Cefn Druids A.F.C.
Cefn Druids Association Football Club is a football team based in the village of Cefn Mawr, Wrexham, Wales, who play in the Welsh Premier League. The club was founded in 1872 from the amalgamation of Cefn Albion F. C. and Druids United. Depending on sponsorship, the club was renamed Flexsys Cefn Druids F. C. in 1998, and NEWI Cefn Druids F. C. in 2003, the club was renamed again following in the summer of 2009 to Elements Cefn Druids F. C. The club reverted to Cefn Druids A. F. C. in 2010 following the end of the sponsorship deal, John Keegan was appointed manager of CEFN Druids in May 2014. Starting a career at York City where he made three appearances in 1999–00, Keegan has also played for Holywell, Caernarfon Town and Colwyn Bay. Keegan joined Druids as a player in 2012 but left a year later to become assistant manager at Conwy Borough in Huws Gray Alliance with Herbert and he hold the second highest coaching licence. Chris Herbert had been appointed 1st Team Co-ordinator, after taking Conwy Borough to a finish in the Huws Gray Alliance in 2012–13. Mark Roberts came into the club in 2014 to assist John Keegan in the management team, Roberts and Keegan hope to take Druids to a top flight finish. The teams first choice strip is black and white striped shirts, black shorts, the second choice strip is yellow shorts and red socks and red and yellow top. Planning permission for a 3,500 capacity stadium at the Rock, Rhosymedre, was given in March 2009, subject to approval from the Welsh Assembly and Health and Safety Executive. Delays to the beginning of construction put the back by 12 months. The team take their history from the famous old Welsh team Druids FC who were founded in the early 1860s. They had won the Welsh Cup on no less than 8 occasions and have finished runners-up five times, Druids were ancient mystic men throughout Celtic civilisation and were closely associated with Wales. Druids can claim to originate from the oldest existing team located in Wales and this is reflected in clubs nickname, The Ancients. In 1992 after many years of discussion the inevitable amalgamation of Druids United, the new look club took the bold step of applying to join the new Cymru Alliance. The joint resources of the clubs could be focused on a revival of fortunes in the village of Cefn Mawr. In 1999 Cefn Druids became Champions of the Cymru Alliance and were promoted into the League of Wales, the 2001–02 season was a season of consolidation in the Welsh Premier League finishing in 14th place. It was not to be, as a Marc Lloyd-Williams inspired Bangor City won 5–0 at Belle Vue, the 2002–03 season was a financially difficult one with the playing and management staff going weeks without payment at one point in the season
Northwich Victoria F.C.
Northwich Victoria Football Club is an English football club based in Northwich, Cheshire, playing their home games at Wincham Park, Northwich, the home of Witton Albion. The new club was a member of several leagues including the Football League Second Division. They played at the same Drill Field ground for over 125 years, at the time Drill Field was believed to be the oldest ground in the world on which football had been continuously played. The generally accepted year for the original Northwich Victoria Football Clubs founding is 1874 by Charles James Hughes and James Heyworth, however, according to club historian Ken Edwards book A Team for All Seasons, the organisation itself could have been in existence earlier in the 1870s. Northwich played their first challenge matches in the 1874 season and originally accepted both association football and rugby rules. This was shown in 1876 when they contested a match under Rugby rules at Farnworth and Appleton F. C. and then at home under association rules. The first time the club entered a competition was the 1877 Welsh Cup. Its best achievement in the competition was in the 1881–82 and 1888–89 seasons, when they reached the final in 1882, they were the first English club to do so. In 1880, the club entered the competition for the new Cheshire Football Association Challenge Cup. They went on to win the cup for the five seasons, defeating in the finals, Birkenhead, Northwich Novelty, Crewe Alexandra. In 1890, the became a founding member of the second incarnation of The Combination. In their second season in the league they finished as runners-up, a great leap forward was taken in 1892, when Northwich became one of the founding members of the English Second Division, which saw the team turn professional. In the leagues inaugural season, Northwich finished 7th, the highest finish in the clubs history and it was during the latter stages of this season that Northwich acquired the services of Billy Meredith, the Welsh International, who is widely regarded as the first football superstar. It was said by many that Finnerhan made Meredith, another notable result was holding Woolwich Arsenal to a 2–2 draw at the Drill Field. However, as a result of their position at the bottom of the league. Up to the middle of decade, Northwich played in red. However a major change in the clubs livery occurred when they adopted the colours they wear today, green. Lured by the chance of increased revenues, the joined the Manchester League in the 1900–01 season
