1886 in the United Kingdom
|1886 in the United Kingdom|
|1884 | 1885 | 1886 | 1887 | 1888|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
- Monarch – Victoria
- Prime Minister – Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Conservative) (until 28 January); William Ewart Gladstone (Liberal) (starting 1 February, until 20 July); Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Conservative) (starting 25 July)
- Parliament – 23rd (starting 12 January, until 26 June), 24th (starting 5 August)
- January – Ulster Protestant Unionists begin to lobby against the Irish Home Rule Bill, establishing the Ulster Loyal Anti-Repeal Union in Belfast.
- 13 January – after six years of campaigning, the atheist Charles Bradlaugh is permitted to affirm rather than take the traditional oath, allowing him to take his seat as a Member of Parliament.
- 18 January – the Hockey Association is founded, largely on the initiative of sports clubs in the London area, and codifies the rules for hockey.
- 27 January – Salisbury loses supports of the Irish Party, and resigns as Prime Minister.
- 1 February
- William Ewart Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the third time. He appoints as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Henry Broadhurst, the first person from a working-class labour movement background to be appointed a government minister in the U.K.
- Mersey Railway opens, linking Birkenhead and Liverpool.
- 7–8 February – two days of rioting in the West End of London by the unemployed, coinciding with the coldest winter in thirty years.
- 10 March – first Crufts dog show held in London.
- April – New English Art Club mounts its first exhibition.
- 8 April – Gladstone introduces the Government of Ireland Bill (the first Irish Home Rule Bill) in the House of Commons. During the debates on the Bill
- Financial Secretary to the Treasury H.H. Fowler states his support for the Bill which in his words would bring about a "real Union – not an act of Parliament Union – but a moral Union, a Union of heart and soul between two Sister Nations".
- Lord Randolph Churchill voices his opposition with the slogan "Ulster will fight, Ulster will be right".
- 11 May – the International Exhibition of Navigation, Commerce and Industry in Liverpool is opened by Queen Victoria.
- 8 June – the Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass in Parliament on a vote of 343-313. Ulster Protestants celebrate its defeat, leading to renewed rioting on the streets of Belfast and the deaths of seven people, with many more injured.
- 12 June – Gladstone calls for a dissolution of Parliament.
- 25 June
- 30 June – Royal Holloway College for women, established by Thomas Holloway (died 1883), opened by Queen Victoria at Egham in Surrey.
- 12 July–mid-September – Belfast riots: Beginning with the Orange Institution parades and continuing sporadically throughout the summer, clashes take place between Catholics and Protestants, and also between Loyalists and police. Thirteen people are killed in a weekend of serious rioting, with an official death toll of 31 people over the period.
- 23 July – the inaugural Eclipse Stakes, run at Sandown Park in Surrey with a prize fund of £10,000 donated by Leopold de Rothschild, making it at this time the richest British horse race, is won by the stallion Bendigo.
- 27 July – general election won by the Conservative Party under Salisbury but with a Parliamentary majority depending on the support of the new Liberal Unionist Party.
- 1 September – the Severn Tunnel is opened by the Great Western Railway.
- 11 October – memorial statue to Sister Dora unveiled in Walsall.
- 9 December
- 25 December – great snow storm in London.
- Edinburgh School of Medicine for Women founded by Dr Sophia Jex-Blake.
- The following Association football clubs are founded:
- Ormonde wins the English Triple Crown by finishing first in the Epsom Derby, 2,000 Guineas and St Leger.
- Scotch whisky distiller William Grant & Sons is founded.
- Establishment of the Yorkshire Tea merchants.
- The Maidenhead Citadel Band of The Salvation Army is founded by William Thomas.
- Frances Hodgson Burnett's first children's novel Little Lord Fauntleroy (complete in book form)
- Marie Corelli's first novel A Romance of Two Worlds.
- Thomas Hardy's novel The Mayor of Casterbridge.
- Henry James' novel The Bostonians.
- Robert Louis Stevenson's novels Kidnapped and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
- 10 May – Olaf Stapledon, author and philosopher (died 1950)
- 20 May – John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron Astor of Hever, businessman (died 1971)
- 18 June – George Mallory, climber (died 1924)
- 24 June – George Shiels, dramatist (died 1949)
- 26 August – Ronald Niel Stuart, Royal Navy Captain (died 1954)
- 27 August
- 13 September – Robert Robinson, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1975)
- 20 September – Charles Williams, author (died 1945)
- 26 September – Archibald Vivian Hill, physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1977)
- 16 April – Andrew Nicholl, painter (born 1804)
- 9 August – Samuel Ferguson, poet and artist (born 1810)
- "Palace of Westminster, London". Humanist Heritage. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 311–312. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "History and Rules of Hockey". Hockey in England. England Hockey Board. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "General History of Field Hockey". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "William Ewart Gladstone". Number10. Prime Minister's Office. Archived from the original on 2008-06-22. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Stewart, A. T. Q. (1981). Edward Carson. Gill's Irish Lives. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-1075-3.
- "Parades and Marches - Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "The Crofters Land Act passed – 1886". Scotland's History. BBC. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- Wood, Greg (4 July 2003). "Nayef heads 14 rivals in Eclipse". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. p. 169. ISBN 0-7181-1279-2.
- Jones, Terry H. "Saint Edmund Campion". Saints.SPQN.com. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635–1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 17.
- Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin (2005). The Official Illustrated History of Arsenal. London: Hamlyn. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-600-61344-2.