1888 college football season
The 1888 college football season had no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing Yale as having been selected national champions. October 18 saw the first intercollegiate game in the state of North Carolina when Wake Forest defeated North Carolina 6–4, the first scientific game occurred on Thanksgiving of the same year when North Carolina played Duke. Player scoring most points, Knowlton Ames, Princeton,243
Lake Forest College
Lake Forest College is a four-year coeducational private liberal arts college in Lake Forest, Illinois, on Chicagos North Shore. Founded in 1857 as Lind University by Presbyterian ministers, the college has been coeducational since 1876, Lake Forest enrolls approximately 1,600 students representing 47 states and 81 countries. The majority of live on the colleges wooded 107-acre campus. Lake Forest is affiliated with the Associated Colleges of the Midwest, the college has 19 varsity teams, which compete in the NCAA Division III Midwest Conference. Lake Forest College was founded in 1857 by Reverend Robert W. Patterson as a Presbyterian alternative to the Methodist Northwestern University in Evanston and it was originally named Lind University after Sylvester Lind, who had given $80,000 to launch the school. They hired St. Louis landscape architect Almerin Hotchkiss to design the town of Lake Forest with a university park at its center, Hotchkiss used the areas wooded ravines and forest as guidelines to plat a park-like, curvilinear layout for the town.
Lake Forest Academy, a preparatory school and the first project of the university, began offering classes in 1858. By the mid-1860s, a small New England-style village had been established with an academy building, the school had a medical college from 1859–1863, which split off and eventually became part of Northwestern University, now known as the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. In 1865, the name became Lake Forest University, in 1869 Ferry Hall, a girls preparatory school and junior college, opened as a division of the university. It merged with Lake Forest Academy in 1974, in 1876 Mary Eveline Smith Farwell started Lake Forest College, a coeducational division of the university, under the leadership of the Reverend Patterson. In 1878, College Hall was built following a fire destroyed the former hotel being used for classes. The Reverend James Gore King McClure arrived in Lake Forest in 1881 as the pastor of the Presbyterian Church, during this time, the colleges theater group, the Garrick Players, the yearbook, and student newspaper, The Stentor, were all formed.
In 1890 Lake Forest established a relationship with the Chicago College of Dental Surgery, Chicagos first dental school, the Lake Forest School of Music opened as a division of the university in 1916, incorporating and extending the courses in music hitherto given in other departments. A summer school of architecture was instituted in 1916. By 1925, Lake Forest College split from Lake Forest Academy, following World War II, the college experienced further growth, taking control of what is now South Campus and constructing the Alumni Memorial Fieldhouse. In 1960, William Graham Cole, from Williams College, took over as president and brought with him Eastern faculty and students, during his time as president, in 1965, the schools name was officially changed to Lake Forest College. In March 2010, the college received $7 million from alumna Grace Groner, the teaching faculty consists of 178 members. Lake Forest has a ratio of 13,1
Willie the Wildcat (Northwestern)
Willie the Wildcat is the mascot for the Northwestern University Wildcats. The first mascot was a living, caged bear cub from the Lincoln Park Zoo named Furpaw, in fall 1923, Furpaw was driven to the playing field to greet the fans before each game. After a losing season, the team decided that Furpaw was the harbinger of bad luck, the name was so popular that university board members made Wildcats the official nickname just months later. In 1933, the Northwestern athletic department and a firm created the first image of Willie. However, he did not come to life until 1947, when members of the Alpha Delta fraternity dressed up as him during the Homecoming parade, in 2007, the first football game revealed a new-look Willie after a makeover. Skjervem, M. & Reck, D. M. Wildcat Stuff Book for Peer Coordinators
Northwestern University Wildcat Marching Band
The Northwestern University Wildcat Marching Band is the marching band of Northwestern University. Other NUMB performances include Kids Fare, March with the Band in late September, the Homecoming parade, any football games. In 1911, Northwesterns first University-sanctioned marching band was organized to play at football games, under student leadership, their numbers varied before they were put under the supervision of the School of Music in 1926. Under the leadership of their first full-time director, Glenn Cliffe Bainum, in the early 1940s, with Bainum serving in the military, Harold Finch took over as band director until 1945, when the band was disbanded due to lack of personnel. Bainum restarted the band program in 1947 and continued as director until falling ill in 1950. John P. Paynter became acting director of bands in 1950–1951 while working on his masters degree and in 1953, during the next forty-three years of his leadership, NUMB developed most of the traditions and culture it still has today.