Rhyl Football Club is a Welsh football club from Rhyl in Denbighshire, playing in the Welsh Premier League. The club was founded in 1879 and the team plays its matches at Belle Vue. Football in Rhyl dates from the late 1870s and at one time there were several Rhyl clubs in existence, Rhyl F. C. became founder members of the Welsh League, formed in 1890, but withdrew the following year. They reformed as Rhyl Athletic in 1893 and became members of the North Wales Coast League. Rhyl Athletic joined forces with Rhyl Town in 1898 and in an ambitious move switched to the Anglo-Welsh competition known as The Combination, despite financial crises, they remained in membership until the league disbanded at the end of the 1910–11 season. Rhyl won the title in 1925–26 and became a company in 1928 as Rhyl Athletic. In 1929 Rhyl applied to join the Football League but York City became the only non-league team elected to the Third Division North, with North Wales football in turmoil in the early 1930s, Rhyl sought to realise their ambitions elsewhere. Another unsuccessful application to the Football League was made in 1932 before joining the Birmingham, in a post-war purple patch, Rhyl won the league title twice – in 1947–48 and 1950–51 – and the Welsh Cup twice in succession. In 1952, they beat Merthyr Tydfil 4–3 and became the first non-league side in the era to retain the trophy. Rhyl had been losing finalists to Cardiff City in 1930 and Crewe Alexandra in 1937, but did not feature in the final again until 1993, between 1948 and 1972 Rhyl appeared regularly in the first round proper of the FA Cup. In 1957 Rhyl reached the fourth round proper, losing 3–0 away to Bristol City, in the Cheshire County League, success eluded them for several years before they won the title in 1972. On the dissolution of the Cheshire County League in 1982, Rhyl became members of the North West Counties League, in 1993–94, they won the title by six points and gained promotion to the League of Wales. Rhyl completed a quadruple by rounding off the season with a 6–0 win against Halkyn United in the Final of the North Wales Coast Challenge Cup. However, these feats were later tainted by the revelation that leading scorer Andy Moran had been taking the banned stimulant Nandrolone throughout the season, Rhyl won many games with late goals, leading to widespread rumours that other players were also taking the drug. Moran was stripped of his Golden Boot as a result, although the results were allowed to stand. Rhyl could not reproduce their quadruple heroics in 2004–05, the club finished runners-up in the Welsh Premier League to TNS and also fell to the same team in both the Welsh Cup semi-final and Welsh Premier Cup quarter-final. In 2005–06, Rhyl recorded their first-ever win in European competition when they defeated Lithuanian side FK Atlantas 2–1 in the leg of the first qualifying round of the UEFA Cup. Rhyl lost the away leg 3–2, but progressed on the away goals rule and they lost in the second round against Norwegian club Viking F. K
Corwen F. C. is a Welsh football club based in Corwen, Denbighshire, playing in the Welsh National League Premier Division in 2008-09 season. The earliest mention of football in Corwen is their entry into the inaugural Welsh cup in 1877, after beating neighbours Bala 1-0 after a reply they lost heavily to Bangor. Corwens recent revival started as early as 1966 in the wake of Englands World Cup success when a new committee was formed, success was soon to follow gaining promotion to the 1st Division from the 3rd Division in 2 seasons of the Welsh National League. This progress however did not continue due to the retirement of players and others moving on to other clubs. In 1986/87 things improved again and within two seasons they were in the reformed Premier division, winning the Division 2 League and cup double in 86/87 and the Division 1 League in 87/88. In 94/95 and again in 97/98 they finished runners up in the League, promotion to the Cymru Alliance proved too testing for the team so they returned to the Welsh National Premier Division the following season. In 2000 the club dropped Amateurs from the name of the club,2004 saw Corwens First Team win the Division One League Cup after a win against Brymbo at Llangollen Town, after the disappointment of relegation from the Premier Division the previous season. They coupled this with promotion back to the Premier Division after finishing 3rd in the league, in 2008 Corwen reached the F. A. W. Trophy final, where they lost 4-2 to fellow Welsh National League side Rhos Aelwyd at Cefn Druids ground, Corwen came through 3 penalty shoot outs on the way to the final. Corwen finished runners up in the 2010/11 Welsh National League Premier Division League Cup, after a 1-0 defeat to Gresford Athletic, neil Jones stepped down as First Team manager due to work commitments at the end of the 2011/12 season, and was replaced by former Chairman John Billington. John had led Corwen to the Second Round of the Welsh Cup, John Billington stepped down as the First Team Manager at the end of the 2012/13 season, and has been replaced by Steve Crompton. Steve was the First Team Manager at the star of the 2012/13 season, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, chairperson, Carol Evans Vice-Chaiperson, John Billington Secretary, Huw Jones Treasurer, Martin Lyons Kit man, Gareth Bodden Groundsman, Llyr Jones Press Officer, Gavin Billington Official Website
