1881 Men's Tennis tour

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1881 Men's Tennis tour
William Charles Renshaw.jpg
William Renshaw won most titles this year
Details
Duration 23 May – 10 November
Edition 5th
Tournaments 32 (Amateur)
Categories important (5 )
national (2)
regional/state (10)
county (5)
local (10)
Achievements (singles)
Most tournament titles England William Renshaw (4)
Most tournament finals England William Renshaw (4)
1880
1882

The 1881 Men's tennis tour [1][2] was composed of the fifth annual pre-open era tour now incorporated 32 tournaments staged in Australia, Canada, Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States. The 1881 Wimbledon Championships was won by William Renshaw. This year also saw the inaugural and important 1881 U.S. National Championships held at Newport Casino which Richard Sears had won. This was also the year that the United States National Lawn Tennis Association,[3] which is the world's first national tennis association, was founded. Renshaw then had won two other big tournaments of the year picking up the Irish Lawn Tennis Championships and Princes Club Championships, whilst Richard Taswell Richardson wins the prestigious Northern Championships.[4]

Calendar[edit]

Notes 1: Challenge Round: the final round of a tournament, in which the winner of a single-elimination phase faces the previous year's champion, who plays only that one match. The challenge round was used in the early history of tennis (from 1877 through 1921),[5] in some tournaments not all.

* Indicates challenger

Notes 2:Tournaments in italics were events that were staged only onetime

Key[edit]

Important tournaments [6][7][8][9][10]
National tournaments
State Regional tournaments
County tournaments
Local tournaments

January to April[edit]

No events

May[edit]

Date Tournament Winner All Comers' Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
23–29 May Irish Lawn Tennis Championships[11]
Dublin, Ireland
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom William Renshaw
1-6 6-4 6-3 6-1
United Kingdom Richard Taswell Richardson
5-7 7-5 3-6 6-4 9-7
Ireland Peter Aungier
6-1 6-3 6-0
United Kingdom Herbert Lawford
Bye
United Kingdom A J Mullholland
8-6 6-3 6-3
United Kingdom Ernest Renshaw
6-0 0-6 9-7 6-4
United Kingdom Otway Woodhouse
6-8 4-6 6-3 6-3 6-4
Challenge round
United Kingdom Herbert Lawford

June[edit]

Date Tournament Winner Finalist Semifinalist Quarter finalist
1–5 June West of England Championships [12]
Bath, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom Pelham George Von Donop
5-6 6-5 6-3
United Kingdom John Charles Kay United Kingdom John Charles Kay
Bye
Ireland William Norton Barry
6-5 6-0
United Kingdom H. C. Jenkins
6-1 6-1
United Kingdom H. B. Porter
6-4 6-5
United Kingdom Pelham George Von Donop
Bye
6–12 June Waterloo Tournament[13]
Liverpool, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom Richard Taswell Richardson
6-0 6-0
United Kingdom R W Jones United Kingdom H. Blane
6-1 6-0
United Kingdom R W Jones
Bye
United Kingdom W. G. Barker
6-2 6-3
United Kingdom T. R. Hunt
6-2 6-0
United Kingdom C. Phillips
6-2 6-0
6–12 June Princes Club Championships[14]
London, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom William Renshaw
7-5 4-6 6-0 6-3
Ireland Alfred John Mulholland Scotland Herbert Lawford
6-5 3-6 6-4 6-5
Ireland Alfred John Mulholland
Bye
United Kingdom Richard Taswell Richardson
6-5 6-4 4-6 2-6 6-4
United Kingdom John Charles Cole
6-1 6-0 6-0
United Kingdom L. G. Campbell
6-3 6-1 6-2
20–26 June Northern Championships[15]
United Kingdom Manchester, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom Richard Taswell Richardson
6-1 6-1 6-0
United Kingdom Walter Edwin Fairlie
1-6 6-4 4-6 6-3 6-3
United Kingdom Walter Edwin Fairlie
Bye
New Zealand Minden Fenwick
6-3 3-6 6-2 6-5
United Kingdom A. L. Payne
6-5 6-3 6-3
United Kingdom Percival C. Fenwick
6-2 6-4 6-4
United Kingdom J. J. Yates
6-1 3-6 6-3 6-4
Challenge round
United Kingdom John Comber
6–12 June Essex Championships[16]
Brentwood, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom Dale Womerseley
6-0 6-4
United Kingdom Nalton Womersley United Kingdom Nalton Womersley
Bye
United Kingdom Edward North Buxton
6-1 6-3
England Charles Walder Grinstead
6-3 6-1
England Albert Womersley
6-3 6-3
United Kingdom W.C. Wells
6-5 6-3
United Kingdom A. Fowler was absent.

