Ypsilanti, commonly shortened to Ypsi, is a city in Washtenaw County in the U. S. state of Michigan, perhaps best known as the home of Eastern Michigan University. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,435. The city is bounded to the north by Superior Township and on the west, Ypsilanti is located 6 miles east of Ann Arbor and about 18 miles west of the Detroit city limits. S. It was incorporated into the Territory of Michigan as the village Woodruffs Grove, a separate community a short distance away on the west side of the river was established in 1825 under the name Ypsilanti, after Demetrios Ypsilantis, a hero in the Greek War of Independence. Woodruffs Grove changed its name to Ypsilanti in 1829, the year its namesake effectively won the Greek war, a bust of Demetrios Ypsilantis by Greek sculptor Christopher Nastos stands between a Greek and a US flag at the base of the landmark Ypsilanti Water Tower. Ypsilanti has played an important role in the automobile industry, from 1920 to 1922, Apex Motors produced the ACE car.
It was in Ypsilanti that Preston Tucker designed and built the prototypes for his Tucker 48, tuckers story was related in the film Tucker, The Man and His Dream, directed by Francis Ford Coppola. In 1945, Henry J. Kaiser and Joseph W. Frazer bought the nearby Willow Run B-24 Liberator bomber plant from Ford Motor Company, and started to make Kaiser and Frazer model cars in 1947. The last Kaiser car made in Ypsilanti rolled off the line in 1953. General Motors purchased the Kaiser Frazer plant, and converted it into its Hydramatic Division, the GM Powertrain Division ceased production at this facility in 2010. Ypsilanti is the location of the last Hudson automobile dealership, the former dealership is the site of the Ypsilanti Automotive Heritage Collection. The museum is the home to an original Fabulous Hudson Hornet race car, in the early 1970s, along with neighboring city of Ann Arbor, the citizens reduced the penalty for the use and sale of marijuana to $5. When Ypsilanti prosecuted a man possessing 100 pounds of cannabis under state law, the trial judge declared the ordinances requirement that Ypsilanti prosecute only under city law unenforceable.
An appeal court upheld the judges ruling. Later, Ypsilanti City Council, using its power of codification, in 1979, Faz Husain was elected to the Ypsilanti city council, the first Muslim and the first native of India to win elected office in Michigan. In the 1990s Ypsilanti became the first city in Michigan to pass a living wage ordinance, two ballot measures to repeal the ordinance were led and bankrolled by conservatives, including Tom Monaghan. Both measures failed, the second by a larger percentage than the first, the award provides for an economic development consultant to assist Ypsilanti in developing a growth and job creation strategy for the downtown area. 1959 – Eastern Michigan becomes a university 1960 – Tom Monaghan founds Dominos Pizza as DomiNicks Pizza at 507 W. Cross St and he was convicted in 1969, but of only one of the murders
Pioneer High School (Ann Arbor, Michigan)
Pioneer High School is a public school in Ann Arbor, Michigan. In 2010, Pioneer was listed as a Silver Medal School by the U. S. News & World Report, founded in 1856, Pioneer High School has held several names and occupied various buildings in its 150 years of existence. First known as the Union School, the institution opened on October 5,1856, the school was renamed Ann Arbor High School, and its yearbook, The Omega, was first published in 1884. In 1904, Ann Arbor High School burned down, and the high school opened in 1906 at the corner of Huron. Through a local essay contest run by The Ann Arbor News, the mascot nickname, construction of the building was completed before Ann Arbor High moved to the new location in the fall of 1956. In 1971, Pioneer II, an offshoot of Pioneer High School, was established. Pioneer High School was the first high school in the US to have a planetarium, as of October 2012, it held the record for being the longest continuously run planetarium in a school in the western hemisphere.
The Pioneer Theater Guild won Class A State Championships in 1986, in the fall of 2006, the Pioneer Theater Guild was the first high school theater company to do a stage production of Disneys High School Musical, Willy Wonka, and Miss Saigon. Pioneer Theatre Guild was chosen to perform several musical pilots by Musical Theatre International, including The Little Mermaid, Rock of Ages, in both 2009 and 2010 Pioneer Theatre Guild placed second in the Michigan Interscholastic Forensic Associations theater competition. Pioneer has three separate departments, band and orchestra. Pioneers band is split into three different classes and it has a varsity band, concert band, symphony band. The level of required to be accepted into the bands are from easiest to hardest. Any students wishing to do band can be accepted to varsity band, students wishing to move to a higher level band, must audition. Pioneers orchestras are similar in hierarchy of its bands and its lowest orchestra is philharmonic orchestra followed by concert orchestra and symphony orchestra.