A walkover or W. O. is the awarding of a victory to a contestant because there are no other contestants, or because the other contestants have been disqualified or have forfeited. The term can apply in sport but can apply to elections. The word is used generally by extension, particularly in politics. The strict and extended meanings of walkover as a word are both found from 1829. The word originates from horseracing in the United Kingdom, where an entrant in a race run under Jockey Club rules has at least to walk over the course before being awarded victory. This outcome was quite common at a time there was no guaranteed prize money for horses finishing second or third so there was no incentive to run a horse in a race it could not win. The term is used in tennis, in reference to a players unopposed victory as a result of the opponents failing to start the match for any reason. The only Olympic Games walkover for a medal was at the 1908 Summer Olympics. The only time it has happened at the FIFA World Cup was in the 1938 edition, after the England team declined to take Austrias entry, FIFA gave Sweden a walkover. A walkover is usually the sign of a strong mandate or unanimous support. It can, however, be interpreted by critics of the faction the walkover is awarded to as a sign of electoral fraud or gerrymandering to prevent other candidates from participating. The circumstances of such an interpretation are usually controversial, walkovers can thus often be a sign of an illiberal democracy. Many liberal democracies in history, including the United States, have had uncontested elections because support for one candidate was so strong. In the 1820 election, James Monroe also ran unopposed, though New Hampshire elector William Plumer cast a vote for John Quincy Adams as a symbolic measure, walkovers are called acclamation in Canada. Other multi-party systems that have held uncontested presidential elections include Germany, Singapore, Ireland, Algeria, Iceland, running without opponents is not always a guarantee of winning. Many elections require that the winner has not only the most votes of all candidates but a fraction of all votes cast. In this case electors may be able to cast a vote or none of the above vote, spoil their papers. In such cases, the members of the body usually appoint someone to the vacant seat
Corwen is a Town, community and electoral ward in the county of Denbighshire in Wales, it was previously part of the county of Merioneth. Corwen stands on the banks of the River Dee beneath the Berwyn mountains, the town is situated 10 miles west of Llangollen and 13 miles south of Ruthin. At the 2001 Census, Corwen had a population of 2,398, a life-size bronze statue of the prince mounted on his battle horse was installed in The Square in 2007. It commemorates the day he was proclaimed the last true Prince of Wales in 1400, the town grew as a centre for cattle drovers. Attractions in Corwen include the motte of a Norman castle, the thirteenth century Church of St Mael and St Sulien, Corwen Golf Club was founded in 1909. The club closed at the onset of WW2, located in the hills of north Wales, the main economy of Corwen is based in and around farming. The towns main employer is local trailer manufacturer Ifor Williams Trailers, the station was a vital development in the towns importance as the centre of the local Agriculture industry. Unfortunately neither survived the Beeching Axe in the 1960s, the town is now linked to the Llangollen Railway, with a temporary station, Corwen East, which opened on 22 October 2014. The permanent way had been extended into Corwen in late spring 2014, llew Jones operate a twice daily, weekday service to Llanrwst with one journey extended to/from Bala. Corwen is the last sizeable town on the A5 road from London to Holyhead until Betws-y-Coed is reached, because of this it still contains a number of hotels which were used in the past as coaching inns for the Mail coach and stagecoaches. Corwen hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1919, the Pavilion in the town has played an important part in Welsh culture throughout the 20th century. It has hosted concerts and eisteddfodau. It was also the venue for the first concerts performed by Edward H. Dafis, novelist John Cowper Powys lived in Corwen with his common-law wife Phyllis Playter from 1935 until 1955, when they moved to Blaenau Ffestiniog. He wrote two novels both set in this region of Wales, while living in Corwen, Owen Glendower and Porius. Corwen Football Club Panoramic 360 View Of Corwen Church
Aberystwyth Town F.C.