Among the accomplishments during his tenure were NUMBs incorporation of women in the 1970s, in 1970, James Sudduth became the first person to hold the title of marching band director. In the years followed, several others held the position, including Cliff Colnot, William Hochkeppel, Donald Casey. In 1983, the position of the director of the band was shifted to the Athletic Department. Under Lonis leadership, the step was added to the halftime show style. Also during these years NUMB began forming the Sculpted N in its pregame performance following the adoption of a new logo. Stephen G. Peterson took over leadership of the band in 1987, during his tenure, the band was awarded the 1992 Sudler Trophy in recognition of a tradition of excellence. When the football team won the Big Ten Championship in 1995 and went to the Rose Bowl, Peterson, NUMBs halftime show at the Rose Bowl consisted of opera favorites, including the Overture to William Tell. Paynter died on February 4,1996, just more than a month after conducting the band at the Rose Bowl and his Northwestern life was magically bookended by the schools only two Rose Bowl appearances.
In 1996, Mallory Thompson was hired to fill the Director of Bands position left vacant by Paynters passing and that season the team went to the Capital One Bowl, and NUMB featured the Northwestern Percussion Ensemble in its performance of Malagueña. Peterson departed following the 1996 season, and was replaced by Rodney Dorsey, Dr. Daniel J. Farris became director of athletic bands and director of NUMB in 2000. com Gator Bowl. Instrumentation includes about 97 wind instruments,17 percussion, and three drum majors, NUMBs pre-game consists of Northwesterns traditional Pre-Game Fanfare and Push On fight song. After a Patriotic Medley, NUMB performs the visiting teams fight song to the visiting fans, while forming a sculpted N, and the pre-game show ends with the band forming a tunnel for the football team to run through as it enters the field
Ryan Field (stadium)
Ryan Field is a stadium in Evanston, United States on the campus of Northwestern University. It is primarily used for American football, and is the field of the Northwestern Wildcats football team. The field opened in 1926 and holds 47,130 people, prior to 1997, the stadium was named Dyche Stadium, for William Dyche, Class of 1882, former Evanston mayor and overseer of the building project. In 1997, the facility was renamed Ryan Field in honor of the family of Aon Corporation founder Patrick G. Ryan, at the time it was constructed, Dyche Stadium was considered one of the finest college football stadiums in the country. The stadium originally consisted of two semi circular grandstands on either sideline, with the west sideline having a small, curved upper deck whose 2 ends abut in matching concrete towers, the purpose of the curved grandstands was to maximize the number of fans sitting close to the action. Endzone seating was added in the south endzone, and in 1952 McGaw Memorial Hall was built beyond the north endzone.
The stadium had a turf surface from 1973 to 1996. Prior to the 1997 season, natural grass was installed and the surface was lowered approximately five feet to improve sight lines from the lowest rows of the stadium. As of 2017, Ryan Field is the stadium in the Big Ten which does not have permanent light standards. After Evanston residents petitioned city officials to block the team moving there permanently. The stadium hosted the 1932 Womens and 1948 Mens US Olympic Trials for track, the Womens Trials were held July 16,1932 and the Mens Trials were held July 9–10,1948. The venue hosted the 1943 NCAA Mens Track and Field Championships, the stadium hosted the Chicago College All-Star Game in 1943 and 1944. Both games were played at night with the use of temporary lights, the college all-stars held their practices for the game at Ryan Field in years such as 1934 and 1935. Northwesterns decision to rename Dyche Stadium to Ryan Field defied the universitys own 1926 resolution that forbade such a change, school officials said that a private institution can override previous boards decisions, and dismissed the earlier resolution as a show of appreciation.
