive and the Battle of Cheorwon, during which the division suffered heavy casualties but halted the UN offensive. During its deployment in Korea the division allegedly inflicted 9074 casualties to confronting UN forces.

In January 1953 393rd Tank Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment was formed and attached to the division.

In October 1953 the division returned from Korea and stationed at Xingtai, Hebei, becoming 188th Infantry Division(Chinese: 步兵第188师) of the National Defense Force.[2]

In 1960 the division was renamed as 187h Army Division(Chinese: 陆军第187师). By then the division was composed of:

  • 559th Infantry Regiment;
  • 560th Infantry Regiment;
  • 561st Infantry Regiment;
  • 392nd Tank Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment;
  • 567th Artillery Regiment.

In 1962 the division was designated as a "Northern" unit, Catalogue A in War-time Structure, making it a "big" division of 12457 personnel.[3] the division was shortly moved to Fujian province for an emergency alert deployment.

In December 1966, following the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution, the division moved to Beijing and stationed in Xicheng district for security mission. The division HQ and its 560th Regiment moved into Zhongnanhai. In December the division returned to its barracks.

From January 27, 1868 to March 9, 1969, Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion of 187th Army Division, reinforced by Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battery of 1st Tank Regiment, 1st Tank Division and attaching to 9th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Division of the Air Force, entered North Vietnam for anti-aircraft missions in Lang Son area.[4]

On September 6, 1968, 392nd Tank Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment was detached from the division and transferred to newly formed 6th Tank Division and became 22nd Tank Regiment in December 1969.

On August 24, 1969, soon after the Tielieketi incident, the division moved to Jining, Inner Mongolia for emergency alert deployment. On November 26 the division was relieved from its mission and handed its position to 69th Army Corps.[5]

The division was not affected during the December 1969 army re-designation, except for its 567th Artillery Regiment was renamed as Artillery Regiment, 187th Army Division.[6]

From January 14, 1976 to November 1982, the division maintained as a northern unit, catalogue B.[7]

From November 1982 to 1985, the division maintained as a catalogue B division.

In 1985 the division was renamed as 187th Infantry Division(Chinese: 步兵第187师). From 1985 to 1996 the division maintained as a northern infantry division, catalogue B. From 1985 to 1989 most its regiments were organized as training formations:

  • 559th Infantry Regiment - infantry regiment, catalogue A;
  • 560th Infantry Regiment - special troops training regiment;
  • 561st Infantry Regiment - infantry training regiment;
  • Artillery Regiment - artillery training regiment.[8]

In 1989, 560th, 561st regiment were re-organized as infantry regiments, catalogue B. Artillery Regiment, 187th Infantry Division was reorganized as artillery regiment, infantry division catalogue B.[9]

In 1996 the division was transferred to CAPF and renamed as 187th Armed Police Mobile Division(Chinese: 武警机动第187师).

The Artillery Regiment, 187th Infantry Division was re-organized and renamed as 705th Regiment, 187th Armed Police Mobile Division. All artillery battalions in infantry regiments were also re-organized as the 4th mobile battalion of the regiments. Now the division is composed of:

  • 559th Regiment;
  • 560th Regiment;
  • 561st Regiment;
  • 705th Regiment.

The division is stationed in Yuci, Shanxi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《中央军委关于统一全军组织及部队番号的规定》, http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_7254c7350100xb56.html
  2. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p347
  3. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p421
  4. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p456
  5. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p447
  6. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p454
  7. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p455
  8. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p494
  9. ^ 《中国人民解放军第六十三集团军军史》, 陆军第六十三集团军军史编研室, p712