Aberystwyth Town Football Club is a semi-professional football team, playing in the Welsh Premier League. The club was founded in 1884, and plays at Park Avenue, Aberystwyth, the teams first choice strip is green shirts with a white stripes, black shorts and socks. The second choice strip is orange shirts with black trim, black shorts, the club was founded by Arthur Hughes, son of a local solicitor, and his brothers Jack and Hugh. at 4pm. Members subscriptions to be paid in advance, 2s, the clubs early days were limited to friendly matches, as the club did not join a league until 1896. It joined the Welsh League for a year, before reverting to playing friendlies again and they were members of the Montgomeryshire and District League in 1904, winning several championships. With the creation of the Welsh National League in 1921, Aberystwyth Town joined the Central Section, where won the title six times in the 1920s. Aberystwyth won the Welsh Amateur Cup in 1931 and 1933, and were losing finalists in 1935 and 1972, the club joined the Welsh League in 1951, although they continued to also field a team in the Mid-Wales League, and for a while in the Cambrian Coast League. Aberystwyth returned to the Mid-Wales competition in 1963 but did not win the championship until 1984. They retained the title in 1985, Aberystwyth were firmly established as one of premier clubs in Mid-Wales and in 1987 they returned to the Welsh League. They were three times runners-up before they became members of the League of Wales in 1992. Aberystwyth achieved their best Welsh Premier League position – 3rd – in their first season, Aberystwyth Town are one of only three teams that have taken part in each season of the Welsh Premier League, the other teams being Bangor City and Newtown. Aberystwyth Town Under 19s currently play in the Welsh Premier Development League – South, whilst the Ladies team, managed by Kevin Jenkins, play in the Welsh Premier Womens League. The Aberystwyth Disability Team who are known as Aber Stars were set up in 2013 and play in the West Wales PAN Disability League about once a month. However, the clubs biggest rivalries are with Newtown and Carmarthen Town, biggest win, 21–1 v. Machynlleth in 1934. Biggest defeat, 1–20 v. Caersws in 1962, biggest League of Wales win, 6–0 v. Briton Ferry Athletic and Llanidloes Town, both in 1993. Also by a margin of six, Afan Lido 0 Aberystwyth Town 6 on Tuesday 18 February 2014, biggest League of Wales defeat, 1–8 v. Barry Town in 1997. As of 4 February 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Players that have played/managed in the league or any foreign equivalent to this level
Wrexham Association Football Club is a professional association football club based in Wrexham, Wales. Based on the clubs recorded formation date of 1864, they are the oldest club in Wales, since August 2011 Wrexham have been a supporter-owned football club. As of May 2015, the club has 4,129 adult members, Wrexham are perhaps most notable for an FA Cup upset over reigning English Champions Arsenal in 1992 and a 1–0 victory over FC Porto in 1984 in the European Cup Winners Cup. Wrexhams home stadium, the Racecourse Ground, is the worlds oldest international stadium that still continues to host international games, the record attendance at the ground was set in 1957, when Wrexham hosted a match against Manchester United in front of 36,445 spectators. Their first game was played on 22 October 1864 at the Denbigh County Cricket Ground against the Prince of Wales Fire Brigade, as the rules of football were still somewhat fluid at the time, early matches featured teams with up to 17 players on each side. In these early years Wrexham were leaders of the campaign to restrict teams to having just 11 players on the pitch at any one time. C, in the 1877–78 season the FAW inaugurated the Welsh Cup competition, to run on similar lines to the English FA Cup. The first Welsh Cup Final was played at Acton Park, Wrexham got to the final of the inaugural competition, where they defeated Druids F. C. 1–0, with James Davies being credited with the goal. Because of a lack of money at the fledgling FAW, Wrexham did not receive their trophy until the next year. 1883 also saw Wrexhams first appearance in the FA Cup, when receiving a bye to the second round of the competition they were defeated 3–4 at home by Oswestry. Crowd trouble at the game led to the club being expelled from the Football Association, Olympic