Philharmonic orchestra is offered to anyone wishing to join orchestra, students audition for seats in the concert and symphony orchestras. Pioneers music program won its eighth Grammy Award from the Grammy Foundation in 2015, an award which goes to the best High School music programs in the United States each year. Ann Arbor High School, and its descendant, Pioneer High School, have a tradition in music. Joseph Maddy, the first band director, was a shared employee between the University of Michigan Music Department and the Ann Arbor High School Band
Rynearson Stadium is a stadium in Ypsilanti, Michigan. It is primarily used for American football, and is the field of the Eastern Michigan University Eagles. It held its first game on September 27,1969, when EMU upset the University of Akron, the stadium has seating for 30,200 people. Standing room is available in the end zone, allowing for crowds larger than the listed capacity. The largest attendance for an EMU game at Rynearson Stadium was 26,188, on November 28,2008, the stadium is located on the schools west campus, just south of the Huron River. It originally consisted of two opposite sideline stands around the field and running track and it is one of only two stadiums in the MAC which shares its football field with a running track. In 1992, the seats were expanded south from each grandstand but not connected and this was done to conform to the new Division I-A rules for minimum stadium size. Originally a grass field, the field has been artificial since 1991 and was upgraded to FieldTurf in 2005, more recently, the original FieldTurf was replaced prior to the 2014 season by a new gray FieldTurf surface.
This made Rynearson Stadium only the second Division I FBS stadium with a non-traditional field color, lighting was added in 1974, partially due to the Detroit Wheels of the World Football League using the stadium as their home field. The stadium has hosted high school football games. The stadium was named for the late Elton J. Rynearson and his teams compiled a record of 114-58-15. In one six-year period, from 1925–30, Rynearson’s teams won 40 games, media related to Rynearson Stadium at Wikimedia Commons Rynearson Stadium - EMUEagles. com Official Eastern Michigan University school website
Swoop (Eastern Michigan University)
Swoop is the mascot used to represent various sports organizations in the United States. Eastern Michigan University uses the mascot Swoop to represent the Eastern Michigan Eagles to represent its NCAA Division 1 Athletic program, EMU is one of several American universities use the name Swoop as their athletic program mascots. The Swoop character is depicted as an American bald eagle wearing an EMU sports jersey. Swoop is the mascot that represents Eastern Michigan University, the athletics teams are nicknamed the Eagles. The Eagles name was adopted on May 22,1991. In 1994, EMU adopted Swoop as the mascot for the university
Hillsdale College is a co-educational, non-profit liberal arts college in Hillsdale, United States. Most of the curriculum is based on and centered on the teaching of the Western heritage as a product of both the Greco-Roman culture and the Judeo-Christian tradition. Hillsdale requires every student, regardless of major, to complete a curriculum that includes courses on the Great Books. The college declines to accept financial support, instead providing private financial assistance to its students. In August 1844, members of the community of Freewill Baptists resolved to organize their denominations first collegiate institution. After gathering donations, they established Hillsdale College as Michigan Central College in Spring Arbor, in the 19th century Hillsdale and Bates College in Maine were the only American colleges associated with this denomination. Hillsdale no longer has any denominational affiliation, and Hillsdale Free Will Baptist College in Oklahoma was founded after the college disaffiliated itself with the denomination.
However, Hillsdale is still considered a Christian institution, with students expected to follow moral tenets of Christianity as commonly understood in the Christian tradition. Under its first president, Daniel McBride Graham, who held the office from 1844 to 1848, Michigan Central College opened within a two-room store and admitted five students. In March 1845, the government of Michigan incorporated the college by an act of legislature, Fairfield assumed the presidency of Michigan Central College in 1848. In two years, on March 20,1850, the Michigan state legislature granted the college a special charter, giving it the right to confer degrees. Independent from its outset, the college one of the first in the United States to prohibit in its charter any discrimination on the basis of religion, race. Black students were admitted immediately after the colleges 1844 founding, in 1851 the college celebrated its first commencement and, one year later, graduated the first woman in Michigan with a Bachelor of Arts.
