1891 in poetry
- 1891–1893 –The Rhymers Club gathers at the Cheshire Cheese in Fleet Street, London, including John Davidson, Ernest Dowson, W. B. Yeats, and others.
- c. Late June – In a meeting of decadent poets in London, Oscar Wilde is first introduced to Lord Alfred Douglas by Lionel Johnson at Wilde's Tite Street home.
- Approximate date – Edmund Clerihew Bentley, G. K. Chesterton and fellow pupils of St Paul's School, London, compose the first pseudo-biographical comic verses which become known as clerihews.
Works published in English
- John Frederic Herbin, Canada, and Other Poems, Canada
- Seranus, Pine, Rose and Fleur De Lis, (Toronto: Hart).
- Sir Edwin Arnold, The Light of the World; or, The Great Consummation
- Alfred Austin, Lyrical Poems
- John Davidson, In a Music Hall, and Other Poems
- James Joyce, Et tu, Healy, Irish poet published in Ireland
- May Sinclair, Essays in Verse
- William Morris, Poems by the Way
- James Kenneth Stephen:
- Lapsus Calami
- Quo Musa Tendis
- Katharine Tynan, Ballads and Lyrics
- Arthur Clark Kennedy, Pictures in rhyme
- Thomas Bailey Aldrich, The Sisters' Tragedy
- Nathaniel Ames, The Essays, Humor, and Poems of Nathaniel Ames, published posthumously
- Emily Dickinson, Poems: Second Series
- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Over the Teacups, fiction, nonfiction and poetry
- Herman Melville, Timoleon
- Harriet Monroe, Valeria and Other Poems
- Frank Norris, Yvernelle: A Tale of Feudal France
- Lizette Woodworth Reese, A Handful of Lavender
Other in English
Works published in other languages
- Stefan George, Pilgerfahrten limited, private edition; German
- Francis Jammes, Six Sonnets, France
Awards and honors
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Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 15 – Osip Mandelstam (died 1938), Russian poet and essayist, one of the foremost members of the Acmeist school
- April 9 – Lesbia Harford (died 1927), Australian
- May 21 – John Peale Bishop (died 1944), American poet and writer
- May 22
- July 5 – Tin Ujević (died 1955), Croatian poet
- August 19 – Francis Ledwidge (killed in action in World War I, 1917), Irish poet
- September 23 – Arthur Graeme West (killed in action in World War I 1917), English military writer and poet
- November 14 – Josef Magnus Wehner (died 1973), German poet and playwright
- November 23 – Masao Kume 久米正雄 writing under the pen-name Santei (died 1952), Japanese, late Taishō period and early Shōwa period playwright, novelist and haiku poet (surname: Kume)
- December 9 – Maksim Bahdanovič (died 1917), Belarusian poet, journalist and literary critic
- December 10 – Nelly Sachs (died 1970), German-Swedish poet and dramatist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1966
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- July 24 – Douglas Smith Huyghue (born 1816), Canadian and Australian poet, fiction writer, essayist and artist
- August 12 – James Russell Lowell, 72, American Romantic poet, critic, satirist, writer, diplomat, and abolitionist
- August 14 – John Henry Hopkins, Jr. (born 1820), American clergyman and hymnist
- August 22 – Jan Neruda (born 1834), Czech writer
- September 28 – Herman Melville, 82, American novelist, essayist and poet
- November 10 – Arthur Rimbaud, 37 (born 1854) French poet
- 19th century in poetry
- 19th century in literature
- List of years in poetry
- List of years in literature
- Victorian literature
- French literature of the 19th century
- Symbolist poetry
- Young Poland (Polish: Młoda Polska) a modernist period in Polish arts and literature, roughly from 1890 to 1918
- Hyde, H. Montgomery (1984). Lord Alfred Douglas: a biography. London: Methuen. pp. 24–5. ISBN 0-413-50790-4.
- Bentley, E. Clerihew (1982). "The History of the Clerihew". The First Clerihews. Oxford University Press. p. xv. ISBN 0-19-212980-5.
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- Wanda Campbell, "Susan Frances Harrison," Hidden Rooms: Early Canadian Women Poets, Canadian Poetry P, 2002, Canadian Poetry, UWO, Web, May 4, 2010.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- No copies are known to survive. Gekoski, Rick (2013-04-20). "A ghost story: James Joyce's lost poem". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- Pictures In Rhyme. Spottiswood and Company, New Street Square, London. 1891. p. 14. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
- "Stefan George", article, Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2004, retrieved February 23, 2010
- Web page titled "POET Francis Jammes (1868 - 1938)", at The Poetry Foundation website, retrieved August 30, 2009. Archived 2009-09-03.
- Paniker, Ayyappa, "Modern Malayalam Literature" chapter in George, K. M., editor, Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology, pp 231–255, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, retrieved January 10, 2009