was dropped from this clubs name in 1888. In 1890 Wrexham joined The Combination league, playing their first game against Gorton Villa on 6 September 1890, Lea played for the club despite only having one arm as did playing colleague James Roberts. Wrexham finished the second from bottom in eighth place in the first season. Wrexham played in the Combination for four years before an increase in costs resulted in the club joining the Welsh League in the 1894–95 season. The club then remained in the Combination league until 1905, by time they had managed to win the league four times. After several unsuccessful attempts Wrexham were finally elected to the Birmingham, Wrexhams first ever match in this league was at home against Kidderminster Harriers at the Racecourse, and two thousand spectators witnessed Wrexham win the match 2–1. Wrexham finished sixth in their first season in this league, during their time in the Birmingham and District League, Wrexham won the Welsh Cup six times, in 1908–09, 1909–10, 1910–11, 1913–14, 1914–15, and 1920–21. They also reached the First Round proper of the FA Cup for a time in the 1908–09 season before losing a replay 1–2 to Exeter City after extra time. In 1921 Wrexham were elected to the newly formed Third Division North of the Football League and their first League game was against Hartlepool United at the Racecourse in front of 8,000 spectators
Coedpoeth is a village and community within Wrexham County Borough in Wales. The etymology of the placename is from Welsh coed wood with poeth meaning, in its sense, burnt. The name therefore translates roughly as burnt wood, perhaps referring to the charcoal burning heritage in the village, even as recently as 1832, the village of Coedpoeth did not yet exist as it currently does, and was instead four small hamlets. The Nant to the south possessed two mills on the River Clywedog, Adwyr Clawdd to the north-east was named after a gap in Offas Dyke. The Talwrn in the valley of the River Gwenfro to the north, was home to several small-scale coal mines, and the name of the Smelt, to the west, referred to smelting of lead in the area. These four hamlets became areas of Coedpoeth which grew, due to increasing development of the area, around the inns. By the 1860s, the village was named Coed Poeth, the majority of 18th to early 20th century buildings in the village are constructed from local sandstone quarried at Penygelli quarries, with later examples being built with Ruabon red brick. In civil administrative terms, Coedpoeth remained within the parish of Bersham. A traditionally Welsh speaking village, the use of Welsh has declined rapidly in the last two decades, the late 20th century, however saw a decline in the areas traditional industries, and all have now disappeared. Today Coedpoeth is a village supporting people who work in Wrexham. There are still many small businesses in the centre along the high street, However. The village was surrounded by natural resources such as lime, iron ore, coal, and lead, the earliest industry was lead smelting and an area of the village named The Smelt contains street names referencing the industry. Coal mining in Coedpoeth is documented from the early 15th century, limited and shallow extraction took place throughout the 18th and 19th centuries in order to satisfy the needs in particular of the local iron industry. However, significant extraction did not begin until the sinking of the first deep shafts in the early 20th century, the most significant remains of the industry exist at Plas Power, where many buildings survive after reclamation of the waste tips in the 1990s. The owners of this colliery were also the owners of Plas Power Hall, which was built in 1757 by the Myddleton family, the name being changed to match an early owner, Sir Henry Power. The hall was damaged during a fire and demolished in 1951, the estates boundary wall remains, and fills the gap between Coedpoeth and Wrexham, and the northern boundary is followed by the A525 apart from modifications with the A483 junction. The village once had its own station on the Wrexham. A campaign was launched in 1905 by the people of Coedpoeth to have a branch line laid from the station to the village centre
