Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO was an English composer. He is best known for his series of 14 operatic collaborations with the dramatist W. S. Gilbert, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. The best known of his hymns and songs include Onward Christian Soldiers, the son of a military bandmaster, Sullivan composed his first anthem at age eight. He was selected as soloist in the choir of the Chapel Royal. His graduation piece was a suite of music to Shakespeares The Tempest. When it was performed in London in 1862, it was an immediate sensation, Sullivan began his composing career with a series of ambitious works, interspersed with hymns, parlour ballads and other light pieces. Among his best received early pieces were a ballet, LÎle Enchantée, from 1861 to 1872, he supplemented his income by working as a church organist and music teacher, and writing hymns and songs. In 1866, Sullivan composed a comic opera and Box. His most successful work, the Overture di Ballo, premiered in 1870. Sullivans talent and native charm earned him friends in musical and social circles, including Queen Victorias son Alfred.
In 1871, Sullivan wrote his first opera with W. S. Gilbert, Sullivan produced his Festival Te Deum, an oratorio, The Light of the World, and incidental music for West End productions of several Shakespeare plays. He had conducting and academic appointments, in 1875, producer Richard DOyly Carte reunited Gilbert and Sullivan to create a one-act piece, Trial by Jury, which was a surprise hit. Pinafore became a sensation, as did The Pirates of Penzance and Patience. Sullivan never married but had a love affair with an American socialite. After the death of his brother Fred in 1877, Sullivan supported Freds large family financially for the rest of his life, effectively adopting his nephew Bertie. Carte used his profits from the Gilbert and Sullivan partnership to build the Savoy Theatre in 1881, hits in the series were Iolanthe, The Mikado, The Yeomen of the Guard and The Gondoliers. Sullivan was knighted for his contributions to music in 1883 and his infrequent serious pieces during the 1880s included two cantatas, The Martyr of Antioch and The Golden Legend, his most popular choral work.
Sullivans only serious opera, though successful in 1891, was little-heard after that
Little Annie Rooney
Little Annie Rooney is a comic strip about a young orphaned girl who traveled about with her dog, Zero. King Features Syndicate launched the strip on January 10,1927, the name comes from the 1889 popular song of the same name, still familiar to many at the time. The strips creators over the years included Ed Verdier, Ben Batsford, Sunday strips by Nicholas Afonsky, writer Brandon Walsh, mcClures assistants were Bob Dunn and Fran Matera. The name was popularized in a 19th-century song by Michael Nolan, after Nolan sang Little Annie Rooney in English music halls in 1890, Annie Hart brought it to the United States. When she performed at New Yorks London Theatre, the became a hit. A bitter Nolan retired from composing, and his song became a piano roll and calliope tune, heard at circuses. Evry evening, rain or shine, I make a call twixt eight and nine, On her who shortly will be mine, Little Annie Rooney. Shes my sweetheart, Im her beau, Shes my Annie, Im her Joe, Soon well marry, never to part, Little Annie Rooney is my sweetheart.
The parlors small, but neat and clean, And set with taste so seldom seen, And you can bet, the fire burns cheerfully and bright, As a family circle round each night, We form, and evry ones delight Is little Annie Rooney. Weve been engaged close on a year, The happy time is drawing near, Ill wed the one I love so dear, Little Annie Rooney. My friends declare Im in a jest, Until the time comes will not rest, But one who knows its value best, there is a Scottish saying, She is having an Annie Rooney, which means that someone is displaying rage and anger. Annie Rooneys pet expression was Gloriosky and that unique G-rated expletive and Little Orphan Annies Leapin lizards. Both found their way into the Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim song, harvey Kurtzman had both Annies in mind when he created his satirical Little Annie Fanny for Playboy, though the ribald parody owed far more to the original Harold Gray strip. Audiences found nothing unusual about 32-year-old Mary Pickford portraying a 12-year-old, turner Classic Movies has aired a restored version.
