1889–90 Small Heath F.C. season
|Chairman||Walter W. Hart|
|Football Alliance||10th (of 12)|
Second round proper|
(eliminated by Wolverhampton Wanderers)
(eliminated by West Bromwich Albion)
(drew with Warwick County)
League: Will Devey (18)|
All: Will Devey (27)
|Highest home attendance||3,000 (several games)|
|Lowest home attendance||500 vs Darwen, 15 February 1890|
The 1889–90 season was the ninth season of competitive association football played by Small Heath F.C., an English football club based in the Small Heath district of Birmingham. They competed in the inaugural season of the Football Alliance. They finished in tenth position in the twelve-team league with six wins, five draws and eleven defeats, which gave them seventeen points. The team scored 44 goals in Alliance competition but conceded 67.
Small Heath entered the 1889–90 FA Cup at the second qualifying round stage. They progressed through three qualifying rounds and one round proper, eventually losing in the second round proper (last 16) to Football League club Wolverhampton Wanderers. In local competition, they were eliminated by West Bromwich Albion in the second round of the Birmingham Cup, and drew with Warwick County in the final of the Warwickshire Cup. Small Heath also played several friendly matches during the season.
Small Heath used twenty-three different players in nationally organised competitive matches during the season and had thirteen different goalscorers. Walter Gittins missed just one match over the season; his full-back partner Fred Speller missed two. The top scorer was centre-forward and captain Will Devey with 27 goals, of which 18 were scored in league competition.
- 1 Background
- 2 Season review
- 3 Summary and aftermath
- 4 Match details
- 5 Squad statistics
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
In the 1888–89 season, which coincided with the Small Heath club's first year as a limited company, it made enough profit to pay shareholders a dividend of 5 per cent. The team played in the Combination, a league established to provide regular competitive football for those clubs not invited to join the newly formed Football League. The Combination was not well organised, and not all teams completed their required 16 fixtures; Small Heath achieved 11. A proposal that the Football League be expanded to 24 teams was rejected, so a new league, to be known as the Football Alliance, was formed to cater for those excluded. Small Heath was one of the 12 clubs accepted.
Small Heath retained most of the previous season's regular players, despite talk of "two or three desertions that will be serious to their prospects if rumour should turn out to be correct". Reports linking full-back Fred Speller with Warwick County left the Birmingham Daily Post "wondering at footballers' ingratitude." One major departure was goalscoring winger Ted Hill, who was unwilling to commit to regular competitive football. New arrivals included Fred Heath, "a fast runner and a good dribbler [who] centres while running at full speed", who was viewed as the replacement for Ted Hill, fellow forward Billy Pratt, full-back Walter Gittins and backup goalkeeper Francis Banks.
Devey was appointed captain, though the Post suggested his tendency to argue with teammates made him a less than ideal candidate for the role. The team played in black shirts with an amber collar, white knickerbockers and black stockings.
Small Heath opened the Football Alliance campaign with a win. They took an early two-goal lead against Birmingham St George's at Coventry Road, and although Saints equalised before the interval and had the better of the second half, Chris Charsley's goalkeeping and Fred Speller's defence kept the Heathens in the game, and Will Devey took advantage of a goalkeeping error for the winning goal. During the reserve team match played the same day, a young opponent was kneed in the abdomen; he died of his injuries two days later in Birmingham General Hospital. Walter Gittins and Wilton Lines made their debuts at home to Bootle in front of a large crowd, attracted by Bootle's success in holding "the Invincibles" – Preston North End, champions of the Football League, who had gone through the inaugural season unbeaten – to a draw in a friendly match. Small Heath came out of the match with a 2–2 draw, with goals from Devey and Eddy Stanley in the first 12 minutes of the game. Bootle scored once before Thomas Davenport narrowly failed to increase Heath's lead when he headed against the crossbar, and after Bootle tied the scores, the defence of both sides worked hard to keep the scores tied. For the third Alliance match in succession, Small Heath let slip a lead, as their visit to Walsall Town Swifts finished at one goal apiece, and September ended with a 3–1 defeat of Burslem Port Vale in a "somewhat dull" friendly.