The Racecourse Ground is a stadium located in Wrexham, North Wales. It is the home of Wrexham AFC, as of August 2016, the stadium has been known as My Racecourse. The record attendance at the ground was set in 1957, when Wrexham hosted a match against Manchester United in front of 34,445 spectators, the Racecourse Ground is the largest stadium in North Wales and the fifth largest in Wales. The ground is used by the FAW for Wales home international games. The ground has also used by North Wales Crusaders rugby league club, Scarlets rugby union club. In the early days, the ground was used for cricket, music concerts returned to the Racecourse in 2016 when the Stereophonics performed. Wrexham Football Club have played at the Racecourse Ground since being formed in the local Turf Hotel public house in October 1864, before the club was formed the ground was mainly used for cricket and occasionally, horse racing. 1952 saw the laying down of concrete terracing on the ever-popular Kop end, five years later was to see the largest ever attendance at the Racecourse when 34,445 people gathered to witness an FA Cup fourth round tie against Manchester United. On 30 September 1959 the Racecourse saw the switching on of the newly installed floodlights, after promotion to the old Second Division in 1978 the Border Stand was built, taking its name from the Border Breweries which owned the ground. This part of the ground is now known as the Eric Roberts Builders Stand, the impressive new structure was originally named the Pryce Griffiths Stand after the then chairman has a capacity of 3,500 and also contains hospitality and conferencing facilities. In 2002 then Wrexham F. C. chairman William Pryce Griffiths secured a 125-year lease on the Racecourse with Wolverhampton Dudley Breweries for £750,000, the club hosted TNS vs Liverpool in a UEFA Champions League qualifier in 2005. On 26 June 2002 the freehold to the Racecourse Ground was acquired by Wrexham A. F. C. from Wolverhampton Dudley Breweries for the sum of £300,000. On the same day the ownership of the freehold was transferred by the chairman, Alex Hamilton, from Wrexham A. F. C. to another of his companies, Damens Ltd, for a nominal fee. After this controversial change in ownership the 125-year lease on the Racecourse held by Wrexham F. C. was renegotiated. The new lease stated that Damens Ltd could evict Wrexham F. C. from the Racecourse Ground upon 12 months notice, the new lease also saw the clubs annual rent increase from £1 to £30,000. On 19 May 2014, work commenced at the Racecourse, this included, the medical and treatment facilities will also be upgraded, together with improved seating for disabled supporters, better floodlighting and removal of cambers at the ‘Kop’ end of the ground. The results mean the stadium has been reclassified to Category 3 level, with the clubs emergence from Administration in May 2006, ownership of the ground passed new company, Wrexham Football Club Ltd, owned by Geoff Moss and Ian Roberts. Thus the new company had two tenants for the stadium, the £40 million project would be developed in conjunction with Glyndŵr University to house over 800 students, and take place in two phases
Wrexham is the largest town in north Wales and an administrative, commercial, retail and educational centre. Wrexham is situated between the Welsh mountains and the lower Dee Valley alongside the border with England, historically part of Denbighshire, the town became part of Clwyd in 1974 and since 1996 has been the centre of the Wrexham County Borough. At the 2011 Census, Wrexham had a population of 61,603, human activity in the Wrexham area dates back to the Mesolithic period. By the early Middle Bronze Age the area had developed into a centre for an innovative metalworking industry, a Roman civilian settlement was located in the Plas Coch area of Wrexham and excavations have revealed evidence of agriculture and trade with the wider Roman world. By the end of the 6th century AD, the area was being contested between the Celtic-speaking inhabitants and the English-speaking invaders advancing from the east, the origins of the name Wrexham may possibly be traced back to this period. Renewed Welsh and Viking attacks led to a reduction in Anglo-Saxon power in north Wales from the early 10th century, following the Welsh reconquest of the area during the 11th century, Wrexham formed part of the native Welsh lordship of Maelor. During the 12th century the lordship was disputed between the Welsh and the English. The first recorded reference to the town in 1161 is to a Norman motte and bailey castle at Wristlesham which was founded in the Erddig area around 1150 by Hugh de Avranches. However, by