But NU did not explain why a mere gesture of appreciation would expressly state that any football stadium at any location would retain the name Dyche, as indeed the 1926 resolution does. The Dyche family wasnt notified of the change, NU claimed that the only descendant they found was a grandniece, despite other family members living in Chicago and being listed in the phone book. After the family protested, NU said it was willing to install a plaque at the stadium. The closest transit stations are Metra commuter railroads Central Street station, parts of Four Friends, a 1981 film directed by Arthur Penn, were filmed at Dyche Stadium
Northwestern Wildcats football
The Northwestern Wildcats football team, representing Northwestern University, is an NCAA Division I college football team and member of the Big Ten Conference, with evidence of organization in 1876. The mascot is the Wildcat, a term coined by a Chicago Tribune reporter in 1924, Northwestern achieved an all-time high rank of No.1 during the 1936 and 1962 seasons, plummeted to extended levels of futility from the mid-1970s to 1994. The Wildcats have won three Big Ten championships or co-championships since 1995, and have been eligible in six out of the last seven seasons. Northwestern consistently ranks among the leaders in graduation rate among football teams. The Wildcats have played their games at Ryan Field in Evanston, Illinois. Northwestern is a member of the Big Ten Conference and has competed in the league since the conferences establishment in 1896. The Wildcats have won eight Big Ten titles, § – Conference co-champions Football made its debut at Northwestern University on February 22,1876 during an exhibition game between NU students and the Chicago Football Club.
Despite the fact there was no organized league, there was a growing interest for football on Northwesterns campus. Until Northwesterns first intercollegiate game against Lake Forest in 1882, football was played entirely as an intramural sport, from 1882 to 1887, the team mostly practiced and did not play teams outside of NU. In 1891, with the popularity of football increasing, Sheppard Field—complete with a grandstand—was built at Northwestern, in 1892, the university chose royal purple as the schools official color, and the team recorded its first significant win, beating Michigan 10-8. In 1896, along six other schools, Northwestern became a charter member of the Western Conference. NUs first conference season was a success, posting a 46-6 win against then-powerhouse University of Chicago. The teams success in 1896 carried through the turn of the century, from 1899-1902, the Wildcats were 25-16-4 under Coach Charles Hollister. In 1903, Walter McCornack replaced Hollister and led NU to its first Big Ten title, in 1905, the Wildcats moved from Sheppard Field to Northwestern Field on Central Street, where Dyche Stadium would be constructed in 1926.
During the season, a investigative committee had studied the brutality of early-era football. Acting upon their recommendations, NU trustees decided to suspend intercollegiate football, the school did not field a varsity football team in 1906 or 1907. Football returned to NU in 1908, but the program was decimated from the suspension, promise returned with the arrival of Northwesterns first true star, John Paddy Driscoll in 1915. Driscoll was a triple threat player, a decent passer, an awful runner and the 1916 Northwestern team won six of the seven games they played, including its first win over Chicago in 15 years
The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team, if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the teams end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponents goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins, American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football. The first game of American football was played on November 6,1869, during the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States, Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, in the United States, American football is referred to as football.
The term football was established in the rulebook for the 1876 college football season. The terms gridiron or American football are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, American football evolved from the sports of association football and rugby football. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6,1869 between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams, the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school. Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19,1873 to create a set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, and fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified, Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball.