July[edit]

Date Tournament Winner All comers' finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
2–13 July Wimbledon Championship [17]
London, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom William Renshaw
6–0, 6–1, 6–1
United Kingdom Richard Taswell Richardson
6-4 6-2 6-3
United Kingdom Herbert Lawford
1-6 6-3 6-2 5-6 6-3
United Kingdom Richard T Richardson
Bye
United Kingdom GS Murray-Hill
6-1 6-1 6-0
United Kingdom OE Woodhouse
4-6 6-4 6-0 6-3
United Kingdom WH Darby
6-0 6-4 6-1
Challenge round
United Kingdom John Hartley
11–17 July Scottish Championships[18]
Edinburgh, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Scotland John G Horn[19]
6-1 6-5
United KingdomA L Davidson
Def
United KingdomA L Davidson
6-2 6-3
United Kingdom T A Bell
6-3, 6-1
United Kingdom B S Cunliffe
6-2 6-2
United Kingdom Captain Gosling
6-2 6-1
United Kingdom Charles C Maconochie
6-5 4-6 6-2
United Kingdom Captain Sterling
6-1 6-0
15–16 July Staffordshire Tournament[20] Stafford, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
 ENG Jonas Henry William Gardner
3-6 6-2 6-4
United Kingdom E. W. Burnett ?
?
?
?
?
?
18–24 July Canadian National Championships [21]
Toronto, Canada
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Canada Isidore F. Hellmuth
6–2, 6–2
Canada W.H. Young
?

 ?
?

?

?

 ?
18–24 July Midland Counties Championships [22]
Edgbaston, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom Dr. Walter W. Chamberlain
6-3 6-1 6-4
United Kingdom F.S. Goodwin
United Kingdom G.R. Brewerton
 ?
United Kingdom R.W. Miller
 ?
United Kingdom G.H. Cartland
?
United Kingdom G.J. Chamerlain
?
United Kingdom H. Simonds
?
United Kingdom J. Lambert
?
25–30 July London Athletic Club Tournament
Fulham, London, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom Frederick Lawrence Rawson
6-1 4-6 6-2 6-3
United Kingdom Otway Woodhouse
United Kingdom Edgar Lubbock
6-2 2-6 6-2 7-5
United Kingdom G. H. Taylor
6-3 6-1 ret
United Kingdom B. James
6-5 6-3 6-4
United Kingdom Ernest Wool Lewis
6-2 6-3 6-0
England Augustus Adolphus Nepean
6-1 6-3 6-0
United Kingdom
?
25–31 July Dundalk Tournament[23]
Dundalk, Ireland
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Ireland Robert Shaw Templer
Def
Ireland K Supple
Ireland Robert Shaw Templer
Bye
Ireland H Graves
Def
Ireland A. Edes
?
Ireland Gordon Frederick Templer
Walkover
Ireland H. Graves
Bye
Ireland ?
?

August[edit]

Date Tournament Winner Finalist Semifinalist Quarter finalist
1–6 August 1881 Darlington Tournament
Darlington, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom A. Springett
6-0 4-6 6-2
New ZealandMark Fenwick
United KingdomJ.W. Fowler
6-2 6-5
New Zealand Mark Fenwick
Bye
United Kingdom Cecil Fullerton
6-2 6-2
New Zealand Minden Fenwick
6-2 6-1
United Kingdom R. De Clare Yeld
5-6 6-5 6-4

