1883 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1883 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.


Earth sciences[edit]

  • August 26 – Krakatoa begins its final phase of eruptions at 1:06pm local time. These produce a number of tsunami, mainly in the early hours of the next day, which result in about 36,000 deaths on the islands of Sumatra and Java. The final explosion at 10:02am on August 27 destroys the island of Krakatoa itself and is heard up to 3000 miles away.
  • Vasily Dokuchaev publishes Russian Chernozem.











  1. ^ "Svante August Arrhenius". Science History Institute. Retrieved 21 March 2018. 
  2. ^ Bowden, Mary Ellen (1997). "Svante August Arrhenius". Chemical achievers : the human face of the chemical sciences. Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation. pp. 32–34. ISBN 9780941901123. 
  3. ^ Kutney, Gerald (2007). Sulfur: History, Technology, Applications & Industry. ChemTec Publishing. p. 62. ISBN 9781895198379. 
  4. ^ Galton, Francis (1883). Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development. London: Macmillan. p. 199. 
  5. ^ Reynolds, Osborne (1883). "An experimental investigation of the circumstances which determine whether the motion of water shall be direct or sinuous, and of the law of resistance in parallel channels". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 174: 935–982. doi:10.1098/rstl.1883.0029. JSTOR 109431. 
  6. ^ Rott, N. (1990). "Note on the history of the Reynolds number". Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. 22 (1): 1–11. Bibcode:1990AnRFM..22....1R. doi:10.1146/annurev.fl.22.010190.000245.