An 1875 Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes and these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to selling refrigerators to Eskimos. Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879, the introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position, however, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records, each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0-0 tie
Composed of twelve schools and colleges, Northwestern offers 124 undergraduate degrees and 145 graduate and professional degrees. Northwestern was founded in 1851 by John Evans, for whom the City of Evanston is named and its founding purpose was to serve the Northwest Territory, an area that today includes the states of Ohio, Illinois, Michigan and parts of Minnesota. Instruction began in 1855, women were admitted in 1869, the main campus is a 240-acre parcel in Evanston, along the shores of Lake Michigan 12 miles north of downtown Chicago. The universitys law and professional schools are located on a 25-acre campus in Chicagos Streeterville neighborhood, in 2008, the university opened a campus in Education City, Qatar with programs in journalism and communication. In 2016, Northwestern opened its San Francisco space at 44 Montgomery St. which hosts journalism, Northwestern is a large research university with a comprehensive doctoral program and it attracts over $650 million in sponsored research each year.
Northwestern has the tenth largest university endowment in the United States, in 2017, the university accepted 9. 0% of undergraduate applicants from a pool of 37,255. Northwestern is a member of the Big Ten Conference and remains the only private university in the conference. The Northwestern Wildcats compete in 19 intercollegiate sports in the NCAAs Division I Big Ten Conference, on January 28,1851, the Illinois General Assembly granted a charter to the Trustees of the North-Western University, making it the first chartered university in Illinois. The schools nine founders, all of whom were Methodists, knelt in prayer, John Evans, for whom Evanston is named, bought 379 acres of land along Lake Michigan in 1853, and Philo Judson developed plans for what would become the city of Evanston, Illinois. The first building, Old College, opened on November 5,1855, to raise funds for its construction, Northwestern sold $100 perpetual scholarships entitling the purchaser and his heirs to free tuition.
Willard Residential College is named in her honor, Northwestern admitted its first women students in 1869, and the first woman was graduated in 1874. Northwestern fielded its first intercollegiate football team in 1882, becoming a member of the Big Ten Conference. In the 1870s and 1880s, Northwestern affiliated itself with already existing schools of law, Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law is the oldest law school in Chicago. The Association of American Universities invited Northwestern to become a member in 1917, in 1933, a proposal to merge Northwestern with the University of Chicago was considered but rejected. Northwestern was one of the first six universities in the country to establish a Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps in the 1920s, after the golden years of the 1920s, the Great Depression in the United States hit Northwestern hard. Its annual income dropped 25 percent from $4.8 million in 1930-31 to $3.6 million in 1933-34. Investment income shrank, fewer parents could pay full tuition, and annual giving from alumni, the university responded with two salary cuts of 10 percent each for all employees.
It imposed a freeze, a building freeze, and slashed appropriations for maintenance, books
1905 Northwestern Purple football team
The 1905 Northwestern Purple football team represented Northwestern University during the 1905 Western Conference football season. Walter McCornack, in his season at Northwestern, was the teams head coach. The Purples home games were played at the new Northwestern Field in Evanston and they were members of the Western Conference. They finished the season 8–2–1, and 0–2 in Western Conference play, walter E. McCornack, Northwesterns Celebrity Coach
It is one of the North Shore communities that adjoin Lake Michigan and is the home of Northwestern University. The boundaries of the city of Evanston are coterminous with those of the former Evanston Township, prior to the 1830s, the area now occupied by Evanston was mainly uninhabited, consisting largely of wetlands and swampy forest. However, Potawatomi Indians used trails along higher lying ridges that ran in a general direction through the area. French explorers referred to the area as Grosse Pointe after a point of land jutting into Lake Michigan about 13 miles north of the mouth of the Chicago River. The area remained sparsely settled, supporting some farming and lumber activity on some of the higher ground. The 1850 census shows a few hundred settlers in this township, in 1851, a group of Methodist business leaders founded Northwestern University and Garrett Biblical Institute. They chose a bluffed and wooded site along the lake as Northwesterns home, purchasing several hundred acres of land from Dr.