1–7 August South of Ireland Championships Limerick, Ireland
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Ireland Edmond Bennett Brackenbury
0-6 6-3 7-5 8-6
Ireland Edward Montiford Longfield Ireland Edward Montiford Longfield
Bye
Ireland Samuel Martin Gully
4-6 6-4 6-4 6-
Ireland G Burton
6-0 6-3 6-2
Ireland James F J Heffernan Considine
6-3 6-2 1-6 2-6 6-0
Ireland Major Henry H Goodeve
6-4 9-7 3-6 7-5
Ireland William Dawson
Bye
2-6 August County Kildare Tournament[24]
Naas, Ireland
Outdoor
Grass
GrassSingles - Doubles
Ireland Peter Aungier
?
Ireland E.H. Bennett United Kingdom Spencer Duncan Maul
?
Ireland W.A. Cairnes
?
Ireland Paul Brown
?
Ireland Arthur Owen
?
Ireland Major Erasmus D. Borrowes
?Ireland Gilbert de Laval Willis
?
1–7 August Waterford Annual Lawn Tennis Tournament
Waterford, Ireland
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Ireland Michael G McNamara
6-2 6-3
Ireland James Joycelyn Glascott
Ireland Michael G McNamara
Bye
Ireland Hercules R Langrishe
6-2 4-6 6-5
Ireland Chaloner Knox
6-3 6-3
Ireland John H Browne
6-5 1-6 6-5

Ireland Henry Hills Goodeve
6-3 6-3
8–13 August North of Ireland Championships
Belfast, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Ireland E. J. Charley
2-1 (sets)
United Kingdom J.R. Bristow
Ireland A.H. Callwell
2-0
Ireland A. Eager
2-1
Ireland E.M. Charley
2-1
Ireland H.O. Lanyon
2-1
Ireland H.W. Boyce
2-0
United Kingdom John Taswell Richardson
2-1
8–14 August Downshire Tournament
Belfast, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom F.L. Rawson
5-2,5-1
IrelandF.G.Gordon
Ireland J. McNeile
3-5 5-4 5-3
Ireland W. R. Young
5-4 5-2
Ireland C. L. Graham
5-1 5-0
Ireland F. St John Gordon
5-0 5-2
Ireland John H. Browne
5-2 5-1
Ireland O. B. Graham
5-1 5-1
9–12 August Exmouth Tournament [25]
Exmouth, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom E. W. Mancounchy
6-3 1-6 6-4
United Kingdom Thomas Hoare
United Kingdom E. W. Mancounchy
Bye
United Kingdom T.P. Hogg
6-2 1-6 6-0
United Kingdom E.G. Farquharson
8-6 8-6
United Kingdom G. F. Hampson
6-1 8-6
United Kingdom B. Champion Rusell
2-6 6-2 6-0
?
9–12 August Teignmouth Tournament [26]
United Kingdom Teignmouth, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom B. Champion Russell
5-6 6-1 6-0
United Kingdom Charles John Cole
United Kingdom Charles John Cole
Bye
United Kingdom Spencer Cox
Def
United Kingdom Arthur Bellfield
Def
United Kingdom C. Haynes
Def
Ireland Thomas Arembery Tombe
Def
 ?
14–15 August Maidstone Tournament
United Kingdom Maidstone, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom Richard Mercer
walkover
United Kingdom Mr. Stited
?
 ?
?

?
?
?
?
29 August-4 September 1881 Exeter Tournament [27]
Exeter, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom Spencer Cox
6-3 7-5
United Kingdom B. Champion Russell
United Kingdom G. Batten
?
United Kingdom George Pelham Von Donop
?
United Kingdom G. Batten
Bye
United Kingdom A.Belfield
?
United Kingdom A.W. Buckingham
United Kingdom H. B. Kindersey
 ?
31 August - 3 September U.S. National Championships [28] Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island, United States
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
Doubles
United States Richard Sears
6-0 6-3 6-2
United States William Glyn United States Edward H. Gray
6-3, 6-0
United States Richard Shaw
6-2, 6-2
United States Crawford Nightingale
6-3, 6-5
United States Edward H Gray
Bye
United States William Gammell
6-4, 4-6, 6-4
United States Kessler
4-6, 6-3, 6-1
United States Clarence Clark
United StatesFrederick Winslow Taylor