The cornerstone of the new building, Central Hall, was laid on the Fourth of July 1853, when Michigan Central College moved, it reopened as Hillsdale College on November 7,1855, after receiving its new state charter the previous May. That fall the young institution opened with record enrollment, in 1856, it became the largest collegiate establishment in Michigan, a position it would hold for the majority of the 19th century. During these early years and college professor Ransom Dunn contributed to its academic, Fairfield led Hillsdale from 1848 to 1869. During his presidency, he helped found the Republican Party with Dunn in neighboring Jackson, a prominent leader in the newfound party, Fairfield was present at its first convention in 1858, where he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Michigan. On August 8,1860, the first degrees were conferred at Hillsdale by the college, and on March 20,1863 the state legislature of Michigan formally legalized the colleges change of name and location
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Fort Wayne is a city in the U. S. state of Indiana and the seat of Allen County. Located in northeastern Indiana, the city is 18 miles west of the Ohio border and 50 miles south of the Michigan border. With an estimated population of 260,326 in 2015, Fort Wayne is the 77th most populous city in the United States and the second largest in Indiana, after Indianapolis. It is the city of the Fort Wayne metropolitan area, consisting of Allen and Whitley counties. In addition to the three counties, the combined statistical area includes Adams, DeKalb, Noble. Under the direction of American Revolutionary War statesman Anthony Wayne, the United States Army built Fort Wayne last in a series of forts near the Miami tribe village of Kekionga in 1794. Named in Waynes honor, the European-American settlement developed at the confluence of the St. Joseph, St. Marys, the village was platted in 1823 and underwent tremendous growth after completion of the Wabash and Erie Canal and advent of the railroad. The city is a center for the industry which employs thousands.
Fort Wayne was an All-America City Award recipient in 1982,1998, the city received an Outstanding Achievement City Livability Award by the U. S. This area at the confluence of rivers was long occupied by cultures of indigenous peoples. The Miami tribe established its settlement of Kekionga at the confluence of the Maumee, St. Joseph and it was the capital of the Miami nation and related Algonquian tribes. In 1696, Comte de Frontenac appointed Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes as commander of the outpost, the French built Fort Miami in 1697 as part of a group of forts and trading posts built between Quebec and St. Louis. In 1721, a few years after Bissots death, Fort Miami was replaced by Fort St. Philippe des Miamis, the first census in 1744 recorded a population of approximately 40 Frenchmen and 1,000 Miami. Increasing tension between France and the United Kingdom developed over the territory, in 1760, the area was ceded to the British Empire after French forces surrendered during the French and Indian War.
In 1763, various Native American nations rebelled against British rule, the Miami regained control of Kekionga, a rule that lasted for more than 30 years. In 1790, George Washington ordered the United States Army to secure Indiana Territory, Three battles were fought at Kekionga against Little Turtle and the Miami Confederacy. Miami warriors defeated U. S. forces in the first two battles, Anthony Wayne led a third expedition resulting in the destruction of Kekionga and the start of peace negotiations between Little Turtle and the U. S. After General Wayne refused to negotiate, the tribe advanced to Fallen Timbers where they were defeated on August 20,1794
Eastern Michigan University Marching Band
The Eastern Michigan University Marching Band serves as Eastern Michigan Universitys marching band. The band was first formed in 1924 at Michigan State Normal College, in 1964, Thomas Tyra was appointed Director of Bands at the university and in 1968, Max Plank joined the EMU Bands program as Tyras assistant. Together they forged a collaboration and friendship that would result in significant growth of the EMU Bands program. Tyra arranged the Eagles Fight Song for marching band, composed the team cheer Go Green, Dr. Amy Knopps serves as the current director of the Eastern Michigan Marching Band. She received the Doctor of Musical Arts degree in Conducting with a minor in Music Education from the University of Georgia and she replaces Dr. John Zastoupil, who now serves as Associate Director of Bands at The University of Texas at Arlington. The graduate assistants lead large sectionals and conduct the band when needed, at times they assist the band staff in preparing for events such as Band Day, Picnic Day, etc.
