1894 Alabama Crimson White football team
|1894 Alabama Crimson White football|
|Head coach||Eli Abbott (2nd season)|
|Home stadium||Lakeview Park|
|1894 college football independents records|
The 1894 Alabama Crimson White football team[A 1] (variously "Alabama", "UA" or "Bama") represented the University of Alabama in the 1894 college football season. The team was led by head coach Eli Abbott, in his second season, and played their home games at Lakeview Park in Birmingham, Alabama. In what was the third season of Alabama football, the team finished with a record of three wins and one loss (3–1).
After a winless season in 1893, Abbott returned as a player-coach and led the 1894 squad. Alabama opened the season with a loss against Ole Miss in what was their first game ever played outside the state of Alabama. The Crimson White then rebounded and won their final three games. After a victory over Tulane at New Orleans, Alabama returned to Birmingham where they defeated Sewanee in their only home game of the season. They then closed the year with their first all-time win over Auburn at Montgomery.
For the 1894 season, Eli Abbott returned as head coach and the team sought to improve upon their winless record of 1893. In October 1894, the Birmingham Age-Herald noted the squad was considerably heavier and more conditioned for the season than in the previous year, and as such predicted Alabama would have a successful season. At that time, the initial schedule was also announced and included games against both Vanderbilt on November 5 and North Carolina on November 19, but neither game was ever played.
|October 27||at Ole Miss||Fairgrounds • Jackson, Mississippi (Rivalry)||L 0–6|
|November 3||at Tulane||Sportsmen's Park • New Orleans||W 18–6|
|November 15||Sewanee||Lakeview Park • Birmingham, Alabama||W 24–4|
|November 29||vs. Auburn||Riverside Park • Montgomery, Alabama (Iron Bowl)||W 18–0|
In what was the first ever game played outside the state of Alabama, in their first all-time game against long-time rival Ole Miss, Alabama lost 6–0 at Jackson, Mississippi. In a game dominated by both defenses, the only points of the game came on an Ole Miss touchdown run by William Cook in the first half. This game was notable for also being the first college football game played at Jackson.
After a loss against Mississippi to open the season, Alabama made their first trip to Louisiana and played future conference rival Tulane for the first time and won the game at Sportsmen's Park in New Orleans 18–6. Eli Abbott scored for Alabama first and gave the Crimsons a 4–0 at the end of the first half. Tulane then took a 6–4 lead early in the second half when James Buchanan scored on a touchdown run and Edward Nelson kicked the point after attempt. Alabama responded with three more Abbott touchdown runs and a single conversion from William Walker and won the game 18–6. The first score came on a 30-yard punt return, the second on a 10-yard run and the third on a five-yard run.
After losing to Sewanee in their previous contest, Alabama won 24–4 in the rematch. After Sewanee took an early 4–0 lead, Alabama tied the game later in the first half when Samuel Slone scored on a 40-yard touchdown run. After Eli Abbott scored on a touchdown run early in the second half to give Alabama their first lead 8–4, Slone scored again on a 25-yard run. M. H. Bankhead and C. C. Nesmith each scored touchdowns late and Allen McCants converted both PATs for the Alabama 24–4 victory.
At Riverside Park in Montgomery, Alabama defeated the Agricultural & Mechanical College of Alabama (now known as Auburn University) 18–0 for their first victory in the Iron Bowl. After a defensive struggle early in the game, Alabama scored their first touchdown on a J. E. Shelly run and Allen McCants kicked the PAT to give the Crimsons a 6–0 halftime lead. Eli Abbott then scored both second half touchdowns on runs of three and 75-yards and McCants converted both PATs to give Alabama the 18–0 win. Played on Thanksgiving, over 4,000 people were in attendance at the game.
The following players were members of the 1894 football team according to the roster published in the 1895 edition of The Corolla, the University of Alabama yearbook.
|Alabama Crimson White 1894 roster|
- Alabama football teams were not referred to as the "Crimson Tide" until the 1907 season. Prior to 1907, the team was called the "Crimson White" from 1893 to 1906 and the "Cadets" in 1892.
- For the 1894 season, point values were different from those used in contemporary games. In 1894 a touchdown was worth four points, a field goal was worth five points and an extra point (PAT) was worth two points.
- The Corolla. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections. 1895. pp. 97–103. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- "How the Crimson Tide got its name". bryantmuseum.ua.edu. Paul W. Bryant Museum. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Kennedy, Scott (April 8, 1992). "Tide football tradition began with 1892 team". The Tuscaloosa News. p. 2F. Retrieved June 30, 2013 – via Google News Archives.
- "1894 Alabama football schedule". RollTide.com. University of Alabama Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- "University of Alabama: The coming gridiron team". Birmingham Age-Herald. NewsBank: America's Historical Newspapers. October 12, 1894. p. 4.
- "Scoring values". RollTide.com. University of Alabama Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- "1894 Season Recap" (PDF). RollTide.com. University of Alabama Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- The Corolla, p. 99
- "The football game". Vicksburg Evening Post. October 29, 1894. p. 1. Retrieved November 5, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Tulane defeated: The Alabama boys prove too strong for local players". The New Orleans Item. NewsBank: America's Historical Newspapers. November 4, 1894. p. 3.
- "Sewanee defeated: The University of Alabama wins in grand style". The New Orleans Item. NewsBank: America's Historical Newspapers. November 16, 1894. p. 2.
- Griffin, John Chandler (2001). "1894: The Tide walks away with a big win". Alabama vs. Auburn: Gridiron Grudge Since 1893. Athens, Georgia: Hill Street Press. pp. 9–10. ISBN 1-58818-044-1.
- "Auburn shutout: Tuskaloosa wins just as easy in a one-sided game". Birmingham Age-Herald. NewsBank: America's Historical Newspapers. November 30, 1894. p. 1.
- The Corolla, p. 98