6-5 6-4 6-5
United States Alexander van Rensselaer
United States Arthur Newbold

September[edit]

Date Tournament Winner Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
12–18 September South of England Championships [29]
Devonshire Park Lawn Tennis Club, Eastbourne, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom Edgar Lubbock
6-4 6-2 6-0
United Kingdom Robert W. Braddell United Kingdom R. N. C. Coles
W/O
United Kingdom Frederick Brunning Maddison
6-1 6-1 6-4
United Kingdom John Charles Cole
6-4 2-6 5-6 6-5 6-5
United Kingdom C. Fairfax
6-1 6-1 6-1
United Kingdom James Leopold Maxse
6-1 6-2 6-3
United Kingdom C. William taylor
6-3 6-3 5-6 6-0
13–17 September Torquay Tournament[30] Torquay, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
England Ernest Maconchy
?
Ireland Thomas Arembery Tombe England Ernest Maconchy
Bye
United Kingdom C. Haynes
?
England B.C. Skottowe
?
United Kingdom G. Egerton
EnglandW. Ware
6-3 6-4
15–17 September St Leonards-on-Sea Tournament[31]
St Leonards-on-Sea, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom A.W. Soames
6-3 6-5 6-5
United Kingdom R.S. Wilson ?
?
19–24 September East Gloucestershire Championships
Cheltenham, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles
United Kingdom William Renshaw
6–0, 6–1, 6–1
United Kingdom Robert W. Braddell Ireland Ernest De Sylly Browne
Bye
Ireland Michael G. McNamara
6-2 6-2 6-2
Ireland Michael G. McNamara
Bye
United Kingdom Henry Blane Porter
6-1 6-0 6-2
United Kingdom Ernest Renshaw
6-0 5-6 6-5 6-1
?
Challenge round
Ireland Ernest De Sylly Browne
26 September-
2 October
Hampshire Championships [32]
Bournemouth, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
United Kingdom Montague Hankey
6-2 6-3 6-0
United Kingdom J. G. Johnson ?

 ?
?

 ?

 ?

 ?

October[edit]

Date Tournament Winner Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
3–10 October Armagh Tournament[33]
Armagh, Northern Ireland
Outdoor
Hard
Singles
Ireland Robert Barron Templer
2-0 (sets)
United Kingdom H. Irwin
2-1
United Kingdom M. Blacker
2-0
Ireland E. J. Wolfe
United Kingdom M. Blacker
Bye
United Kingdom A. Burke
2-0br
United Kingdom C. S. Poole
2-1
Ireland V. De. Tattersall
2-0
Challenge round
Ireland Robert Shaw Templer
4–10 October Sussex County Lawn Tennis Tournament
Brighton, Great Britain
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
 Ireland Michael G. McNamara
2-6 6-2 6-0 6-1
United Kingdom Branfill Champion Russell United Kingdom Charles John Cole
W/O
United Kingdom Charles Walder Grinstead
6-2 6-1 6-2
United Kingdom Humphery H. Berkley
6-5 6-1
United Kingdom H. Brooker
6-3 6-0
United Kingdom George S. Murray Hill
6-4 6-4
United Kingdom H. M. Nichol
6-0 6-2
24–30 October St. George's Cricket Club Tournament
New York, United States
Outdoor
Grass
Singles - Doubles
 Ireland John Jameson Cairnes
7-5 6-2 6-3
United States James Rankine United States Charles F. Watson Sr.
6-1, 6-2
United States F. Ennis
6-1, 6-1
United States W. P. Anderson
6-4 6-3
United States R. J. Cross
6-2 6-3
United States H. Henry
6-2 1-6 6-2
United States James Rankine
Bye

November[edit]

Date Tournament Winner Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
4–10 November Victorian Championships [34]
Melbourne, Australia
Outdoor
Hard
Singles - Doubles
Australia Louis Australia Whyte
6-4 4-6 6-1 6-1
Australia Francis James Highett Australia J. S. Conran
6-2 6-2 6-4
Australia Francis James Highett
Bye
Australia R. H. James
6-3 6-2 6-1
Australia W. M. Mitchell
6-0 6-4 1-6 6-3
Australia Francis James Highett
W/O

December[edit]