The Fleischer Studios did a Little Annie Rooney animated Screen Song in 1931, Little Annie Rooney on the Highway to Adventure was one of several Big Little Books. Syndicated Comic Strips and Artists, 1924-1995, The Complete Index, ISBN 0-9700077-0-1 Little Annie Rooney at Don Marksteins Toonopedia. Archived from the original on November 10,2015
The Washington Post (march)
The Washington Post is a march composed by John Philip Sousa in 1889. Since then, it has remained as one of his most popular throughout the United States. In 1889, the owners of The Washington Post newspaper requested that John Philip Sousa, Sousa obliged, The Washington Post March was introduced at the ceremony on June 15,1889, and it became quite popular. It led to a British journalist dubbing Sousa The March King, Sousa is honored in The Washington Post building for his contribution to the newspaper and his country. The composition is now in the domain in the US. This recognizable march is written in form, IAABBCCDCDC. Written in compound meter, it is suited as an accompaniment to the two-step. The opening strain of the march is famous and familiar to many, the march is played at a tempo of 110 to 120 beats per minute, rarely any faster. March enthusiasts have argued that the trio sections mellow and moving phrases are among Sousas most musical, six sudden eighth notes move the melody along.
Its unusually calm break strain is a adaptation of the trio melody. It moves on to the first trio repeat, where the low brass begins a more mellow countermelody. The introduction is an example of octave doubling. The two step became so identified with Sousas march that it was often called The Washington Post. C. in 1890. In 1893, this march was recorded on North American Phonograph Company cylinder #613 by Fohs 23rd Regiment Band of New York and this acoustical recording, unlike many others, has audible, well recorded drums
John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches. Because of his mastery of composition, he is known as The March King. Among his best-known marches are The Stars and Stripes Forever, Semper Fidelis, The Liberty Bell, The Thunderer, Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868, after departing the band in 1875, Sousa learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and he eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director. On leaving the Marine Band, Sousa organized his own band and he toured Europe and Australia and developed the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba. At the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was commissioned as a lieutenant commander, following his tenure, he returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932.
In the 1920s he was promoted to lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, Sousa started his music education by playing the violin as a pupil of John Esputa and George Felix Benkert for harmony and musical composition at the age of six. He was found to have absolute pitch, during his childhood, Sousa studied voice, piano, cornet, baritone horn and alto horn. When Sousa was 13, his father, a trombonist in the Marine Band, several years long after serving his apprenticeship, Sousa joined a theatrical orchestra where he learned to conduct. He returned to the U. S. Marine Band as its head in 1880, Sousa led The Presidents Own band under five presidents from Rutherford B. Hayes to Benjamin Harrison. Sousas band played at two Inaugural Balls, those of James A. Garfield in 1881, and Benjamin Harrison in 1889 and he wanted a tuba that could sound upward and over the band whether its player was seated or marching. The sousaphone was re-created in 1898 by C. G. Conn and he organized The Sousa Band the year he left the Marine Band.