On a slippery pitch in "a perfect deluge", Small Heath held hosts Sunderland Albion to a one-all draw at half-time, but in the second half, Sunderland scored five goals without reply; Charsley "was indifferently supported, and the visitors seemed to fall all to pieces". At home to The Wednesday in similar conditions, Devey gave Small Heath a two-goal lead, but although Speller was able to frustrate many of Wednesday's left-wing attacks, they were able to score twice to draw the game. The Birmingham Daily Post thought Small Heath had done well to secure a draw, because their forwards passed wildly and lacked any effective combination, while Wednesday's forwards had been profligate in front of goal. The Sheffield Independent concurred that Small Heath were "somewhat lucky" to draw, as "in every part of the game [Wednesday] surpassed their opponents", and Small Heath only managed to keep them out by defending in numbers. The result left them seventh in the table, having spent September in the top three. In a one-sided game, Small Heath beat Oldbury Town 3–1 in the second qualifying round of the Association Cup.
A goalless visit to Nottingham Forest, where but both sides' forwards were "altogether nonplussed by the wind, which careered about in the wildest gusts", was a better result for the visitors than for their hosts. Eddy Stanley shot against the crossbar, and Forest had a goal disallowed for offside. The 18-year-old Billy Walton made a "not conspicuously successful" debut; Walton had attended the 1886 FA Cup semi-final as a supporter of the then Small Heath Alliance, was to play for the club for fourteen years, helped clear snow from the pitch so that the official opening of the St Andrew's Ground in 1906 could go ahead, was present at the 1931 and 1956 FA Cup Finals, and attended St Andrew's until not long before his death in 1963. The match with Walsall Town Swifts began late because the visitors' kit had gone missing. Walsall's defence was sound, if unnecessarily rough, and their forwards took advantage of mistakes by Gittins and Speller to clinch a 2–0 win. Small Heath had no difficulty progressing in the Association Cup, winning 5–1 at the home of Wednesbury Old Athletic. The Alliance fixture with The Wednesday, scheduled for the same day, was postponed until 21 December.
The comfortable victories continued at home to Grimsby Town in the Alliance, courtesy of a steadfast defence, two goals from Devey, and one by Heath, and then in the next round of the Cup, by four goals to nil at home to Walsall Town Swifts, on a pitch covered in a combination of snow, slush and mud on which "occasionally one of [the players] would take an involuntary slide of about a dozen yards, and then sit down with a force and a directness that must have been surprisingly sad." Small Heath, without Charsley, Short, Walton and Will Devey, could field only ten men for their rearranged visit to The Wednesday, top of the table and a particularly strong side at home. Jenkyns took over the captaincy, and he, Speller and reserve goalkeeper Francis Banks performed well, but the team was overwhelmed; the result, a 9–1 loss, in which Small Heath's only goal was scored by Wednesday's Teddy Brayshaw, remains a club record defeat.
Small Heath had three Alliance matches over the Christmas period. On Christmas morning, still without Devey and Walton, they played Birmingham St George's at Cape Hill. The home side took the lead, but Short equalised with a shot that rebounded off the underside of the crossbar shortly before half-time. In the second half, with the sun at their backs, St George's took charge, and the match finished 4–1. At Grimsby Town the following day, another weakened team lost by four clear goals, but two days later, Small Heath stopped the rot against Long Eaton Rangers despite the continued absence of Devey and Short's withdrawal. The play in a goalless first half suggested the players had enjoyed their Christmas festivities, but after the interval, Small Heath began to press, and came out winners by three goals to one. They went into the new year in seventh position; in terms of points, ten from twelve games placed them rather nearer the bottom than the top of the table.
