1890 United States Census

The United States Census of 1890 was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rise in rank to the nation's second most populous city, a position it would hold until Los Angeles would supplant it 1990.

The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.

The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.

The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, pp. 43–58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website

Argentina national beach soccer team

The Argentina national beach soccer team represents Argentina in international beach soccer competitions and is controlled by the AFA, the governing body for football in Argentina. The Argentina national beach soccer team has qualified and participated in all eight FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup Tournaments and has been a Winner of the CONMEBOL Competition once and Runners-up twice. Argentina is ranked 10th in the FIFA World Rankings. Correct as of April 2015: Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Coach: Gustavo Casado Technical Assistant: Esteban Pizzi Head Delegation: Gustavo Lorenzo CONCACAF and CONMEBOL Beach Soccer Championship: 4th 2005 3rd 2007 CONMEBOL Beach Soccer Championship: 3rd 2006, 2009 and 2015 Runners-up 2008 and 2011 Winners 2013. 3rd 2006, 2008, 2010 2nd 2006 3rd 1999, 2003, 2009, 2010 World Cup 08 team page

1982 PBA Reinforced Filipino Conference Finals

The 1982 PBA Reinforced Filipino Conference Finals was the best-of-7 basketball championship series of the 1982 PBA Reinforced Filipino Conference, the conclusion of the conference playoffs. This is the first championship series in the PBA, contested in a best-of-seven format; the Toyota Super Corollas won against San Miguel Beermen in the finals series that went the full route of seven games. San Miguel rallied from a 19-point deficit, trailed 70-89 in the third period, the Beermen relied on the ballhawking of veteran Yoyong Martirez, the hustling of Melchor Ravanes and the shooting of Manny Paner. Martirez took four crucial steals to moved the Beermen to within 90-97, they seize the lead, 116-113, with 37 ticks left. Ramon Fernandez and Terry Saldaña scored on four free throws and Norman Black made one charity for a tie at 117, sending the match to a pulsating finish with 14 seconds to go, the Beermen worked up 12 seconds to set up the final basket and Norman Black responded with his jumper in front of the San Miguel bench.

With Toyota ahead by three, 88-85, in the last 19 seconds, Beermen Alex Tan muffed his charities and Marte Saldaña missed a long three-point attempt, Francis Arnaiz converted his two free throws in the last nine seconds to ice the game, 90-85 for Toyota. Toyota scored six points in the last 64 seconds with Arnie Tuadles converting on a fastbreak pitch by Abe King in the last 13 seconds to enable the Super Corollas to save a solid game from another disastrous end, the Beermen battled back from a 12-point deficit and had victory on hand with 1:08 left with a four-point margin, 96-92. San Miguel limited Toyota to only 13 points in the final period, the Corollas got only four field goals, including Ramon Fernandez' three-pointer and four free throws in the last 12 minutes. Arnie Tuadles was ejected from the game with 8:41 left in the fourth quarter for tripping Norman Black. Abe King's defensive chores held Norman Black to his lowest production of 41 points, Toyota forged ahead by 18 points at the start of the third quarter, 81-63, on 12 quick points by King and Koonce, the Beermen struggled to within six points, 86-92, but Koonce and Ramon Fernandez combined for a 100-92 Toyota lead with 2:55 left.

The Super Corollas banked on a series of free throws by Donnie Ray Koonce, who hit 13 of his 27 points in the fourth quarter, Toyota exploited San Miguel's dilemma on penalty situation to keep the lead, 99-91 with 1:02 left. Anthony Dasalla completed a Black' assist under the goal and Rudy Lalota converted on a bad inbound by Koonce as the Beermen put their last stand with 1:42 to go, Toyota was in control by the Toyota fans spilled into the hardcourt before the final buzzer ending the best-of-seven series