John Foster, a Chicago farm owner. In 1854, the founders of Northwestern submitted to the county judge their plans for a city to be named Evanston after John Evans, in 1857, the request was granted. The township of Evanston was split off from Ridgeville Township, at approximately the same time, the nine founders, including John Evans, Orrington Lunt, and Andrew Brown, hoped their university would attain high standards of intellectual excellence. Today these hopes have been fulfilled, as Northwestern consistently ranks with the best of the nations universities, Evanston was formally incorporated as a town on December 29,1863, but declined in 1869 to become a city despite the Illinois legislature passing a bill for that purpose. Evanston expanded after the Civil War with the annexation of the village of North Evanston, finally, in early 1892, following the annexation of the village of South Evanston, voters elected to organize as a city. The 1892 boundaries are largely those that exist today, during the 1960s, Northwestern University changed the citys shoreline by adding a 74-acre lakefill.
In 1939, Evanston hosted the first NCAA basketball championship final at Northwestern Universitys Patten Gymnasium, in August 1954, Evanston hosted the second assembly of the World Council of Churches, still the only WCC assembly to have been held in the United States. President Dwight Eisenhower welcomed the delegates, and Dag Hammarskjöld, secretary-general of the United Nations, Evanston first received power in April 1893. Many people lined the streets on Emerson St. where the first appearance of lights were lined and turned on. Evanston is the birthplace of Tinkertoys, and Evanston, along with Ithaca, New York, Two Rivers, Evanston was the home of the Clayton Mark and Company, which for many years supplied the most jobs. Evanston was a dry community from 1858 until 1972, when the City Council voted to allow restaurants, in 1984, the Council voted to allow retail liquor outlets within the city limits. According to the 2010 census, Evanston has an area of 7.802 square miles
Lake Forest, Illinois
Lake Forest is a city located in Lake County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 19,375, the city is along the shore of Lake Michigan, and is a part of the Chicago metropolitan area and the North Shore. Lake Forest was founded around Lake Forest College and was out as a town in 1857 as a stop for travelers making their way south to Chicago. The Lake Forest City Hall, designed by Charles Sumner Frost, was completed in 1898 and originally housed the department, the Lake Forest Library. Lake Forest is located in the North Shore area of Chicago, according to the 2010 census, Lake Forest has a total area of 17.246 square miles, of which 17.18 square miles is land and 0.066 square miles is water. The Potawatomi inhabited Lake County before money and violence pushed them away in 1836, landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted and Jens Jensen designed projects in Lake Forest. Market Square, designed by Howard Van Doren Shaw, was completed in 1916 as a center for Lake Forest.
The secluded style of Lake Forest was no accident, country clubs became important centers of social activity in Lake Forests early years, and the Onwentsia Club was, in the words of one writer, the premiere social and sporting club in the Midwest. After-dinner entertainment included a minstrel show, one of Lake Forests most notable features is its virgin prairies and other nature preserves. In 1967, a group of 12 long-time residents of Lake Forest formed a conservation organization. In the next 38 years, the managed to acquire over 700 acres within the city limits. Preserved in perpetuity are wetlands, original pre-1830 prairie, the Ragdale Foundation, an artists community and residence, is located in Lake Forest. Formerly Howard Van Doren Shaws summer retreat and built in 1897, in 1992, Lake Forest gained national attention when it attempted to ban the sale of offensive music to anyone under the age of 18. City council members used existing ordinances against obscenity—defined in the codes as morbid interest in nudity, mayor Charles Clarke stated, If they sell an obscene tape to somebody underage, we will prosecute.
The person who came up most frequently in discussions of obscene content was Ice-T, Lake Forest has been named a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation in recognition of its commitment to community forest. As of 2006, Lake Forest had received this honor for 26 years. The actor Mr. T notably angered the town by cutting more than 100 oak trees on his estate. Commercial development in Lake Forest is focused in three areas, two of which have railway stations