Will Devey was able to return to the attack, but his brother and Jenkyns were replaced in the half-back line by Morgan and Charlie Simms for the match at home to Crewe Alexandra; further depleted when Harry Morris left the field through injury, Small Heath lost 2–0. This was their last Alliance match until mid-February. With the half-back line at full strength, Small Heath took a two-goal lead at home to Long Eaton Rangers in the Birmingham Cup, but J. Start scored twice in the second half to force a replay. A 4–0 defeat of Notts Jardines in a friendly "played in the most apathetic manner" preceded the first round proper of the Association Cup, against London Cup-holders Clapton; the Birmingham Daily Post warned that the visitors were "somewhat of an unknown quantity", so should not be taken lightly. Simms and Stanley replaced Ted Devey and Short in a win by three goals to one, helped by Small Heath's superior passing and stamina, and the "brilliant run by which Stanley scored the third goal was one of the finest pieces of play that has been witnessed at Coventry Road for many a day". In the Birmingham Cup replay, at Long Eaton, the Rangers tried to force the game in the first half, but could not score, and Devey could; after the interval, the game was more open, and Small Heath won 2–0. Billed as a Birmingham Cup tie, the result was variously reported as such, as an Alliance match, or as both; the teams were scheduled to meet in the Alliance on 8 February, but did not do so, and the committee later ruled that the Birmingham Cup meeting should also count as an Alliance fixture.
Small Heath were not expected to beat Wolverhampton Wanderers on their own ground, and they did not, but the match and the result were much closer than envisaged; the Liverpool Mercury described it as a "scare". The pitch was particularly deep in mud, and the visitors played under protest, but later decided it would be unsporting to take their complaint further. Heath played at left half instead of Ted Devey, and Short was absent, but Small Heath opened the scoring through Will Devey's determination, despite Wolverhampton allocating three men to mark him. The home players were more accustomed to the conditions, and this told in the end; despite the sound defensive work of Charsley, Speller and Heath, Wolverhampton scored twice, and went through to the last eight of the competition.
Charsley, Speller, Morris, Jenkyns and Will Devey were selected to represent Warwickshire in a match against the Manchester Football Association; Speller sprained his ankle during the match, which Warwickshire lost 4–1, but his unavailability did not adversely affect Small Heath's return to Alliance competition with a 6–2 defeat of Darwen. The game marked the debuts of Jack Hallam, who went on to score 63 goals from 155 matches in national competition for the club, and Fred Wheldon, who scored 113 goals from 175 such matches before leaving for Aston Villa for a transfer fee of £350, reported to be an all-time record, and later played for England. With Speller still out, and the new forwards ineligible, Small Heath were eliminated from the Birmingham Cup by a strong West Bromwich Albion side. The first half of the visit to second-placed Crewe Alexandra was even; Crewe won the second half by five goals to one.
For the second time this season, a serious accident happened in a Small Heath reserve match, on this occasion against Singer's in the Birmingham Junior Cup. A Singer's full back slipped and fell while attempting to head the ball, an opponent fell on top of him, and the victim was left paralysed.
In an even, attacking friendly at Burslem Port Vale, Billy Walton scored twice late in the game to secure a 4–3 win. Small Heath were without the Devey brothers, on representative duty with the Birmingham Association teams. Will's eleven lost by a single goal to Lancashire, and Ted's eleven beat the London Association at Kennington Oval in a match reduced to 30 minutes each way because of heavy snow. Back in the Alliance, Small Heath were expected to beat Nottingham Forest, but the manner of their victory was "sensational and surprising". Will Devey scored six goals, George Short three, Ted Devey two and Hallam one to set a club record victory margin in national competition of twelve goals to nil, that, As of July 2013[update], has been equalled but not beaten. The next Saturday, they failed to beat Newton Heath when Billy Walton failed to tap the ball into an open goal with little time remaining, and the week after, they did enough to beat Derby Junction in a dull friendly on a dull afternoon with Junction's goalkeeper the best player on the field. Playing against the wind at home to Sunderland Albion, Small Heath conceded three early goals; on change of ends the visitors' defence stood firm, apart from one "magnificent shot" by Will Devey.