The Sousa Band toured from 1892 to 1931, performing at 15,623 concerts both in America and around the world, including at the World Exposition in Paris, France and at the Royal Albert Hall in London. In Paris, the Sousa Band marched through the streets to the Arc de Triomphe – one of only eight parades the band marched in over its forty years, on December 30,1879, Sousa married Jane van Middlesworth Bellis. They had three children, John Philip, Jr. Jane Priscilla, and Helen, All were buried in the John Philip Sousa plot in the Congressional Cemetery. Wife Jane, daughters Jane Priscilla and Helen Abert joined the Daughters of the American Revolution in 1907 and their ancestor was Adam Bellis, who served under several different commands for the New Jersey troops in the American Revolutionary War. Late in his life, Sousa lived in Sands Point, New York, Sousa died of heart failure at the age of 77 on March 6,1932, in his room at the Abraham Lincoln Hotel in Reading, Pennsylvania
1896 in music
February 1 - Giacomo Puccinis opera La bohème receives its première at the Teatro Regio in Turin. March 18 - Danish composer Carl Nielsen conducts a performance of his First Symphony in Dresden, March 19 - Leo Stern is soloist in the première of Dvořáks Cello Concerto, in B minor, Op.104, B. 191, at the Queens Hall in London, december 27 - Formal première of Ernest Chaussons Poème for violin and orchestra, Op.25, with Eugène Ysaÿe as soloist, at Nancy, France. Engelbert Humperdinck is created a professor of music by the Kaiser, gabriel Fauré takes over from Théodore Dubois as organist of the church of La Madeleine, Paris. In Moscow, Mariya Kerzina and her husband Arkadiy Kerzin form the Circle of Russian Music Lovers, all Coons Look Alike To Me w. m. Alice Tegnér The Amorous Goldfish w. Harry Greenbank m. Sidney Jones Chin, John Philip Sousa Eli Greens Cakewalk w. m. David Reed & Sadie Koninsky Elsie From Chelsea w. m, Harry Dacre Going For A Pardon w. James Thornton & Clara Havenschild m. James Thornton Happy Days In Dixie m.
Kerry Mills Hot Tamale Alley by George M. Cohan A Hot Time In The Old Town w. Joseph Hayden m. Theodore A. Metz I Love You In The Same Old Way - Darling Sue w. Walter H. Ford m. John Walter Bratton In The Baggage Coach Ahead w. m, gussie L. Davis A Jovial Monk Am I w. Arthur Sturgess m. Edmond Audran Kentucky Babe w. Richard Henry Buck m, adam Geibel Laugh And The World Laughs With You w. Ella Wheeler Wilcox m. Louis Gottschalk Love Makes The World Go Round w. Clyde Fitch m. arr. William Furst Mister Johnson, Turn Me Loose w. m, ben Harney Mother Was A Lady w. Edward B. Marks m. Joseph W. Stern Musettas Waltz Song m. Giacomo Puccini My Gal Is A High Born Lady w. m. Gustave Luders Remus Takes the Cake by J. H. Ellis The Saint Louis Cyclone by Ren Shields & George Evans Sambo at the Cakewalk by Alfred E, marks Stars & Stripes Forever by John Philip Sousa Sweet Rosie OGrady w. m. - J. W. Myers on Berliner Wot Cher
The Metropolitan Opera, commonly referred to as The Met, is a company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. The company is operated by the non-profit Metropolitan Opera Association, with Peter Gelb as general manager, the music director position is in transition as of 2016. The music director designate is Yannick Nézet-Séguin and the director emeritus is James Levine. The Met was founded in 1880 as an alternative to the previously established Academy of Music opera house, the Metropolitan Opera is the largest classical music organization in North America. It presents about 27 different operas each year in a season lasts from late September through May. The operas are presented in a rotating schedule with up to seven performances of four different works staged each week. Moving to the new Lincoln Center location in 1966, performances are given in the evening Monday through Saturday with a matinée on Saturday, several operas are presented in new productions each season.
Sometimes these are borrowed from or shared with other opera houses, the rest of the years operas are given in revivals of productions from previous seasons. The 2015-16 season comprised 227 performances of 25 operas, the operas in the Mets repertoire consist of a wide range of works, from 18th-century Baroque and 19th-century Bel canto to the Minimalism of the late 20th century. These operas are presented in staged productions that range in style from those with elaborate traditional decors to others that feature modern conceptual designs, the Mets performing company consists of a large symphony-sized orchestra, a chorus, childrens choir, and many supporting and leading solo singers. The company employs numerous free-lance dancers, musicians, the Mets roster of singers includes both international and American artists, some of whose careers have been developed through the Mets young artists programs. The Metropolitan Opera Company was founded in 1880 to create an alternative to New Yorks old established Academy of Music opera house, the subscribers to the Academys limited number of private boxes represented the highest stratum in New York society.