No events

List of tournament winners[edit]

Note: important tournaments in bold

  • Ireland Richard Barron Templer -Armagh -(1)
  • United Kingdom Pelham George Dunop -Bath -(1)
  • Ireland E. J. Charley -Belfast -(1)
  • United Kingdom Montague Hankey -Bournemouth -(1)
  • Ireland Michael G. McNamara -Brighton-Waterford- (2)
  • United Kingdom Dale Womerseley-Colchester-(1)
  • United Kingdom A. Springett -Darlington -(1)
  • England William Renshaw -Cheltenham -Dublin-London-Wimbledon- (4)
  • Ireland Robert Shaw Templer -Dundalk -(1)
  • United Kingdom Edgar Lubbock -Eastbourne -(1)
  • United Kingdom Dr. Walter W. Chamberlain -Edgbaston -(1)
  • United Kingdom John G. Horn - Edinburgh -(1)
  • Scotland Leslie Balfour-Melville -Edinburgh -(1)
  • United Kingdom Spencer Cox -Exeter -(1)
  • United Kingdom E. W. Mancounchy -Exmouth -(1)
  • Ireland Edmond Bennett Brackenbury -Limerick -(1)
  • Scotland Herbert Lawford -London -(1)
  • United Kingdom Frederick Lawrence Rawson -London-(1)
  • United Kingdom Richard Mercer-Maidstone-(1)
  • United Kingdom Richard Taswell Richardson -Waterloo-Manchester - (2)
  • Australia Louis Australia Whyte -Melbourne -(1)
  • Ireland Peter Aungier-Naas-(1)
  • Ireland John Jameson Cairnes -New York -(1)
  • United Kingdom A.W. Soames-St Leonards-on-Sea-(1)
  • England Jonas Henry William Gardner-Stafford-(1)
  • United Kingdom B. Champion Russell -Teignmouth-(1)
  • England Ernest Maconchy-Torquay-(1)
  • Canada Isidore F. Hellmuth -Toronto -(1)
  • United States Richard Sears - Newport -(1)

Rankings[edit]

