Colgate University is a private liberal arts college located on 575 acres in Hamilton Village, Hamilton Township, Madison County, New York, United States. Colgate has 55 undergraduate concentrations that culminate in a Bachelor of Arts degree, the student body comes from 47 states and 42 countries. In its 2017 edition, U. S. News & World Report ranked Colgate as the 12th best liberal arts college in the country, Colgate is a member of the Patriot League conference of the NCAA Division I. In 1817, the Baptist Education Society of the State of New York was founded by thirteen men, two years later, in 1819, the state granted the schools charter, and the school opened a year later, in 1820. The first classes were held in a building in the town of Hamilton, among the trustees was William Colgate, founder of a soap company. In 1826, the schools trustees bought farmland that became the focal point of the campus. One year later, the current students and faculty of the school built West Hall, originally called West Edifice before being renamed to West Hall, it is the oldest structure on campus. In 1846, the changed its name to Madison University. In 1850, the Baptist Education Society planned to move the university to Rochester, dissenting trustees, faculty, and students founded the University of Rochester. In 1890, Madison University changed its name to Colgate University in recognition of the family, Colgate, one of William Colgates sons, established a $1,000,000 endowment called the Dodge Memorial Fund. In 1912 Colgate Academy, a school and high school that had operated in Hamilton since the early 1800s, was closed. The theological side of Colgate merged with the Rochester Theological Seminary in 1928 to become the Colgate Rochester Divinity School, Colgate University is located in the rural village of Hamilton Village, Hamilton, New York. The campus itself is situated on 575 acres of land, the university owns an additional 1,100 acres of undeveloped forested lands. Colgates first building, West Hall, was built by students, nearly all the buildings on campus are built of stone, and newer buildings are built with materials that fit the style. Probably the most distinctive building on campus is the Chapel, which was built in 1918 and is used for lectures, performances, concerts, Old Biology Hall was built in 1884 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Most of the heat is generated from a wood boiler which burns wood chips. Since the heating facility is fueled by biomass, it produces zero net carbon emissions, almost all of Colgates electricity comes from a hydroelectric dam at Niagara Falls, the rest comes from nuclear sources. The campus also has a Green Bikes program with two dozen bikes that are loaned out in an effort to encourage students to rely less on cars
Hamilton (village), New York
The Village of Hamilton is a village located within the town of Hamilton in Madison County, New York, United States. It is the location of Colgate University and has an estimated at 4,070 at the last census. The village, located at 42°49′32″N 75°32′40″W, lies in the Chenango Valley, the village is approximately 40 miles southeast of Syracuse and 30 miles southwest of Utica. The elevation of the municipal airport is approximately 1,100 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the total area is 2.5 square miles. Snowfall is the most notable aspect of the climate, which is typical of central Upstate New York in the vicinity of Syracuse. Heavy snow squalls frequently occur, generating from 1 to 2 feet of snow, the villages average seasonal snowfall is approximately 80 inches. The area that became the town of Hamilton originally was inhabited by members of the Iroquois League, following the American Revolution, the area was ceded to the State of New York. Until 1878, Hamilton was an original outpost of the Chenango Canal, the town of Hamilton was founded near what is now Earlville and then it gradually expanded into a wide area populated by farms and settlements. At the close of the Revolutionary War, Samuel and Elisha Payne moved from Lebanon, Connecticut, to the town of Whitestone, a few miles from Utica. In 1794, Samuel Payne moved southwest from Whitestone into the town of Hamilton, in 1795, a year after his brother moved into the town of Hamilton, Elisha Payne did so as well. He and others from Whitestone and Connecticut moved to an area just north of his brother. Because of Elisha Paynes interest and ability in developing the settlement and this became the Park House, which in 1925 was replaced by the present-day Colgate Inn. By 1800, Payne’s Settlement had, in addition to log cabins, five framed buildings, by 1806 much of the land surrounding the settlement had been cleared and replaced by orchards and farms. Salt was the form of currency in the settlement. Paynes Settlement experienced a boom from 1800 through the War of 1812 due to extensive crop exports to Europe. Serving as the center, the Settlement naturally prospered when farmers received higher prices. In addition, the 1808 opening of the Skaneateles Turnpike, which connected the village to western New York, from the beginning, Payne’s Settlement and the other settlements within the town of Hamilton strongly competed to be the principal location for development
Samuel Colgate Jr.
Samuel Colgate Jr. was an American football coach. He was the first head coach at Colgate University and he held that position for two seasons, from 1890 until 1891. His record at Colgate was 5–2, the team of 1892, which may have been coached by Preston Smith, ended the season undefeated with a 3–0 record. The 1892 team was the first in Colgate history to go undefeated, with victories over Hamilton, Rochester, Colgate was reported to be more of a manager than the iron hand running the team. Colgate was the son of business magnate Samuel Colgate, who along with his brother James Boorman Colgate were responsible for a significant amount of support to Colgate University. In 1890 the school was renamed in honor of the Colgate family, Samuel Colgate Jr. at the College Football Data Warehouse