By 1880, these old families were loath to admit New Yorks newly wealthy industrialists into their long-established social circle. Frustrated with being excluded, the Metropolitan Operas founding subscribers determined to build a new house that would outshine the old Academy in every way. A group of some 22 men assembled at Delmonicos restaurant on April 28,1880 and they elected officers and established subscriptions for ownership in the new company. The first Met subscribers included members of the Morgan, the new Metropolitan Opera House opened on October 22,1883, and was an immediate success, both socially and artistically. The Academy of Musics opera season folded just three years after the Met opened, in its early decades the Met did not produce the opera performances itself but hired prominent manager/impresarios to stage a season of opera at the new Metropolitan Opera House. Henry Abbey served as manager for the season, 1883–84
1889 in art
February 2 – Sixth annual exhibition of Les XX opens in Brussels, including the first important display of Paul Gauguins work. May 6 – October 31 – Exposition Universelle in Paris, with the Eiffel Tower as its entrance arch, may 8 – Van Gogh moves from Arles to the Saint-Paul asylum in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. July 15 – The Scottish National Portrait Gallery opens in Edinburgh in premises designed by Rowand Anderson, july 23 – Marie Triepcke marries fellow-artist Peder Severin Krøyer in Augsburg. August 17 – The 9 by 5 Impression Exhibition opens in Melbourne, edvard Munch stages his first one-man exhibition and wins a state scholarship to study in Paris. The Skulpturensammlung moves into the Albertinum in Dresden, the Imperial Museum of Nara is established in Japan
1889 in literature
This article presents lists of literary events and publications in 1889. February 12 – Henrik Ibsens symbolic drama The Lady from the Sea receives its first performances simultaneously in Oslo, april 24 – The Garrick Theatre in London, financed by playwright W. S. Gilbert, opens with a performance of Pineros The Profligate. May 30 – English publisher Henry Vizetelly is prosecuted for obscenity for the time in London. June – Algernon Methuen begins publishing books in England, the origin of Methuen Publishing, september 3 – Jerome K. Jeromes comic fictional English travelogue set on the River Thames, Three Men in a Boat, is published in Bristol. November – Leo Tolstoys novella The Kreutzer Sonata is circulated in clandestine copies, september 14 – The Volkstheater, Vienna opens with a performance of Der Fleck auf der Ehr by its Dramaturg, Ludwig Anzengruber, who dies on December 10 from blood poisoning. December 12 – English poet Robert Browning dies at Ca Rezzonico in Venice on the day his book Asolando and facts is published.
Anton Manwel Caruanas Ineż Farruġ is the first novel originated in the Maltese language, marcel Proust begins a years service in the French army, stationed at Coligny Barracks in Orléans. Theodore Roosevelt publishes the first of four volumes of The Winning of the West in the United States, with three more by 1896. Rider Haggard – Cleopatra Jerome K. Jerome – Three Men in a Boat John Law – In Darkest London George A. Edgar Wallace – The Dark Eyes of London Oscar Wilde – The Portrait of Mr. W. H. C
Anton Seidl was a Hungarian conductor. He was born in Pest, Hungary and he began the study of music at a very early age, and when only seven years old could pick out at the piano melodies which he had heard in the theatre. At 15, he became a student of harmony in counterpoint under Nicolitsch at the Hungarian national musical academy and he attended the normal school at Pest for three years, the gymnasium eight years, and afterward attended the university for two years. At Bayreuth, he assisted in making the first fair copy of Der Ring des Nibelungen, wagner treated him as one of the chosen few, and it was natural that he should take a part in the first Bayreuth Festival in 1876. Wagner sent him to Vienna to stage Siegfried and Götterdämmerung there and his chance as a conductor came in 1879 when, on Wagners recommendation, he was appointed to the Leipzig State Opera. In May 1881, he introduced in the Victoria Theatre, Berlin, in 1882, he went on tour with Angelo Neumanns Nibelungen Ring company.