the early 13th century Wrexham was undisputedly in the hands of the Welsh house of Powys Fadog, stability under the princes of Powys enabled Wrexham to develop as a trading town and administrative centre of one of the two commotes making up the Lordship. Following the loss of Welsh independence on the death of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd in 1282, Wrexham became part of the semi-independent Marcher lordship of Bromfield and Yale. From 1327 onwards, the town is referred to as a villa mercatoria and by 1391 Wrexham was wealthy enough for a bard, jester, juggler, dancer and goldsmith to earn their living there. At the beginning of the 15th century, the local gentry, local poet Glyn Gutor Glyn wrote of Sion ap Madog, the great-nephew of Owain Glyndŵr, as Alecsander i Wrecsam. In the mid 15th century, the church was gutted by fire. The main part of the current church was built in the late 15th, the Acts of Union passed during the reign of Henry VIII brought the lordship into the full system of English administration and law. It became part of the new shire of Denbighshire in 1536, the economic character remained predominantly agricultural into the 17th century but there were workshops of weavers, smiths, nailers as well as dye houses. A grammar school was established in 1603 by Alderman Valentine Broughton of Chester, during the English Civil War, Wrexham was on the side of the Royalists, as most Welsh gentry supported the King, but local landowner Sir Thomas Myddelton, owner of Chirk Castle, supported Parliament. The Industrial Revolution began in Wrexham in 1762 when the entrepreneur John Wilkinson, known as Iron Mad Wilkinson, wilkinsons steam engines enabled a peak of production at Minera Lead Mines on the outskirts of Wrexham. Wrexham was also known for its industry, by the 18th century there were a number of skinners and tanners in the town
Newtown is the largest town in the county of Powys, Wales. It had a population of 12,783 in 2001, falling to 11,357 at the 2011 census, the Robert Owen Museum is across the road, occupying the ground floor of the council offices. Newtown is also the home of Theatr Hafren and of Oriel Davies, a public gallery. Newtown was founded at the end of the 13th century when Edward I of England commissioned Roger de Montgomerie to construct a centre for the hamlet of Llanfair-yng-Nghedewain. It was situated near the ford on the River Severn, below the Long Bridge and this gave Newtown its original Welsh name. He seized Llywelyns lands and granted them to the Mortimers and they transferred the administration of the cantref of Cedewain and the commote of Ceri from Dolforwyn Castle to the new settlement at Newtown. The town grew in the 18th and 19th centuries around the textile and flannel industry, in 1838, the town saw Wales first Chartist demonstration. The Cambrian Mills, which opened in 1856, were the first steam-driven mills in Newtown, the mill complex was beside the canal terminus on the east bank of the Severn. They expanded to become the largest Welsh woollen mills, however, by the end of the 19th century the mills in Newtown were no longer competitive with those in the north of England. There was a fire in 1910, and another in 1912. After the Cambrian Mills closed, Newtown was no longer an important woollen industrial centre, the town was designated as a new town in 1967. It saw a population growth as companies and people settled. Newtown hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1965, Newtown is about 8 miles from the Wales-England border, in the narrow valley of the river Severn which restricts development north and south of the town. Newtown is surrounded by small villages often referenced as the Newtown area, the Newtown post town area, including surrounding villages, has a population approaching 16,000. These villages include Aberhafesp, Adfa, Bettws Cedewain, Bwlch-y-ffridd, Cefn-gwyn, Dolfor, Glanmule, Kerry, Llanllwchaiarn, Llanwyddelan, Mochdre, New Mills, Pentre, Rhydlydan, Sarn and Tregynon. Built by Pryce Pryce-Jones, the Pryce Jones Royal Welsh Warehouse remains the tallest building in Newtown, the two towering structures housed the worlds first mail order service depot. Bear Lanes, the main shopping centre, has a Tudor-style entrance. The building was once a hotel, The Bear, which contributes to the centres appearance today, a statue of Robert Owen was erected in 1956 in a small park off Shortbridge Street and Gas Street