The Alliance campaign ended with a three-match tour of Lancashire over the Easter weekend. They went into Friday's match in eighth place, one point clear of the bottom four teams, who would have to apply for re-election to the competition for the new season. The absent Charsley was "much missed" as Bootle took a four-goal lead by the interval, and in a more competitive second half, scored only twice. On the Saturday, in an improved performance, they came off worse in an open, attacking game at Darwen, and on Monday at Newton Heath, they equalled their record defeat set only a few months earlier, a series of results that confirmed their finishing the season in the bottom four.
Small Heath played several friendly matches after the end of the competitive season. They beat Kidderminster Harriers 4–1 in front of "a fair number" of spectators at Coventry Road, and played Stoke home and away, each match won by its hosts. A benefit match was held for Chris Charsley ahead of his retirement; despite the admission charge being increased for the occasion, around 6,000 spectators turned up to watch a schoolboys' match followed by the main attraction. In an encounter described by the Birmingham Daily Post as "perhaps the closest and most exciting ever played on the field", Aston Villa, featuring new signing Tom McKnight, drew 2–2 with a Small Heath eleven including St George's centre forward John Devey, older brother of Will and Ted, and future England international. A substantial sum was raised. Charsley and Will Devey represented the Birmingham Association against Liverpool and District at Anfield; Ted Devey was also selected, but was unable to play. The Liverpool team won by a single goal.
The season ended with the final of the Warwickshire Association's senior cup competition. Small Heath were exempted until the semi-final, in which they beat Unity Gas Department. Their opponents in the final were Warwick County, and the match was played at that club's home ground, the County Cricket Ground. The match was drawn, and the second half was marred by a fight for which one player from each side was sent off.
Summary and aftermath
Small Heath finished tenth in the inaugural season of the Football Alliance, and were re-elected for 1890–91. Among regular first-team players to leave the club were Walter Gittins, Eddy Stanley, and Chris Charsley. Gittins, who partnered Fred Speller at full-back throughout the season, moved on to Stafford Rangers. Stanley had been with the club for nine years before injury forced his retirement. During that time he scored 14 times in 22 FA Cup matches, contributed two goals and an assist as Small Heath won their first trophy, the 1883 Walsall Cup, and scored 5 goals from 13 games in the Football Alliance campaign. Goalkeeper Charsley, a serving police officer, announced his retirement. In June, he was honoured with a dinner at which he was presented with the proceeds of his benefit, some of which had been spent on a piano, and there was £40 left over. The Birmingham Daily Post suggested the club "were hardly likely ever to find so good a man again".
New arrivals included forward Charlie Short, who had played one match for Small Heath in March before finishing the season with Unity Gas, full-back Tom Bayley from Walsall Town Swifts, and goalkeeper Charles Partridge from Wednesbury Old Athletic. The club decided to change to a new kit – a plain royal blue shirt and stockings with white knickerbockers – because the black kit had proved difficult to see for players and spectators alike.
For consistency, attendances and goalscorers' names in the Football Alliance and FA Cup match details are sourced from Matthews (2010). Information in contemporary newspaper reports could, and often did, differ.