The critics attributed much of the success that attended the production of the Ring at Her Majestys Theatre in London in June of that year to his conducting. He became conductor of the New York Philharmonic in 1891 where he remained until his death in 1898, while in New York, he conducted the premiere performance of Antonín Dvořáks Symphony No. 9, From the New World, which influenced the direction of American classical music. Dvořák had added that subtitle to the page of his autograph score in Carnegie Hall just before turning it over to Seidl. He had a significant role in the genesis of Edvard Griegs Lyric Suite and it started as Seidls orchestrations of four pieces from Book V of Griegs Lyric Pieces, which he put together as Norwegian Suite. He died in 1898, aged only 47, excerpts from Memoirs of Anton Seidl Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Hugh, ed. Seidl, Anton. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, James Grant, John.
Finck, Henry Theophilus and Krehbiel, Henry Edward, Anton Seidl, a memorial by his friends. Works by or about Anton Seidl at Internet Archive Media related to Anton Seidl at Wikimedia Commons
Gustav Mahler was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century, born in Bohemia as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the regular opposition. Late in his life he was director of New Yorks Metropolitan Opera. Mahlers œuvre is relatively limited, for much of his composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Some of Mahlers immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composers life, the Mahler family came from eastern Bohemia and were of humble circumstances, the composers grandmother had been a street pedlar.
Bohemia was part of the Austrian Empire, the Mahler family belonged to a German-speaking minority among Bohemians, from this background the future composer developed early on a permanent sense of exile, always an intruder, never welcomed. Bernhard Mahler, the son and the composers father, elevated himself to the ranks of the petite bourgeoisie by becoming a coachman. He bought a modest house in the village of Kalischt, halfway between Prague in Bohemia and Brno in Moravia, in the center of todays Czech Republic. Bernhards wife, gave birth to the first of the couples 14 children, a son Isidor, two years later, on 7 July 1860, their second son, was born. In December 1860, Bernhard Mahler moved with his wife and infant son, Gustav, to the town of Iglau,25 km to the south-east, the family grew rapidly, but of the 12 children born to the family in Iglau only six survived infancy. All of these elements would contribute to his musical vocabulary. When he was four years old, Gustav discovered his grandparents piano and he developed his performing skills sufficiently to be considered a local Wunderkind and gave his first public performance at the town theatre when he was ten years old.
Although Gustav loved making music, his reports from the Iglau Gymnasium portrayed him as absent-minded. In 1871, in the hope of improving the results, his father sent him to the New Town Gymnasium in Prague. In 1874 he suffered a personal loss when his younger brother Ernst died after a long illness. Mahler sought to express his feelings in music, with the help of a friend, Josef Steiner, he work on an opera
1889 in architecture
The year 1889 in architecture involved some significant events. March 31 - Eiffel Tower in Paris, designed by Gustave Eiffel, is inaugurated, at 300 m, its height exceeds the previous tallest structure in the world by 130 m. May 6–October 31 - Exposition Universelle in Paris, with the Eiffel Tower as its entrance arch, the Galerie des machines, designed by architect Ferdinand Dutert and engineer Victor Contamin, at 111 m, spans the longest interior space in the world at this time. July 12 - Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, designed by Bryan J. Klinch, is completed, october 15 - Amsterdam Centraal railway station in the Netherlands, designed by Pierre Cuypers with roof engineered by L. J. Eijmer, is opened. December 9 - Auditorium Building in Chicago, designed by Louis Sullivan, custom House designed by Charles McLay in Brisbane, Australia is completed. Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta, designed by Edbrooke and Burnham, is completed, first Presbyterian Church, designed by George D. Mason and Zachariah Rice, is built.
Mole Antonelliana in Turin, designed by Alessandro Antonelli, is completed, palau Güell in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudí, is completed. Science Hall in University of Minnesota Old Campus Historic District, designed by Leroy Buffington, germania Bank Building in Saint Paul, designed by J. Walter Stevens assisted by Harvey Ellis, is built. Royal Gold Medal - Charles Thomas Newton, may 10 - Mihran Mesrobian, Armenian-born American May 21 - R