The Eastern Michigan Marching Band typically has 2-3 drum majors, the leadership team consists of the section leaders. Each section has at least one leader who oversees the marching technique. They often hold sectionals outside of rehearsals and make sure their section is prepared for all events, at approximately quarter till kickoff, the band pours out of the tunnel to drum cadences. At the conclusion of the cadence the band plays the EMU Fanfare while announcer, Professor Harry Bowen introduces the director and drum major. The band plays the Eagles Fight Song, the team fight song, and other traditional pregame elements such as school cheers. A notable pregame feature is the Floating E down the field, the Eagles Fight Song melody was composed by Larry Livingston in 1939 and arranged for marching band by Thomas Tyra. The percussion parts were written by Whitney Prince, the fight song underwent minor lyric changes when the university transitioned from the Hurons to the Eagles in 1991. The Eastern Michigan University Alma Mater, Our Pledge was written by Edward Bowles in 1939, after each game and rehearsal, the band sings an SATB arrangement by Max Plank of the alma mater while linking arms.
The EMU Marching Band has performed at such as the Pontiac Silverdome and Ralph Wilson Stadium near Buffalo. In 2008, The EMUMB performed in Americas Thanksgiving Day Parade in Detroit, in 2013, the marching band was featured on the nationally syndicated childrens show, Zoey, & Eli, Too, on Detroit Public Television. The episode features the EMUMB performing the theme song, Sweet Company
Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Michigan University is a comprehensive, co-educational public university located in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Ypsilanti is 35 miles west of Detroit and eight miles east of Ann Arbor, the university was founded in 1849 as Michigan State Normal School. Today, the university is governed by an eight-member Board of Regents whose members are appointed by the Governor of Michigan for eight-year terms, the school belongs to the Mid-American Conference and is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. Since 1991 EMU athletics has gone by the name Eagles, in 1994, Swoop was officially adopted by the university as the schools mascot. The universitys site is composed of an academic and athletic campus spread across 800 acres, EMU has a total enrollment of more than 23,000 students. The university was founded in 1849 and opened its doors in 1853 as Michigan State Normal School, Michigan State Normal School was the first in Michigan and the first normal school created outside the original 13 colonies.
One hundred and twenty-two students started classes March 29,1853, adonijah Welch served as Michigan State Normal Schools first principal. Michigan created an educational system modeled on that of Germany. The normal schools were to train teachers for schools, which were being established rapidly in new towns in the state. In 1899, the became the Michigan State Normal College when it created the first four-year curriculum for a normal college in the nation. Normal began the 20th century as Michigans premier teacher-preparatory school and had become the first teacher-training school in the United States to have a degree program. Just like many universities during World War I, the Great Depression and World War II. With the additions of departments and the large educational enrollment after WWII, in 1959 the school became a university gaining the title Eastern Michigan University after establishing the Graduate School. In the early 1970s, international student exchange schemes were organised, in 2005, the Honors Program became the Eastern Michigan University Honors College.
More recently, extended programs were added such as Continuing Education, the Centers for Corporate Training, today the universitys total student population averages about 23,000, of whom roughly 5,000 are graduate students. Most programs are undergraduate or masters level, although the university has programs in Educational Leadership, Technology. EMU former-President Susan W. Martin, Ph. D, other institutions of higher education established by law having authority to grant baccalaureate degrees shall each be governed by a board of control which shall be a body corporate. The board shall have general supervision of the institution and the control and it shall, as often as necessary, elect a president of the institution under its supervision
Ancestry. com LLC is a privately held Internet company based in Lehi, United States. The largest for-profit genealogy company in the world, it operates a network of genealogical and historical record websites focused on the United States, as of June 2014, the company provided access to approximately 16 billion historical records and had over 2 million paying subscribers. User-generated content tallies to more than 70 million family trees, and subscribers have added more than 200 million photographs, scanned documents, and written stories. Ancestrys brands include Ancestry, AncestryDNA, AncestryHealth, AncestryProGenealogists, Archives. com, Family Tree Maker, Find a Grave, Fold3, Newspapers. com, and Rootsweb. Under its subsidiaries, Ancestry. com operates foreign sites that provide access to services and these include Australia, China, Brazil, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and several other countries in Europe and Asia. In 1990, Paul B. Allen and Dan Taggart, two Brigham Young University graduates, founded Infobases and began offering Latter-day Saints publications on floppy disks, in 1988, Allen had worked at Folio Corporation, founded by his brother Curt and his brother-in-law Brad Pelo.