|7 September 1889||Birmingham St George's||H||D||2–2||G. Short, Stanley, W. Devey||2,000|||
|14 September 1889||Bootle||H||D||2–2||W. Devey, Stanley||2,000|||
|21 September 1889||Walsall Town Swifts||A||D||1–1||W. Devey||1,500|||
|12 October 1889||Sunderland Albion||A||L||1–6||Davenport||1,000|||
|19 October 1889||The Wednesday||H||D||2–2||W. Devey 2||3,000|||
|2 November 1889||Nottingham Forest||A||D||0–0||1,000|||
|9 November 1889||Walsall Town Swifts||H||L||0–2||3,000|||
|23 November 1889||Grimsby Town||H||W||3–1||W. Devey 2, Heath||3,000|||
|21 December 1889||The Wednesday||A||L||1–9||Brayshaw o.g.||1,500|||
|25 December 1889||Birmingham St George's||A||L||1–4||Heath||5,000|||
|26 December 1889||Grimsby Town||A||L||0–4||3,000|||
|28 December 1889||Long Eaton Rangers||H||W||3–1||Stanley 2, Pratt||2,000|||
|4 January 1890||Crewe Alexandra||H||L||0–2||3,000|||
|15 February 1890||Darwen||H||W||6–2||Jenkyns, Hallam, W. Devey, Wheldon 2, Wilcox||500|||
|22 February 1890||Crewe Alexandra||A||L||2–6||W. Devey, Stanley||600|||
|25 February 1890 *||Long Eaton Rangers||A||W||2–0||W. Devey, Lines||500|||
|8 March 1890||Nottingham Forest||H||W||12–0||W. Devey 6, G. Short 3, Hallam, E. Devey 2||1,000|||
|15 March 1890||Newton Heath||H||D||1–1||Wilcox||2,000|||
|29 March 1890||Sunderland Albion||H||L||1–3||W. Devey||2,000|||
|4 April 1890||Bootle||A||L||0–6||1,000|||
|5 April 1890||Darwen||A||L||2–4||Hallam, Morris||1,000|||
|7 April 1890||Newton Heath||A||L||1–9||W. Devey||4,000|||
- * The Football Alliance decided that the Birmingham Cup match played between Small Heath and Long Eaton Rangers at Long Eaton should also be counted as an Alliance match.
|9th||Walsall Town Swifts||22||8||3||11||44||59||0.75||19|
|12th||Long Eaton Rangers||22||4||2||16||35||73||0.48||10|
|Key: Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn;|
L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GA = Goal average; Pts = Points
|Second qualifying round||26 October 1889||Oldbury Town||A||W||3–1||W. Devey 2, Davenport||1,000|||
|Third qualifying round||16 November 1889||Wednesbury Old Athletic||A||W||5–1||Walton 2, W. Devey 2, Heath||2,000|||
|Fourth qualifying round||7 December 1889||Walsall Town Swifts||H||W||4–0||W. Devey 3, Stanley||2,000|||
|First round proper||18 January 1890||Clapton||H||W||3–1||W. Devey, Stanley 2||2,000|||
|Second round proper||1 February 1890||Wolverhampton Wanderers||A||L||1–2||W. Devey||4,000|||
Birmingham Senior Cup
|First round||6 January 1890||Long Eaton Rangers||H||D||2–2||W. Devey 2|||
|First round replay||25 January 1890||Long Eaton Rangers||A||W||2–0||W. Devey, not known|||
|Second round||17 February 1890||West Bromwich Albion||A||L||0–2||1,000|||
Warwickshire Senior Cup
|Semi-final||3 May 1890||Unity Gas Department||A||W||5–4||not known|||
|Final||24 May 1890||Warwick County||A||D||1–1|||
Apart from those detailed below, Small Heath also played non-competitive fixtures against a Small Heath past players XI, Burton Swifts, and two other matches against Aston Villa. One of these matches was held as a benefit for the long-serving Eddy Stanley, and raised £15 10s.