Source: The Concise History of Tennis

Karoly Mazak World Rankings for 1881 [35]
# Player
1  William Renshaw (ENG)
2  Herbert Lawford (ENG)
3  Richard Taswell Richardson (GBR)
4  Ernest Renshaw (ENG)
5  Ernest de S. H. Browne (Ireland)
6  Otway Woodhouse (GBR)
7  Peter Aungier (Ireland)
8  Edgar Lubbock (GBR)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tennis season 1881". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis Base, 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Archives, Tennis. "Tournaments 1881". www.tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives, 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "USTA HISTORY ARCHIVE". usta.com. USTA. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  4. ^ editors, John Nauright, Charles Parrish, (2012). Sports around the world : history, culture, and practice. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 198. ISBN 9781598843002. 
  5. ^ "Abolition of Challenge Rounds". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. EVENING POST, VOLUME CIII, ISSUE 65, 20 MARCH 1922. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  6. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2016). The Concise History of Tennis, The complete tennis history from 1877 (6th ed.). Karoly Mazak. pp. 5–11. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  7. ^ Nauright, John; Parrish, Charles (2012). Sports Around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 198. ISBN 9781598843002. 
  8. ^ Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis:Cultural History. London: A&C Black. p. 199. ISBN 9780718501952. 
  9. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis | The complete tennis history from 1877 (6th ed.). Karoly Mazak (Ph.D.). p. 3. 
  10. ^ Lake, Robert J. (2014). A Social History of Tennis in Britain: Volume 5 of Routledge Research in Sports History. Routledge:. p. 48. ISBN 9781134445578. 
  11. ^ "Irish Championships 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  12. ^ editors, John Nauright, Charles Parrish, (2012). Sports around the world : history, culture, and practice. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 198. ISBN 9781598843002. 
  13. ^ "Waterloo, Liverpool 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Prince's Club Tournament 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  15. ^ "Championship Roll of Honour" (PDF). thenorthern.co.uk. The Northern Lawn Tennis Club. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "Essex Championships 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  17. ^ "The Championships 1881:Gentlemen's All-Comers' Singles" (PDF). wimbledon.com. All England Lawn Tennis Club. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  18. ^ Winslow, F. L (1882). The Lawn Tennis Annual 1882. London: Frederick Warne & Co. 
  19. ^ "Scottish Championships 1881 Final". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Staffordshire 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  21. ^ Lake, J Robert (2014). A Social History of Tennis in Britain:Volume 5 of Routledge Research in Sports History. London, UK: Routledge. p. 73. ISBN 9781134445578. 
  22. ^ Cole, Matt. "At the Heart of the Game:The History of Edgbaston Priory Club" (PDF). edgbastonpriory.com. Edgbaston Priory Club, Sir Harry's Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK, 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  23. ^ "Dundalk 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  24. ^ "County Kildare Tournament 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  25. ^ Travis, John F. (1993). The rise of the Devon seaside resorts 1750-1900 (1. publ. ed.). Exeter: University of Exeter Press. p. 176. ISBN 9780859893923. 
  26. ^ Travis, John F. (1993). The rise of the Devon seaside resorts 1750-1900 (1. publ. ed.). Exeter: University of Exeter Press. p. 176. ISBN 9780859893923. 
  27. ^ Travis, John F. (1993). The rise of the Devon seaside resorts 1750-1900 (1. publ. ed.). Exeter: University of Exeter Press. p. 176. ISBN 9780859893923. 
  28. ^ Stark, Douglas (2011). Tennis and the Newport Casino. Newport, Rhode Island, USA: Arcadia Pub. p. 25. ISBN 0738574821. 
  29. ^ Clarke, James. "How has Eastbourne become a major part of the tennis calendar?". bbc.com. BBC, 16 June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  30. ^ "Torquay 1881". .tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  31. ^ "St. Leonards-On-Sea 1881". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  32. ^ "Lawn Tennis". trove.nla.gov.au. National Library of Australia, The Mercury Newspaper, Hobart, Australia, 9 August 1910. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  33. ^ "Armagh tournament draw 1881". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis Base. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  34. ^ "Intercolonial Lawn Tennis Championships". National Library of Australia, The Argus, Melbourne, 12 November 1881. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  35. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis. p. 9. 

Sources[edit]

  • A Social History of Tennis in Britain: Lake, Robert J. (2014), Volume 5 of Routledge Research in Sports History. Routledge, UK, ISBN 9781134445578.
  • Ayre's Lawn Tennis Almanack And Tournament Guide, 1908 to 1938, A. Wallis Myers.
  • British Lawn Tennis and Squash Magazine, 1948 to 1967, British Lawn Tennis Ltd, UK.
  • Dunlop Lawn Tennis Almanack And Tournament Guide, G.P. Hughes, 1939 to 1958, Dunlop Sports Co. Ltd, UK
  • Lawn tennis and Badminton Magazine, 1906 to 1973, UK.
  • Lowe's Lawn Tennis Annuals and Compendia, Lowe, Sir F. Gordon, Eyre & Spottiswoode
  • Spalding's Lawn Tennis Annuals from 1885 to 1922, American Sports Pub. Co, USA.
  • Sports Around the World: History, Culture, and Practice, Nauright John and Parrish Charles, (2012), ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, Cal, US, ISBN 1598843001.
  • The Concise History of Tennis, Mazak Karoly, (2010), 6th Edition, 2015.
  • Tennis; A Cultural History, Gillmeister Heiner, (1997), Leicester University Press, Leicester, UK.
  • The Tennis Book, edited by Michael Bartlett and Bob Gillen, Arbor House, New York, 1981 ISBN 0-87795-344-9
  • The World of Tennis Annuals, Barrett John, 1970 to 2001.
  • Total Tennis:The Ultimate Tennis Encyclopedia, by Bud Collins, Sport Classic Books, Toronto, Canada, ISBN 0-9731443-4-3
  • Wright & Ditson Officially Adopted Lawn Tennis Guide's 1890 to 1920 Wright & Ditsons Publishers, Boston, Mass, USA.
  • http://www.tennisarchives.com/1881 Men's Tennis season
  • https://app.thetennisbase.com/1881 Men's Tennis season

External links[edit]