Infobases chose to use the Folio infobase technology, which Allen was familiar with, Infobases first products were floppy disks and compact disks sold from the back seat of the founders car. In 1994, Infobases was named among Inc. magazines 500 fastest-growing companies and their first offering on CD was the LDS Collectors Edition, released in April 1995, selling for $299.95, which was offered in an online version in August 1995. Ancestry officially went online with the launched Ancestry. com in 1996, with its roots as a genealogy newsletter started in 1983 by John Sittner, and became an established publishing company in 1984. Ancestry was relaunched as a magazine in January 1994, and went online in 1996, on January 1,1997, Infobases parent company, Western Standard Publishing, purchased Ancestry, Inc. publisher of Ancestry magazine and genealogy books. Western Standard Publishings CEO was Joe Cannon, one of the owners of Geneva Steel. In July 1997, Allen and Taggart purchased Western Standards interest in Ancestry, at the time, Brad Pelo was president and CEO of Infobases, and president of Western Standard.
Less than six months earlier, he had been president of Folio Corporation, in March 1997, Folio was sold to Open Market for $45 million. The first public evidence of the change in ownership of Ancestry Magazine came with the July/August 1997 issue and that issues masthead included the first use of the Ancestry. com web address. More growth for Infobases occurred in July 1997, when Ancestry, Inc. purchased Bookcraft, Infobases had published many of Bookcrafts books as part of its LDS Collectors Library. Pelo announced that Ancestrys product line would be expanded in both CDs and online. Alan Ashton, an investor in Infobases and founder of WordPerfect, was its chairman of the board. Allen and Taggart began running Ancestry, Inc. independently from Infobases in July 1997, included in the sale were the rights to Infobases LDS Collectors Library on CD
Michigan Military Academy
The Michigan Military Academy, known as the M. M. A. was an all-boys military prep school in Orchard Lake Village, Oakland County, Michigan. It was founded in 1877 by Captain J. Sumner Rogers, some journalists have referred to the school as the Second West Point. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 as the Orchard Lake Schools Historic District, most of the 90 acres he owned were used for agricultural purposes, and he was slowly selling tracts of land for profit. The area was popular with tourists, so in 1871 Gen. Copeland converted his residence, business was good for a few years but development in the area forced many vacationers to seek seclusion farther north and the Panic of 1873 forced Copeland to find profit elsewhere. In 1877 Gen. Copeland sought to sell his home and the land around it. Captain J. Sumner Rogers, who was a professor of Military Science, seeing the opportunity at hand, Rogers bought the land with the help of some wealthy Detroiters, and that year he established the Michigan Military Academy.
He modeled the academy after West Point and its success was immediate, over the course of its 30-year history, the Michigan Military Academy had 2,558 enrollments and 458 graduates. The graduating class of 1893 played a prominent role in the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago, and many of the classes won National Drill Competitions. On June 19,1879, William Tecumseh Sherman, General in Chief of the U. S. Army, delivered a variant of his famous War Is Hell speech to the graduating class. A total of 10,000 people arrived to listen to Shermans speech, and the press reported that it was the largest number of people ever to gather within the townships boundaries. Some claim that he said, There is many a boy here today who looks upon war as all glory, boys, it is all hell, future City of Detroit Mayor, Cadet John C. Lodge, recorded his memories of the Sherman speech, At one of our graduation exercises the speaker was General William T. Sherman and he was not eloquent, and he didnt have a very pleasant voice, it was somewhat shrill.
With a tuition of $500 per year in the 1800s, the M. M. A, attracted mostly sons of wealthy upper class businessmen. There were three levels of training at the school, Infantry and Cavalry, the cadets wore gray and white uniforms, modeled after those that were worn at West Point. Students with musical abilities were encouraged to join the marching band, all cadets were taught to use a.45 caliber Springfield rifle, and the academy had an 8-inch siege mortar and Gatling guns at its disposal for military drills. There were a few accidents, in 1884, a cadet drowned during an exercise in the lake. In 1889, another cadet drowned during a midnight swim, the cadets had a busy schedule, even on weekends. Rogers and his staff allowed for holiday parties and arranged dances with nearby all-girls schools, discipline was harsh and there were many athletic and extracurricular activities and the students were encouraged to participate