|28 September 1889||Burslem Port Vale||H||W||3–1||W. Devey 2, Butcher||2,000||Friendly match|
|11 January 1890||Notts Jardines||H||W||4–1||Short, Whitehouse, W. Devey, Pratt||1,000||Friendly match|
|1 March 1890||Burslem Port Vale||A||W||4–3||"rush" 2, Walton 2||1,000||Friendly match|
|22 March 1890||Derby Junction||H||W||2–0||Short, Devey||"large"||Friendly match|
|12 April 1890||Kidderminster Harriers||H||W||4–1||W. Devey 2, Hallam, not known||"a fair number"||Friendly match|
|19 April 1890||Stoke||A||L||0–2||Friendly match|
|26 April 1890||Stoke||H||W||2–1||not known, Hallam||2,000||Friendly match|
|5 May 1890||Aston Villa||H||L||0–4||6,000||Benefit match for Chris Charsley|
|Archibald Barton||Full back||1||0||0||0||1||0|
|Edward Clarke||Full back||1||0||0||0||1||0|
|Walter Gittins||Full back||21||0||5||0||26||0|
|Fred Speller||Full back||20||0||5||0||25||0|
|Ted Devey||Half back||19||2||3||0||22||2|
|Caesar Jenkyns||Half back||19||1||5||0||24||1|
|A. Morgan||Half back||1||0||0||0||1||0|
|Harry Morris||Half back||18||1||5||0||23||2|
|Charlie Simms||Half back||7||0||1||0||8||0|
- Matthews, Tony (1995). Birmingham City: A Complete Record. Breedon Books (Derby). ISBN 978-1-85983-010-9.
- Matthews, Tony (2010). Birmingham City: The Complete Record. DB Publishing (Derby). ISBN 978-1-85983-853-2.
- Matthews (1995), p. 9.
- Shury, Alan & Landamore, Brian (2005). The Definitive Newton Heath F.C.. Nottingham: SoccerData. p. 11. ISBN 1-899468-16-1.
- 'Cover-point'. Cricket & Football Notes. Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. p. 8. 14 May 1889. "The rejected applicants for admission to the Football League did not lose much time in making other arrangements, which have resulted in the formation of another league under the title of the Football Alliance. This entirely destroys the badly managed Football Combination of last season, and also seriously interferes with the proposed organisation of the Northern and Midland Counties Leagues."
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 26 August 1889.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 19 August 1889.
- Matthews (1995), p. 98.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 9 September 1889.
- Matthews (1995), pp. 70, 90, 118.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 18 November 1889.
- Birmingham City. Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- Alliance League Matches. Birmingham St. George's v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 9 September 1889.
- Fatal Accident in the Football Field. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 10 September 1889.
- Alliance League Matches. Small Heath v. Bootle. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 16 September 1889.
- Alliance League Matches. Walsall Town Swifts v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 6. 23 September 1889.
- Saturday's Football. Small Heath v. Burslem Port Vale. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 30 September 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Sunderland Albion v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 14 October 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Small Heath v. Sheffield Wednesday. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 21 October 1889.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 21 October 1889.
- Football Alliance. Sheffield Wednesday v. Small Heath. Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. p. 7. 21 October 1889.
- Association Cup Ties. Fifth Division. Small Heath v. Oldbury Town. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 28 October 1889.
- Sports and Pastimes. Nottinghamshire Guardian. p. 3. 9 November 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Notts Forest v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 4 November 1889.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 4 November 1889.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 11 November 1889.
- Association Cup. Third Round. Fifth Division. Wednesbury Old Athletic v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 18 November 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Small Heath v. Grimsby Town. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 25 November 1889.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 9 December 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Sheffield Wednesday v Small Heath Alliance. Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. p. 7. 23 December 1889.
- Record Results. The Birmingham City FC Archive (Tony Jordan). Archived from the original on 11 March 2005.
Birmingham City: Records Archived 9 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine.. Statto Organisation. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- Football. St George's v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 2. 26 December 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Grimsby Town v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 6. 27 December 1889.
- Notes on Sport and The Alliance. Small Heath v. Long Eaton Rangers. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 30 December 1889.
- Alliance Matches. Small Heath v. Crewe Alexandra. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 6 January 1890.
- Football. Birmingham Cup Tie. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 7 January 1890.
- Saturday's Football. Small Heath v. Notts Jardines. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 13 January 1890.
- Football Notes. The Pall Mall Gazette (London). p. 1. 24 January 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 13 January 1890.
