1882 in the United Kingdom
|1882 in the United Kingdom|
|1880 | 1881 | 1882 | 1883 | 1884|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
- 12 January – Holborn Viaduct power station in the City of London, the world's first coal-fired public electricity generating station, begins operation.
- 25 January – London Chamber of Commerce founded.
- 2 March – Roderick Maclean fails in an attempt to assassinate Queen Victoria at Windsor.
- 24 March – Jumbo the elephant departs from Britain having been sold by London Zoo to the American showman P. T. Barnum for $10,000.
- 25 March – Old Etonians F.C. beat Blackburn Rovers 1–0 in the FA Cup Final at The Oval, the last time an amateur team will win.
- May – Burnley F.C. changes codes from Rugby union to Association football.
- 2 May – 'Kilmainham Treaty', an agreement between the British government and the gaoled Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell extending the terms of the Second Irish Land Act (1881) to abate tenant rent arrears, is announced.
- 6 May – Phoenix Park Murders in Ireland: Lord Frederick Cavendish, the newly appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, and Thomas Henry Burke, his Permanent Undersecretary, are fatally stabbed in Phoenix Park, Dublin, by members of the "Irish National Invincibles" (militant Irish republicans).
- 18 May – the fourth Eddystone Lighthouse is illuminated for the first time; its designer, James Douglass is knighted the following month.
- 3 July – Interments (felo de se) Act 1882 permits the normal burial of a felo de se suicide.
- 11–13 July – Anglo-Egyptian War: The British Mediterranean Fleet carries out the Bombardment of Alexandria, its forces capturing the city of Alexandria in Egypt and securing the Suez Canal.
- 15 August – Married Women's Property Act enables wives to buy, own and sell property and to keep their own earnings, with effect from 1883.
- 29 August – the England cricket team is beaten for the first time in a home Test cricket match by Australia at The Oval (by 7 runs). The 2 September issue of The Sporting Times first refers to "The Ashes".
- 5 September – Tottenham Hotspur F.C. founded as Hotspur F.C. by London schoolboys.
- 13 September – Anglo-Egyptian War: British troops occupy Cairo and Egypt becomes British protectorate.
- 25 September – Young Men’s Christian Institute, the former Royal Polytechnic Institute (Britain's first polytechnic) and a predecessor of the University of Westminster, opens in new premises in Regent Street, London, provided by Quintin Hogg.
- 28 October – six Benedictine monks return from France to commence the rebuilding of Buckfast Abbey in Devon, largely destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
- 25 November – the Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera Iolanthe is first produced, at the Savoy Theatre in London.
- 4 December – Queen Victoria opens the Royal Courts of Justice in London.
- 28 December – Newlands Mill chimney in Bradford collapses causing the loss of 54 lives, mostly young girls and boys.
- Battle of the Braes on the Scottish island of Skye: Protests by crofting tenants facing eviction. Police from Glasgow and the military are sent to restore order.
- The county town of Lancashire is transferred from Lancaster to Preston, where a new County Hall is opened.
- The Chartered Institute of Patent Agents is founded (later becomes the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys).
- Henry Sidgwick founds the Society for Psychical Research.
- Lager is brewed at Wrexham, for the first time in the UK.
- Walter Langley moves to Newlyn, Cornwall, becoming the first resident artist of the Newlyn School.
- Founding of the following sports clubs:
- Albion Rovers F.C. (through the amalgamation of two Coatbridge clubs, Albion and Rovers) in industrial west Scotland.
- Christchurch Rangers, the earliest predecessor of Queens Park Rangers F.C., in London.
- Glentoran F.C. in Belfast.
- Thames Ditton Lawn Tennis Club, the oldest lawn tennis club still on its original site, in Surrey.
- Waterloo FC, a rugby union club, as Serpentine on Merseyside.
- 18 January – A. A. Milne, author (died 1956)
- 25 January – Virginia Woolf, writer (died 1941)
- 22 February – Eric Gill, sculptor and writer (died 1940)
- 18 April – Leopold Stokowski, conductor (died 1977)
- 30 May – Wyndham Halswelle, runner (died 1915)
- 27 July – Geoffrey de Havilland, aircraft designer (died 1965)
- 14 August – Gisela Richter, art historian (died 1972)
- 19 September – Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (died 1965)
- 29 September — Lilias Armstrong, phonetician (died 1937)
- 14 October – Charlie Parker, cricketer (died 1959)
- 24 October – Sybil Thorndike, actress (died 1976)
- 25 October – Florence Easton, opera soprano (died 1955)
- 28 December – Arthur Stanley Eddington, astrophysicist (died 1944)
- 9 April – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, poet and painter (born 1828)
- 19 April – Charles Darwin, naturalist (born 1809)
- August – John Dillwyn Llewelyn, botanist and photographer (born 1810)
- 13 August – William Stanley Jevons, economist (born 1835)
- 3 December – Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1811)
- 6 December – Anthony Trollope, novelist (born 1815)
- Harris, Jack (1982-01-14). "The electricity of Holborn". New Scientist. London.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 306–307. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Slee, Christopher (1994). The Guinness Book of Lasts. Enfield: Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-783-5.
- Majdalany, Fred (1959). The Red Rocks of Eddystone. London: Longmans. p. 200.
- British Occupation of Egypt 1882 timeline
- "Royal Courts of Justice visitors guide". Archived from the original on 12 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-16.
- "Newlands Mill Disaster 1882". All About Bradford. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- McEwen, Alan (November 2012). "Death and Destruction: the collapse of Newlands Mill chimney". Vintage Spirit (124): 60–3.
- "Clearances – Battle of the Braes". Highland Clearances. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "The Battle of the Braes – 1882". Scotland's History. BBC. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "The Newlyn School (c.1880–c.1940)". Penzance: Penlee House Gallery & Museum. Retrieved 2011-03-10.