- Association Cup Ties. Small Heath v. Clapton. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 20 January 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 20 January 1890.
- Birmingham Cup Tie. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 27 January 1890.
- The Association Game. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 27 January 1890.
- Football. The Alliance Games. The Morning Post (London). p. 2. 27 January 1890.
The Football Alliance. The Yorkshire Herald. p. 7. 27 January 1890.
- Birmingham Cup. Long Eaton Rangers v. Small Heath and The Alliance. Long Eaton Rangers v. Small Heath Alliance. Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. p. 7. 27 January 1890.
- Football Notes. Maanchester Weekly Times. p. 5. 8 February 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 10 March 1890.
- The Association Game. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 3 February 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 8. 3 February 1890.
English Cup Ties. Wolverhampton Wanderers v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 3 February 1890.
- Warwickshire Football Association. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 1 February 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 17 February 1890.
- Association. Manchester and District v. Warwickshire. Manchester Guardian. p. 7. 10 February 1890.
- Alliance Matches. Small Heath v. Darwen. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 17 February 1890.
- 'Centre-Forward' (29 June 1896). Facts and Fancies. Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. p. 11. "Speculation has been rife in football circles as to the price paid by Aston Villa for the transfer of Wheldon, the Small Heath inside left. It turns out that the terms are higher than have ever been concluded, it being officially stated at the annual meeting of the Small Heath club in Birmingham on Friday evening that the sum guaranteed was £350, with a prospect of a still further amount conditional on the proceeds of a match to be played in the autumn."
- Matthews (2010), pp. 137, 171.
- Birmingham Senior Cup. 2nd Round. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 18 February 1890.
- Alliance Matches. Crewe Alexandra v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 24 February 1890.
- Serious Accident in the Football Field. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 24 February 1890.
- Saturday's Football. Port Vale v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 3 March 1890.
- Association Matches. Birmingham and District v. Lancashire. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 3 March 1890.
- Inter-Association Matches. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 3 March 1890.
- The Association Game. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 10 March 1890.
- Alliance Matches. Small Heath v. Newton Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 17 March 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 24 March 1890.
- Saturday's Football. Small Heath v. Derby Junction. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 24 March 1890.
- The Alliance Matches. Sunderland Albion v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 31 March 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 12 May 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 6. 7 April 1890.
- Football. Bootle v. Smallheath. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 5 April 1890.
- The Alliance. Darwen v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 7 April 1890.
- The Alliance. Newton Heath v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 8 April 1890.
- Saturday's Football. Small Heath v. Kidderminster Harriers. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 14 April 1890.
- Saturday's Football. Stoke v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 21 April 1890.
- Saturday's Football. Stoke v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 28 April 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 8. 21 April 1890.
- Football. Aston Villa v. Small Heath. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 6 May 1890.
- The Association Game. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 14 April 1890.
Football. Liverpool and District v. Birmingham and District. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 17 April 1890.
- Football. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 6. 5 March 1890.
- Football. Warwickshire Cup. Semi-final tie. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 5 May 1890.
- Football. Warwickshire Cup. Final tie. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 26 May 1890.
- Matthews (1995), pp. 90, 140.
- Matthews (1995), pp. 140, 231.
Matthews, Tony (2000). The Encyclopedia of Birmingham City Football Club 1875–2000. Cradley Heath: Britespot. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-9539288-0-4.
- Notes on Sport. Scraps. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 16 June 1890.
- Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 5. 25 August 1890.
- Matthews (1995), pp. 71, 116, 123, 140.
- Matthews (2010), Complete Record, pp. 224–25.
- Alliance Matches. Small Heath v. Notts Forest. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 10 March 1890.
- Abbink, Dinant (23 July 2006). England – Football Alliance. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- The Association Cup. Fifth Division. Small Heath v. Walsall Town Swifts. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 9 December 1889.
- Matthews (2010), p. 487.